Greek Basket League

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from A1 Ethniki)
Jump to: navigation, search
Greek Basket League
Greek Basket League logo.png
Country  Greece
Confederation FIBA Europe
Founded 1927; 90 years ago (1927)
First season 1927–28
Number of teams 14
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to A2 Basket League
Domestic cup(s) Greek Cup
International cup(s) EuroLeague
Champions League
Current champions Panathinaikos Superfoods
(35th title)
Most championships Panathinaikos
(35 titles)
TV partners Cosmote Sport
ERT
Website www.esake.gr
2017–18 Greek Basket League

The Greek Basket League (GBL), often referred to as the Greek Basketball League, Greek A1 Basketball League, or Greek Basketball Championship (originally called Panhellenic Basketball Championship), is the first tier professional basketball league in Greece. It is run by HEBA (Greek: ΕΣΑΚΕ), under the legal authority of the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.). The league is also known as the Stoiximan.gr Greek Basket League for sponsorship reasons.[1]

It consists of 14 teams and runs from October to June, with teams playing 26 games each during the regular season, and the top 8 teams then competing in the playoffs.[2] The first official Greek Basketball Championship was held in the 1927–28 season. The league first held a playoff round in the 1986–87 season.

The league has always been ranked as one of the top 3-5 level national domestic leagues in European basketball, since league rankings began. For further information, see historical European national basketball league rankings, and European national basketball league rankings.

History[edit]

Nikos Galis is one of the all-time legends to have played in the GBL

Basketball first came to Greece in the year 1910. By the 1927–28 season, the first official Greek basketball championship began. The league was originally organized by the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association (SEGAS). There have been four different official championship eras. The first era was the Panhellenic Championship (Πανελλήνιο Πρωτάθλημα), which lasted from the 1927–28 to 1962–63 seasons, when the champions of every regional district played each other to decide the Greek Champion. The second era started in the 1963–64 season, when the A National Category (Α' Εθνική Κατηγορία), or Alpha National Category was founded.

In 1969, the Hellenic Basketball Federation (E.O.K.) took over the duties of overseeing the competition, and did so until the year 1992. The third era of the championship existed between the 1986–87 and 1991–92 seasons, when the first division A1 National Category (Α1 Εθνική Κατηγορία), with a regular season and playoffs, and the second division A2 National Category (Α2 Εθνική Κατηγορία) were formed. The 1988–89 season, marked the first time that Greek Basket League teams were allowed to have foreign players on their rosters.[3]

The fourth era of the championship began in the 1992–93 season, when the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA) took over the competition and renamed the first division the HEBA A1 (ΕΣΑΚΕ Α1). The league was then renamed to Greek Basket League (Ελληνική Μπάσκετ Λιγκ), starting with the 2010–11 season.

The Greek League has been one of the most competitive basketball leagues in Europe through the years, and it was widely regarded as the second best national domestic league in the world, after only the NBA, in the 1990s decade. It currently ranks among the best national domestic leagues in the world (excluding the NBA), such as Liga ACB in Spain, VTB United League (counts as the domestic league for Russian clubs), and BSL in Turkey. It has always been considered one of the top 3-5 European national domestic leagues under the historical European national basketball league rankings and European national basketball league rankings.

The league has several European historical basketball powers, which also belong to some of the most traditional European basketball clubs, especially the EuroLeague giants Panathinaikos and Olympiacos, which are two of the most successful European basketball clubs of all-time. Also, Aris Thessaloniki, led by Nikos Galis, Panagiotis Giannakis, and Slobodan "Lefteris" Subotić, was the dominant Greek club, and one of the most powerful European teams in the 1980s. Other clubs that have had significant success throughout the history of Greek basketball, as well as success in European basketball, are AEK (which had great success in the 1960s) and PAOK, while Panellinios was one of the premiere basketball clubs in Europe in the early days of European-wide club basketball, in the 1950s. The first five aforementioned clubs (Panathinaikos, Olympiacos, Aris, AEK, and PAOK), are also the most widely supported by fans in Greece.

Despite the championship having been contested 77 times, only nine different clubs have won it so far. The dominating club has always been Panathinaikos, having claimed the championship 35 times. Since the foundation of the Alpha National Category in the 1963–64 season, only two teams have participated in every season of the competition, Panathinaikos and Aris.

[edit]

The main elements of the logo were changed in 2013.[4]

Promotion and relegation[edit]

The championship, in its current form, has been organized since the 1992–93 season by the Hellenic Basketball Clubs Association (HEBA). 30 pro Greek basketball teams are split into two different divisions. The first division championship, which is called the "A1", in which 14 teams compete for the Greek National Championship, and the second division championship, which is called the "A2", in which 16 teams compete for the second division crown. The bottom two place finishing teams each year in the A1 division standings are relegated to the A2 division, due to poor performance. While conversely, the top two teams each year from the A2 division are promoted to the A1 division, due to good performance.

Arena standards[edit]

Currently, Greek clubs must play their home games in arenas that seat at least 1,000 people in order to play Greek domestic league matches. Several Greek clubs have two arenas that they primarily use. One for domestic Greek League matches, and one for European-wide matches.

Greek clubs that play in the EuroLeague or the EuroCup, must play their home games in those leagues in arenas that fit the arena standards of those leagues. Currently, a 5,000 seat arena minimum for the EuroLeague, and a 3,000 seat arena minimum for the EuroCup.

Foreign player regulations[edit]

Greek Basket League teams were first allowed to have foreign (non-Greek) players on their rosters in the 1988–89 season.[5]

Under the league's current foreign player rules, Greek Basket League teams must have at least 6 Greek players on their active 12 man game rosters. Each team is allowed to have up to 6 foreign (non-Greek) players, on their active 12 man game roster. There are no restrictions on the number of foreign players allowed by country of origin. Meaning that for example, any team in the league could sign up to 6 American players, or up to 6 Canadian players, or up to 6 players from European countries, etc.[6]

Current clubs[edit]

The clubs for the 2017–18 season:

Club Position
2016–17
Greek League Arena Capacity EuroLeague/EuroCup Arena* Capacity
AEK
3rd
Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Aris
4th
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,138[7]
Alexandrio Melathron, Thessaloniki
5,138
GSL Faros
15th (A2)
Larissa Neapolis Indoor Arena, Larissa
4,000
Larissa Neapolis Indoor Arena, Larissa
4,000
Kolossos
7th
Venetoklio Indoor Hall, Rhodes City
1,700
Koroivos
11th
Amaliada Indoor Hall, Koroivos
2,000[8]
Kymis
12th
Tasos Kabouris Kanithou Indoor Hall (Chalcis)
1,620
Lavrio
8th
Lavrio Indoor Hall, Lavrio
1,700
Olympiacos
2nd
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Peace and Friendship Stadium, Piraeus
12,000
Panathinaikos Superfoods
1st
Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall, Marousi
19,250
Panionios
1st (A2)
Nea Smyrni Indoor Hall, Nea Smyrni
2,000
PAOK
5th
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500[9]
PAOK Sports Arena, Pylaia
8,500
Promitheas Patras
9th
Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras
4,150
Dimitris Tofalos Arena, Patras
4,150
Rethymno Cretan Kings
6th
Rethymno Indoor Hall, Rethymno
1,600
Trikala
10th
Trikala Indoor Hall, Trikala
2,500

Championship history[edit]

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63:  Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86:  Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92:  Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2011–12:  HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2012–13 to present:  Greek Basket League

Title holders[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Titles Club Years
35 Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png Panathinaikos Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg 1945–46, 1946–47, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016–17
12 600px Quadrado Branco com uma figura olimpica grega.PNG Olympiacos Star full.svg 1948–49, 1959–60, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2015–16
10 Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris Star full.svg 1929–30, 1978–79, 1982–83, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91
8 600px Giallo con aquila bicefala nera2 svg.png AEK 1957–58, 1962–63, 1963–64, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1969–70, 2001–02
6 Flag of Panellinios-Greek Sports Club.svg Panellinios 1928–29, 1938–39, 1939–40, 1952–53, 1954–55, 1956–57
2 Azzurro e Bianco con H.png Iraklis 1927–28, 1934–35
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK 1958–59, 1991–92
1 600px Bianco e Rosso diagonale con stella Rossa.png Near East 1935–36
600px Bianco e Blu Bordato Doukas.png Athens University 1936–37

A1 Finals[edit]

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Regular Season Record
1986–87
Aris
3–0
Panionios Aris
18–0
1987–88
Aris
3–0
PAOK Aris
18–0
1988–89
Aris
3–1
PAOK Aris
17–1
1989–90
Aris
r.r.
PAOK PAOK
20–2
1990–91
Aris
4–2
PAOK Aris
20–2
1991–92
PAOK
4–1
Olympiacos PAOK
20–2
1992–93
Panathinaikos
1–3
Olympiacos PAOK
22–4
1993–94
Olympiacos
3–2
PAOK Olympiacos
22–4
1994–95
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1995–96
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
24–2
1996–97
Olympiacos
3–1
AEK Olympiacos
21–5
1997–98
Panathinaikos
3–2
PAOK Panathinaikos
21–5
1998–99
Olympiacos
2–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
21–5
1999–00
Panathinaikos
3–0
PAOK Olympiacos
21–5
2000–01
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
22–4
2001–02
AEK
3–2
Olympiacos AEK
23–3
2002–03
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Panathinaikos
21–5
2003–04
Panathinaikos
3–0
Maroussi Panathinaikos
22–4
2004–05
Panathinaikos
3–1
AEK Panathinaikos
22–4
2005–06
Panathinaikos
3–0
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2006–07
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
24–2
2007–08
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
23–3
2008–09
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2009–10
Panathinaikos
3–1
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1
2010–11
Olympiacos
1–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
26–0
2011–12
Olympiacos
3–2
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
23–1
2012–13
Olympiacos
0–3
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2013–14
Panathinaikos
3–2
Olympiacos Panathinaikos
25–1
2014–15
Olympiacos
3–0
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2015–16
Olympiacos
3–1
Panathinaikos Olympiacos
25–1
2016–17
Olympiacos
2–3
Panathinaikos Superfoods Olympiacos
25–1

A1 finals participation by club[edit]

Club W L Total
Verde con trifoglio Verde su cerchio Bianco.png Panathinaikos
16
6
22
600px Quadrado Branco com uma figura olimpica grega.PNG Olympiacos
8
13
21
Giallo e Nero Aris.JPG Aris
4
0
4
600px Bianco con aquila bicefala nera.png PAOK
1
6
7
600px Giallo con aquila bicefala nera2 svg.png AEK
1
3
4
Rosso e Blu (Diagonale).png Panionios
0
1
1
Giallo e Nero con Giglio.png Maroussi
0
1
1

Number of seasons in the Panhellenic Championship (1928–1963)[edit]

The number of times that clubs participated in the league's original format, the Panhellenic Championship.

Club Times
Panellinios 17
Panathinaikos 13
Olympiacos 13
Sporting 12
XAN Thessaloniki 10
Iraklis 10
Aris 9
ΑΕΚ 9
PAOK 7
Club Times
Triton Thessaloniki 7
Near East 5
Panionios 4
Skagiopouleio Patras 4
Ethnikos Athens 3
Athens University 3
Neoi Vironos 2
EA Patras 2
VAO 2
Club Times
Peiraikos Syndesmos 2
Anatolia Thessaloniki 2
Palaio Faliro 2
AE Chalkida 2
Triton Chalkida 2
Olympiacos Addis Ababa 1
Keravnos Kairou 1
Diagoras Rodou 1
AE Emporoupallilon 1
Club Times
XAN Nikaias / ΧΑΝ Kokkinias 1
Apollon Smyrni 1
XAN Athens 1
Neochoriou Rodou 1
PO Patras 1
Triton Maroussi 1

Number of seasons in the A and A1 National Categories by club (1963–64–2016–17)[edit]

The number of times that clubs participated in the top A National Category, while it existed from the 1963–64 season to the 1985–86 season. As well as the number of times that clubs have participated in the top A1 National Category, since it began with the 1986–87 season. Only two clubs, Panathinaikos and Aris, have played in the top division every year since its formation.

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Panathinaikos
54
Aris
54
PAOK
53
AEK
51
Olympiacos
51
Panionios
44
Iraklis
41
Apollon Patras
32
Sporting
31
Panellinios
30
Maroussi
24
Peristeri
22
Pagrati
17
Gymnastikos S. Larissas
12
XAN Thessaloniki
12
Ionikos Nikaias
12
Kolossos Rodou
11
Dimokritos Thessaloniki
9
Dafnis
8
Irakleio
8
Ilysiakos
8
Rethymno
7
Near East
7
Club Times
Papagou
7
Olympia Larissa
7
Makedonikos
6
Esperos Kallitheas
6
Kavala
6
KAOD
5
VAO
5
Trikala Aries
4
Ionikos NF
4
Triton Thessaloniki
4
Amyntas
4
Ikaros Kallitheas
4
Koroivos
3
AEL
3
Nea Kifissia
3
Panelefsiniakos
3
Egaleo
3
Apollon Kalamarias
3
Aetos Thessaloniki
3
Lavrio
2
Trikala 2000
2
Olympias Patras
2
Anatolia Thessaloniki
2
Club Times
XAN Nikaias / ΧΑΝ Kokkinias
2
Niki Volou
2
Philippos Thessaloniki
2
Milon
2
Ampelokipoi
2
Peiraikos Syndesmos
2
Thyella Serron
1
Doxa Lefkadas
1
Promitheas Patras
1
Kymis
1
Arkadikos
1
MENT
1
Pierikos
1

Number of seasons in the top-tier level Greek Basket League in total (1928 to 2016–17)[edit]

The total number of times that each club has played in the top-tier level Greek Basket League, through all of its different league formats.

  • 1927–28 to 1962–63: Panhellenic Championship
  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League
Club Times
Panathinaikos 67
Olympiacos 64
Aris 63
PAOK 60
AEK 60
Iraklis 51
Panionios 48
Panellinios 47
Sporting 43
Apollon Patras 32
Maroussi 24
Peristeri 22
XAN Thessaloniki 22
Pagrati 17
Gymnastikos S. Larissas 12
Near East 12
Ionikos Nikaias 12
Triton Thessaloniki 11
Kolossos Rodou 11
Dimokritos Thessaloniki 9
Dafnis 8
Club Times
Irakleio 8
Ilysiakos 8
VAO 7
Papagou 7
Olympia Larissa 7
Rethymno 7
Esperos Kallitheas 6
Makedonikos 6
Kavala 6
KAOD 5
Peiraikos Syndesmos 4
Skagiopouleio Patras 4
Anatolia Thessaloniki 4
Amyntas 4
Ionikos NF 4
Ikaros Kallitheas 4
Trikala Aries 4
Aetos Thessaloniki 3
Egaleo 3
Apollon Kalamarias 3
Ethnikos Athens 3
Club Times
Athens University 3
XAN Nikaias / ΧΑΝ Kokkinias 3
Panelefsiniakos 3
Nea Kifissia 3
Koroivos 3
AEL 3
Trikala 2000 2
Olympias Patras 2
Neoi Vironos 2
EA Patras 2
Palaio Faliro 2
AE Chalkida 2
Triton Chalkida 2
Ampelokipoi 2
Niki Volou 2
Philippos Thessaloniki 2
Milon 2
Lavrio 2
Olympiacos Addis Ababa 1
Keravnos Kairou 1
Diagoras Rodou 1
Club Times
Triton Maroussi 1
AE Emporoupallilon 1
Thyella Serron 1
Pierikos 1
ΜΕΝΤ 1
Αrkadikos 1
Apollon Smyrni 1
XAN Athens 1
Neochoriou Rodou 1
PO Patras 1
Doxa Lefkadas 1
Promitheas Patras 1
Kymis 1

The best regular season records in the history of the A and A1 National Categories (1963–2015)[edit]

[10][11]

  • 1963–64 to 1985–86: Alpha (A) National Category
  • 1986–87 to 1991–92: Alpha1 (A1) National Category
  • 1992–93 to 2009–10: HEBA Alpha1 (A1)
  • 2010–11 to present: Greek Basket League

The A and A1 National Category (1963–2015)[edit]

Season Team Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record
(Including Playoffs)
Final Season
Result
1985–86 Aris
26-0
0-0
26-0
Champion
1967–68 AEK
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1975–76 Olympiacos
22-0
0-0
22-0
Champion
1986–87 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1987–88 Aris
18-0
3-0
21-0
Champion
1979–80 Panathinaikos
16-0
12-2
28-2
Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos
26-0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
1984–85 Aris
25-1
0-0
25-1
Champion
2009–10 Panathinaikos
25-1
8-1
33-2
Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos
25-1
6-3
31-4
Finalist

The best overall season records of the HEBA A1 (1992–2015)[edit]

Season Club Regular Season
Record
Playoff Record Final Record Final Season
Result
2009–10 Panathinaikos
25–1
8–1
33–2
Champion
2014–15 Olympiacos
25–1
8–1
33–2
Champion
2013–14 Panathinaikos
25–1
8–2
33–3
Champion
2005–06 Panathinaikos
24–2
8–0
32–2
Champion
2010–11 Panathinaikos
24–2
8–1
32–3
Champion
2010–11 Olympiacos
26–0
6–3
32–3
Finalist
2006–07 Panathinaikos
24–2
8–2
32–4
Champion
2011–12 Olympiacos
23–1
8–2
31–3
Champion
2008–09 Olympiacos
25–1
6–3
31–4
Finalist
1995–96 Olympiacos
24–2
8–3
31–5
Champion
2007–08 Panathinaikos
23–3
8–2
31–5
Champion
1994–95 Olympiacos
24–2
7–3
31–5
Champion
2013–14 Olympiacos
24–2
7–3
31–5
Finalist
2012–13 Panathinaikos
22–4
8–0
30–4
Champion
2012–13 Olympiacos
25–1
5–3
30–4
Finalist
1994–95 Panathinaikos
24–2
6–3
30–5
Finalist
2008–09 Panathinaikos
22–4
8–1
30–5
Champion
1993–94 Olympiacos
22–4
8–2
30–6
Champion
2004–05 Panathinaikos
22–4
8–3
30–7
Champion

Greek basketball clubs in European and worldwide competitions[edit]

EuroLeague[edit]

  • The years in which clubs from the Greek Basketball League competed in Europe's first tier continental-wide professional club basketball competition, the EuroLeague (and FIBA SuproLeague):
Rank Club Appearances Years
1.
Panathinaikos
37
1962, 1963, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
2.
Olympiacos
28
1961, 1977, 1979, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017
3.
AEK
14
1959, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1998, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006
4.
Aris
11
1980, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2007, 2008
5.
PAOK
7
1960, 1993, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
6.
Iraklis
2
1996, 2001†
7.
Panionios
2
1997, 2009
8.
Peristeri
2
2001, 2002
9.
Panellinios
1
1958
10.
Maroussi
1
2010
EuroLeague
Rank Club Coppa del Campionato di Pallacanestro.png Silver medal europe.svg SF QF
1. Panathinaikos 6 1 7 7
2. Olympiacos 3 5 3 8
3. AEK 0 1 2 1
4. Aris 0 0 3 1
5. PAOK 0 0 1 0

FIBA Saporta Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the now defunct Saporta Cup (1966–67 to 2001–02), which was the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
FIBA Saporta Cup
Rank Club Coppacoppe.png Silver medal europe.svg SF QF
1. AEK 2 0 1 2
2. PAOK 1 2 1 1
3. Aris 1 0 1 0
4. Maroussi 1 0 0 0
5. Panathinaikos 0 0 2 2
6. Iraklis 0 0 2 1
7. Olympiacos 0 0 0 1
8. Panionios 0 0 0 1

FIBA Korać Cup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the now defunct Korać Cup (1971–72 to 2001–02), which was the third-tier European-wide continental competition:
FIBA Korać Cup
Rank Club Coppacoppe.png Silver medal europe.svg SF QF
1. Aris 1 0 1 1
2. PAOK 1 0 0 0
3. Panionios 0 0 2 3
4. Maroussi 0 0 1 1
5. Peristeri 0 0 0 3

EuroCup[edit]

  • Greek clubs that finished in the top 8 places of the EuroCup (2002–03 – present), which is the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
EuroCup
Rank Club Coppacoppe.png Silver medal europe.svg SF QF
1. Aris 0 1 0 1
2. Makedonikos 0 1 0 0
3. Panellinios 0 0 1 0
4. Maroussi 0 0 0 1
5. PAOK 0 0 0 1

Awards and players[edit]

All-time stats leaders[edit]

Major Sponsors and supporters over the years[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]