AFF Championship

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AFF Championship
Founded1996; 25 years ago (1996)
RegionAFF (Southeast Asia)
Number of teams10 (finals)
11 (eligible to enter qualification)
Current champions Vietnam (2nd title)
Most successful team(s) Thailand
(5 titles)
Websiteaffsuzukicup.com
2020 AFF Championship

The AFF Championship (known formally as the ASEAN Football Federation Championship) is a biennial international association football competition, contested by the men's national teams of the member of ASEAN Football Federation (AFF), determining the sub-continental champion of Southeast Asia. The competition has been held every two years since 1996 scheduled to be in the even-numbered year, except for 2007, and 2021 when it was postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia.

It was founded as the Tiger Cup after Singapore's Asia Pacific Breweries, makers of Tiger Beer, sponsored the competition from its inauguration in 1996 until the 2004 edition. After Asia Pacific Breweries withdrew as title sponsors, the competition was known as the AFF Championship for the 2007 edition. From 2008, Japanese auto-company Suzuki bought the naming rights for the competition, and the competition has therefore been named the AFF Suzuki Cup for sponsorship reasons.

The 12 AFF Championship tournaments have been won by four national teams; Thailand have won five titles, Singapore has four titles, Vietnam has two titles and Malaysia with one title. To date, Thailand is the only team in history to have won consecutive titles in two different periods, doing so in 2000 and 2002 and also in 2014 and 2016. Singapore achieved this once, in 2004 and 2007.

The most recent championship in 2018, was won by Vietnam, who beat Malaysia 3–2 in the two legs of final match at Bukit Jalil Stadium and at Mỹ Đình National Stadium. Since 2018, the championship winners could compete in the following AFF–EAFF Champions Trophy, against the winner of the EAFF E-1 Football Championship. However, such plans has not materialized.

History[edit]

The first ASEAN Championship took place in 1996 with the six founding members of ASEAN Federation competing with four nations being invited that came in that region. The final saw Thailand become the first champions of ASEAN as they defeated Malaysia 1–0 in Singapore.[1] The top four nations automatically qualified through to the finals in the following edition. This meant the other six nations had to compete in qualifying for the remaining four spots. Myanmar, Singapore, Laos and Philippines all made it through to the main tournament.

Organisation[edit]

Sports marketing, media and event management firm, Lagardère Sports has been involved in the tournament since the inaugural edition in 1996.

Between 1996 and 2006, Tiger Beer was the title sponsor. Suzuki has been title sponsor of the tournament since 2008.[2]

Format[edit]

From 2004, the knockout stage is played over two legs on a home-and-away format.

Since the 2007 edition, there was no third place match. Hence, semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order. Moreover, the away goals rule was initially not applied in the earlier tournaments, but only from the 2010 edition.

Starting with the 2018 edition, a new format was applied. The nine highest ranked teams would automatically qualify with the 10th and 11th ranked teams playing in a two-legged qualifier. The 10 teams were split in two groups of five and play a round robin system, with each team playing two home and two away fixtures. A draw was made to determine where the teams play while the format of the knockout round remained unchanged.[3]

Results[edit]

Year Host Final Third place playoff Number of teams
Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1996  Singapore
Thailand
1–0
Malaysia

Vietnam
3–2
Indonesia
10
1998  Vietnam
Singapore
1–0
Vietnam

Indonesia
3–3 (a.e.t.)
(5–4 p)

Thailand
8
2000  Thailand
Thailand
4–1
Indonesia

Malaysia
3–0
Vietnam
9
2002  Indonesia
 Singapore

Thailand
2–2 aet
(4–2) pen

Indonesia

Vietnam
2–1
Malaysia
9
Year Group stage hosts Final Third place playoff or losing semi-finalists Number of teams
Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
2004  Malaysia
 Vietnam

Singapore
3–1
2–1

Indonesia

Malaysia
2–1
Myanmar
10
won 5–2 on aggregate
2007  Singapore
 Thailand

Singapore
2–1
1–1

Thailand
 Malaysia and  Vietnam 8
won 3–2 on aggregate
2008  Indonesia
 Thailand

Vietnam
2–1
1–1

Thailand
 Indonesia and  Singapore 8
won 3–2 on aggregate
2010  Indonesia
 Vietnam

Malaysia
3–0
1–2

Indonesia
 Philippines and  Vietnam 8
won 4–2 on aggregate
2012  Malaysia
 Thailand

Singapore
3–1
0–1

Thailand
 Malaysia and  Philippines 8
won 3–2 on aggregate
2014  Singapore
 Vietnam

Thailand
2–0
2–3

Malaysia
 Philippines and  Vietnam 8
won 4–3 on aggregate
2016  Myanmar
 Philippines

Thailand
1–2
2–0

Indonesia
 Myanmar and  Vietnam 8
won 3–2 on aggregate
Year Final Losing semi-finalists Number of teams
Winner Score Runner-up
2018
Vietnam
2–2
1–0

Malaysia
 Philippines and  Thailand 10
won 3–2 on aggregate
2020 Postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic

Performances by country[edit]

Team Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place Semi-finalists Total Top 4
 Thailand 5 (1996, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016) 3 (2007, 2008, 2012) 1 (1998) 1 (2018) 10
 Singapore 4 (1998, 2004, 2007, 2012) 1 (2008) 5
 Vietnam 2 (2008, 2018) 1 (1998) 2 (1996, 2002) 1 (2000) 4 (2007, 2010, 2014, 2016) 10
 Malaysia 1 (2010) 3 (1996, 2014, 2018) 2 (2000, 2004) 1 (2002) 2 (2007, 2012) 9
 Indonesia 5 (2000, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2016) 1 (1998) 1 (1996) 1 (2008) 8
 Philippines 4 (2010, 2012, 2014, 2018) 4
 Myanmar 1 (2004) 1 (2016) 2
Total 12 12 5 5 14 48

Participating nations[edit]

Team Singapore
1996
(10)
Vietnam
1998
(8)
Thailand
2000
(9)
Indonesia
Singapore
2002
(9)
Malaysia
Vietnam
2004
(10)
Singapore
Thailand
2007
(8)
Indonesia
Thailand
2008
(8)
Indonesia
Vietnam
2010
(8)
Malaysia
Thailand
2012
(8)
Singapore
Vietnam
2014
(8)
Myanmar
Philippines
2016
(8)
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
2018
(10)
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
2021
(10)
Total
 Australia[note 1] Not an AFF member × × × 0
 Brunei GS × × × × 1
 Cambodia GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 7
 Indonesia 4th 3rd 2nd 2nd 2nd GS SF 2nd GS GS 2nd GS 12
 Laos GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS 11
 Malaysia 2nd GS 3rd 4th 3rd SF GS 1st SF 2nd GS 2nd 12
 Myanmar GS GS GS •• 4th GS GS GS GS GS SF GS 12
 Philippines GS GS GS GS GS GS SF SF SF GS SF 11
 Singapore GS 1st GS GS 1st 1st SF GS 1st GS GS GS 12
 Thailand 1st 4th 1st 1st GS 2nd 2nd GS 2nd 1st 1st SF 12
 Timor-Leste Part of Indonesia × GS GS 2
 Vietnam 3rd 2nd 4th 3rd GS SF 1st SF GS SF SF 1st 12
Legend

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Since joining the AFF in 2013, Australia has never competed in the AFF Championship. Australia has, however, competed in the EAFF Championship in 2013.

Awards[edit]

Tournament Most Valuable Player Top Scorer Goals Fair Play
1996
Malaysia Zainal Abidin Hassan Thailand Natipong Sritong-In 7  Brunei
1998
Vietnam Nguyễn Hồng Sơn Myanmar Myo Hlaing Win 4 Not Awarded
2000
Thailand Kiatisuk Senamuang Indonesia Gendut Doni Christiawan 5  Malaysia
Thailand Worrawoot Srimaka
2002
Thailand Therdsak Chaiman Indonesia Bambang Pamungkas 8 Not Awarded
2004
Singapore Lionel Lewis Indonesia Ilham Jaya Kesuma 7
2007
Singapore Noh Alam Shah Singapore Noh Alam Shah 10
2008
Vietnam Dương Hồng Sơn Indonesia Budi Sudarsono 4  Thailand
Singapore Agu Casmir
Thailand Teerasil Dangda
2010
Indonesia Firman Utina Malaysia Safee Sali 5  Philippines
2012
Singapore Shahril Ishak Thailand Teerasil Dangda 5  Malaysia
2014
Thailand Chanathip Songkrasin Malaysia Safiq Rahim 6  Vietnam
2016
Thailand Chanathip Songkrasin Thailand Teerasil Dangda 6  Thailand
2018
Vietnam Nguyễn Quang Hải Thailand Adisak Kraisorn 8  Malaysia

Overall top goalscorers[edit]

Rank Player Goals
1 Singapore Noh Alam Shah 17
2 Thailand Teerasil Dangda 15
Thailand Worrawoot Srimaka
Vietnam Lê Công Vinh
5 Vietnam Lê Huỳnh Đức 14
6 Indonesia Kurniawan Dwi Yulianto 13
7 Indonesia Bambang Pamungkas 12
Thailand Kiatisuk Senamuang
9 Singapore Agu Casmir 11
10 Singapore Khairul Amri 10
Thailand Adisak Kraisorn

All-time ranking table[edit]

As of 2018
Rank Team Part Pld W D L F A GD Pts Best finish
1  Thailand 12 70 43 16 11 151 88 +63 145 Champions (1996, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016)
2  Singapore 12 56 28 14 14 102 54 +48 98 Champions (1998, 2004, 2007, 2012)
3  Vietnam 12 65 34 17 14 136 72 +64 119 Champions (2008, 2018)
4  Malaysia 12 65 28 15 22 112 73 +39 99 Champions (2010)
5  Indonesia 12 62 31 12 19 157 111 +57 105 Runner-up (2000, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2016)
6  Philippines 11 40 8 4 28 35 44 –9 28 Semi-finalist (2010, 2012, 2014, 2018)
7  Myanmar 12 42 14 7 21 54 91 -37 49 Semi-finalist (2004, 2016)
8  Laos 11 35 2 5 30 29 141 –121 11 Group stage (11 times)
9  Cambodia 7 26 3 0 23 23 91 –68 9 Group stage (7 times)
10  Brunei 1 4 1 0 3 1 15 –14 3 Group stage (1996)
11  Timor-Leste 2 8 0 0 8 6 32 –26 0 Group stage (2004, 2018)
  • Bold denotes players still playing international football.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About AFF". aseanfootball.org.
  2. ^ "Suzuki drives Asean Football Championship to new heights". Singapore: ASEAN Football Federation. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  3. ^ "New format confirmed for AFF Suzuki Cup". Football Channel Asia. 14 March 2016. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.

External links[edit]