A1 motorway (Serbia)

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Autoput A 1 shield}}

Autoput A 1
Аутопут А1
Autoput A1
Route information
Part of
Length588 km (365 mi)
Major junctions
FromM5 autopalya.png M5 at Horgoš border crossing Hungary
 State Road 11 at Subotica

State Road 13 at Subotica
State Road 12 at Novi Sad
Serbian motorway A3 shield at Dobanovci
Expressway 24 (Serbia) at Batočina
State Road 14 at Smederevo
Serbian motorway A5 shield at Pojate
Motorway-A4-Hex-Green.svg at Niš

State Road 39 at Leskovac
ToM1-MKD.svg M1 at Preševo border crossing North Macedonia
Location
Major citiesSubotica, Novi Sad, Belgrade, Smederevo, Jagodina, Niš, Leskovac, Vranje
Highway system
Motorways in Serbia
A5A2

The A1 motorway (Serbian: Аутопут А1 / Autoput A1) is a motorway in Serbia and with 588 kilometers (365 mi) it is the longest motorway in Serbia. It crosses the country from north to south, starting at Horgoš border crossing with Hungary and ending with Preševo border crossing with North Macedonia. As a part of the European route E75 and Pan-European corridor X, connecting 4 of 6 largest Serbian cities (Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš and Subotica), it is the most vital part of Serbian road network.

Route[edit]

Northern section

Northern section (Hungarian border - Subotica - Novi Sad - Belgrade) is 172 km long and is built between 1971 and 2013.

First subsection of this section which was opened is Belgrade (Batajnica) - Novi Sad. It was built between 1971 and 1975, but only right carriageway was constructed then. It is 56.3 km long, and it includes Beška Bridge on Danube river (2205 m), which is the longest bridge on Serbian roads. Next opened section was Novi Sad - Feketić, which was opened in 1986, and it is 44.7 km long. Again, only right carriageway was constructed. Because of dissolution of Yugoslavia and UN sanctions, construction of highway was temporarily stopped. Next opened section was Feketić - Horgoš (border with Hungary). It is 71 km long, and it was opened in 1997, and again only right carriageway was constructed. After right carriageway of highway was completed, construction of left carriageway could start. Left carriageway between Batajnica and Beška was completed in 2004, and now there was 32.2 kilometers of full-profile highway. Construction continued, and 19.1 km section from Beška to Novi Sad was completed in 2006. Next two sections were Novi Sad - Sirig and Žednik - Bikovo, both of them are 10 km long, and were opened in 2009. First 5.5 km of Novi Sad bypass were completed in 2010. In 2011 most of the highway was upgraded to full-profile, with completion of 93 km long sections Bikovo - Horgoš (border with Hungary), Sirig - Žednik and second Beška bridge. Finally, remaining 2.5 kilometers of Novi Sad bypass were completed, and this marked end of construction of northern section of A1 motorway.

Highway enters in Serbia in Bačka and passes by Subotica, Bačka Topola, Vrbas, Novi Sad, passes over Danube and enters Srem, passes by Inđija and Stara Pazova and arrives to Batajnica, suburb of Belgrade where is the beginning of Belgrade bypass. This part of A1 highway passes through Vojvodina which is part of Pannonian Basin, so this is very flat terrain and highway is going through many fields.

Belgrade city highway

Belgrade city highway (Serbian: Аутопут кроз Београд / Autoput kroz Beograd) is 29 km long urban highway which connects A3 highway and A1 highway passing by Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Zemun, Novi Beograd, Voždovac and finishes at Bubanj Potok. It was constructed in 1970s and, until Belgrade bypass is completed, it is only highway connection between northern and southern parts of A1 highway. After completion of Belgrade bypass this highway will be turned into main city boulevard.

Belgrade bypass

Part of Belgrade bypass from Batajnica to Bubanj Potok which is 47.3 kilometers long is part of A1 highway. Part from Batajnica to Sava bridge (23.8 km) is a full-profile highway, while part from Sava bridge to "Straževica" tunnel (14.9 km) is a half-profile highway. Construction of rest of this part of bypass is pending and it is planned to be completed by the end of 2020[1].

Central section

Central section (BelgradeNiš) is 210 km-long and is completed in 1985.

First section of this part of A1 highway was opened in 1977, and it was 28.1 km long section Beograd (Bubanj Potok) - Umčari, which was opened with another 12.5 kilometers of highway through Belgrade from Mostar interchange to Bubanj Potok. Next year 79.3 kilometers from Umčari to Batočina were opened. Highway was simultaneously constructed from Belgrade and from Niš, so in 1980 21.2 kilometers between Pojate and Deligrad were opened. In 1982 sections Batočina - Ćuprija and Deligrad - Niš were opened, and there was in total 189 kilometers between Belgrade and Niš. Last section was opened in 1985 and it was last 21 kilometers between Ćuprija and Pojate.

Highway goes through hilly terrain southern of Belgrade and then, near Smederevo enters the valley of Great Morava and later South Morava, passes by Jagodina, Ćuprija, Paraćin and Aleksinac and enters a basin near of Niš. Few kilometers after Niš toll station if Trupale interchange with A4 highway which goes north of Niš, then passes Pirot, and goes to border with Bulgaria, while A1 highway goes south by Južna Morava river.

Southern section

Southern section (NišLeskovacVranjeMacedonian border) consists of 128 km that are in service, while additional 26 km are under construction. Construction of southern section has been completed by May 2019, and last sections opened for traffic on 18 May 2019:[2][3]

Section Length Contractor Status
Niš – Batušinac 13 km Unknown In service (since 1992)
Batušinac – Pečenjevce 23 km Unknown In service (since 1997)
Pečenjevce – Grabovnica 23 km Unknown In service (since 2005)
GrabovnicaGrdelica 5.6 km Terna In service (since 2016)
Grdelica – Caričina Dolina 11.8 km Several contractors In service (since 2019)
Caričina Dolina – Vladičin Han 14.3 km Several contractors In service (since 2019)
Vladičin Han – Donji Neradovac 26.3 km Terna In service (since 2015)
Donji Neradovac – Srpska kuća 8 km Aktor In service (since 2013)
Srpska kuća – Levosoje 8 km Ratko Mitrović, Srbijaautoput In service (since 2018)
Levosoje - Macedonian border 21 km Ratko Mitrović, Srbijaautoput In service (since 2013)

Highway passes through valley of South Morava, passes west of Niš, by Merošina and Leskovac, and after Grdelica built highway ends. 26 kilometers of highway under construction passes through Grdelica gorge, very difficult terrain. This sections is often considered the hardest one to build in Serbia. On this part of highway will be 33 bridges, of which Vrla bridge will be longest (around 650 meters long and around 60 high), and two tunnels: "Predejane" (1000 m) and "Manajle" (1818 m) which will be the longest tunnel in Serbia. Near Vladičin Han highways leaves Grdelica gorge and there is beginning of Vladičin Han - Donji Neradovac section. Highway passes by Vranje, and near Bujanovac constructed section ends. Last 8 kilometers of highway under construction passes by Bujanovac and in Levosoje starts last 21 kilometers of A1 highway. Few kilometers south of Preševo is Border Crossing Preševo with North Macedonia.

List of Exits[edit]

Nr km Name Route Places Note
1 AB-AS-grün.svg 4 Horgoš M13-SRB.svg Horgoš, Kanjiža, Novi Kneževac, Čoka, Senta, Kikinda
2 AB-AS-grün.svg 17 Subotica north R100-SRB.svg Palić, Subotica
3 AB-AS-grün.svg 23 Subotica east R300-SRB.svg Subotica
4 AB-AS-grün.svg 26 Subotica south M11-SRB.svg Subotica, Kelebija Road M11-SRB.svg is under construction.
5 AB-AS-grün.svg 37 Čantavir R303-SRB.svg Čantavir, Novi Žednik, Tornjoš This is first exit on tolled part of A1 highway.
6 AB-AS-grün.svg 49 Bačka Topola R105-SRB.svg Bačka Topola, Sombor, Apatin, Senta, Ada, Mol
7 AB-AS-grün.svg Mali Iđoš Mali Iđoš This exit is planned to be constructed
8 AB-AS-grün.svg 70 Feketić R100-SRB.svg Feketić
9 AB-AS-grün.svg 80 Vrbas M15-SRB.svg Vrbas, Srbobran, Kula, Sombor, Bečej
10 AB-AS-grün.svg 92 Sirig R112-SRB.svg Sirig, Zmajevo, Temerin
11 AB-AS-grün.svg 108 Novi Sad north Novi Sad
12 AB-AS-grün.svg 110 Novi Sad center R102-SRB.svg Novi Sad, Temerin, Bečej
13 AB-AS-grün.svg 112 Novi Sad east M12-SRB.svg Novi Sad, Zrenjanin
14 AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Novi Sad south B21-SRB.svg Irig, Ruma, Šabac, Loznica, Valjevo, Bijeljina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Road M21-SRB.svg is at the moment just a single carriageway road and does not have an exit on A1, but it is planned to be upgraded to a motorway and to have an intersection with the A1.
15 AB-AS-grün.svg 128 Kovilj R114-SRB.svg Kovilj, Šajkaš, Titel, Žabalj
16 AB-AS-grün.svg 141 Beška Beška, Krčedin, Irig, Sremski Karlovci
17 AB-AS-grün.svg 145 Maradik R125-SRB.svg Sremski Karlovci, Irig On this exit is only possible to enter highway towards Belgrade and exit from the highway from Belgrade.
18 AB-AS-grün.svg 149 Inđija R126-SRB.svg Inđija, Ruma, Novi Slankamen, Stari Slankamen This is last exit on tolled part of A1 highway.
19 AB-AS-grün.svg 159 Stara Pazova R127-SRB.svg Stara Pazova, Stari Banovci, Golubinci
20 AB-AS-grün.svg 162 Nova Pazova Nova Pazova, Stari Banovci
21 AB-AS-grün.svg 166 Novi Banovci R319-SRB.svg Novi Banovci, Batajnica
22 AB-AS-grün.svg 171 Batajnica Batajnica, Zemun, Novi Beograd, Borča It is not possible to get to Batajnica from this exit until construction of Batajnica boulevard.
23 AB-Kreuz-grün.svg 177 Dobanovci Motorway-A3-Hex-Green.svg E70-SRB.svg Zagreb (Croatia), Bijeljina (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Šid, Sremska Mitrovica, Ruma, Šabac, Valjevo
24 AB-AS-grün.svg 183 Surčin R319-SRB.svg Surčin, Dobanovci, Jakovo, Novi Beograd
24a AB-Kreuz-grün.svg Surčin south Motorway-A2-Hex-Green.svg E763-SRB.svg Novi Beograd, Obrenovac, Valjevo, Čačak, Užice, Kraljevo This interchange is under construction
25 AB-AS-grün.svg 193 Ostružnica M26-SRB.svg Obrenovac, Čukarica
26 AB-AS-grün.svg 196 Orlovača M22-SRB.svg Čukarica, Lazarevac, Barajevo, Lajkovac, Gornji Milanovac, Čačak
27 AB-AS-grün.svg Avala Voždovac, Ripanj, Ralja, Sopot Construction of this exit is planned.
28 AB-Kreuz-grün.svg 218 Bubanj Potok Motorway-A3-Hex-Green.svg E70-SRB.svg Belgrade, Vinča, Pančevo, Vršac, Timisoara (Romania) Construction of this interchange is planned.
29 AB-AS-grün.svg 223 Tranšped Tranšped
30 AB-AS-grün.svg 227 Vrčin R347-SRB.svg Vrčin, Grocka
31 AB-AS-grün.svg 241 Mali Požarevac M25-SRB.svg Mladenovac, Aranđelovac, Sopot, Ralja This is first exit on tolled part of A1 highway.
32 AB-AS-grün.svg 247 Umčari R351-SRB.svg Umčari, Grocka
33 AB-AS-grün.svg 253 Vodanj R155-SRB.svg Vodanj, Smederevo, Mladenovac
34 AB-AS-grün.svg 259 Kolari R352-SRB.svg Kolari, Smederevo, Smederevska Palanka
35 AB-AS-grün.svg 265 Smederevo R153-SRB.svg Smederevo, Kovin, Pančevo, Bela Crkva
36 AB-AS-grün.svg 266 Požarevac M33-SRB.svg Požarevac, Kostolac, Veliko Gradište, Donji Milanovac, Majdanpek, Kladovo
37 AB-AS-grün.svg 294 Velika Plana R158-SRB.svg Velika Plana, Smederevska Palanka, Mladenovac, Majdanpek
38 AB-AS-grün.svg 306 Markovac M27-SRB.svg Markovac, Svilajnac, Rača, Topola
39 AB-AS-grün.svg 312 Lapovo Lapovo
40 AB-AS-grün.svg 316 Batočina B24-SRB.svg Batočina, Kragujevac, Kraljevo It is planned to part of road M24-SRB.svg be upgraded to motorway and have intersection with A1.
41 AB-AS-grün.svg 338 Jagodina R184-SRB.svg Jagodina
42 AB-AS-grün.svg 350 Ćuprija R160-SRB.svg Ćuprija
43 AB-AS-grün.svg 361 Paraćin M36-SRB.svg Paraćin, Zaječar
44 AB-AS-grün.svg 373 Pojate M23-SRB.svg E761-SRB.svg Pojate, Kruševac, Trstenik, Vrnjačka Banja, Kraljevo, Čačak It is planned for this exit to be upgraded to interchange with Motorway-A5-Hex-Green.svg E761-SRB.svg when it is constructed.
45 AB-AS-grün.svg 386 Ražanj R158-SRB.svg Ražanj
46 AB-AS-grün.svg 406 Aleksinački Rudnici R158-SRB.svg Aleksinac
47 AB-AS-grün.svg 410 Aleksinac R158-SRB.svg Aleksinac, Sokobanja This is last exit on tolled part of A1 highway with closed system of toll paying.
48 AB-Kreuz-grün.svg 432 Trupale Motorway-A4-Hex-Green.svg E80-SRB.svg Niš north, Niška Banja, Knjaževac, Bela Palanka, Pirot, Dimitrovgrad, Sofia (Bulgaria)
49 AB-AS-grün.svg 436 Niš south Niš
50 AB-AS-grün.svg 442 Merošina M35-SRB.svg Merošina, Prokuplje, Kuršumlija, Brus, Priština It is planned for this exit to be upgraded to interchange with Niš - Priština highway (it still does not have number) when it is constructed.
51 AB-AS-grün.svg 452 Doljevac R216-SRB.svg Doljevac, Žitorađa
52 AB-AS-grün.svg 458 Brestovac R225-SRB.svg Brestovac, Gadžin Han, Bojnik
53 AB-AS-grün.svg 465 Leskovac center Leskovac
54 AB-AS-grün.svg 471 Leskovac south M39-SRB.svg Leskovac, Vlasotince, Babušnica, Lebane, Medveđa
55 AB-AS-grün.svg 483 Grdelica R438-SRB.svg Grdelica
56 AB-AS-grün.svg 493 Predejane R258-SRB.svg Predejane This exit is under construction.
57 AB-AS-grün.svg 506 Vladičin Han M40-SRB.svg Vladičin Han, Surdulica, Bosilegrad
58 AB-AS-grün.svg 530 Vranje R258-SRB.svg Vranje
59 AB-AS-grün.svg 543 Bujanovac 1 R258-SRB.svg Bujanovac
60 AB-AS-grün.svg 547 Bujanovac 2 R258-SRB.svg Bujanovac, Gnjilane
61 AB-AS-grün.svg 568 Preševo M42-SRB.svg Preševo

Toll[edit]

As are all motorways in Serbia also A1 is tolled.[4] The toll is collected based on the entry and exit toll stations and category of the vehicle.[5] Since December 2017 the prices have increased to 13€ and 82€ respectively. Sections which are tolled or will be after construction are Subotica - Stara Pazova, Belgrade (Vrčin) - Preševo. Now there are two additional toll stations - Niš and Doljevac. Both of them will be removed when construction of remaining sections finishes. Belgrade bypass and short parts next to it will not be tolled.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SKRAĆENA OBILAZNICA DO 2020. Radovi na trasi od 19,5 kilometara kreću 1. februara" (in Serbian). Blic. 26 January 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-04-15. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  2. ^ "ПРОЈЕКАТ ЈУГ". koridorisrbije.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Autoput kroz Grdelicu - simbol savladavanja prepreka". b92.net (in Serbian). Tanjug. 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Road toll". Public enterprise Roads of Serbia. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Vehicle Categorization/Toll Pricelist". Public enterprise Roads of Serbia. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]