ACF River Basin

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Map of the ACF River Basin watershed showing the Apalachicola River and its two main tributaries, the Chattahoochee River and Flint River.
Map of HUC031300 - Apalachicola sub-region and basin in the South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region, showing the 14 sub-basins in the basin.

The ACF River Basin is the drainage basin, or watershed, of the A Apalachicola River, C Chattahoochee River, and F Flint River, in the Southeastern United States.

This area is alternatively known as simply the Apalachicola Basin and is listed by the United States Geological Survey as basin HUC 031300, as well as sub-region HUC 0313. It is located in the South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region, which is listed as HUC 03. The basin is further sub-divided into 14 sub-basins.

Geography[edit]

The ACF River Basin begins in northern Georgia and flows into the Gulf of Mexico at Apalachicola Bay, near Apalachicola, Florida. It drains an area of more than 19,300 square miles (50,000 km²).[1]

Listing of Water Resource Sub-Basins[edit]

Sub-Basin HUC Sub-Basin Name Sub-Basin Description[2] Sub-Basin Location[2] Sub-Basin Size (mi2)[3] Sub-Basin Map
03010001 Upper Chattahoochee The drainage and associated waters of the Chattahoochee River from the source of the river in Union County, running southwest through Lake Lanier to a line from Marietta through Smyrna, Atlanta, and Decatur, to Stone Mountain. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Union, Towns, Rabun, Lumpkin, White, Habersham, Dawson, Hall, Banks, Cherokee, Forsyth, Gwinnett, Cobb, Fulton, and DeKalb. 1,586
HUC03130001
03010002 Middle Chattahoochee-Lake Harding The drainage and associated waters of the Chattahoochee River from a line from Marietta through Smyrna, Atlanta, and Decatur, to Stone Mountain, heading first southwest, then south, to a line from Opelika to just north of Columbus to east of Ellerslie. Located in Alabama and Georgia, in the counties of Cobb, Paulding, Carroll, Douglas, Fulton, Clayton, Coweta, Heard, Randolph, Chambers, Troup, Meriwether, Lee, Harris, Talbot, Russell, and Muscogee. 3,041
HUC03130002
03010003 Middle Chattahoochee-Walter F. George Lake The drainage and associated waters of the Chattahoochee River from a line from Opelika to just north of Columbus to east of Ellerslie, heading south, to the Walter F. George Lock and Dam at the southern end of Walter F. George Lake. Located in Alabama and Georgia, in the counties of Lee, Macon, Russell, Harris, Muscogee, Talbot, Chattahoochee, Marion, Taylor, Bullock, Barbour, Stewart, Webster, Quitman, Henry, Clay, and Randolph. 2,837
HUC03130003
03010004 Lower Chattahoochee The drainage and associated waters of the Chattahoochee River from the Walter F. George Lock and Dam at the southern end of Walter F. George Lake, heading south, to the Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam at the southern end of Lake Seminole. Located in Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, in the counties of Barbour, Henry, Clay, Randolph, Early, Houston, Jackson, Seminole, Decatur, and Gadsden. 1,244
HUC03130004
03010005 Upper Flint The drainage and associated waters of the Flint River from the source of the Flint River in East Point, heading south, to a line from the northwestern corner of Schley County through Ideal to State Route 49 north of Montezuma. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Fulton, Clayton, Coweta, Fayette, Henry, Spalding, Meriwether, Pike, Lamar, Upson, Monroe, Harris, Talbot, Taylor, Crawford, Marion, Schley, Macon, and Peach. 2,630
HUC03130005
03010006 Middle Flint The drainage and associated waters of the Flint River from a line from the northwestern corner of Schley County through Ideal to State Route 49 north of Montezuma, heading southeast and south, to a line running southeast from Albany into central Worth County and west of Sylvester. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Marion, Taylor, Schley, Macon, Houston, Sumter, Dooly, Crips, Lee, Dougherty, Worth, and Turner. 1,558
HUC03130006
03010007 Kinchafoonee-Muckalee The drainage and associated waters of Kinchafoonee Creek and Muckalee Creek from central Marion County, at the source of Kinchafoonee Creek, heading south-southeast, to where Kinchafoonee Creek meets the Flint River in Albany. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Chattahoochee, Marion, Schley, Stewart, Webster, Sumter, Terrell, Lee, and Dougherty. 1,101
HUC03130007
03010008 Lower Flint The drainage and associated waters of the Flint River from a line running roughly parallel to U.S. Route 82 from northwest of Albany to State Route 112 southwest of Sylvester, running southwest to where the Flint River flows into Lake Seminole. Located in Florida and Georgia, in the counties of Terrell, Lee, Dougherty, Worth, Baker, Mitchell, Colquitt, Miller, Seminole, Decatur, Grady, and Gadsden. 1,274
HUC03130008
03010009 Ichawaynochaway The drainage and associated waters of Ichawaynochaway Creek from the source of Ichawaynochaway Creek just northwest of Weston, running south to where the Ichawaynochaway flows into the Flint River, halfway between Colquitt and Camilla. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Stewart, Webster, Randolph, Terrell, Lee, Clay, Calhoun, Dougherty, Early, Baker, and Miller. 1,104
HUC03130009
03010010 Spring The drainage and associated waters of Spring Creek from the source of Spring Creek northwest of Bluffton, running south to where the Spring flows into Lake Seminole. Located entirely in Georgia, in the counties of Clay, Calhoun, Early, Miller, Seminole, and Decatur. 789
HUC03130010
03010011 Apalachicola The drainage and associated waters of the Apalachicola River from the Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam at the southern end of Lake Seminole, running south through the Florida Panhandle to where it flows into Apalachicola Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Located in Florida and Georgia, in the counties of Decatur, Jackson, Gadsden, Calhoun, Liberty, Gulf, and Franklin. 1,117
HUC03130011
03010012 Chipola The drainage and associated waters of the Chipola River from south of Dothan, running south through the Florida Panhandle to where it flows into the Apalachicola River in Gulf. Located in Alabama and Florida, in the counties of Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Washington, Calhoun, Bay, and Gulf. 1,292
HUC03130012
03010013 New The drainage and associated waters of the New River from central Liberty County, running south through the Florida Panhandle to where it flows into Apalachicola Bay. Located entirely in Florida, in the counties of Liberty and Franklin. 514
HUC03130013
03010014 Apalachicola Bay The drainage and associated waters of Apalachicola Bay. Located entirely in Florida, in the counties of Gulf and Franklin. 268
HUC03130014

Water wars[edit]

These states and Alabama have been involved in a water-use dispute for two decades, known as the Tri-state water dispute.[1][4] Georgia has also lobbied the United States Congress to end navigation on the Appalachicola and lower Chattahoochee, to conserve more water during droughts. Keeping the two rivers at a navigable depth during these times requires large releases from dams upstream, sending potential drinking water downstream for shipping, and often dropping lakes to levels dangerous to boaters.

Conservation[edit]

Other ecological conservation and economic concerns include protecting harvests of oysters in Apalachicola Bay, which require a large enough flow of fresh water to prevent excessive saltwater intrusion from the Gulf.[5]

Numerous endangered and imperiled species occur in the basin, including many endemic mussels [6]

The cost of dredging silt, much of it from uncontrolled growth across metro Atlanta's fine red clay soil, has also been called wasteful to float so little ship traffic.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Richter, Brian D.; Mathews, Ruth Harrison; David L.; Wigington, Robert (February 2003). "Ecologically Sustainable Water Management: Managing River Flows For Ecological Integrity" (PDF). Ecological Applications 13 (1): 206–224. doi:10.1890/1051-0761(2003)013[0206:ESWMMR]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-14. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved 2015-11-30. 
  3. ^ "Hydrologic Classification". National Hydropower Asset Assessment Program (NHAAP). Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  4. ^ Edgens, Jefferson G (Spring 2001). "Thirst for growth". Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy 16 (1): 14–8. 
  5. ^ Wilber, DH (August 1992). "Association Between Freshwater Inflows and Oyster Productivity in Apalachicola Bay, Florida". Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 35 (2): 179–190. Bibcode:1992ECSS...35..179W. doi:10.1016/S0272-7714(05)80112-X. 
  6. ^ http://www.fws.gov/southeast/news/2007/images/7MusselsFactSheet.pdf
  7. ^ "Florida Reaffirms Commitment to Protect Apalachicola River: Officials call for end to dredging" (Press release). Florida Department of Environmental Protection. 2003-07-30. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 

External links[edit]