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List of production companies owned by the American Broadcasting Company

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The Disney–ABC Television Group, formerly American Broadcasting Companies and Capital Cities/ABC, has formed a number of production companies over the years. ABC Film Syndication, or ABC Films, was ABC's syndication distribution arm from 1953 to 1971 when FCC passed the fin-syn rule. As a result, ABC Films was sold to 5 of its former executives becoming Worldvision Enterprises. ABC's current primary production company is ABC Studios.

A number of production companies were formed under Capital Cities/ABC Video Enterprises, or ABC Cable and International Broadcast Group: Capital Cities/ABC Video Productions, Ultra Entertainment, the Hemisphere Group and DIC Entertainment.


Greengrass Productions

Greengrass Productions, Inc.
Subsidiary corporation
ParentABC Entertainment
(Disney–ABC Television Group)

Greengrass Productions, Inc. is a production company of ABC Entertainment, a division of Disney–ABC Television Group.

Greengrass Productions was incorporated in California on February 10, 1992.[1] On June 7, 1996 due to the merger with Disney, Capital Cities/ABC indicated that its ABC Productions division operations would be shut down while keeping its boutique production companies: Victor Television Productions, ABC/Kane Productions, DIC Entertainment and Greengrass Productions.[2][3] Greengrass was transferred into ABC Entertainment from ABC Productions.[4]

TV series
Mini series
  • Stephen King's 'Rose Red' (2002) three nights on ABC, produced with Victor Television Productions and Mark Carliner Productions
Movies of the Week
  • Betrayed By Love (1993–94)
  • Harmony Gold (1993–94)
  • Jingo Django (1993–94)[8]

Lincoln Square Productions

Lincoln Square Productions, LLC
Subsidiary LLC
Genredocumentaries, docudramas and talk shows
PredecessorABC News Productions
FoundedJanuary 8, 2003 (2003-01-08)
Key people
Morgan Hertzan[9]
BrandsRobin Robert Presents
ParentABC News
(Disney-ABC Television Group)

Lincoln Square Productions, LLC (LSP) is a non-fiction branch production company owned by ABC News that produces documentaries and talk shows.


Lincoln Square Production was formed as a limited liability company on January 8, 2003.[10]

Lincoln Square had Watt’s World (working title) series, which is about journalist Nick Watt traveling to find "little-known places and sub-cultures", in development for the Travel Channel as of Scripps Networks Interactive’s upfront event in April 2014.[11] On October 30, 2014, The View talk show was transferred into Lincoln Square from ABC Entertainment's Times Square Studios after struggling in ratings and a change in hosts.[12]

In January 2015, Lincoln Square had signed a production deal with Christine Connor’s XCON historical docudrama company.[13] For A&E channel, Lincoln Square agreed to produced four special in 2015 starting with Cosby: The Women Speak.[14] The company agreed in July 2018 to produced films by Robin Roberts under the banner "Robin Roberts Presents" for A&E's Lifetime channel.[15]

  • The Assets (ABC) January 2, 2014 - August 3, 2014[16]
  • “Ebola: Inside the Deadly Outbreak” (Discovery)[12]
  • Final Witness (ABC) a seven-episode true-crime series that premiered June 27, 2012[17]
  • “Mustang Millionaire” (National Geographic Channel)
  • NY Med” (ABC)
  • “Surgeon Oz” (OWN)
  • The View” (ABC) October 30, 2014—present[12]
  • “Next Step Realty: NYC” (ABC Family; 2015—-present) a documentary series that follows the Next Step Realty employees in their specialty of finding recent college graduates apartments[18]
  • "In an Instant" with Committee Films (ABC)[19] March 9, 2015—present[20]
  • 9/11: As We Watched (American Heroes Channel) Tuesday, September 6, 2016
  • Capturing Bin Laden (American Heroes Channel) September 7, 2016 [21]
  • The End of America: Putin’s Master Plan working title (History) Biography brand 2 hours special[22]
  • Grace vs. Abrams A&E series (March 29, 2018-) Nancy Grace and Dan Abrams debating infamous crimes and legal cases[23]
  • Cosby: The Women Speak A&E special (September 17, 2015) [14]
  • Robin Roberts Presents (Lifetime) telefilm series in which each film would have a companion documentary. Roberts would be an executive producer along with Linda Berman for the films and John R. Green for the documentary.[15]
  • Reversing Roe 2018 (Netflix) 99 minutes; Directors, screenwriters, producers and narrators: Ricki Stern and Annie Sundberg [24]

Freeform Original Productions

ProdCo, Inc.
ABC Family Productions (trade)
Whole owned subsidiary corporation
Traded asFreeform Original Productions
FoundedAugust 14, 2007 (2007-08-14) (Incorporated)
Key people
Jayne Bieber (VP, Production Management and Operations)[25]
ParentABC Family Worldwide Inc.

ProdCo, Inc., formerly operated under the name ABC Family Productions,[26] is the in-house production company of ABC Family Worldwide Inc. for original scripted series.[25]

Programming executive Linda Mancuso died in December 2003. In early 2004, Disney Channel original programming leaders, executive vice president of original programming and production Gary Marsh and original movies VP Michael Healy takes over ABC Family's original movies unit. They move away from the planned romantic comedies to green light two telefilms, Crimes of Fashion and Head Rush.[27]

ProdCo was incorporated on August 14, 2007.[28] Jayne Bieber was hired as vice president of production in 2010. As of June 2015, Bieber is Vice President, Production Management and Operations, ABC Family over seeing ProdCo.[25]

In October 2015, ABC Family, ABC Studios and ABC Signature signed a two-year production deal with McG's production banner, Wonderland Sound & Vision. Prior, McG had just put two series in at ABC Family.[29] In January 2016, ABC Family changed its name to Freeform.[30]

Title type Year Co-production
Notes Ref.
ABC Family Productions
Crimes of Fashion telefilm 2004 [27]
Pop Rocks! telefilm 2004 originally titled Head Rush [27][31]
Freeform Original Productions
Guilt series 2016 Sea to Sky Entertainment
BV Family Productions
1 season [32]
The Bold Type series 2017- Universal Television
The District
3 seasons [33]
Everything’s Gonna Be Okay series TBA Avalon Television pilot order (as Freeform Studios) [34]

Valleycrest Productions

Valleycrest Productions Ltd.
Subsidiary corporation
FoundedMarch 6, 1987 (1987-03-06)
ServicesTV series production
ParentABC Daytime
(ABC Entertainment Group)

Valleycrest Productions Limited is a television series production company owned by ABC Daytime.

Valleycrest Productions was incorporated on March 6, 1987 (1987-03-06).[35] By 1999, Valleycrest was producing "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire" and was a subsidiary of Buena Vista Television by that time.[36]

On December 2, 2011 (2011-12-02), Disney-ABC TV Group placed daytime and syndicated production under Times Square Studios.[37]

Valleycrest moved production of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire in 2014 to the Connecticut Film Center in Stamford, Connecticut to take advantage of the state's film/television tax credits.[38][39]



ABC Circle 7 Productions

ABC Circle 7 Productions
Subsidiary corporation
ParentABC Owned Television Stations

ABC Circle 7 Productions, Inc. was the programming subsidiary of the ABC Owned Stations in the 1980s.

In August 1983, Circle 7 Productions announced its Newsbank news distribution service.[42] ABC Circle 7 Productions was incorporated on December 15, 1983.[43]

  • Newsbank, news distribution service making about 24 stories available to subscribing stations from ABC's (then) five O&O Stations[44]

ABC Productions

ABC Productions
Founded(March 21, 1989 (1989-03-21))[46]
DefunctJune 7, 1996 (1996-06-07)
Century City[2]
Key people
Production output
TV shows, miniseries, telefilms
OwnerABC Television Network Group
(Capital Cities/ABC)
Number of employees
13 (1996)[2]
SubsidiariesAndrew Adelson Co.

ABC Productions (ABCP) was a television production company that was a division of ABC Television Network Group. While the ABC network had first shot at the unit's shows, the company was allowed to shop shows to other networks[45] and was the first to sell to another network.[2] The company was set up increase the control and financial rewards of producing its own TV shows.[45]


ABC Productions was formed in 1989 as ABC Network's in-house production unit after the alteration of the fin-syn rules[2] that increased network ownership to only 40% of prime-time programs.[45] Former ABC Motion Pictures president[45] and ABC Entertainment president Brandon Stoddard on March 21, 1989 to head up the then unnamed production unit.[46]

By early 1991, ABC Productions had purchased Andrew Adelson Co. then signed Andrew Adelson to an exclusive production contract.[47] By May 1991, ABCP produced eight pilots, a series, a miniseries and several TV movies. "My Life and Times" was the company's first series production placed with the ABC network and debuted in May 1991, but was yanked after the ratings dropped 19% from week 1 to 2, so as to avoid May sweeps. While its first miniseries, "An Inconvenient Woman" was shown on ABC in the May sweeps[45] was produced by Adelson.[47] For Lifetime, ABCP produced a telefilm, 'Stop at Nothing'.[45] Former Cosby Show co-executive producer Elliot Shonman for ABCP created, written and produced Coconut Downs while agreeing to a two-year exclusivity deal. Also signing production deals by June 1991 were Martthew Carlson (an extension), Steve Kronish and Norman Morrill. 29 projects were under development.[47]

By the 1994-95 season, ABC Productions was providing half of ABC's regular series programming.[48] DreamWorks Television was formed in December 1994 as DreamWorks Studios agreed to a $200 million seven-year TV production joint venture with Capital Cities/ABC.[49] ABCP placed "The Boys are Back" with CBS for the 1994-1995 season.[50]

In June 1995, Stoddard stepped down as ABC Productions president.[51] On June 7, 1996 due to the merger with Disney, Capital Cities/ABC indicated that its ABC Productions division operations would be shut down while keeping its boutique production companies: Victor Television Productions, ABC/Kane Productions, DIC Entertainment and Greengrass Productions.[2][3] ABCP executive in charge Brian McAndrews continued managing ABC's other production arms for TV movies, documentaries and children's programming and production interests with DreamWorks SKG, Brillstein-Grey Entertainment and Jim Henson Productions.[3] McAndrews left in early March 1998 for an ABC Sports position, while Greengrass Productions was folded into ABC Entertainment and its telefilm unit, ABC Pictures, would finish its last five projects then disband.[4]

  • American Detective (ABC) Paul Stojanovich Productions with Orion Television Entertainment[52]
  • Coconut Downs[47]
  • My Life and Times series (ABC; May 1991-) Ron Koslow creator and executive producer[47]
  • My Name Is Kate (1994)[8]
  • Stop at Nothing telefilm (Lifetime)[45]
  • Husband and Wife (HBO) [47]
  • Back Alleys (HBO)[47]
  • Andrew Adelson Co.[47]
    • "An Inconvenient Woman" miniseries (ABC)
    • Out of Darkness (Sun January 16, 1994) on ABC with ABC Productions and Anaid Film Productions[53]
  • Deliver Us From Evil' (CBS)

ABC Pictures

ABC Pictures
IndustryFilmed entertainment
SuccessorABC Circle Films
Defunct1998 (1998)
Key people
Didier Pietri (Senior VP)[54]
Number of employees
9 (1998)
ParentABC Productions[4]

ABC Pictures was an in house television movie production company of ABC Productions.

The company agreed to a two-year TV movie and miniseries deal with Gary L. Pudney in 1997 with “The Picture of Dorian Gray” in development under the deal.[54] ABC Pictures agreed on August 20, 1997 with the C.P. Group and BIG Entertainment to develop "Tom Clancy's Net Force", as a four-hour miniseries which was broadcast in 1998.[55]

After its final five projects in development, ABC Pictures was shut down in 1998.[4]


ABC Circle Films

ABC Circle Films
GenreMovie of the week
SuccessorABC Pictures
Founded1970 (1970)
Defunct1989 (1989)
ProductsTV movies, miniseries and series
Production output
TV shows

ABC Circle Films (ACF or Circle) was a Television movie production company owned by ABC that operated from 1970[ABCMOW 1] to 1989.

ABC Circle Films was formed after the first season of Movie of the Week to build on the telefilm success. ACF was granted a larger budget (by $250,000) and half an hour longer than the movie of the week thus considered a prestige or "A" movie. Circle's films were shown on Sunday night where they alternated with recent feature films and on Monday night after the end of Monday Night Football.[ABCMOW 1] With the 1972-1973 season, ACF began producing films for Movie of the Week including Pursuit.[ABCMOW 2] Along with Picturemaking Productions, they served as production company for Moonlighting, with their last credit being the finale of the show.

Lewis H. Erlicht was demoted from president of ABC Entertainment to senior vice president and president of ACF in November 1985.[56]


ABC/Kane Productions

ABC/Kane Productions International
Founded(October 1, 1989 (1989-10-01))
Washington, D.C.
ParentDisney-ABC Television Group

ABC/Kane Productions International (AKPI) is/was a nonfiction programs production company owned by Disney-ABC Television Group. The production company earned 13 Emmy Awards, 6 Genesis Awards, numerous CINE awards, film festival awards and an Academy Award nomination.[58]

ABC/Kane Productions International was formed by Capital Cities/ABC Inc. as a unit of its ABC Television Network Group on October 1, 1988 with the appointment of its first president, Dennis B. Kane. Original plans for the unit was five programs a year for five years starting in October 1990 for ABC and other outlets.[59]

ABC/Kane received 11 Emmy nominations in 1998 for The Living Edens series, the highest to date, while winning 5 five news and documentary Emmys. Devillier Donegan Enterprises, a unit of Buena Vista International Television, in February 1999 took over distribution, management and operation of AKPI.[58]

  • The Living Edens (1995- PBS)
  • ABC's World of Discovery
  • Secrets of the Internet
  • Tales of the Serengeti
  • Wildlife Tales[58]
  • ABC Saturday Children's Special & series pilot "Crash the Curiosaurus" (January 14, 1995)[60]

Devillier Donegan Enterprises

Devillier Donegan Enterprises
Washington, DC
Production output

Devillier Donegan Enterprises (DDE) was first formed by Ron Devillier and Brian Donegan in 1980 as a documentary production company[58] and was reformed in 1994 with majority ownership by Capital Cities/ABC. Disney took over ownership upon its purchase of CC/ABC.[61] DDE, a unit of Buena Vista International Television, in February 1999 took over distribution, management and operation of ABC/Kane Productions International.[58] In 2001, DDE began looking for a new owner as Disney is in the movie business with Alliance Atlantis Communications and Granada begin front runners.[61] Instead DDE management on March 11, 2002 bought Disney/ABC stake in the company. DDE also held on to ABC/Kane Productions' library and will continue to represent ABC News Productions.[62]

ABC News Productions

ABC News Productions (ABCNP) is a long form documentary production unit[63] within ABC News's ABC News Digital Media Group.[64] ABCNP produces documentaries for cable channels, international broadcasters and home video.[63]

ABC News Productions was formed in 1994. In August 2006, ABCNP was placed into ABC News All Media along with the ABC News production unit.[63]

ABC Motion Pictures

ABC Motion Pictures
PredecessorABC Pictures International
FoundedMay 1979 (1979-05)[66]
DefunctOctober 1985
Key people
Brandon Stoddard (president)[66]
Production output
Theatrical & TV films, TV shows, miniseries
ParentAmerican Broadcasting Companies, Inc.

ABC Motion Pictures was a production company of ABC that operated from May 1979.[66] 20th Century Fox was the company's distributor. Until October 1985, the division produced theatrical films along with TV movies, series and mini-series.[67]


ABC Motion Pictures was founded in May 1979 with Brandon Stoddard as president.[68] Soon the division was swapped with old film projects. While a boutique would make only a few films per year, Stoddard figured that ABC would succeed in movie production as there were additional revenue sources from video cassettes and cable on top of theater ticket sales and broadcast TV sales.[66] ABC Motion Pictures was incorporated by June 11, 1980.[69]

The division waited two years to get its first slate of three films into production with National Lampoon's Class Reunion just an announcement and Young Doctors in Love beginning production in December 1981 under the theatrical directorial debut of Garry Marshall. In June 1982, "Chain Reaction" (later "Silkwood"[67]) starring Meryl Streep was expected to be in production.[70]

The Flamingo Kid after released by Fox did well but not strong business, Fox pulled the film from release so as to stop spending money on advertising.[67]

With networks getting better rating for their own movies of the week over films released on cable and cassettes, networks reduced licensing of theatrical films. Additional boutique production companies entered the market at the same time crowding the market and increasing filming costs. With films distributed by a major studio, ABC's films were slotted in less desirable release dates. On October 28, 1985, ABC shut down ABC Motion Pictures theatrical motion picture operation after the release of only 6 theatrical films[67] which was within weeks of CBS shutting down CBS Theatrical Films.[66] The unit released one last movie, "SpaceCamp", already produced in the summer of 1986.[56] The unit would continue producing TV movies and mini-series while increasing TV series output. A Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette Securities Corporation media analyst forecast ABC's losses on its theatrical operations for 1985 to be $5 million.[67]


ABC Pictures International

ABC Pictures International, Inc.
IndustryFilmed entertainment
SuccessorABC Motion Pictures, Inc.
Founded1965 (1965)
(Inc.: November 3, 1967 (1967-11-03))
Defunct1973 (1973)
Dissolution (February 19, 1988)
Key people
Martin Baum[li 1]
Production output
theatrical films
ParentAmerican Broadcasting Companies, Inc.

ABC Pictures International, Inc. (also ABC Picture Holdings, Inc., ABC Circle Films, or Circle Films; API) was the theatrical production company owned and operated by ABC from 1965 to 1973 and produced or co produced 37 films.[li 1] The company's films were distributed by Cinerama Releasing Corporation.[li 2]


ABC Pictures was started as a division in 1965[68] and was incorporated as ABC Picture Holdings, Inc. on November 3, 1967 (1967-11-03).[71] The entry of ABC into theatrical film production led to a FCC inquiry over the network's control of programming and a MPAA anti-trust lawsuit.[li 1] David O. Selznick owned films were sold after his death in 1965 to API by his widow, Jennifer Jones.[72]

The recession of 1969-1971 brought about the purchase of the Major film studios by media conglomerates. It also led to ABC Pictures Corporation closing down its operations[li 3] in early 1973.[li 1]

On October 20, 1977, ABC Picture Holdings, Inc. changed its name to ABC Pictures International, Inc. and was finally dissolved on February 19, 1988.[71]

Release Date Title Other production co.
December 18, 1968 Hell in the Pacific Selmur Pictures[73][li 1]
1968 Charly
1968 The Killing of Sister George
1968 Candy
December 10, 1969 They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
November 4, 1970 Song of Norway
November 3, 1971 Straw Dogs
1971 Kotch
1971 The Touch
1972 Junior Bonner
1972 Cabaret Allied Artists[li 1]

ABC Media Productions

ABC Media Productions
Buena Vista Productions
Genretalk, game, reality
PredecessorBuena Vista Development
OwnerABC Daytime
(ABC Television Group)

ABC Media Productions (AMP), originally named Buena Vista Productions (BVP), was the in house television development, production and programming unit within ABC Daytime. The company produces non-scripted programming in all three areas (talk, game, reality) for syndication, cable and prime time outlets including outside the Disney conglomerate. The division has oversight of the production of "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire".[74]

AMP history

In September 2000 following the merger of ABC Daytime Group and Buena Vista's development group, ABC Daytime replaced Buena Vista Development with Buena Vista Productions, to be headed by president Angela Shapiro, who was then also ABC Daytime president.[75] Shapiro was transferred to ABC Family President in April 2002 with Holly Jacobs taking over at BVP as executive vice president the next month.[76]

In August 2006, BVP and Fujisankei Communications partnered to develop and produce "Run for Money," a game show for the American market, adapted from the original Japanese reality-game show of the same title.[77]

In September 2008, BVP entered a first-look development deal with Silverback, a Swedish production company.[74] In 2009, Buena Vista Productions was renamed ABC Media Productions. In May, AMP was developing The Aisha Tyler Show, a variety & comedy talk show with interactive components including social media, for cable or broadcast syndication.[78]


American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres Pictures

Atlas Pictures Corporation
American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres Pictures Corporation (1956-1959)
IndustryFeature films
Founded(December 30, 1956 (1956-12-30))
Key people
OwnerIrving H. Levin (1959)
ParentAmerican Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres (1956-1959)

Atlas Pictures Corporation, formerly American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres Pictures Corporation (also known as AB-PT Pictures and AB-PT) was the film production subsidiary of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres.

The company was formed due to a shorting of films produced,[81] which was the reason for AB-PT not to sign a consent agreement in 1949 against the company's production of films.[82] Films from AB-PT were first shown in Paramount Theater circuits prior to release to other chains.[81] AB-PT Pictures used the Republic Pictures lot for productions.[83] Republic was also their distributor, physically delivering to even AB-PT theaters plus sale to non-AB-PT theaters.[84]

American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres Pictures Corporation was formed on December 30, 1956. Irv LevinIrving H. Levin was appointed President of the company.[83] AB-PT Pictures initial production budget was $3 million for seven films.[81] Films were to be B-films with an eye on quality but "meet the exhibitor's call for 'highly gimmicked and exploitable' product."[81][83] In March 1957, AB-PT was talking with Republic and United Artists regarding distribution.[85] The company's first film was Beginning of the End.[86] With its first acquisition of The Unearthly in early May, AB-PT placed it into a double feature premiere with End released on June 19[87] at the B&K Roosevelt Theatre. On May 9, 1957, AB-PT Pictures executives met with the exhibition arm of the film industry where they announced their first slate of 7 films with announcement of a distributor in the next 10 days.[83]

On June 6, 1957, AB-PT agreed to have Republic distribute their films.[84] The company's first double bill films did well despite the films uneven quality.[85] On September 24, 1957, AB-PT Pictures indicated that the company would move in the next year into A features with 5 of their 15 planned films to be of this type. For the A films, budgets would run from $.5 million to $1 million. However, AB-PT would only produced four films.[81] Levin purchased AB-PT Pictures and AB-PT Distribution Corporation from AB-PT in 1958.[88] AB-PT Pictures provided funding for The Bat (1959 film). In 1959, AB-PT Pictures was renamed Atlas Pictures Corporation.[89]


Circle Seven Productions

Not to be confused with ABC Circle 7 Productions, an ABC stations news production company and Circle 7 Animation, a short-lived division of Walt Disney Feature Animation formed to make Pixar sequels.
Circle Seven Productions
ProductsTV shows
(American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres)

Circle Seven Productions was the production company of television station KGO-TV in the 1950s & 1960s. The company produced shows for the network and for syndication. Shows produced included a Jack LaLanne fitness series and a Tennessee Ernie Ford daytime talk/variety series.[90]

Keep Calm and Carry On Productions

Keep Calm and Carry On Productions, Inc. is an ABC subsidiary production company[91] that produced Duets[92] and The Glass House. Keep Calm was sued over The Glass House by CBS for using proprietary procedures from Big Brother via hired away staff.[91] The production company was incorporated on October 24, 2008.[93]

Palomar Pictures International

This is about the American Broadcasting Companies, Inc. owned film production company. Another company with the name Palomar Pictures was founded in 1992 by Anne-Marie Mackay and Jonathon Ker and majority ownerhsip stake was sold to Sigurjon "Joni" Sighvattson, a founder of Propaganda Films, in 1999.[94]
Palomar Pictures International
SuccessorEdgar J. Scherick Associates
FounderEdgar Scherick
ParentAmerican Broadcasting Companies, Inc.

Palomar Pictures International was a film production subsidiary of American Broadcasting Companies, Inc.[95]

Palomar Pictures International was started by Edgar Scherick[96] with Bristol-Myers's funds.[97][98]


Selmur Productions

Selmur Productions, Inc.
Subsidiary corporation
IndustryFilmed entertainment
FounderSelig J. Seligman
Production output
TV shows, theater features
ParentAmerican Broadcasting Companies, Inc.

Selmur Productions, Inc. (Selmur Pictures, Inc.) was a film production company owned by American Broadcasting Companies, Inc..[101]

TV series[101]
Feature Films[101]
Release Date Title Other production co.
1967 Smashing Time co- productions with Carlo Ponti
1968 A Minute to Pray, A Second to Die
1968 Candy
Hell in the Pacific
1967 The Rover
Diamonds for Breakfast
The High Commissioner
1969 Midas Run

Victor Television Productions

Victor Television Productions was a boutique production company owned by ABC Entertainment.

On June 7, 1996, due to the merger with Disney, Capital Cities/ABC ended its ABC Productions division operations while keeping its boutique production companies: Victor Television Productions, ABC/Kane Productions, DIC Entertainment and Greengrass Productions.[2][3]

See also


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  1. ^ a b Chapter 1"Season One: An Expensive Experiment". Page 20.
  2. ^ a b Chapter 4 "Season Four: Feeding the Beast Twice a Week". Page 94.
  3. ^ a b c Alphabetical Filmography. Page 202-364.
  4. ^ a b Chapter5 "Season Five: TV Movie Saturation". Page 122-124.
  1. ^ a b c d e f Orders of Magnitude. Page 332-333.
  2. ^ Page 10.
  3. ^ Page 71.