|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||570.69 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
ADH-1 (brand name Exherin) is a small, cyclic pentapeptide vascular-targeting drug. It was developed by Adherex Technologies.
ADH-1 selectively and competitively binds to and blocks N-cadherin, which may result in disruption of tumor vasculature, inhibition of tumor cell growth, and the induction of tumor cell and endothelial cell apoptosis. N-cadherin, a cell- surface transmembrane glycoprotein of the cadherin superfamily of proteins involved in calcium-mediated cell–cell adhesion and signaling mechanisms; may be upregulated in some aggressive tumors and the endothelial cells and pericytes of some tumor blood vessels.
In 2006, Adherex and NCI formed a Clinical Trial Agreement stating that NCI will sponsor clinical trials of ADH-1 in a variety of cancer types. ADH-1 received orphan drug status from the FDA in 2008.
In a pilot study (phase I trial), ADH-1 intravenous pretreatment before chemotherapy in metastatic melanoma completely destroyed tumors in half of patients. It is being investigated for advanced extremity melanoma in phase II trials.
- "ADH-1". NCI Drug Dictionary.
- "ADH-1". AdisInsight. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- Yarom N, Stewart D, Malik R, Wells J, Avruch L, Jonker DJ (Feb 1, 2013). "Phase I clinical trial of Exherin (ADH-1) in patients with advanced solid tumors". Curr Clin Pharmacol. 8 (1): 81–88. PMID 22280327.
- Physorg:Drug combination may be effective against deadly melanoma, pilot study shows
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