|Region||AFF (Southeast Asia)|
|Number of teams||10 (finals)|
11 (eligible to enter qualification)
|Current champions||Vietnam (2nd title)|
|Most successful team(s)|| Thailand|
|2020 AFF Championship|
The AFF Championship (known formally as the ASEAN Football Federation Championship) is a biennial international association football competition, contested by the men's national teams of the member of ASEAN Football Federation (AFF), determining the sub-continental champion of Southeast Asia. The competition has been held every two years since 1996 scheduled to be in the even-numbered year, except for 2007, and 2021 when it was postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Southeast Asia.
It was founded as the Tiger Cup after Singapore's Asia Pacific Breweries, makers of Tiger Beer, sponsored the competition from its inauguration in 1996 until the 2004 edition. After Asia Pacific Breweries withdrew as title sponsors, the competition was known as the AFF Championship for the 2007 edition. From 2008, Japanese auto-company Suzuki bought the naming rights for the competition, and the competition has therefore been named the AFF Suzuki Cup for sponsorship reasons.
The 12 AFF Championship tournaments have been won by four national teams; Thailand have won five titles, Singapore has four titles, Vietnam has two titles and Malaysia with one title. To date, Thailand is the only team in history to have won consecutive titles in two different periods, doing so in 2000 and 2002 and also in 2014 and 2016. Singapore achieved this once, in 2004 and 2007.
The most recent championship in 2018, was won by Vietnam, who beat Malaysia 3–2 in the two legs of final match at Bukit Jalil Stadium and at Mỹ Đình National Stadium. Since 2018, the championship winners could compete in the following AFF–EAFF Champions Trophy, against the winner of the EAFF E-1 Football Championship. However, such plans has not materialized.
The first ASEAN Championship took place in 1996 with the six founding members of ASEAN Federation competing with four nations being invited that came in that region. The final saw Thailand become the first champions of ASEAN as they defeated Malaysia 1–0 in Singapore. The top four nations automatically qualified through to the finals in the following edition. This meant the other six nations had to compete in qualifying for the remaining four spots. Myanmar, Singapore, Laos and Philippines all made it through to the main tournament.
Sports marketing, media and event management firm, Lagardère Sports has been involved in the tournament since the inaugural edition in 1996.
From 2004, the knockout stage is played over two legs on a home-and-away format.
Since the 2007 edition, there was no third place match. Hence, semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order. Moreover, the away goals rule was initially not applied in the earlier tournaments, but only from the 2010 edition.
Starting with the 2018 edition, a new format was applied. The nine highest ranked teams would automatically qualify with the 10th and 11th ranked teams playing in a two-legged qualifier. The 10 teams were split in two groups of five and play a round robin system, with each team playing two home and two away fixtures. A draw was made to determine where the teams play while the format of the knockout round remained unchanged.
Performances by country
|Team||Champions||Runners-up||Third place||Fourth place||Semi-finalists||Total Top 4|
|Thailand||5 (1996, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016)||3 (2007, 2008, 2012)||–||1 (1998)||1 (2018)||10|
|Singapore||4 (1998, 2004, 2007, 2012)||–||–||–||1 (2008)||5|
|Vietnam||2 (2008, 2018)||1 (1998)||2 (1996, 2002)||1 (2000)||4 (2007, 2010, 2014, 2016)||10|
|Malaysia||1 (2010)||3 (1996, 2014, 2018)||2 (2000, 2004)||1 (2002)||2 (2007, 2012)||9|
|Indonesia||–||5 (2000, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2016)||1 (1998)||1 (1996)||1 (2008)||8|
|Philippines||–||–||–||–||4 (2010, 2012, 2014, 2018)||4|
|Myanmar||–||–||–||1 (2004)||1 (2016)||2|
|Australia[note 1]||Not an AFF member||×||×||×||0|
|Timor-Leste||Part of Indonesia||×||GS||•||•||•||•||•||•||GS||2|
|Tournament||Most Valuable Player||Top Scorer||Goals||Fair Play|
|Zainal Abidin Hassan||Natipong Sritong-In||7||Brunei|
|Nguyễn Hồng Sơn||Myo Hlaing Win||4||Not Awarded|
|Kiatisuk Senamuang||Gendut Doni Christiawan||5||Malaysia|
|Therdsak Chaiman||Bambang Pamungkas||8||Not Awarded|
|Lionel Lewis||Ilham Jaya Kesuma||7|
|Noh Alam Shah||Noh Alam Shah||10|
|Dương Hồng Sơn||Budi Sudarsono||4||Thailand|
|Firman Utina||Safee Sali||5||Philippines|
|Shahril Ishak||Teerasil Dangda||5||Malaysia|
|Chanathip Songkrasin||Safiq Rahim||6||Vietnam|
|Chanathip Songkrasin||Teerasil Dangda||6||Thailand|
|Nguyễn Quang Hải||Adisak Kraisorn||8||Malaysia|
Overall top goalscorers
|1||Noh Alam Shah||17|
|Lê Công Vinh|
|5||Lê Huỳnh Đức||14|
|6||Kurniawan Dwi Yulianto||13|
All-time ranking table
- As of 2018
|1||Thailand||12||70||43||16||11||151||88||+63||145||Champions (1996, 2000, 2002, 2014, 2016)|
|2||Singapore||12||56||28||14||14||102||54||+48||98||Champions (1998, 2004, 2007, 2012)|
|3||Vietnam||12||65||34||17||14||136||72||+64||119||Champions (2008, 2018)|
|5||Indonesia||12||62||31||12||19||157||111||+57||105||Runner-up (2000, 2002, 2004, 2010, 2016)|
|6||Philippines||11||40||8||4||28||35||44||–9||28||Semi-finalist (2010, 2012, 2014, 2018)|
|7||Myanmar||12||42||14||7||21||54||91||-37||49||Semi-finalist (2004, 2016)|
|8||Laos||11||35||2||5||30||29||141||–121||11||Group stage (11 times)|
|9||Cambodia||7||26||3||0||23||23||91||–68||9||Group stage (7 times)|
|10||Brunei||1||4||1||0||3||1||15||–14||3||Group stage (1996)|
|11||Timor-Leste||2||8||0||0||8||6||32||–26||0||Group stage (2004, 2018)|
- Bold denotes players still playing international football.
- AFF Women's Championship
- AFC Asian Cup
- CAFA Championship
- EAFF E-1 Football Championship
- SAFF Championship
- WAFF Championship
- "About AFF". aseanfootball.org.
- "Suzuki drives Asean Football Championship to new heights". Singapore: ASEAN Football Federation. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "New format confirmed for AFF Suzuki Cup". Football Channel Asia. 14 March 2016. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.