A4 autostrada (Poland)

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Autostrada A4 shield}}

Autostrada A4
Route information
Part of
Length: 672 km (418 mi)
Major junctions
From: Bundesautobahn 4 number.svg A4 - border Germany-Poland at Görlitz-Zgorzelec
 

A18-PL.svg A18 near Krzyżowa
S3-PL.svg S3 near Legnica (planned)
A8-PL.svg A8 near Wrocław
A1-PL.svg A1 near Gliwice
S1-PL.svg S1 near Mysłowice
S7-PL.svg S7 near Kraków

S19-PL.svg S19 near Rzeszów
To: border Poland-Ukraine at Korczowa-Krakovets - M10-UA.svg M10
Location
Major cities: Wrocław, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Rzeszów
Highway system
National roads in Poland

The autostrada A4 in Poland is an east-west motorway that runs through southern Poland north of the Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains, from the Polish-German border at Zgorzelec-Görlitz (connecting to the German A4 autobahn), bypassing Wrocław, Opole, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Tarnów, Dębica and Rzeszów to the Polish-Ukrainian border at Korczowa-Krakovets. The motorway is a part of the European route E40. The A4 parallels national road 94 (which connects with German Bundesstraße 6).

History of construction[edit]

Some western stretches of this motorway were initially built as a Reichsautobahn by Nazi Germany in the 1930s under her pre-war borders. After World War II and the takeover of Poland by the communist regime, with new borders, the existing roads received minimal maintenance and upgrades and became notorious for their poor quality, a phenomenon similar to that observed in East Germany. Extensive reconstruction, especially of the section between Legnica and Wrocław, has removed all traces of the old concrete road surface, but some aspects of 1930s standards of construction remain; for example, the aforementioned stretch does not have an emergency lane, a feature that is to be added in the future.

The section between Kraków and Katowice was built from the 1980s to 1996 and the section from Wrocław to Katowice between 2000 and 2005. In August 2009 construction of the last western part of the motorway from the border with Germany to the junction with A18 motorway was completed. Also completed in 2009 was the first portion of the motorway east of Kraków (ending on national road 75 junction, near Szarów). In July 2016 the missing 41 km between Rzeszów and Jaroslaw was completed. This was the final stretch of missing motorway to be completed. So in 2016 the entire length of the A4 from the German border to the Ukrainian border was completed, making the A4 the first complete motorway in Poland.

The original plan was to finish the rest of the motorway by about 2013, but because of the UEFA decision to host the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship in Poland and Ukraine and the resulting need to improve the road infrastructure connecting the two countries, the date for opening the motorway to traffic was moved up to June 2012. This ambitious target was not attained after multiple delays, some caused by the floods of 2010.[1]

Sections of the motorway[edit]

Motorway section Length Constructed Note
Jędrzychowice (border) - Zgorzelec 1.7 km (1.1 mi) 1994–1996 heavy-load trucks only in 1994, all cars since 1996
Zgorzelec - Krzyżowa 50 km (31 mi) 2007–2009 opened 2009
Krzyżowa - Bielany Wrocławskie 99 km (62 mi) 1933–1937 repavement started in 90's finished 2006 without emergency lane
Bielany Wrocławskie - Przylesie(Brzeg) 40.7 km (25.3 mi) 1997–2000 single carriageway motorway built in 1936-1938; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Przylesie(Brzeg) - Nogowczyce 84.5 km (52.5 mi) 2000–2003 some construction before 1945; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Nogowczyce - Kleszczów 17.9 km (11.1 mi) 2001–2003 single carriageway motorway built in 1936-1942, it continued from Kleszczów into Gliwice and today that section is National Road 88, while modern motorway bypasses Gliwice to the south; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Kleszczów - Katowice-Murckowska 43 km (27 mi) 1996–2005 parts opened 1996 - 2005; Kleszczów - Gliwice-Sośnica part tolled since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Katowice-Murckowska - Balice 60 km (37 mi) 1983–1996 opened in parts 1983-1996, private operator and tolls since 2000
Balice - Szarów 44 km (27 mi) 1988–2009 first sections signed as motorway in 2002
Szarów - Tarnów 57 km (35 mi) 2010–2013 opened to traffic in November, 2012, in part with single carriegeway only.[2] Both carriageways were fully opened in May, 2013.[3]
Tarnów Północ - Dębica Wschód[4] 34.8 km (21.6 mi) 2010–2014 Opened Oct 30, 2014. Wisloka River viaduct (1.3 km) single carriageway only, the second carriageway opened a day later on Oct 31., 2014[5][6]
Dębica (interchange Dębica Wschód) - Rzeszów (Zachód)[7] 37 km (23 mi) 2010–2013 opened in October, 2013
Rzeszów (Zachód) - Rzeszów (Centralny)[8] 4.0 km (2.5 mi) 2010–2013 opened in October, 2013
Rzeszów (Centralny) - Rzeszów(Wschód)[9] 6.9 km (4.3 mi) 2010–2012 opened in September, 2012
Rzeszów(Wschód) - Jarosław[10] 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 2010–2016 originally planned to finish in 2012, delayed until 2014, then contractor abandoned the contract in January 2014 when 70% complete due to dispute with the government over financing. New contract was awarded in September,[11] with construction beginning in October 2014. Opened in July, 2016.[12]
Jarosław - Radymno 24.5 km (15.2 mi) 2010–2013 Jarosław Wschód - Radymno: opened in May, 2013; Jarosław Zachód - Jarosław Wschód: opened in December, 2013.
Radymno - Korczowa[13] 22.6 km (14.0 mi) 2010–2013 originally planned to finish in 2012,[14] opened December 23, 2013[15]
Inscription made by Soviet soldiers in 1945: Водрузим над Берлином знамя победы (We shall hoist the flag of victory over Berlin); A4 west of Wrocław.
A4 west of Wrocław with repaved concrete surface
Gliwice-Sosnica A1 and A4 motorways and national road 44 junction near Gliwice - the largest motorway junction in Central-Eastern Europe, opened 2009-2010
A4 in Zabrze, opened 2005
A4 near Kraków (Zalas), opened 1980
A4 near Kraków, opened 2002-2003

Route description[edit]

Route
Number of exit, facility Kilometers
EU-Icon.svg (1) (0) Border crossing PL-DE Jędrzychowice
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) (1.8) Zgorzelec DK30-PL.svg DK94-PL.svg
Rest area(1) (7.8) Żarska Wieś, restaurant and motel eastbound, petrol station both ways
AB-AS-blau.svg (3) (17.9) Godzieszów DW296-PL.svgDK94-PL.svg(access through DW296)
Parking area(1) (26) Czerna; parking only
AB-AS-blau.svg (4) (44.6) Bolesławiec DW297-PL.svg
Rest area(2) (46.2) Kraśnik Dolny(eastbound only), restaurant, motel and petrol station
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (5) (49.8) Krzyżowa A18-PL.svgE36-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (6) (56) Krzywa (secondary road to Szczytnica, restaurant and petrol station)
AB-AS-blau.svg (7) (62) Krzywa DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg(8) (66.6) Jadwisin
AB-AS-blau.svg (9) (73) Chojnów DW324-PL.svg
Parking area(2) (76.6) near Strupice
AB-AS-blau.svg(10) (79.9) Lubiatów
AB-AS-blau.svg (11) (83.6) Złotoryja DW364-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (12) (91.9) LegnicaDK3-PL.svg S3(tender)
AB-AS-blau.svg (13) (97) Legnickie Pole (exit and entrance only eastbound)
AB-AS-blau.svg(14) (99.6) Mikołajowice
AB-AS-blau.svg(15) (104.7) Wądroże Wielkie
AB-AS-blau.svg(16) (112.1) Budziszów DW345-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg(17) (115.9) Udanin
Rest area(3) (119.7) eastbound only; parking, restaurant, and shower facilities
AB-AS-blau.svg(18) (120.1) Jarosław (Dolnośląskie)
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) (120.6) Kostomłoty DK5-PL.svg(heading to Bolków, Lubawka)
AB-AS-blau.svg (20) (137.4) Kąty Wrocławskie DW347-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (21) (147.4) Pietrzykowice DK35-PL.svg(access throughDW348-PL.svg)
A-wezel.png (22) (150.3) Wrocław-Południe A8-PL.svg S8-PL.svg E67-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (23) (153.1) Bielany Wrocławskie DK5-PL.svg DK98-PL.svg
Toll booth(1) (156)
AB-AS-blau.svg (24) (164.3) Wyjazd 164(no name)DW395-PL.svg(Krajków)
Parking area(3) (166)
AB-AS-blau.svg (25) (178.5) Wyjazd 178(no name)DW396-PL.svg(Brzezimierz)
Rest area(4) (183.7) Witowice(restaurant)
(193.1) Entrance to wójewodstwo Opolskie
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) (193.7) Wyjazd 194DK39-PL.svg (access throughDW403-PL.svg), DW401-PL.svg(Przylesie)
Parking area(4) (200.3) Jankowice Wielkie(eastbound only)
Rest area(5) (218.7) Młyński Staw(Motel and petrol station)
AB-AS-blau.svg (27) (222) Prądy DK46-PL.svg
Parking area(5) (237.2) Przysiecz
A-wezel.png (28) (244.1) Wyjazd 241(Dąbrówka) DK45-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (29) (251.2) Wyjazd 248(Krapkowice, Gogolin)DW423-PL.svg
Rest area Góra Św. Anny(eastbound)/Wysoka(westbound)(6) (264.2) Shower,restaurant and petrol station
AB-AS-blau.svg (30) (272.1) Wyjazd 269(Olszowa)DW426-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (31) (278) Nogowczyce DK88-PL.svg(Wyjazd 275)
(281) Entrance to wójewodstwo śląskie
AB-AS-blau.svg (32) (287.2) Łany DK40-PL.svg(Wyjazd 287)
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) (295.8) Kleszczów DK88-PL.svg
Rest area(7) (299.7) Rachowice(restaurant, petrol station)
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) (303.5) Gliwice - OstropaDW408-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) (310.1) Gliwice - Bojków DK78-PL.svg
Toll booth(2) (311.7) Gliwice
A-wezel.png (36) (315.5) Gliwice - Sośnica DK44-PL.svg A1-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (37) (320.8) Ruda Śląska - Wspólna
AB-AS-blau.svg (38) (324) Ruda Śląska - WirekDW925-PL.svg
Rest area(8) (326.9) Halemba (restaurant, petrol station and shower)
AB-AS-blau.svg (39) (331.5) Chorzów - Batory (exit to Batorego str.)
A-wezel.png (40) (334.1-335.6) Katowice - Mikołowska DK81-PL.svg(through Mikołowska, brymowska and Kościuszki str., irregular form interchange[16])
AB-AS-blau.svg (41) (337.2) Katowice - Francuska
A-wezel.png (42) (339.5) Katowice - Murckowska DK86-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (43) (345.8) Mysłowice
A-wezel.png (44) (348.7) Brzęczkowice S1-PL.svgE75-PL.svg(from here to Balice I interchange concurrency with E462-PL.svg)
Toll booth(3) (350.6) Mysłowice
AB-AS-blau.svg (45) (359) Jaworzno - JeleńDW903-PL.svg
Rest area(9) (361.2) Zastawie(westbound)/Kępnica(eastbound)(petrol station, motel, TIR, restaurant, carwash)
A-wezel.png(46) (364.6) Byczyna(entrance eastbound, exit westbound only), entrance to wójewodswo małopolskieDK79-PL.svg
A-wezel.png(47) (388.4) Balin
A-wezel.png (48) (370.6) Chrzanów DK79-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (49) (380.9) Rudno, exit and entrance only eastbound
Rest area(10) (397.5) (petrol station, motel, restaurant, carwash)
Toll booth(4) (399.2) Kraków
A-wezel.png (50) (400.2) Balice I S7-PL.svgE77-PL.svg(north bypass, incomplete)
AB-AS-blau.svg (51) (401.7) Balice IIDW774-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (52) (406.4) Kraków - MirowskaDW780-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (53) (408.1) Kraków - Tyniec
AB-AS-blau.svg (54) (411.6) Kraków - Sidzina DK44-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (55) (416.1) ZakopiańskaDK7-PL.svg S7(in faraway plans)
AB-AS-blau.svg (56) (418.2) Kraków - Łagiewniki
A-wezel.png (57) (424) Kraków - Wieliczka DK94-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (58) (427.3) Kraków - Bieżanów S7(under construction)
AB-AS-blau.svg (59) (443.5) Szarów/Targowisko DK75-PL.svg(indirect access toDK94-PL.svg)
Rest area(11) (448.3) Kłaj(restaurant and petrol station)
AB-AS-blau.svg (60) (457.1) Bochnia
AB-AS-blau.svg (61) (466.9) BrzeskoDW768-PL.svg(indirect access toDK94-PL.svg throughDK75-PL.svg)
AB-AS-blau.svg (62) (487.5) Tarnów ZachódDW975-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) (500.8) Tarnów Północ DK73-PL.svg
(516.2) Entrance to wójewodstwo podkarpackie'
AB-AS-blau.svg (64) (530.5) Dębica <Zachód
AB-AS-blau.svg (65) (536.9) Dębica WschódDW985-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (66) (551.6) Ropczyce - Sędziszów
Rest area(12) (564.9) Bratkowice, facilities(parking and toilet); further planned
AB-AS-blau.svg (67) (570.3) Rzeszów Zachód S19-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (68) (574.4) Rzeszów Północ DK9-PL.svgE371-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (69) (581.2) Rzeszów Wschód S19-PL.svg DK94-PL.svg DK97-PL.svgE371-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (70) () Łańcut DW877-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (71) () Przeworsk DW835-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (72) (622.5) Jarosław Zachód DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (73) (631.7) Jarosław Wschód DW880-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (74) (646.7) Przemyśl DK77-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (75) (666.3) Korczowa DK94-PL.svg
BAB-Grenze.svg (670.2) Border checkpoint PL-UA Korczowa
Those interchanges signed in bold are in the toll road system existing now. Those interchanges underlined are planned to become part of it(some progress was already made on it).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]