|West end:||Whiteparish (near Salisbury, Wiltshire)|
| M3 motorway
|East end:||Pevensey (near Bexhill, East Sussex)|
Brighton and Hove
The A27 is a major road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish (near Salisbury) in the county of Wiltshire. It closely parallels the south coast in Hampshire, then passes through West Sussex and terminates at Pevensey (near Eastbourne and Bexhill) in East Sussex.
It is one of the westernmost Zone 2 roads in the UK.
Historically, for longer distance movement along the south coast, the M25 in combination with the M2, M20, M23 / A23, A3 / A3(M) and M3 has provided an attractive alternative to the actual south coast route of A259, A27 and M27. In 2002 an offpeak journey between Margate and Southampton via the M25 took 2 hours 30 minutes, and via the coastal route using the A259, A27 and M27 took 3 hours 50 minutes. The reason why the coastal route is so much slower than the M25 alternative is largely due to a series of bottlenecks on the A27. These include Chichester, Arundel, Worthing and Polegate.
The British government announced, in its 2013 spending review, that it would go ahead with improvements to the Chichester bypass. The Highways Agency said that the proposals would be subject to public consultation in July 2015. The preferred route would then be announced in September 2015 and the plan would be to start construction in February 2018 with a completion date of December 2019. However the timescales were then revised. There was a six-week public consultation period during Spring 2016. The proposed construction would then commence in March 2019 with a completion date of March 2021. After five options were published and two dropped the government cancelled the whole project on 28 February 2017, citing lack of support from local authorities as the main reason.
A proposed scheme to bypass Lancing and Sompting (as well as other sections) was dropped in 1988.
At Worthing, where the possibility of a bypass has often been discussed since 1967, even getting as far as passing the inspector's report at a public inquiry, the plan was dropped in 1996 following rising costs. Arundel and Worthing are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.
A bridge over the level crossing at Beddingham was completed on 22 August 2008. The original proposal called for a dual carriageway standard link with a bridge over the crossing. However, the actual project involved improving the original single carriageway road by providing two lanes westbound and one lane eastbound between the Southerham and Beddingham roundabouts.
Despite the limited improvements to the A27, it is still substantially quicker (usually more than an hour difference) to travel from Southampton to Margate via the M25 route compared to the coast route of A259, A27 and M27.
Because of all the delays along its route, according to West Sussex County Council, the A27 is the most unreliable all purpose trunk road in England. Further, it is widely considered by businesses on the coast to cost money and inhibit economic performance due to its unreliability and frequent congestion. However proposals by central government to allow private sector financing to improve major roads may be a possible solution to the A27s demise.
Shoreham Airshow crash
At the Shoreham Airshow on 22 August 2015, a Hawker Hunter crashed into the A27, striking several vehicles and killing eleven people. The road was completely closed for eight days and did not fully reopen until 16 September 2015.
The road starts at its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish. It runs through Romsey, Chilworth, at which point it follows a Roman Road, Swaythling, West End and Bursledon. It then closely parallels the south coast and travels on via Fareham, Cosham, Havant, Chichester, Arundel, Worthing, Lancing, Shoreham-by-Sea, Hove, Brighton, Falmer, Lewes and Polegate where it then terminates at Pevensey in East Sussex.
A section of the A27 running from the eastern end of the M27 to the end of the road at Pevensey forms part of, what was known as, the South Coast Trunk Road. Much of the road has been improved to dual carriageway standard, with the westernmost section of the trunk portion even having as much as four lanes plus a hard shoulder in each direction, and on a motorway alignment with grade-separated junctions. This is perhaps a reflection that the M27 was once proposed to run as far as Chichester.
The road runs east from Portsmouth to Havant then on to the Warblington/ Emsworth exit. Beyond Warblington the dual carriageway east has no junctions in it until it reaches Chichester, where the by-pass has five roundabouts and one traffic signal controlled junction, that disrupt the mainline flow of the road. The Chichester by-pass is regularly subject to congestion and although a public inquiry has proposed improvements, those improvements are currently on hold.
East of Chichester the road largely retains a two-lane dual-carriageway standard. There are, however a couple of sections of single-carriageway; at Arundel and at Worthing. These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.
At the junction of the A27 and the A24, the A27 has a brief section where the road is designated 'A27' and 'A24' before continuing from the 'Grove Lodge' roundabout where the road is named "Upper Brighton Road". After Worthing, the A27 passes Sompting on the Sompting Bypass before passing through Lancing where there are traffic lights and a roundabout which disrupt traffic flow. Just before the road crosses the River Adur near Shoreham via the 'Shoreham flyover' (constructed 1968-70), there is a traffic light-controlled intersection close to Lancing College and the headquarters of Ricardo plc which was the scene of a fatal aircrash during the Shoreham Airshow 2015 on 22 August 2015, killing eleven people on the ground. After the 'flyover' over the Adur, the A27 then runs past the Holmbush interchange (Shoreham-by-Sea) and on through the Southwick Hill Tunnel, at that point entering East Sussex.
It then passes around Falmer with this section of road having three lanes in each direction but loses the third lane later. When Brighton and Hove Albion play at home this section can become congested due to its proximity to The American Express Community Stadium.
Here, the road becomes a single carriageway standard and, until 2008, crossed a level crossing until it was bypassed.
The road then. once again. turns into a single carriageway near Pevensey, where the road ends, and the South Coast Trunk Road transfers over to the A259; this coast road starts in Emsworth and shadows the route of the A27.
Landmarks on the route
- Spinnaker Tower
- Chichester Cathedral
- Arundel Castle
- The South Downs
- Shoreham Airport
- River Adur
- Lancing College
- University of Sussex, (Falmer)
- Lewes Castle
- Mount Caburn
- Firle Beacon
- Long Man of Wilmington
- Falmer Stadium
- In their 2013 spending review the British government said that they will fund a feasibility study that will include looking at problems on the A27 corridor.
- There is a recommendation to build a new road from Wilmington to Polegate.
- There is also a recommendation to make the road a dual carriageway between Beddingham and Polegate.
- On 1 December 2014 the UK Government announced that they would go ahead with proposed improvements to the A27. These were:
- Arundel to have a new dual carriageway bypass, subject to consultation with the National Parks Authority, local authorities and the publication of this and alternative options
- Worthing and Lancing to have improvements to capacity and junctions along the A27, subject to consultation with West Sussex County Council and the public.
- The original plan was for the four junctions on the Chichester bypass to be upgraded. However, other options were also considered.
- Some news organisations have been sceptical about this announcement, claiming that in the past "Governments have a habit of announcing big plans for the roads, only to shelve them later on when the money gets tight." There seemed to be some truth to this suggestion after the Chichester bypass scheme was cancelled, by the secretary of state, in February 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A27 road.|
- Society for All British Road Enthusiasts Route Description - A27
- TAB-MSAS: Roads Photos: A27
- BBC News article on new subway at Falmer
- BBC News article on speed trap at Falmer
- Pressure group consisting of local councils, businesses and MPs who want to see the A27 upgraded
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. p. 16. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. p. 29. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "George Osborne commits to A27 works at Chichester". Chichester: Chichester Observer. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "A27 Chichester Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- "Arundel Bypass review". Littlehampton Gazette. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "West Sussex A27 Action Plan". Chichester: WSCC,. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "A27 Chichester Improvement". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- "A27 Chichester Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "A27 upgrade cancelled". Chichester Observer. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
- "A27 BY-Pass project October 1988". Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "A27 upgrade calls". Chichester Observer. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Arundel Bypass - Hansard". UK Government. 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Highway to Hell". Worthing: The Argus. 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 29. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. pp. 137–138. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Southampton to Margate via M25". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Southampton to Margate via A27". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 28. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". p. V. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Private investment needed for A27 improvements". Worthing Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Road death of Q actor accidental". London, United Kingdom: Guardian News and Media Limited. 14 June 2000. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Shoreham air crash death toll 'rises to 11'". BBC News. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Shoreham A27 fully reopens after air crash". BBC News. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "A27 route". Googlemaps. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Map of Original Plans for M27". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- Google map of Chichester retrieved 3 March 2012
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study" (PDF). UK Government. 2002. pp. 21–22. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- "Those A27 traffic jams have to ease". The Argus. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- "A27 flyover under construction in 1969 near to Shoreham Airport". www.geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- "Shoreham air crash death toll 'rises to 11'". BBC News. 2015. Retrieved 24 August 2015.
- By-pass: First proposed in 1932, My Brighton and Hove, Tim Carder, 1990
- "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways agency. Archived from the original on 10 August 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Bexhill-Hastings road-protest". Guardian Newspapers. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Investing in Britains Future" (PDF). H M Treasury. 2013. p. 13.
- "Major roads investment in London and the south east". UK Government. 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- "Roads funding: £15bn to be spent on schemes for England". BBC News. 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014.