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Observation data
Right ascension 13h 11m 29.9s
Declination−01° 19′ 19″
Distance13 billion light-years
(light travel distance)
Group or clusterAbell 1689
Apparent magnitude (V)25.3
TypeDwarf spiral?
Mass1.7×109 M
Size~10,000 ly (diameter)
Other designations
BBF2008 A1689-zD1
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

A1689-zD1 is a galaxy in the Virgo constellation cluster. It was a candidate for the most distant and therefore earliest observed galaxy discovered as of February 2008, based on a photometric redshift.[1][2]

If the redshift, z~7.6,[3] is correct, it would explain why the galaxy's faint light reaches us at infrared wavelengths. It could only be observed with Hubble Space Telescope's Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS) and the Spitzer Space Telescope's Infrared Array Camera exploiting the natural phenomenon of gravitational lensing: the galaxy cluster Abell 1689, which lies between Earth and A1689-zD1, at a distance of 2.2 billion light-years from us, functions as a natural "magnifying glass" for the light from the far more distant galaxy which lies directly behind it, at 700 million years after the Big Bang, as seen from Earth.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Astronomers Eye Ultra-Young, Bright Galaxy in Early Universe". nasa.gov. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
  2. ^ "Astronomers Uncover One of the Youngest and Brightest Galaxies in the Early Universe". Space Telescope Science Institute Baltimore, Md. / nasa.gov. 2008-02-12. Archived from the original on 17 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
  3. ^ "heic0805: Hubble finds strong contender for galaxy distance record". ESA/Hubble. 2008-02-12. Archived from the original on 8 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-04.