AAAAA Tourist Attractions of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

AAAAA (5A) is awarded to the most important and best-maintained tourist attractions in the People's Republic of China, given the highest level in the rating categories used by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. As of 2020, there are 279 tourist attractions listed as 5A.[1]


The origins of the rating system for tourist attractions are based on criteria first set out in 1999 by the China National Tourism Administration (predecessor to the current Ministry of Culture and Tourism) and revised in 2004.[2] The criteria include quality and management factors like ease of transportation links, site safety, cleanliness, etc., and also takes into account the uniqueness and recognition of the sightseeing offers.[2] Tourist attractions were graded according to the criteria on a scale initially from A to AAAA with AAAAA or 5As added on later as the highest rating. A group of 66 tourist attractions was certified as the first set of AAAAA rated tourist attractions in 2007.[2] The first batch included many of the most iconic historical sites in China including the Forbidden City and Summer Palace. Additional batches of additional sites have been added including 20 new 5A sites in February 2017.[3] On rare occasions, a few locations have been downgraded from the highest rating category for deficiencies in visitor experience.[4]


Province Prefecture Name Date of Inclusion Description Image
Beijing Beijing Forbidden City
("Palace Museum")
2007 A .72 km2 compound of 980 buildings,[5] initially constructed by the Yongle Emperor from 1406 to 1420,[6] used as the main palace of the Ming and early Qing dynasties, converted into a public museum in 1925.[7] Its southern Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tian'anmen) displays a famous portrait of Mao Zedong and has been the scene of numerous important events in modern Chinese history, including the 1 October 1949 celebration of the founding of the PRC and the Tian'anmen Square protests of 1989. Forbidden City Beijing Shenwumen Gate.JPG
Beijing Beijing Temple of Heaven 2007 A 2.73 km2 compound of 92 buildings,[8] initially constructed by the Yongle Emperor in 1420,[8][9] used for the traditional worship of Heaven during the Ming and Qing dynasties, converted into a public park in 1918.[9] 11 Temple of Heaven.jpg
Beijing Beijing Summer Palace 2007 A 2.97 km2 compound surrounding Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake,[10] initially constructed by the Qianlong Emperor from 1750 to 1764[10] to represent other famous sites of China and Chinese mythology in miniature, used as the unofficial main palace for the rest of the Qing,[11] infamously[12] razed by European troops in 1860 during the Second Opium War, rebuilt by the empress dowager Cixi and a center of late Qing government, damaged and looted by foreigners again in 1900 during the Boxer Rebellion, converted into a public park in 1924,[10] and extensively restored since 1953. Yi He Yuan - A. Holdrinet.jpg
Beijing Beijing Badaling and Mutianyu Great Wall 2007 A 3,741 m section of the Great Wall[13] initially constructed in 1505 to protect the Juyong Pass,[14] restored after 1952,[15] and opened to tourists in 1958.[13] It has received scores of foreign leaders, most notably US president Richard Nixon during his 1972 visit.[15] 2014.08.19.094528 Great Wall Badaling.jpg
Beijing Beijing 13 Ming Tombs[16] 2011 A 34.35 km2 necropolis[17] constructed between 1409 and 1644 in a hollow of Yanshan Mountain, used as the resting place for 13 of the 16 emperors of the Ming.[16] Ming Tomb Site.JPG
Beijing Beijing Prince Gong Mansion
("Prince Kung's Mansion")[18]
2012 A 6 ha (15 acre) compound with an expansive garden,[18] initially constructed in 1777[19] by the Qianlong Emperor's notoriously corrupt[20] official Heshen, used as a residence for members of the imperial family including the diplomat Yixin during the rest of the Qing,[18] repurposed as the women's campus of Fu-Jen Catholic University under the Republic and as residences for leaders of the Ministry of Public Security under the People's Republic,[11] restored after 1982,[18] and opened as a museum in 1996.[21] It is one of the few surviving Qing palaces, out of the 74 still used by imperial princes at the fall of the empire.[11] Gongwangfu4.jpg
Beijing Beijing Olympic Green 2012 An 11.59 km2[22] Olympic Park constructed for the 2008 summer games, now featuring the Bird's Nest stadium, the National Indoor Stadium, the Water Cube aquatics center, the Olympic Forest Park, and national science & technology and the ethnic museums. Beijing National Stadium - night.jpg
Beijing Beijing Old Summer Palace 2019 An 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of the walls of the former Imperial City section of Beijing. Constructed throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, the Old Summer Palace was the main imperial residence of Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty and his successors, and where they handled state affairs; the Forbidden City was used for formal ceremonies. Widely perceived as the pinnacle work of Chinese imperial garden and palace design, the Old Summer Palace was known for its extensive collection of gardens, its building architecture and numerous art and historical treasures. It was reputed as the "Garden of Gardens" (万园之园; 萬園之園; wàn yuán zhī yuán) in its heyday. Yuanmingyuan Ruins of Dashuifa 20120715.JPG
Tianjin Tianjin Guwenhua Jie
("Ancient Culture Street")
2007 A 560 m[23] street lined with imitation Qing shops opened in 1986,[24] selling traditional wares and snacks[23][25] beside Mazu and Taoist temples (originally dating to 1326 and 1368, respectively)[24] and a folklore museum.[26] Zhangxiange Pavilion on Guwenhuajie Street 2.jpg
Tianjin Tianjin Mount Pan
("Panshan Scenic Area")
2007 A 105 km2 forest park surrounding 850 m Mount Pan,[26] whose temples were first built in AD 25 during the Han. The four surviving temples include a 13-story dagoba and have all been renovated since the 1990s.[26] 盘山顶峰 - Summit of Mount Panshan - 2015.10 - panoramio.jpg
Hebei Qinhuangdao Shanhai Pass
("Shanhaiguan Scenic Area")
2007 A cluster of fortifications which once guarded the 10 km Shanhai Pass between Horn Mountain in the Yan chain and the Bohai Gulf,[27] protecting "China Proper" from Manchuria, initially constructed in 583[28][29] during the early Sui dynasty and taking most of its present form from Xu Da's work in 1381 during the early Ming, when it became the eastern end of the Great Wall.[27] Its strategic importance made it the site of numerous major events,[29] most famously the 1644 battle that directly led to the establishment of the Qing.[30] ShanhaiguanGreatWall-end.jpg
Hebei Baoding Baiyang Lake
("Lake Baiyandian")
2007 The largest lake in northern China, although growing urban and agricultural water use after 1950 reduced its size from more than 1000 km2 to almost nothing in the 1980s.[31][32] It is presently composed of 143 smaller lakes around 366 km2 and is used for nature tourism,[33] but its size is now maintained by unsustainable use of highly polluted groundwater.[31][34] 河北白洋淀.jpg
Hebei Chengde Chengde Mountain Resort
("Imperial Summer Resort and the Surrounding Temples")
2007 A 6.1 km2[35] compound initially constructed from 1703 to 1792 during the Qing,[35] with an imperial summer resort surrounded by areas of mountains, plains, and lakeshore mimicking China's overall topography,[36] serving as a culmination of traditional Chinese gardening and an influence on landscape gardening worldwide.[35] The palace was a particular favorite of the Kangxi and Qianlong emperors, and its intermixed ethnic architectural styles consciously affirmed their government's commitment to a multicultural state, and it.[35] Chengdemountainresortpic2.jpg
Hebei Baoding Yesanpo National Park 2011 A 334.8 km2[37] park at the intersection of the Taihang and Yan chains,[37] comprising three main scenic areas—the Baili Gorge, the Longmentian Pass, and Fodongta Peak with Yugu Cave.[37] Yesanpo.jpg
Hebei Shijiazhuang Xibaipo 2011 A village including a museum and other memorials reconstructing its role as the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party and People's Liberation Army in late 1948 and early 1949, an important period of the Chinese Civil War.[38] (The original sites are underwater as a result of local hydroelectric projects.)[39] Xibaipuo1.jpg
Hebei Tangshan Eastern Qing Tombs 2015 A 78 km2[40] necropolis of 508 buildings constructed between 1661 and 1908[41] in a hollow of Changrui Mountain,[42] used as the resting place of 5 emperors of the Qing,[42] as well as the dowager empress Cixi.[43] Xiaoling Tomb 20160906 (1).jpg
Hebei Handan Nüwa Imperial Palace
("Wahuang Palace")[44]
2015 A 1.7 km2[44] compound beside Phoenix Mountain (Fenghuangshan)[45] honoring the goddess Nüwa,[44] who temples were first built under the Han.[44] The surviving palaces and temples were initially constructed under the Wanli Emperor of the Ming,[45] were restored in the 1990s, and include one of China's most impressive rock carvings: 130,000 characters of Buddhist scripture engraved into the mountains from the Northern Qi onward.[44][46] 20190907 Wahuanggong Palast der Göttin Nüwa Shexian Hebei 06 anagoria.jpg
Hebei Handan Guangfu Ancient City 2017 A 1.5 km2[47] town in the center of Yongnian Marsh,[47] first settled during the Spring and Autumn Period[48] and serving as the capital of Dou Jiande's and Liu Heita's short-lived principalities of "Xia"[47] and "Handong"[49] during the late Sui, with city walls initially constructed under the Tang and modern construction mimicking the town's appearance under the Ming.[50] It has museums to locals Yang Luchan and Wu Yuxiang, the founders of the two largest schools of tai chi.[47][51] 广平府西北角楼和护城河 行摄梓地.jpg
Hebei Baoding Mount Baishi
("Whitestone Mountain Scenic Area")[52]
2017 A forest park surrounding 2096 m Mount Baishi, the northern end of the Taihang Mountains[52] and site of the 1937 Battle of the Great Wall during the 2nd Sino-Japanese War. 白石山长城.JPG
Hebei Baoding Western Qing tombs 2019 Qxl.JPG
Shanxi Datong Yungang Grottoes 2007 An 8.5 km2[53] area of 252 caves in the Wuzhou Mountains with 51,000 niches filled with Buddhist statues and 18,000 m2 of carved wall space,[54] initially constructed under the Northern Wei in the 5th & 6th century,[55] expanded by the Liao in the 11th,[56] and restored since 1952.[57] There is also a ruined Ming fortress and beacon tower over the caves.[58] China - Yungang Grottoes 6 (135940397).jpg
Shanxi Xinzhou Mount Wutai 2007 A 423.12 km2[59] area surrounding the five peaks of Mount Wutai (3,061 m), considered holy since at least the Han (1st century AD), the site of imperial pilgrimage since the Northern Wei (5th century),[59] and the seat of the Buddhist bodhisattva Manjushri (Wenshu) since the 7th century,[60] and now hosting 53 monasteries in architecture spanning over a thousand years, including a timber hall from the Tang.[59] Wutai Shan.jpg
Shanxi Jincheng House of the Huangcheng Chancellor 2011 A 10 ha[61] (25 acre) walled estate with 9 gates, 19 gardens, and 640 rooms, initially constructed in 1633 for Chen Changyan and expanded in 1703 for Chen Tingjing, tutor to the Kangxi Emperor and chief editor of the Kangxi Dictionary.[62] Huangcheng Xiangfu 2.JPG
Shanxi Jinzhong Mount Mian[63] 2013 A 75 km2 area[64] surrounding the peak of Mt Mian (2,440 m),[63] considered holy since at least the Spring and Autumn Period (8th–5th centuries BC),[65] most famed as the scene of Jie Zhitui's supposed immolation by Duke Chong'er of Jin c. 636 BC[64] and thus the home of China's Cold Food and Tomb-Sweeping Festivals,[66] the site of imperial pilgrimage since the Tang (7th century),[64] when Li Shimin won an important victory nearby[65] and constructed a temple for the Princess Changzhao to retire to as a Buddhist nun.[64] Mianshan.jpg
Shanxi Jinzhong Pingyao
("Pingyao Ancient City")[67]
2015 A 2.25 km2[68] walled town of about 4000 buildings[69] in central Shanxi, first protected by earthen ramparts c. 800 BC,[68] thoroughly reconstructed and fortified c. 1370 under the early Ming,[68] serving as the financial center of the region from the 16th century and of the entire Qing Empire during the late 19th century.[68] The town exemplifies Ming & Qing urban planning, with over a hundred streets and lanes lined with 17th–19th century shops criss-crossing the town.[68] Organized restorations have been undertaken periodically since the 15th century, the most recent phase beginning in 1979.[68] The World Heritage Site also includes the nearby Shuanglin and Zhenguo Temples.[69] Pingyao marketstreet.jpg
Shanxi Xinzhou Yanmen Pass Scenic Area[70] 2017 A cluster of fortifications which once guarded the 1 km Yanmen Pass beside Mt Gouzhu,[71] protecting "China Proper" from the nomads of the Eurasian steppe, initially constructed around 306 BC during the Warring States Period[72] and taking most of its present form from Lu Ting's work in 1374 during the early Ming,[71] when it formed part of the "inner" line of the Great Wall.[72] Its strategic importance made it the site of numerous major events, most famously the 980 battle which formed an important element in the Chinese legends, plays, &c. about Yang Ye and the other Generals of the Yang Family.[73] Yanmenguan3.JPG
Shanxi Linfen Locust tree of Hongdong Scenic Area 2018 洪洞大槐树根组纪念园 06.jpg
Shanxi Changzhi Huguan Taihang Grand Canyon and Baquan Gorge 2019 太行山大峡谷黑龙潭.jpg
Inner Mongolia Ordos Xiangshawan 2011 Desert resort Nomad Theater Xiangshawan.jpg
Inner Mongolia Ordos Mausoleum of Genghis Khan 2011 A 225 km2[74] area surrounding a compound of 4 buildings[74] constructed between 1954 and 1956[75][76] to house relics used in the veneration of Genghis Khan, Tolui, and their wives since the Yuan, repurposed as a salt depot in 1968,[77] restored in the early 1980s,[75] and now the world center of Genghis Khan's cult,[77] despite having only replicas[78] after its desecration during the Cultural Revolution.[75] The site also includes an expansive prairie, an equestrian sports center, a hot air balloon area, and a village showcasing traditional Mongolian culture.[79] GhinggisKhanMausoleum.jpg
Inner Mongolia Hulunbuir Manzhouli China-Russia Border Tourist Area 2016[80] The area includes the Matryoshka Resort, a cultural resort with a matryoshka theme, and National Gate Resort, a huge border gate with an observation deck at the top for visitors to overlook the border area between China and Russia. Other attractions at the scenic area include the No 41 Border Monument, Locomotive Square and the historical site of the 6th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party held in 1928.[80] Manzhouli Gate 01.jpg
Inner Mongolia Hinggan League Mount Arxan and Chaihe River scenic area[81] 2017 An amalgam of the Arxan National Forest Park and Geopark, the Zhalantun Scenic Area, and Rose Peak.[81] 阿尔山杜鹃胡 - panoramio.jpg
Inner Mongolia Chifeng Ashatu Stone Formation 2018 石林一区 - Granite Forest Area No.1 - 2011.06 - panoramio.jpg
Inner Mongolia Alxa League Populus euphratica Tourist Area 2019 Alxa Zuoqi, Alxa, Inner Mongolia, China - panoramio - 摩游乐 (141).jpg
Liaoning Shenyang Shenyang Botanical Garden 2007 Shenyang 世博园 - panoramio.jpg
Liaoning Dalian Tiger Beach Ocean Park, Tiger Beach Polar Museum 2007 老虎滩海洋公园正门.jpg
Liaoning Dalian Golden Pebble Beach 2011 Autumn Swimming in Golden Stone Beach 1st.jpg
Liaoning Benxi Benxi Shuidong National Park 2015 Benxi Water Caves 本溪水洞洞口.jpg
Liaoning Anshan Qianshan National Park 2017 Qianshan National Park 1, China.jpg
Liaoning Panjin Red Beach Scenic Area 2019 盘锦红海滩.JPG
Jilin Changchun Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo 2007 Qinmin Lou in Imperial Palace of the Manchu State.JPG
Jilin Baishan Changbai Mountains 2007 Changbai Mountain,China.jpg
Jilin Changchun Jingyuetan National Forest Park 2011 净月潭.jpg
Jilin Changchun Changchun Movie Wonderland 2015 Changchun Movie Wonderland entrance.jpg
Jilin Yanbian Mount Liuding 2015 五号墓と奥に見える貞恵公主墓.jpg
Jilin Changchun Changchun World Sculpture Park 2017 长春世界雕塑公园主塔.jpg
Jilin Tonghua Goguryeo Heritage Sites 2019 Tomb of the General 1.jpg
Heilongjiang Harbin Sun Island 2007 One of the main exhibition areas for ice sculptures during the Harbin International Ice and Snow Sculpture Festival. 水閣雲天太陽湖.jpg
Heilongjiang Heihe Wudalianchi 2011 Wudalianchi1.jpg
Heilongjiang Mudanjiang Jingpo Lake 2011 Has received a serious warning from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism[citation needed] Jingpo Lake Maogong Mountain.JPG
Heilongjiang Yichun Stone Forest Scenic Area 2013 Located within the Tanwanghe National Park.
Heilongjiang Daxing'anling Arctic Village 2015 Zuibeikun530.png
Heilongjiang Jixi Hutou Scenic Area 2019
Shanghai Shanghai Oriental Pearl TV Tower 2007 Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai.jpg
Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai Wild Animal Park
("Shanghai Wildlife Park")
2007 Shanghai Wild Animal Park Main Entrance.jpg
Shanghai Shanghai Shanghai Science & Technology Museum 2010 A picture from China every day 034.jpg
Jiangsu Nanjing Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum 2007 Located on Purple Mountain Hall of Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum.jpg
Jiangsu Wuxi CCTV Wuxi Film/TV Studio 2007 三國城 - panoramio.jpg
Jiangsu Suzhou Classical Gardens of Suzhou (Humble Administrator's Garden, Lingering Garden and Tiger Hill) 2007 Covered bridge in Humble Administrator's Garden.JPG
Jiangsu Suzhou Zhouzhuang 2007 Located on Kunshan Zhouzhuang1.jpg
Jiangsu Wuxi Ling Shan Grand Buddha 2010 LinShanDaFo.jpg
Jiangsu Nanjing Fuzimiao and Qinhuai River 2010 Confucius Temple river.jpg
Jiangsu Yangzhou Slender West Lake 2010 Five Pavilion Bridge and White Pagoda 2017.jpg
Jiangsu Suzhou Tongli 2010 20090930 Tongli 5669.jpg
Jiangsu Changzhou Oriental Jurassic Park 2010 Lake China Dinosaurs Park.jpg
Jiangsu Taizhou Qin Lake Scenic Area 2012
Jiangsu Suzhou Jinji Lake 2012 Located in Suzhou Industrial Park Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) - West Bank of Jin Ji Lake.jpg
Jiangsu Nantong Hao River 2012 Hao River in The Evening.JPG
Jiangsu Zhenjiang Three Mountains of Zhenjiang (Jinshan, Jiaoshan and Beigushan) 2012 Jiao Hill.jpg
Jiangsu Wuxi Yuantouzhu 2012 Wuxi Taihu lake Changchun bridge.jpg
Jiangsu Suzhou Lake Tai 2012 Taihu Lake Suzhou.jpg
Jiangsu Changzhou Tianmu Lake 2013 天目湖大門.JPG
Jiangsu Suzhou Shajiabang and Yushan 2013 Changshu, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China - panoramio (146).jpg
Jiangsu Zhenjiang Mount Mao 2014
Jiangsu Huai'an Former Residence of Zhou Enlai 2015 Zhou Enlai1.jpg
Jiangsu Yancheng Dafeng Milu Nature Reserve 2015
Jiangsu Xuzhou Yunlong Lake 2016 云龙湖 - Yunlong Lake - 2015.06 - panoramio.jpg
Jiangsu Lianyungang Mount Huaguo 2016 花果山山门.jpg
Jiangsu Changzhou Chunqiu Yancheng 2017 常州武进淹城大门2.jpg
Jiangsu Wuxi Hui Shan Ancient Town 2019 Wuxi Huishan Ancient Town.JPG
Zhejiang Hangzhou West Lake 2007 西湖平湖秋月.JPG
Zhejiang Wenzhou Yandang Mountains 2007 大龙湫 - panoramio - Likaihua (3).jpg
Zhejiang Zhoushan Mount Putuo 2007 南海观音像.jpg
Zhejiang Hangzhou Qiandao Lake 2010 Thousand Island Lake.JPG
Zhejiang Ningbo Xikou-Tengtou scenic spot 2010 Located in Fenghua Second storey of Chiang Kai Shek's house Miaogaotai in Xikou, Fenghua, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China - 20061230.jpg
Zhejiang Jiaxing Wuzhen 2010 Bridge in Wuzhen 03.JPG
Zhejiang Jinhua Hengdian World Studios 2010 Located in Dongyang Hengdian World Studios 012.jpg
Zhejiang Jiaxing South Lake 2011 Jiaxing Southlake dark.jpg
Zhejiang Hangzhou Xixi National Wetland Park 2012 Xixi Wetland Park, Hangzhou, China.jpg
Zhejiang Shaoxing Lu Xun Native Place 2012 Luxun native place.JPG
Zhejiang Quzhou Root Palace Buddhist Cultural Tourism Zone 2013 Located in Kaihua County
Zhejiang Huzhou Nanxun Old Town 2015 Located in Nanxun District Baijianlou.jpg
Zhejiang Taizhou Tiantai Mountain 2015 Sui Dynasty Guoqing Temple Ancient Tower.JPG
Zhejiang Taizhou Shenxianju 2015 Located in Xianju County 浙江台州神仙居天桥.jpg
Zhejiang Jiaxing Xitang 2017 西塘游船码头和送子来凤桥.jpg
Zhejiang Quzhou Mount Jianglang and Nianbadu 2017 Mount Jianglang.jpg
Zhejiang Ningbo Tianyi Ge and Moon Lake 2018 Ningbo Tianyige 2013.07.28 09-23-22.jpg
Zhejiang Lishui Xiandu 2019 Located in Jinyun County Jinyun Xiandu 2017.09.10 06-47-19.jpg
Anhui Huangshan Huangshan
("Mount Huangshan Scenic Area")
2007 Huangshan pic 4.jpg
Anhui Chizhou Mount Jiuhua 2007 Jiuhuashan higher Daxiong Baodian.jpg
Anhui Anqing Mount Tianzhu 2011 Has received a serious warning from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Tianzhu Peak (20170116142019).jpg
Anhui Huangshan Xidi and Hongcun 2011 Yixian Hongcun 2016.09.09 18-21-34.jpg
Anhui Lu'an Tiantangzhai 2012 索道.jpg
Anhui Xuancheng Longchuan 2012 龙川水街3.JPG
Anhui Fuyang Bali River 2013
Anhui Huangshan Huizhou Cultural Area 2014 The Chengxuan Archway of Ancient Huizhou Government Office 02 2014-11.JPG
Anhui Hefei Sanhe Ancient Town 2015 三河古镇朝阳楼 - panoramio.jpg
Anhui Wuhu Fantawild Adventure Wuhu 2016 芜湖方特-游乐场 - panoramio - luchangjiang~鲁昌江 (1).jpg
Anhui Lu'an Wanfo Lake 2016
Fujian Xiamen Gulangyu 2007 Gulangyu.jpg
Fujian Nanping Wuyi Mountains
("Mount Wuyi")
2007 Has received a serious warning from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Peak Yunu.jpg
Fujian Zhangzhou
Fujian Tulou 2011 Has received a serious warning from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism Hakka china.jpg
Fujian Sanming Taining 2011 泰宁县寨下大峡谷风光 - panoramio.jpg
Fujian Ningde Baishuiyang 2012 白水洋水上广场 - Baishuiyang Water Square - 2014.07 - panoramio.jpg
Fujian Quanzhou Mount Qingyuan 2012 Laozi 002.jpg
Fujian Ningde Mount Taimu 2013 九鲤湖 - Nine Carps Lake - 2011.07 - panoramio.jpg
Fujian Fuzhou Sanfang Qixiang 2015 衣锦坊20170512.jpg
Fujian Longyan Gutian 2015 Gutian compound.jpg
Jiangxi Jiujiang Mount Lu 2007 庐山日出.JPG
Jiangxi Ji'an Jinggang Mountains 2007 革命圣地井冈山啊.JPG
Jiangxi Shangrao Mount Sanqing 2011 Sanqingshan 1461.JPG
Jiangxi Yingtan Mount Longhu 2012 龙虎山.JPG
Jiangxi Shangrao Jiangwan Village 2013 Located in Wuyuan County. Wuyuan Jiangwan 20120331-01.jpg
Jiangxi Jingdezhen Ancient Kiln Folk Customs Museum 2013 Jingdezhen Zhen Yao 2014.06.14 16-16-48.jpg
Jiangxi Yichun Mingyue Mountain 2015
Jiangxi Ganzhou Cradle of the People's Republic of China 2015 Ruijin Shazhouba Geming Jiuzhi 2014.05.30 16-39-34.jpg
Jiangxi Fuzhou Mount Dajue 2017
Jiangxi Shangrao Guifeng Peak 2017 Yiyang Guifeng 2015.07.18 12-55-15.jpg
Jiangxi Nanchang Pavilion of Prince Teng 2018 Pavilion of Prince Teng 3.jpg
Jiangxi Pingxiang Wugong Mountains 2019 Wu gong shan.jpg
Shandong Yantai Penglai Pavilion 2007 PenglaiPavilion.jpg
Shandong Jining Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu 2007 曲阜孔廟大成殿.jpg
Shandong Tai'an Mount Tai 2007 泰山 南天门.jpg
Shandong Qingdao Mount Lao 2011 Laoshan-mountain-with-rocks.jpg
Shandong Yantai Mount Nanshan 2011 龙口市南山主题公园 - panoramio.jpg
Shandong Weihai Liugong Island 2011 Liugongisland warmemorialhall.jpg
Shandong Zaozhuang Taierzhuang Ancient Town 2013 Located in Tai'erzhuang District. 台儿庄古城19.jpg
Shandong Jinan Baotu Spring 2013 Baotuquan.jpg
Shandong Linyi Yimeng Mountain 2014 Located in Yishui County.
Shandong Weifang Qingzhou Ancient Town 2017 青州老街2.JPG
Shandong Weihai Huaxiacheng 2017 Quarry complex turned into a scenic area and tourist attraction. Received more than 2.3 million tourists in 2018.[82]
Shandong Dongying Huanghekou 2019 黄河口生态旅游区入口 - Entrance of Yellow River Estuary Eco-tourism Area - 2011.03 - panoramio.jpg
Henan Zhengzhou Mount Song and Shaolin Monastery 2007 Shaolinsi.JPG
Henan Luoyang Longmen Grottoes 2007


Henan Jiaozuo Yuntai Mountain 2007 Yuntai montain (21).jpg
Henan Kaifeng Qingming Riverside Landscape Garden 2011 Cultural theme park that recreates the painting Along the River During the Qingming Festival. Millennium City Park 02.jpg
Henan Luoyang Baiyun Mountain 2011
Henan Anyang Yinxu 2011 Site of the archaeological discovery of oracle bones and oracle bone script, which resulted in the identification of the earliest known Chinese writing. Yinxu.jpg
Henan Pingdingshan Mount Yao and Spring Temple Buddha 2011 Spring Temple Buddha 1.jpg
Henan Luoyang Mount Laojun and Jiguan Cave 2012 河南 老君山 老君庙金殿 - panoramio.jpg
Henan Luoyang Longtan Grand Canyon 2013 WeChat Image 20201010210619.jpg
Henan Nanyang Laojieling and Xixia Dinosaur Relics Park 2014 Dinosaur Egg Museum, Xixia Dinosaur Park- Building Exterior.jpg
Henan Zhumadian Mount Chaya 2015 Chaya Shan 01.jpg
Henan Anyang Red Flag Canal and Taihangshan Gorge 2016 RedFlagCanal TigersMouthCliff.jpg
Henan Shangqiu Mount Mangdang 2017 Liang State Tombs, Mangdang Mountain 1.jpg
Henan Xinxiang Baligou 2019
Hubei Wuhan Yellow Crane Tower 2007 GELBERKRANICH-WUHAN.jpg
Hubei Yichang Three Gorges Dam 2007 ThreeGorgesDam-China2009.jpg
Hubei Shiyan Wudang Mountains 2011 Wudangshan pic 7.jpg
Hubei Yichang Three Gorges Tribes Scenic Area 2011 TRIBU TRES GARGANTAS-CHINA (36128466652).jpg
Hubei Enshi Shennong Stream 2011 ShennongXi-fall-into-Yangtze-5058.jpg
Hubei Shennongjia Shennongjia Nature Reserve 2012 Shennongding.jpg
Hubei Yichang Qing River 2013 Qingjiang Gallery 01.jpg
Hubei Wuhan East Lake 2013 Ostsee Wuhan 3.jpg
Hubei Wuhan Huangpi Mulan Scenic Area 2014 木兰草原风景区大门 - panoramio.jpg
Hubei Enshi Enshi Grand Canyon 2015 恩施大峡谷1 - panoramio.jpg
Hubei Xianning Chibi 2018 Chibi.jpg
Hubei Xiangyang Longzhong 2019 Xingyang Longzhong 2013.08.23 10-18-53.jpg
Hunan Hengyang Mount Heng 2007 HengshanMountains.JPG
Hunan Zhangjiajie Wulingyuan and Tianmen Mountain 2007 武陵源景区大门.jpg
Hunan Yueyang Yueyang Tower and Junshan Island 2011 211905-1.jpg
Hunan Xiangtan Shaoshan 2011 Ssmaoresi.jpg
Hunan Changsha Yuelu Mountain and Orange Isle 2012 Yulu-Moutains2.jpg
Hunan Changsha Huaminglou Town 2014 Huaminglou Town 2.jpg
Hunan Chenzhou Dongjiang Lake 2015 Dongjiang Lake, Chenzhou, Hunan.JPG
Hunan Shaoyang Mount Langshan 2016 Mount Langshan in Hunan, Picture1.jpg
Hunan Zhuzhou Yandi Mausoleum 2019
Guangdong Guangzhou Chimelong Tourist Resort 2007 Dive Coaster 2 Chimelong Paradise Gaungzhou China.jpg
Guangdong Shenzhen OCT 2007 Shenzen 077.jpg
Guangdong Shenzhen Mission Hills Resort 2011 观澜高尔夫球会 Mission Hills - panoramio (2).jpg
Guangdong Meizhou Yannanfei Tea Fields 2011 Yannanfei Tea Garden 10.jpg
Guangdong Guangzhou Baiyun Mountain 2011 BYMountain1.JPG
Guangdong Qingyuan Lianzhou Underground River 2011
Guangdong Shaoguan Mount Danxia 2012 Danxiashan yangyuanshi.jpg
Guangdong Foshan Mount Xiqiao 2013 Xiqiaoshan2.jpg
Guangdong Foshan Changlu Park 2014
Guangdong Huizhou Mount Luofu 2014 Luo Fu Shan.JPG
Guangdong Zhanjiang Dajiao Bay Maritime Silk Road Park 2015 Yangjiang Hailing Dao Dajiao Wan 2013.09.15 08-02-15.jpg
Guangdong Zhongshan Former Residence of Sun Yat-sen 2016 Located in Cuiheng Village, Nanlang Town Former residence sunyatsen.JPG
Guangdong Huizhou Huizhou West Lake 2018 West Lake in Huizhou.jpg
Guangdong Zhaoqing Xinghu 2019 牌坊广场全景.jpg
Guangxi Guilin Li River 2007 漓江山水.jpg
Guangxi Guilin Merryland World 2007
Guangxi Guilin Jingjiang Princes' Palace 2012 Jingjiang Princes' City.jpg
Guangxi Nanning Mount Qingxiu 2014 青秀山风景区panoramio103204924.jpg
Guangxi Guilin Two Rivers and Four Lakes Scenic Area 2017 象鼻山.JPG
Guangxi Chongzuo Detian Waterfall 2018 DeTianPuBu.jpg
Guangxi Baise Memorial Park of Baise Uprising 2019 Baise Memorial Quote.png
Hainan Sanya Nanshan Buddhism Cultural Zone 2007 Haishangguanyin.jpg
Hainan Sanya Nanshan Daxiaodongtian 2007 Sanya Nanshan Dongtian Park.jpg
Hainan Baoting Yanoda Rainforest 2012 Baoting, Hainan, China - panoramio (14).jpg
Hainan Lingshui Boundary Island 2013 Fenjiezhou in Lingshui.jpg
Hainan Baoting Binglang Canyon Scenic Area 2015
Hainan Sanya Wuzhizhou Island 2016 Wuzhizhoudao.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Dazu Rock Carvings 2007 大足石刻.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Small Three Gorges 2007 The Little Three Gorges along Daning river in Wushan,Chongqing.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Wulong Karst 2011 Wulongtianshengsanqiao.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Youyang Taohuayuan Scenic Area 2012 重庆市 酉阳-桃花源 - panoramio.jpg
Chongqing Chongqing Black Valley Scenic Area 2012
Chongqing Chongqing Jinfo Mountain 2013 Jinfo Mountain is an isolated mountain with cliffs up to 300 m surrounding its relatively flat top, surrounded by forest. With its outstanding karst features and superb biodiversity, Jinfo Shan has been listed as a tentative World Heritage site since 2001. Mount. Jinfo 1.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Simian Mountain 2015 The Great Red Sea in Simian Mountain,Jiangjin,Chongqing.JPG
Chongqing Chongqing Longgang Geological Park 2017 Longgang Geological Park is characterized by peculiar landforms such as karst, deep karst caves, grasslands and stalagmites. The world's longest cantilever bridge can also be found here.
Chongqing Chongqing Ayi River 2019
Sichuan Chengdu Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System 2007 Construction of the Dujiangyan irrigation system began in the 3rd century B.C. This system still controls the waters of the Minjiang River and distributes it to the fertile farmland of the Chengdu plains. Mount Qingcheng was the birthplace of Taoism, which is celebrated in a series of ancient temples.[83] Dujiang Weir.jpg
Sichuan Leshan Mount Emei 2007 The first Buddhist temple in China was built here in Sichuan Province in the 1st century A.D. in the beautiful surroundings of the summit Mount Emei. The addition of other temples turned the site into one of Buddhism's holiest sites. Over the centuries, the cultural treasures grew in number. Mount Emei is also notable for its exceptionally diverse vegetation, ranging from subtropical to subalpine pine forests. Some of the trees there are more than 1,000 years old.[84] Samanta Bhadra in Mount Er Mei.JPG
Sichuan Ngawa Jiuzhaigou 2007 Stretching over 72,000 ha in the northern part of Sichuan Province, the jagged Jiuzhaigou valley reaches a height of more than 4,800 m, thus comprising a series of diverse forest ecosystems. Its superb landscapes are particularly interesting for their series of narrow conic karst land forms and spectacular waterfalls. Some 140 bird species also inhabit the valley, as well as a number of endangered plant and animal species, including the giant panda and the Sichuan takin.[85] 1 jiuzhaigou valley national park wu hua hai.jpg
Sichuan Leshan Leshan Giant Buddha 2011 The most remarkable is the Giant Buddha of Leshan, carved out of a hillside in the 8th century and looking down on the confluence of three rivers. At 71 m high, it is the largest Buddha in the world.[84] Leshan Buddha Statue View.JPG
Sichuan Ngawa Huanglong 2012 Situated in the north-west of Sichaun Province, the Huanglong valley is made up of snow-capped peaks and the easternmost of all the Chinese glaciers. In addition to its mountain landscape, diverse forest ecosystems can be found, as well as spectacular limestone formations, waterfalls and hot springs. The area also has a population of endangered animals, including the giant panda and the Sichuan golden snub-nosed monkey.[86] 1 huanglong pools aerial 2011.jpg
Sichuan Guang'an Former Residence of Deng Xiaoping 2013 The Former Residence of Deng Xiaoping was built in the late Qing dynasty (19th century). It is located in Paifang Village of Xiexing Town, Guang'an District, Guang'an City. It has a building area of about 833.4 m2 (8,971 sq ft), embodies buildings such as the old houses, the statue of Deng Xiaoping, the Dezheng Place, the Cultural relics Exhibition Hall, the Hanlin Yard . 邓小平故居照片.jpg
Sichuan Nanchong The Ancient City of Langzhong 2013 Since 1985, the PRC government has awarded Langzhong with various accolades on three separate occasions. In 1986 the State Council named it a famous and historical town. In 1991, it was finally upgraded to county-level city status. Langzhong Ancient Town.jpg
Sichuan Mianyang Beichuan Qiang City Tourist Area 2013 Located in Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County, the tourist area is composed of ruins of the old Beichuan county seat, new Beichuan county seat, and Beichuan Earthquake Museum, etc. Beichuan, Mianyang, Sichuan, China - panoramio (11).jpg
Sichuan Ngawa Wenchuan Special Tourist Area 2013 Wenchuan County is a county in Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan. The county was the site of the epicentre and one of the areas most severely hit by the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, also known as the Wenchuan earthquake. 1 wenchuan county sichuan panorama 2013.jpg
Sichuan Guangyuan Jianmen Pass Scenic Area 2015 Jianmen Pass is a mountain pass located southwest of the city of Guangyuan in Sichuan province. It has also been called "Jianmenguan Pass". The mountain pass was a part of the Shu Roads. The construction of the gate was related to the Three Kingdoms era strategist, Shu Han chancellor Zhuge Liang. Jianmenguan.JPG
Sichuan Nanchong Former Residence of Zhu De 2016 Zhu De's Former Residence was built in the late Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). It is located in Linlang Village, Ma'an Town, Yilong County. It has a building area of about 2560 square meters, embodies buildings such as the old houses, the Zhu De Memorial Hall, the statue of Zhu De, the Cultural relics Exhibition Hall, and Lancao Garden. Zhu De's Former Residence.jpg
Sichuan Garzê Hailuogou Glacier Forest Park 2017 Hailuogou is a glacier national park located southeast of Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province. It is by the east face of Mount Gongga(Miya Konka) at the east boundary of Eastern Tibetan Plateau. Inside this park there are hanging glaciers, hundreds of ice caves, giant icefalls and quiet forest. Among them the Great Icefall is 1000 meters’ long and 1100 meters’ wide. The glaciers locate by the elevation of around 2800 meters above sea level. The difference of plantations is massive between the base at Moxi and Camp 4 at the highest location of the park.[87] HailuogouGlacierPanorama.jpg
Sichuan Ya'an Bifengxia 2019 碧峰峡山间瀑布 - panoramio.jpg
Guizhou Anshun Huangguoshu Waterfall 2007 HuangguoshuFall.jpg
Guizhou Anshun Longgong National Park Scenic Area 2007
Guizhou Bijie Baili Dujuan National Forest Park Scenic Area 2013 Azaleas Area.JPG
Guizhou Qiannan Zhangjiang Scenic Area 2015
Guizhou Guiyang Qingyan Ancient Town 2017 Originally built in the year 1378, during the Ming Dynasty. Qingyan's pig's feet is a local delicacy found in the town. The pig's feet symbolize good luck. Located in Huaxi District. Qingyan Ancient Town, Guiyang.jpg
Guizhou Tongren Mount Fanjing 2018 The highest peak of the Wuling Mountains in southeastern China, at an elevation of 2,570 m (8,430 ft). Mount Fanjing (also known as Fanjingshan) is also a sacred mountain in Chinese Buddhism. Fanjingshan-new.jpg
Guizhou Qiandongnan Zhenyuan Old Town 2019 1 zhenyuan panorama 2015.jpg
Yunnan Kunming Stone Forest 2007 石林正门.JPG
Yunnan Lijiang Jade Dragon Snow Mountain 2007 Yulong xue shan.jpg
Yunnan Dali Three Pagodas 2011 Threepagodas.jpg
Yunnan Xishuangbanna Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden 2011 Tropical Botanical Garden, Xishuangbanna - panoramio - Colin W (1).jpg
Yunnan Lijiang Old Town of Lijiang 2011 1 lijiang old town 2012a.jpg
Yunnan Dêqên Potatso National Park 2012 Located in Shangri-La Shudulake.jpg
Yunnan Kunming World Horti-Expo Garden 2016 世界园艺博览园-入口.jpg
Yunnan Baoshan Tengchong Volcanic Scenic Area 2016 Old graves in front of Dakong Shan.jpg
Tibet Lhasa Potala Palace 2013 The 5th Dalai Lama started construction of the Patala Palace in 1645, and it served as the residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising. The palace consists of thirteen stories of buildings —containing over 1,000 rooms, 10,000 shrines and about 200,000 statues— that soar 117 metres (384 ft) on top of Marpo Ri, the "Red Hill", rising more than 300 metres (980 ft) in total above the valley floor. 布达拉宫.jpg
Tibet Lhasa Jokhang Temple 2013 Located in Barkhor Square in Lhasa, the oldest part of the temple was built in 652 by Songtsen Gampo. Tibetans, in general, consider this temple as the most sacred and important temple in Tibet. The temple is currently maintained by the Gelug school, but they accept worshipers from all sects of Buddhism. Jokhang Temple in Tibet.jpg
Tibet Nyingchi Tsozong Gongba Monastery 2017 A small Tibetan Buddhism monastery founded in the 1400s in the Nyingma tradition, it is located on Tashi Island in the middle of Pagsum Lake in the Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains Basum Lake 01.jpg
Tibet Shigatse Tashi Lhunpo Monastery 2017 Founded in 1447, it is a historic and culturally important monastery that is the traditional seat of the Panchen Lama. The monastery is located on a hill in the center of the city. The full name of the monastery in Tibetan means "all fortune and happiness gathered here." Tashi Lhunpo Monastery close up.jpg
Shaanxi Xi'an Huaqing Pool 2007 华清宫.jpg
Shaanxi Yan'an Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor 2007 B-Tomb of Emperor Huangdi in Shaanxi.jpg
Shaanxi Xi'an Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Terracotta Army 2007 Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum Terracotta Army, View of Pit 1.jpg
Shaanxi Weinan Huashan 2011 Hua Shan.jpg
Shaanxi Xi'an Giant Wild Goose Pagoda 2011 Giant Wild Goose Pagoda.jpg
Shaanxi Baoji Famen Temple 2014 Famensi.jpg
Shaanxi Shangluo Golden Gorge Scenic Area 2015
Shaanxi Baoji Mount Taibai 2016 TaibaiShanNFP.JPG
Shaanxi Xi'an Xi'an City Wall and Stele Forest 2018 XiAn CityWall DiLou.jpg
Shaanxi Yan'an Yan'an Revolutionary Scenic Area 2019 延安宝塔.jpg
Gansu Pingliang Kongtong Mountains 2007 崆峒山.jpg
Gansu Jiayuguan Jiayu Pass 2007 Wanli Changcheng-Jiayu guan.jpg
Gansu Tianshui Maijishan Grottoes 2011 Majishan entire hill 20090226.jpg
Gansu Jiuquan Singing Sand Dunes and Crescent Lake 2015 Crescent Moon Spring Yueyaquan Mingshashan Dunhuang Gansu China 敦煌 鸣沙山 月牙泉 - panoramio (2).jpg
Gansu Zhangye Qicai Danxia 2019 Linze, Zhangye, Gansu, China - panoramio (4).jpg
Qinghai Haibei Qinghai Lake 2011 Qinghai Lake May 2006.jpg
Qinghai Xining Kumbum Monastery 2012 Kumbummonastery.jpg
Qinghai Haidong Huzhu Homeland Park 2017
Ningxia Zhongwei Shapotou 2007 Shapotou.jpg
Ningxia Shizuishan Shahu Lake Scenic Area 2007 DesertLake2.jpg
Ningxia Yinchuan Zhenbeibao West Film Art Center 2011 “十八里红”-宁夏银川 镇北堡影视基地 zhen bei pu - panoramio.jpg
Ningxia Yinchuan Shuidonggou 2015 The oldest known paleolithic site in China, and a section of the Great Wall. 水洞沟遗址.jpg
Xinjiang Changji Heavenly Lake of Tianshan
2007 Tianshan tianchi.jpg
Xinjiang Turpan Grape Valley 2007 Turpan grape valley.jpg
Xinjiang Altay Kanas Lake
("Resort Kanasi Lake")
2007 Lake Kanas.jpg
Xinjiang Ili Nalati Grasslands 2011 鸟览那拉提空中草原 - panoramio.jpg
Xinjiang Altay Koktokay 2012 Fuyun old bridge.jpg
Xinjiang Kashgar Jinhuyang Forest 2013
Xinjiang Bayingolin Bosten Lake 2014 Bosten-Lake (Bosten-See), Xinjiang, China, 87.00E, 42.00N.jpg
Xinjiang Ürümqi Tianshan Grand Canyon 2014
Xinjiang Kashgar Old Kashgar 2015 Kashgar-apakh-hoja-d04.jpg
Xinjiang Ili Kalajun Grassland 2016 新疆-喀拉梭大草原的牛羊 - panoramio.jpg
Xinjiang Bayingolin Bayanbulak Grassland 2016 Bayan-Bulak-Kaidu.jpg
Xinjiang Beitun Baisha Lake 2017


Tourist sites found deficient by the China National Tourism Administration (merged into the Ministry of Culture and Tourism in 2018) have lost their 5A accreditation due to deficiencies in visitor experience.[4] In 2015, Shanhai Pass in Hebei was the first tourist site to be downgraded from 5A. The next wave of downgrading occurred in 2016 with the removal of Orange Isle in Hunan and Shenlong Gorge in Chongqing for "security concerns, overpricing, poor environmental management and poor facility maintenance, as well as bad service mainly resulting from a lack of staff members."[4]

Province Prefecture Name Date of Inclusion Date of Delisting Description Image
Chongqing Chongqing Shenlong Gorge 2013 2016
Shanxi Jinzhong Qiao Family Compound 2014 2019[88] A 1.1 ha[89] (2.6 acre) courtyard house comprising six large courtyards and 313 rooms built in the shape of a ,[89] the character for "double happiness", initially constructed in 1755 for the tofu and tea merchant Qiao Guifa,[90] rebuilt twice,[91] including for the financier Qiao Zhiyong,[89] converted into the Qixian Folk Museum in 1986, and the setting for Zhang Yimou's 1991 Raise the Red Lantern and over 40 other movies.[89] Qiao Family Compound, Jinyiyuan.JPG

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 国家5A级景区查询. Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.
  2. ^ a b c Tourism in China: Destination, Cultures and Communities. p. 25.
  3. ^ "20 additional tourist attractions receive 5A-level classification". China Daily. February 20, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Su, Zhou (August 4, 2016). "Scenic sites stripped of top rating after inspection". China Daily.
  5. ^ 故宫到底有多少间房:最多时两万 现时八千七百多 (in Chinese). Singtaonet. 27 September 2006. Archived from the original on 18 July 2007.. (in Chinese)
  6. ^ "Timeline of the Ming & Qing Palace Events: Yongle Reign", Digital Palace Museum, Beijing: Palace Museum, 23 March 2015.
  7. ^ World Heritage List № 439: The Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Paris: International Council on Monuments and Sites, 29 Dec 1986.
  8. ^ a b "Temple of Heaven: An Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  9. ^ a b "A Brief Introduction", Official site, Beijing: Temple of Heaven Park, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  10. ^ a b c "Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  11. ^ a b c Barmé, Geremie R. (Dec 2007), "Prince Gong's Folly", China Heritage Quarterly, vol. No. 12, Canberra: Australian National University.
  12. ^ Bowlby, Chris (2 Feb 2015), "The Palace of Shame that Makes China Angry", BBC News, London: British Broadcasting Corporation.
  13. ^ a b "About the Tourism", Official site, Badaling: Badaling Scenic Area.
  14. ^ "Badaling Great Wall", Beijing Attractions, Beijing: China Tour, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  15. ^ a b "History of Badaling Great Wall", Official site, Badaling: Badaling Scenic Area.
  16. ^ a b "The Thirteen Ming Tombs in Beijing",, Beijing: China Internet Information Center, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  17. ^ "Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d "A Brief Introduction of Prince Kung's Mansion", Official site, Beijing: Prince Kung's Palace Museum, 2014.
  19. ^ "Prince Gong's Mansion", China Daily, Beijing: Sina English, 6 Aug 2008.
  20. ^ "Top 10 Corrupt Officials in Ancient China", People's Daily Online, Beijing: People's Daily, 4 Mar 2013.
  21. ^ Wang Kaihao (3 Feb 2015), "Prince Kung's Mansion Sets Up Shop Online", China Daily, Beijing: China Daily Information Co.
  22. ^ Beijing 2008 Olympic Games: An Environmental Review, Nairobi: United Nations Environmental Program, 2007, p. 73, ISBN 9789280728880.
  23. ^ a b "Ancient Culture Street", Visit Our China, Guilin: Guilin Tianyuan International Travel Service, retrieved 8 Nov 2017.
  24. ^ a b "Guwenhua Jie", Advisor Travel, retrieved 8 Nov 2017.
  25. ^ "Ancient Culture Street", Official site, Tianjin: Tianjin Open, 2017, archived from the original on 2017-11-18, retrieved 2017-11-08.
  26. ^ a b c "72 Hours in Tianjin", China Like Never Before, New York: China National Tourist Office, 2017.
  27. ^ a b "The Great Wall at Shanhaiguan: First Pass under Heaven", China Highlights, Guilin: China Highlights, 5 Apr 2017.
  28. ^ "Qinhuangdao", English Service, Beijing: China Radio International, 30 July 2008, archived from the original on November 17, 2006.
  29. ^ a b "Shanhaiguan Pass",, Beijing: China Internet Information Center, 25 July 2007.
  30. ^ Moore, Patrick (26 Apr 2017), "Great Wall of China Guide: Shanhaiguan & Laolongtou", Time Out Beijing, London: Time Out.
  31. ^ a b Liu Qin (27 Apr 2017), "Water Scarcity Might Be Xiong'an's Undoing", Official site, London: China Dialogue.
  32. ^ Chen, Stephen (23 Apr 2017), "The Polluted Lake at Heart of Xi Jinping's New City Dream", South China Morning Post, Hong Kong.
  33. ^ "Baiyang Lake", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  34. ^ Minter, Adam (11 May 2017), "China's Hidden Pollution", Bloomberg View, New York: Bloomberg.
  35. ^ a b c d "Mountain Resort and Its Outlying Temples, Chengde", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  36. ^ "Chengde Mountain Resort", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  37. ^ a b c "Introduction to Yesanpo Geoarea, Fangshan Global Geopark of China", Official site, Baoding: Yesanpo National Park, 2010, archived from the original on 2010-09-19.
  38. ^ "Xibaipo", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  39. ^ Pomeranz, Kenneth (22 July 2010), "Musings on a Museum: A Trip to Xibaipo", The China Beat.
  40. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1004: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2000, p. 49.
  41. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1004: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (PDF), Beijing: SACHPRC, 2000, p. 56.
  42. ^ a b WHC Nomination Documentation 1004: Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (PDF), Beijing: SACHPRC, 2000, p. 57.
  43. ^ "Eastern Qing Tombs", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  44. ^ a b c d e Introduction of Wahuang Palace, Handan: Wahuang Imperial Palace, retrieved 23 Feb 2014. (in Chinese) & (in English)
  45. ^ a b 《全国重点文物保护单位》, vol. I, Beijing: Wenwu Chubanshe, 2004, p. 214. (in Chinese)
  46. ^ Official site, Handan: Nüwa Imperial Palace, 2013. (in Chinese)
  47. ^ a b c d Liu Xiang (14 Aug 2012), "Guangfu: 2,600 Years Old, Birthplace of Tai Chi" (PDF), China Daily, Beijing: China Daily Information Co.
  48. ^ "Guangfu Ancient City", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  49. ^ Fitzgerald, Charles Patrick (1933), Son of Heaven: A Biography of Li Shih-Min, Founder of the T'ang Dynasty, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 97–105, ISBN 9781001287973.
  50. ^ Xie Xiaoguang (8 Dec 2010), "Guangfu: An Ancient Town with New Life", English Service, Beijing: China Radio International, archived from the original on November 17, 2006.
  51. ^ Sapozhnikov, Rem (May 2014), "Guangfu Ancient Town", Tiwy.
  52. ^ a b "Whitestone Mountain Scenice Area", China: Beyond Your Imagination, China National Tourism Administration, archived from the original on 9 November 2017, retrieved 9 Nov 2017.
  53. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 1.
  54. ^ "Yungang Grottoes", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 14 Nov 2017.
  55. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 18.
  56. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 22.
  57. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 9.
  58. ^ WHC Nomination Documentation 1039: Yungang Grottoes (PDF), Beijing: State Administration of Cultural Heritage of the People's Republic of China, 2001, p. 32.
  59. ^ a b c "Mount Wutai", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 14 Nov 2017.
  60. ^ Williams, Paul (2000), Mahayana Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations, p. 227.
  61. ^ "About", Official site, Jincheng: House of the Huangcheng Chancellor, 2014.
  62. ^ "House of the Huangcheng Chancellor in China's Shanxi",, Beijing: China Internet Information Center, 11 June 2015, retrieved 7 Nov 2017.
  63. ^ a b "Mount Mian", Scenic Spots, Taiyuan: Shanxi Provincial Tourism Bureau, 2012, archived from the original on 2017-07-18, retrieved 2017-11-19.
  64. ^ a b c d "Must-See on Mianshan Mountain", Official site, Beijing: China Internet Information Center, 27 July 2010, p. 1, 2, & 6.
  65. ^ a b "介修县绵山风景区", 山西旅游, Taiyuan, retrieved 25 November 2017. (in Chinese)
  66. ^ Holzman, Donald (June 1986), "The Cold Food Festival in Early Medieval China", Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, vol. 46, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 51–79, doi:10.2307/2719075, JSTOR 2719075.
  67. ^ "Pingyao Ancient City", Scenic Spots, Taiyuan: Shanxi Provincial Tourism Bureau, 2012, archived from the original on 2017-07-18, retrieved 2017-11-19.
  68. ^ a b c d e f "World Heritage List: Ping Yao (China), № 812", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, 26 July 1996, pp. 10–1.
  69. ^ a b "Ancient City of Ping Yao", World Heritage Center, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, retrieved 19 Nov 2017.
  70. ^ "20 National Tourist Attractions Receive 5A-Level Classification", Official site, Changsha: Hunan Provincial People's Government, 20 Feb 2017.
  71. ^ a b Wu, Annie (30 Oct 2017), "The Great Wall at Yanmen Pass, Shanxi Province", China Highlights, Guilin: China Highlights.
  72. ^ a b "Yanmen Pass of the Great Wall", Official site, Beijing: China Internet Information Center, 21 April 2015.
  73. ^ China Report: Political, Sociological, and Military Affairs, Foreign Broadcast Information Service, 1984, p. 69.
  74. ^ a b Li Meng (28 Feb 2006), "Genghis Khan's Mausoleum", English Service, Beijing: China Radio International, archived from the original on November 17, 2006.
  75. ^ a b c Bayar, Nasan (2007), "On Chinggis Khan and Being Like a Buddha: A Perspective on Cultural Conflation in Contemporary Inner Mongolia", The Mongolia–Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia, Brill's Tibetan Studies Library, Vol. 10/9, Proceedings of the 10th Seminar of the IATS, Oxford, 2003, Leiden: Brill, pp. 197–222, ISBN 9789004155213.
  76. ^ Bayar, Nasan (2007), "On Chinggis Khan and Being Like a Buddha: A Perspective on Cultural Conflation in Contemporary Inner Mongolia", The Mongolia–Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia, Brill's Tibetan Studies Library, Vol. 10/9, Proceedings of the 10th Seminar of the IATS, Oxford, 2003, Leiden: Brill, pp. 210–11, ISBN 9789004155213.
  77. ^ a b Man, John (2004), Genghis Khan: Life, Death and Resurrection, London: Bantham, pp. 286 & 308, ISBN 978-0-553-81498-9.
  78. ^ "Genghis Khan Mausoleum", Official site, London: Lonely Planet, 2017.
  79. ^ "The Tomb of Genghis Khan", Ordos Attractions, Guilin: China Highlights, 24 Feb 2016.
  80. ^ a b "Manzhouli China-Russia Border Tourist Area". China Daily. December 12, 2017.
  81. ^ a b "About Us", Arxan Tourism Official Website, Arxan: Inner Mongolia Greater Khingan Tourism Development Co..
  82. ^ Zhao, Ruixue. "Site of old quarries turned into leisure destination". China Daily. China Daily. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  83. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  84. ^ a b Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  85. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  86. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  87. ^ "Hailuogou Travel Guide - Transportation, Time to Go, Things to Do". Retrieved 2019-08-22.
  88. ^ "文化和旅游部公告". Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  89. ^ a b c d "General Situation", Official site, Qiaojiapu: Qiao's Grand Courtyard, 2013.
  90. ^ "Qiao's Family-Unfriendly Courtyard: Pingyao, Shanxi Province", You're Not from Around Here, 19 June 2012.
  91. ^ "Mansion of the Qiao Family", Welcome to Shanxi, China, Beijing: China Daily Information Co., 12 Mar 2012, archived from the original on 30 November 2017, retrieved 19 November 2017.

External links[edit]