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The A1B reactor plant is an aircraft carrier nuclear reactor developed by the United States Navy. It is used in Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers to provide electrical and propulsion energy. The A1B is the first naval reactor produced by Bechtel Corporation, which has "performed engineering and/or construction services on more than 80 percent of [land-based] nuclear plants in the United States".
Aircraft carriers' nuclear reactors provide the electrical and motor energy of the ship by splitting enriched uranium to produce heat and convert water to steam to power steam turbines. This process is largely the same as land-based nuclear reactors, although smaller naval reactors have several design differences.
As Navy planners developed requirements for the Ford class, they concluded that the A4W reactors that provide propulsion and electricity for the predecessor Nimitz-class aircraft carriers offer too little power for contemporary and anticipated future shipboard needs, so they commissioned a new reactor from Bechtel.
The new reactor was named A1B, following the Navy's reactor-designation scheme of type, generation, and manufacturer: A for aircraft carrier, 1 for the maker's first reactor plant design, and B for Bechtel. Two A1B reactor plants will power each Ford ship.
It is estimated that the total thermal power output of the A1B will be around 700 MW, some 25% more than provided by the A4W. Improved efficiency in the total plant is expected to provide improved output to both propulsion and electrical systems. Using A4W data with a 25% increase in thermal power, the A1B reactors likely produce enough steam to generate 125 megawatts (168,000 hp) of electricity, plus 350,000 shaft horsepower (260 MW) to power the four propeller shafts.^
The increased electrical generation capacity will allow for elimination of service steam on the ship, reducing staffing requirements for maintenance. Electrical aircraft catapult power will also free the ship's air wing from reactor plant constraints.
In addition, the A1B reactor uses modernized technology that is both more advanced and adaptable than previous reactor technology, is smaller and weighs less than the A4W, and has operator interfaces that are expected to be improved as well.
- "Nuclear Power Plant Project Construction - Bechtel". Bechtel. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG289.pdf, Schank, John F., RAND, 2005, p. 76
- http://mragheb.com/NPRE%20402%20ME%20405%20Nuclear%20Power%20Engineering/Nuclear%20Marine%20Propulsion.pdf, M. Ragheb, 2015, p 8
- "Nuclear-Powered Ships: Nuclear Propulsion Systems". World Nuclear Association. May 22, 2017.
- "US Navy Propulsion Systems". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on 9 October 2006. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
power per reactor ... 140,000 shp
- Petty, Dan. "The US Navy -- Fact File: Aircraft Carriers - CVN". www.navy.mil.