ABU Robocon

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Asia-Pacific Robot Contest 2009 in Japan

The ABU Asia-Pacific Robot Contest (ABU Robocon) is an Asian Oceanian College robot competition, founded in 2002 by Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union. In the competition robots compete to complete a task within a set period of time. The contest aims to create friendship among young people with similar interests who will lead their countries in the 21st century, as well as help advance engineering and broadcasting technologies in the region. The event is broadcast in many countries through ABU member broadcasters.

History and Format[edit]

ABU Robocon extended the concept from NHK Robocon which started in 1991 and restricted to teams from Japan only.

Each year the competition has different topics, but generally speaking, two or more robots must be used to complete the tasks. One of the robots would be manual control while the others are automatic. The best robots usually weight more than 10  kg and span in one square meter area. To build the robots, contestants, who are restricted to be undergraduate students, must possess rich knowledge in programming, mechanical design and electronic circuit design.

Each game is between two teams, often named red and blue. The playing field is symmetrical and robots from both teams start in the same condition (except for Robocon 2015 which employed a turn-based game based on badminton).

A typical game (except for Robocon 2015) lasts for three minutes but can end sooner if one team achieve a K.O victory which immediately finishes the game. In case that no teams achieve the K.O condition, the team that gets a higher score after three minutes will be declared a winner.

Earlier editions of Robocon tend to emphasize the competitiveness of the game, in which winners achieve their win by employing strategic approaches to deploy their robots as well as preventing their opponent from reaching the goal. For example, this strategy was notable in Vietnam's win in Robocon 2004[1] and 2006,[2] and China's win in Robocon 2008.[3] To mitigate the problems, later editions reduce the combat nature and put more emphasis on technology, designing and making the robot perform complicated maneuvers, which require teams to be more creative on designing robots.

Logos for Competition[edit]

Year Location Logo
2002 Tokyo, Japan LogoRobocon-2002.jpg
2003 Bangkok, Thailand
2004 Seoul, South Korea
2005 Beijing, China
2006 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2007 Hanoi, Vietnam
2008 Pune, India
2009 Tokyo, Japan
2010 Cairo, Egypt
2011 Bangkok, Thailand
2012 Kowloon, Hong Kong
2013 Da Nang, Vietnam
2014 Pune, India Robocon 2014 Logo
2015 Yogyakarta, Indonesia Robocon 2015 Logo
2016 Bangkok, Thailand
2017 Tokyo, Japan
2018 Ninh Bình, Vietnam[4]
2019 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia[5]
2020 Suva, Fiji

Recent Competitions[edit]

ABU Robocon 2020[edit]

ABU Robocon 2020 will be held at Suva, Fiji and the game will be based on Fiji's national sport rugby. The theme is "ROBO RUGBY 7s", in this game, each team designs two robots, one as pass robot, and another as try robot. Each can either be manual or automated. The pass robot will pick up the rugby balls, and the try robot needs to either place them to the trying spot, or to kick the ball passing through a pole. Team scores points depending on the step and the zone location, but points can be awarded to the opponent's team if the kicking ball lands on the opponent's zone. The game ends when three minutes had passed, or when all seven kicking balls (shared for both teams) have been kicked.[6][7]

ABU Robocon 2019[edit]

ABU Robocon 2019 was held at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia on 25 August 2019.[8] The theme was "Sharing the knowledge". It was related to the Urtuu system of Mongolian tradition. Total 17 teams from 16 different countries participated in this Competition. The Hong Kong, China team won the grand Prix, While Mongolia Team 1 was first runner up.[9]

ABU Robocon 2018[edit]

The competition was held in Ninh Binh, Vietnam, in August 2018. The theme comes from a traditional game in ethnic region of Vietnam, namely ném còn (throwing shuttlecock). The goal of the game is to throw the shuttlecocks through the ring at height. In Vietnamese culture, the game is about celebration and making friendship.

In the game, each team are given a few shuttlecocks and needs to design two robots, one manual and one automatic robot. The manual robot needs to hand the shuttlecocks to the automatic robot, which attempts to throw the shuttlecocks through the rings (unlike the traditional game, there are three rings at various heights in this game). The winner can be achieved by points, or by immediate KO if the robots successfully throw the shuttlecocks through three rings, and for the highest ring, the shuttlecock lands on a golden disk on the opposite side. The winner of ABU Robocon 2018 is Lac Hong University coming from Vietnam.

ABU Robocon 2017[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2017 was held at Tokyo, Japan in the month of August. The theme is "Asobi: The landing disc". The theme revolves around the word “asobi” (play), which is also a fundamental philosophy behind Robocon. In “asobi,” playful, unique, original show of skills is often more important than winning or losing, as everyone – friend and foe alike – can applaud and enjoy them.

So, in the “asobi” spirit: we encourage playful, unique, original robot designs and strategies! (reference:https://www.roboconindia.com/index.php/theme-and-story)

In the match, each team will be given a set of discs which they are supposed to land on the poles of different height and at different distances. Team which will be able to land at least one disc on each pole will be declared as the winner of the game. If no team is able to land disc on each pole then the winner is declared as given in the rulebook. The winner of ABU Robocon 2017 is Lac Hong University coming from Vietnam.

ABU Robocon 2016[edit]

The 2016 ABU Robocon was held at Bangkok, Thailand. The theme is "Clean Energy Recharging the World". The concept behind the theme is the utilization of renewable energy sources, the theme is available at[10][11] The match is between 2 teams (viz. red and blue), each team consisting of two robots. After a controversial final match (which required a replay), University of Technology (UTM), Malaysia won the International Robocon 2016.

ABU Robocon 2015[edit]

The ABU Robocon[12] 2015 was held in August in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The contest theme was "Robominton-Badminton RoboGame". The venue for the contest was Sportorium of Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (UMY). In the contest, the 2 teams (red and blue) had to play the game of badminton against each other. Each team made 2 robots to play a normal doubles badminton game.[13]

Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Vietnam won the International Robocon 2015 held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

ABU Robocon 2014[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2014 was conducted on 24 August 2014 at Pune, India. The Theme for Robocon 2014 declared by India was "A Salute for Parenthood".[14] The winner of ABU Robocon 2014 is LH-NVN, coming from Lac Hong University, Vietnam.[15]

ABU Robocon 2013[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2013 was held in Vietnam on 18 August 2013, where 19 Engineering teams from 18 countries participated. The Theme for Robocon 2013 declared by VTV was "The Green Planet".The winner of ABU Robocon 2013 is Kanazawa Institute of Technology coming from Japan.[16]

ABU Robocon 2012[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2012 was held in Hong Kong on 19 August 2012 where 17 Engineering teams from 16 countries or regions participated. The Theme for Robocon 2012 declared by Hong Kong was In Pursuit of Peace and Prosperity. The winner of the Robocon 2012 is University of Electronic Science and Technology of China.[citation needed]

ABU Robocon 2011[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2011 was held in Bangkok, Thailand on 28 August 2011 where 19 Engineering Colleges from 18 countries participated. The Theme for Robocon2011 declared by Thailand was Krathong, Lighting Happiness with Friendship. The winner is Dhurakij Pundit University coming from Thailand.

ABU Robocon 2010[edit]

The ABU Robocon2010 was held in Cairo, Egypt on 22 September 2010 where 18 Engineering Colleges from 17 countries participated. The Theme for Robocon 2010 declared by Egypt was Robo-Pharaohs Build Pyramids. It was won by University of Electronic Science and Technology of China to give China its 4th overwhelming win.

ABU Robocon 2009[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2009 was held in Tokyo, Japan on 22 August 2009 with the Theme of Kago, the traditional Japanese palanquin, carried by human beings replaced by robots. The winners were a team from China who completed the task consistently in 18 seconds. It was won by Harbin Institute of Technology to give China its third successive win.

ABU Robocon 2008[edit]

The ABU Robocon 2008 was held at Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT), Pune, India on 31 August 2008, where 17 Engineering Colleges from 16 countries participated. The Theme for Robocon 2008 declared by India was Govinda, a traditional Indian Deity who used to play earthly games by capturing Butter/Cheese from heads of Gopis.


Year Host city Theme Grand Prix 1st runner-up ABU Robocon Award
2002 Japan Tokyo Reach for the Top of Mt. Fuji Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology China University of Science and Technology of China Japan Kanazawa Institute of Technology
2003 Thailand Bangkok Takraw Space Conqueror Thailand Sawangdandin Industrial and Community Education College Thailand King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang South Korea Chungnam National University
2004 South Korea Seoul Reunion of Separated Lovers, Gyeonwoo & Jiknyeo Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology China Southwest University of Science and Technology Mongolia Mongolian University of Science and Technology
2005 China Beijing Climb on the Great Wall Light the Holy Fire Japan University of Tokyo China University of Science and Technology Beijing Egypt Higher Technological Institute Tenth of Ramadan City, Egypt
2006 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Building the World’s Tallest Twin Tower Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology Thailand Samut Songkhram Technical College Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
2007 Vietnam Hanoi Halong Bay Discovery China Xi'an Jiaotong University Indonesia Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya Egypt October 6 University-Egypt
2008 India Pune Govinda China Xi'an Jiaotong University Egypt Higher Technological Institute 10th of Ramadan City, Egypt China Xi'an Jiaotong University
2009 Japan Tokyo Travel Together for the Victory Drums China Harbin Institute of Technology Hong Kong University of Hong Kong China Harbin Institute of Technology
2010 Egypt Cairo Robo-Pharaohs built pyramids China University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Vietnam Lạc Hồng University China University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
2011 Thailand Bangkok Loy Krathong, Lighting Happiness with friendship Thailand Dhurakij Pundit University Thailand Kampaengphet Technical College Japan University of Tokyo
2012 Hong Kong Hong Kong Peng On Dai Gat (In pursuit of peace and prosperity) China University of Electronic Science and Technology of China Vietnam Lạc Hồng University Japan University of Tokyo
2013 Vietnam Da Nang The Green Planet Japan Kanazawa Institute of Technology Vietnam Lạc Hồng University Indonesia Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya
2014 India Pune A Salute for Parenthood Vietnam Lạc Hồng University Japan Nagoya Institute of Technology Vietnam Lạc Hồng University
2015 Indonesia Yogyakarta Robominton Vietnam Hung Yen University of Technology and Education Hong Kong Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Vietnam Hung Yen University of Technology and Education
2016 Thailand Bangkok Clean Energy Recharging the World Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia China Northeastern University Japan University of Tokyo
2017 Japan Tokyo The Landing Disc[17] Vietnam Lạc Hồng University Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Vietnam Lạc Hồng University
2018 Vietnam Ninh Bình “NÉM CÒN” The Festival Wishing Happiness & Prosperity[18] Vietnam Lạc Hồng University (Vietnam 2) ChinaNortheastern University JapanUniversity of Tokyo
2019 Mongolia Mongolia “GREAT URTUU”

"Sharing the knowledge”[5]

Hong Kong The Chinese University of Hong Kong Mongolia Mongolian University of Science and Technology
2020 Fiji Suva, Fiji Roborugby7s

Winners of ABU Robocon[edit]

Country/Territory Titles Year(s)
 Vietnam 7 2002, 2004, 2006, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018
 China 5 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012
 Japan 2 2005, 2013
 Thailand 2003, 2011
 Malaysia 1 2016
 Hong Kong 1 2019

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Robocon 2004 Final International Vietnam vs China". 29 May 2015 – via YouTube.
  2. ^ "Robocon 2006 final Vietnam - Thailand". 10 September 2006 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ "Robocon 2008 Final International China vs Egypt". 28 May 2015 – via YouTube.
  4. ^ VTV, BAO DIEN TU (27 August 2017). "Việt Nam sẽ đăng cai tổ chức ABU Robocon 2018". BAO DIEN TU VTV.
  5. ^ a b "ABU ROBOCON 2019". aburobocon2019.mnb.mn. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  6. ^ admin. "Homepage". ABU Robocon 2020 | Suva Fiji. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  7. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xAYY9qSZiY
  8. ^ "ABU Asia-Pacific Robot Contest 2019 Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia" (PDF). Organizing Committee. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  9. ^ aburobocon2019.mnb.mn (2 September 2019). "The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Association (ABU) and the Mongolian National Broadcasting Television have successfully organized the 18th ABU Robocon 2019 competition for the first time in Mongolia under the auspices of Prime Minister U. Khurelsukh". aburobocon2019.mnb.mn. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Rule Abu Robocon 2016 Thailand YouTube 720p". YouTube. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 November 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "HugeDomains.com - AbuRobocon.com is for sale (Abu Robocon)". www.hugedomains.com.
  13. ^ "ROBOCON 2015 - Indonesia - Official Website". robocon.tvri.co.id. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  14. ^ "ROBOCON 2014 India Theme Rulebook Problem Statement 'A SALUTE TO PARENTHOOD'". 18 August 2013 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ ABU ROBOCON 2014, PUNE, INDIA, TOP RANKING TEAMS (29 July 2016). "Wayback Machine". Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 17 June 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.
  17. ^ "ABU Robocon 2017 TOKYO Theme & Rulebook The Landing Disc". 21 August 2016.
  18. ^ "ABU Robocon 2018 | Ninh Binh, Viet Nam". aburobocon2018.vtv.vn. Retrieved 22 November 2018.

External links[edit]