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AD-1211 2D.svg
Clinical data
Other namesAD-1211
ATC code
  • none
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
Molar mass350.506 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

AD-1211 is an opioid analgesic drug invented in the 1970s by Dainippon Pharmaceutical Co. It is chemically a 1-substituted-4-prenyl-piperazine derivative, which is structurally unrelated to most other opioid drugs. The (S)-enantiomers in this series are more active as opioid agonists, but the less active (R)-enantiomer of this compound, AD-1211, is a mixed agonist–antagonist at opioid receptors with a similar pharmacological profile to pentazocine,[1] and has atypical opioid effects with little development of tolerance or dependence seen after extended administration in animal studies.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Natsuka K, Nakamura H, Nishikawa Y, Negoro T, Uno H, Nishimura H (October 1987). "Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 1-substituted 4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine derivatives having narcotic agonist and antagonist activity". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 30 (10): 1779–87. doi:10.1021/jm00393a017. PMID 3656354.
  2. ^ Nakamura H, Ishii D, Yokoyama Y, Motoyoshi S, Natsuka K, Shimizu M (September 1980). "Analgesic and other pharmacological activities of a new narcotic antagonist analgesic (−)-1-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-4-[2-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenylethyl]-piperazine and its enantiomorph in experimental animals". The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 32 (9): 635–42. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1980.tb13020.x. PMID 6107365.
  3. ^ Nakamura H, Ishii K, Yokoyama Y, Imazu C, Shimoda A, Kadokawa T, Shimizu M (November 1984). "Central actions of AD-1211, an analgesic lacking common opiate features". European Journal of Pharmacology. 106 (2): 345–56. doi:10.1016/0014-2999(84)90722-2. PMID 6529980.