A7 motorway (Netherlands)
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Location of the A7 motorway
|West end||A8 in Zaandam|
|East end||Bad Nieuweschans|
A 280 border with Germany
The A7 motorway is a motorway in the Netherlands connecting Zaandam, via the Afsluitdijk, Sneek and Groningen to the German border near Bad Nieuweschans. The entire road is part of the European route E22, with exception of the first kilometre, between the terminus in Zaandam and the interchange Zaandam. With a length of 236 km it is the longest motorway in the Netherlands.
The motorway A7 is interrupted twice:
- Around Sneek, the road is demoted to a highway for several kilometres, and includes some at-grade intersections The at-grade intersections were replaced with grade-separated intersections in 2008–2010. However, it isn't a motorway.
- Also, around the city of Groningen, it is demoted over a distance of several kilometres, mainly for the at-grade intersection with motorway A28, and for the road's small alignment through the city in general.
Both of the abovementioned sections are denoted as N7 to distinguish those parts from the motorway, for which the A designation is used in the Netherlands. The A7 together with the N7 is called the Rijksweg 7.
Speed limit experiment
From March 2011, on a section of the A7 motorway, motorists were allowed to drive at 130 km/h (80 mph), opposed to the then national speed limit of 120 km/h (75 mph). This was a government test to investigate if driving at these higher speeds have an effect on the environment and safety. The test resulted positively, and the national speed limit was raised to 130 km/h (80 mph) in October 2012.
The A7 runs across a historic part of Dutch engineering, the Afsluitdijk. This dam was originally created to protect the country's long interior coastline from floods by creating a large freshwater lake. The road over the Afsluitdijk was previously a 2-lane N road, but is now a proper motorway; the upgrade to motorway was achieved by utilising the dike's unused railway reservation for the second carriageway. Its midpoint is near the village of Breezanddijk. The former State Secretary for Infrastructure and the Environment, Joop Atsma, issued a statement detailing the factors influencing the decision to build a new naviduct on the Afsluitdijk section of the A7 at Kornwerderzand. A naviduct and new locks was costed at €200–450 million, depending on the size of locks and size of highway. A naviduct would give waiting time annualised benefits €13 million to road traffic, based on the existing bridge opening 7,000 times a year. Cost–benefit analysis of all potential solutions were considered, and a naviduct could be built to replace the locks when they reach the end of their useful life in 2050.
This section contains a table that is missing kilometre posts for one or more junctions.
|Netherlands||North Holland||Zaanstad||4||2.5||—||S151 west / S155|
|5||3.1||—||A8 / E 22 northeast||West end of E 22 overlap|
|Purmerend||14||8.7||4||Laan der Continenten|
|15||9.3||5||N235 east / Zuiddijk|
|Koggenland||29||18||7||N243 southwest / N247 south|
|34||21||9||N302 east (Westfrisiaweg)|
|Medemblik||36||22||1||N241 west (A.C. de Graafweg) / Tender|
|39||24||10a||Tuinstraat / Broerdijk|
|Wieringermeer||50||31||12||N242 southwest (Alkmaarseweg)|
|55||34||13||N240 west and south / N248 south|
|Wieringen||64||40||14||N99 southwest (Rijksstraatweg)|
|IJsselmeer / Wadden Sea||Afsluitdijk|
|110||68||17||N359 / Oude Rijksweg|
|115||71||19||Tsjaerddyk / Hottingawei|
|118||73||20||State As||West end of N7 road designation|
|119||74||21||N354 south (Lemmerweg) / Lemmerweg|
|119||74||21a||Akkenwinde / Selfhelpweg||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|120||75||22||N354 northeast / Oppenhuizerweg / Lorentzstraat / Burgemeester Rasterhofflaan||East end of N7 road designation|
|136||85||—||A6 southwest / Geert Knolweg|
|140||87||25||De Dolten / Nije Fjildwei|
|Heerenveen||142||88||26||Wetterwille / Weinmakker / Nije Fjildwei||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance only|
|147||91||26a||Zestienroeden / Pastoriesingel|
|Opsterland||170||110||31||N358 northwest (De Scheiding) / De Scheiding|
|Groningen||Marum||176||109||32||N980 north (Noorderweg) / Noorderweg / Noorderringweg / Parallelweg|
|180||110||33||N388 north (Boerakkerweg) / Boerakkerweg|
|Leek||184||114||34||N372 south (Oude Postweg) / N978 north (Oude Postweg) / Pasop / Blinkweg / Lage Traan / Kapteynlaan|
|Groningen||191||119||34a||Westpoortboulevard / Matsloot||Southern exit lies partially in Noordenveld, Drenthe|
|193||120||35||N372 south (Ruskenveen) / Zuiderweg / Roderwolderdijk|
|196||122||36||N370 north (Laan 1940-1945) / Jan Evert Scholtenlaan / Laan Corpus Den Hoorn / Paterswoldseweg / Muntinglaan||West end of N7 road designation|
|196||122||36a||N370 north||Westbound entrance only|
|197||122||—||E 232 south (Julianaweg) / A28 / Emmaviaduct / Hoornsediep|
|198||123||37a||Meeuwerderbaan / Europaweg / Winschoterdiep||Westbound entrance and eastbound exit only|
|199||124||38||Europaweg / Bergenweg / Lübeckweg / Osloweg / Euvelgunnebrug / Gotenburgweg / Kieler Bocht / Skagerrak|
|204||127||—||N46 northwest (Beneluxweg)|
|205||127||39||Europaweg||East end of N7 road designation|
|Hoogezand-Sappemeer||213||132||40||N386 southwest (Rengerslaan) / Rengerslaan / A.B. Nobellaan|
|215||134||41||N385 south (Kerkstraat) / N387 north (Provinciale Weg) / Rijksweg West / Rijksweg Oost / Knijpslaan|
|218||135||42||Noordbroeksterstraat / Rijksweg oost|
|Menterwolde||222||138||43||Kerkstraat / Europaweg / Burgemeester Omtaweg|
|Oldambt||230||140||45||N362 north (Rijksweg) / Rijksweg|
|240||150||47||N367 south (Oostereinde) / N966 northeast (Oostereinde) / N967 north|
|246||153||48||Ulsda / Ulsderweg / Heeresloot|
|Netherlands / Germany |
|Groningen / Lower Saxony |
|Reiderland / Bunde |
|—||E 22 / A 280 east||Border with Germany; this road continues as the German A280; east end of E 22 overlap|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Atsma, Joop (3 July 2012). "Toezegging naviduct Afsluitdijk" (PDF) (in Dutch). Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
Media related to Rijksweg 7 at Wikimedia Commons