A428 road

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A428 shield
A428
The A428 Road Bridge at Turvey - geograph.org.uk - 395968.jpg
The A428 bridge over the River Great Ouse at Turvey
Route information
Length82.9 mi[1] (133.4 km)
Major junctions
Northwest endCoventry
52°24′31″N 1°29′33″W / 52.4087°N 1.4925°W / 52.4087; -1.4925
Major intersections A4600
A444
A46
A4071
A426
A5
M1
A4500
A5080
A508
A5120
A4501
A45
A509
A422
A5141
A6
A5140
A421
A1
A1198
A1303
A14
Southeast endCambridge
52°13′55″N 0°04′40″E / 52.2319°N 0.0779°E / 52.2319; 0.0779
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Primary
destinations
Rugby
Northampton
Bedford
Cambridge
Coventry
Road network
A427 A429

The A428 road is a major road in central and eastern England. It runs between the cities of Coventry and Cambridge by way of the county towns of Northampton and Bedford. Together with the A421, (and the A43, M40 and the A34), the eastern section (Cambridge to the A1) of the A428 forms the route between Cambridge and Oxford. The A428 was formerly part of the main route from Birmingham to Felixstowe before the A14 was fully opened in 1993.

Route[edit]

Coventry – Northampton[edit]

The road starts on the A4600 Sky Blue Way in Coventry, heading eastbound out of the city and meeting the A444 and A4082 roads before crossing the A46 Eastern Bypass and into Warwickshire. The road then passes through the village of Binley Woods before becoming more rural in nature, meeting the Fosse Way and crossing the River Avon at Bretford. 3.8 miles (6.1 km) further along, the road enters Rugby where it meets the A4071 and A426 and passes Rugby School. It then continues out of the town to the east through the suburb of Hillmorton and crosses the A5 near Daventry International Railfreight Terminal (DIRFT). It meets the M1 at its original terminus, junction 18, and bypasses the towns of Crick and West Haddon. The road passes the Althorp family estate, then enters Northampton.

Northampton – Cambridge[edit]

East of Northampton, the road passes Little Houghton, Brafield-on-the-Green and Yardley Hastings. After here it enters the City of Milton Keynes (and Buckinghamshire) where it meets the A509 at Warrington roundabout. Continuing towards Bedford, the road passes Lavendon and Cold Brayfield. Crossing the Great Ouse it enters Bedfordshire at Turvey, on to Bromham. It meets the A422 at a roundabout outside Bromham. The road bypasses Bromham and, leaving behind its former route east-bound through Bedford (which has become the A4280), swings southwards on a new alignment then, via a new bridge over the Great Ouse, merges with the A421 south of Kempston.

The A428 loses its identity here: the route continues as the A421 as it bypasses Bedford, Great Barford and Roxton and goes on to become the dual-carriageway A1 at the Black Cat Roundabout. Heading north, the route leaves the A1 via a grade separated junction just south of St Neots and regains its identity. Crossed by the East Coast Main Line, it leaves Bedfordshire for Cambridgeshire. The A428 from here to Cambridge follows the former A45, which became the A428 when the A14 opened. It meets the A1198 (former A14) at Caxton Gibbet roundabout near Papworth Everard. From here the road is dual carriageway, bypassing the existing single carriageway section near Hardwick. The route terminates, merging into the A14 at Girton interchange, where traffic joins first from the M11 junction 14 and then from the trunk A14 road junction 31.

Proposed developments[edit]

A1–M11/A14 link[edit]

In the "Road investment strategy" announced to Parliament by the Department for Transport and Secretary of State for Transport on 1 December 2014, planning would begin to dual the section between the A1 and the A1198 at Caxton Gibbet.[2] The announcement said that the A1/A421 Black Cat Roundabout would be replaced with a grade-separated junction,[2] just a few years after this roundabout was expensively upgraded. The link would provide an uninterrupted dual carriageway route between the M1 (at Junction 13) and the M11/A14 (at Junction 14 and 31) near Cambridge.[2]

On 18 February 2019, Highways England announced final route selection for the new road between Caxton Gibbet and the Black Cat junction (which will cease to be a roundabout and become a three-level GSJ).[3]

In September 2019, geological survey work began on the route.[4]

In March 2021, Highways England awarded contracts for construction of the Black Cat – Caxton Gibbet link.[5]

In September 2021, National Highways announced that this new section of dual carriageway will be designated A421 (and the bypassed sections will be renumbered as A1428 and B1428).[6] The announcement does not say whether the section between the A1198 and the A14/M11 junction will also be renumbered, which would create a single designation for the entire route between these junctions.

Oxford to Cambridge Expressway[edit]

In March 2021, Transport Secretary Grant Shapps cancelled a proposed grade-separated dual carriageway between M1 J13 and the A34 near Oxford, citing analysis that showed that its costs would exceed its benefits.[7]

History[edit]

The section between Cambridge and the A1 was originally part of the A45.

Bypasses and realignments[edit]

  • Crick (Bypassed, now unclassified)
  • West Haddon (Bypassed, now unclassified)
  • Little Houghton (Bypassed, now unclassified) (the 2-mile (3.2 km) £1.4 million bypass opened in December 1979)
  • Bromham (the 2-mile (3.2 km) £4.8 million bypass opened in September 1986)[8]
  • Bedford – The first section of the Bedford Western Bypass opened December 2009. The route, 3.2 miles (5.1 km) in length, commences at the Bromham Bypass on the east side of the river for approximately 1 mile (1.6 km). It then passes southwards crossing the River Great Ouse flood plain and bypasses Kempston to meet the A421 (A1-M1 link). The original route through Bedford was reclassified as the A4280.
  • St Neots bypass (opened in December 1985, originally designated as the A45. The former route through the town is now the B1428).
  • Eltisley bypass (opened in 1972, originally designated as the A45).

Recent improvements[edit]

  • Cambourne: Bypassed by a 1.2 miles (1.9 km) stretch of dual carriageway opened in May 2003.
  • Caxton Gibbet: A two-lane £55 million dual carriageway section opened on 24 May 2007 after widening works started by the Highways Agency in August 2005,[9] linking this point to a grade-separated junction at Hardwick (about 5 miles (8 km) further east).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directions to A428". Google Maps. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "The east of England gets a £1.5 billion investment in its roads as part of the new 'Road investment strategy'. 1 December 2014".
  3. ^ "Route unveiled for major new road and junction at Black Cat". Highways England. 18 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ Daniel Mansfield (23 September 2019). "First works on proposed A428 upgrade get under way". The Hunts Post. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  5. ^ Gemma Gardner (23 March 2021). "Highways England award £507m contract for A428 Black Cat to Caxton Gibbet improvements". Cambridge Independent. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Highways England (16 September 2021). "National Highways announces new road numbers for A428 Black Cat to Caxton Gibbet scheme" (Press release).
  7. ^ "Oxford to Cambridge expressway project cancelled as Transport Secretary looks to alternative plans for improving transport in the region". gov.uk. 18 March 2021. Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Bromham Timeline". Bedford Borough and Central Bedfordshire Libraries. 23 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  9. ^ "£55m 'commuter relief' road opens". BBC. 24 May 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Highways Agency". Archived from the original on 16 October 2006.

Coordinates: 52°09′43″N 0°37′06″W / 52.16193°N 0.61841°W / 52.16193; -0.61841