A1 (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

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A1 Motorway shield}}

A1 Motorway
Autoput A1
Route information
Part of E73-BIH-2014.svg
Length93.5 km (58.1 mi)
Major junctions
FromTarčin
ToZenica
Location
Regions:Sarajevo Canton, Zenica-Doboj Canton
Highway system
Transport in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A1 near Visoko
A1 near Sarajevo
Podlugovi interchange

The A1 motorway (Bosnian: Autoput A1) is a motorway in Bosnia and Herzegovina that is part of the Corridor Vc and, together with two Croatian motorways (A10 and A5) and the Hungarian M6, will provide a modern and fast road connection from Budapest to Ploče, a seaport on the Adriatic Sea. The motorway will connect the capital Sarajevo with other large cities (such as Mostar and Zenica). It will also be the main link to Bosnia and Herzegovina from the Adriatic Sea and Central Europe.

Sections[edit]

Length of the Corridor Vc highway, from the North to the South divided by sections:

  • Section 1: The Sava Svilaja River (connection Corridor X) - Doboj (South)
    • 64 km
  • Section 2: Doboj (South) - Sarajevo South (Tarčin)
    • 150 km
  • Section 3: Sarajevo South (Tarčin) - Mostar (North)
    • 58 km
  • Section 4: Mostar (North) - Republic of Croatia Border
    • 68 km
      • Total: 340 km

On 20 June 2013, the 5 km section between Bijača and Kravice was opened.[1] A new border crossing with Croatia opened on June 28.[2]

In Bosnia and Herzegovina the E73/A1 passes near the following cities:

Odžak Modriča Doboj
Tešanj Maglaj Zavidovići
Žepče Zenica Kakanj
Visoko Sarajevo Konjic
Jablanica Mostar Čapljina

Significance[edit]

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Corridor Vc highway is the most important road project. Its construction is expected to enhance economic and social activities, and will enable Bosnia and Herzegovina to be connected to main European traffic network, as well as the European economic and social structure.[citation needed]

Exit list[edit]

km Exit Name Destination Notes
0.0 Zeichen 392 - Zollstelle, StVO 1970.svg Svilaj border crossing A5 / E73 Svilaj border crossing to Croatia. The road continues into Croatia as the A5 motorway towards Osijek.
The northern terminus of the motorway.
0.0 1 Svilaj M-14-1 Connection to Bosanski Brod.
9.5 2 Odžak M-14-1 Connection to Odžak.
M-14-1 Odžak - Modriča
M-17 Modriča - Drivuša
130.3 13 (Zenica-south) M-17 Connection to Zenica
136.2 14 Lučani (Lašva) M-5 / E661 / E761 Connection to Travnik and Vitez
144.6 15 Kakanj Connection to Kakanj
161.4 16 Visoko R-443 Connection to Visoko and Kiseljak
168.6 17 Podlugovi Connection to Ilijaš
169.8 Zeichen 314-50 - Parkplatz, StVO 2013.svg Podlugovi rest area
179.7 Zeichen 391 - Mautpflichtige Strecke, StVO 2003.svg Sarajevo-north toll plaza
180,3 18 Sarajevo-north M-18 Connection to Tuzla and Sarajevo-north
185.1 19 Butila M-5 / E761 Connection to Sarajevo and Višegrad
189.1 20 Sarajevo-west Connection to Sarajevo-west, Sarajevo-Ilidža, and economic zone Sarajevo-Blazuj
193 Zeichen 391 - Mautpflichtige Strecke, StVO 2003.svg Sarajevo-west toll plaza
198.5 21 Lepenica Connection to Kiseljak
- Zeichen 314-50 - Parkplatz, StVO 2013.svg Lepenica rest area
208.0 22 Tarčin M-17
M-17 Tarčin - Čapljina
M-6 Čapljina - Međugorje
328.8 32 Međugorje M-6 Connection to Međugorje
- Zeichen 314-50 - Parkplatz, StVO 2013.svg Kravica rest area
337.5 33 Zvirići R-423 Connection to Ljubuški
340 Zeichen 392 - Zollstelle, StVO 1970.svg Bijača border crossing A10 / E73 Bijača border crossing to Croatia. The road continues into Croatia as the A10 motorway
The southern terminus of the motorway.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


Environmental concerns and criticism[edit]

Mostarska Bijela valley in Prenj massif - controversial route of A1 Vc

Since the beginning proposed route for the A1 highway on corridor Vc was under heavy criticism from environmentalists, groups and concerned citizens, as well as some factions in academic community and media, for its encroachment[3] on many already highly endangered natural phenomenons, habitats and to significant extent on specific way of human life in traditional communities in relationship with characteristic Dinaric karst milieu[4][5][6] and its characteristic biotope, hydrogeology and topography.[7]

This is especially emphasized in region of Herzegovina where most of Bosnia and Herzegovina's karstic topography and biodiversity is distributed. Several particular sections are of most concern: section in vicinity of Počitelj, section passing through Blagaj, and section through massif of Prenj.[8][9]

For that reason another variant of the route is proposed for every of three particular problematic sections.[7][10] -->

References[edit]

  1. ^ New kilometers to EU doors: The Bijača – Kravice sub-section opened - eKapija.BA, 6/20/2013 12:26:08 PM
  2. ^ Chairman of BiH Council of Ministers opens today border crossing Bijača Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine - SarajevoTimes, 28 June 2013
  3. ^ "Environment protection and monitoring – JP Autoceste FBiH". www.jpautoceste.ba. JP Autoceste FBiH. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Autoput oko Mostara: Spor Bošnjaka, Hrvata i Srba". Al Jazeera Balkans (in Bosnian). 14 August 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Građani protiv trase autoceste kroz Mostar". www.starmo.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Mještani ogorčeni: Koridor Vc uništit će najplodniju zemlju, a mijenja se i izgled rijeke Bune!". nap.ba (in Bosnian). Novinska agencija Patria. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  7. ^ a b Samir Huseinović (24 February 2016). "Tunel kroz "Planetu Prenj"". DW.COM (www.dw.com) (in Bosnian). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Highway from Konjic to Mostar can go through Prenj and save 300 Million Euros - Sarajevo Times". Sarajevo Times. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Tunel Prenj i dionica Mostar sjever – Mostar jug spremni za realizaciju prema novom modelu finansiranja – JP Autoceste FBiH". www.jpautoceste.ba (in Bosnian). 16 February 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Kraća trasa: Autoput od Konjica do Mostara kroz Prenj uz uštedu od 300 miliona eura". akos.ba (in Bosnian). 22 March 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2018.