AFI Life Achievement Award
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|AFI Life Achievement Award|
|Awarded for||Honoring an individual whose career in motion pictures or television has greatly contributed to the enrichment of American culture.|
|Presented by||American Film Institute|
The AFI Life Achievement Award was established by the board of directors of the American Film Institute on February 26, 1973, to honor a single individual for his or her lifetime contribution to enriching American culture through motion pictures and television. The recipient is selected and honored at a ceremony annually, with the award presented by a master of ceremonies and recently, the prior year's recipient, who usually gives a brief synopsis of the awarded individual and career background including highlights and achievements.
The trustees initially specified that the recipient must be one who fundamentally advanced the art of film and whose achievements had been acknowledged by the general public as well as by film scholars and critics and the individual's peers. The trustees also specified that the work of the recipient must have withstood the test of time.
History of the award
Director John Ford was the unanimous choice of the board of trustees for the first award as he "clearly stands preeminent in the history of motion pictures."
Oldest and youngest recipients
Lillian Gish, nicknamed The First Lady of American Cinema was an screen and stage actress, director and writer who had started her career in 1912 during the silent film period and was best known for her starring role in D.W. Griffith seminal piece The Birth of a Nation in 1915, was the oldest recipient of the AFI Lifetime Achievement Award, when in 1984, was honoured at the age of 90, she retired three years later in 1987 with her final film The Whales of August, starring opposite Bette Davis after a career spanning some 75 years and died in 1993 aged 99.
Mel Brooks, a film producer, director, actor, writer, comedian and composer is the oldest male recipient receiving the honour in 2013, aged 86
The youngest female was Meryl Streep in 2004 aged 54.
All Life Achievement Award ceremonies have been televised on major TV networks and cable channels: CBS, NBC, ABC, Fox, USA, TV Land, TNT and TBS. Agreeing to appear at the televised ceremony apparently is part of the AFI's criteria for selecting the award. The televised ceremony generates income for the AFI, which is no longer funded by the US government.
Out of the 48 honourees only ten have been women: Bette Davis, Lillian Gish, Barbara Stanwyck, Elizabeth Taylor, Barbra Streisand, Meryl Streep, Shirley MacLaine, Jane Fonda, Diane Keaton and Julie Andrews.
The American Film Institute has awarded the AFI Life Achievement Award to one person each year since 1973. The 48th Award will be presented to Julie Andrews in Los Angeles. The event was originally scheduled for April 25th, 2020, with a broadcast on May 7 on TNT, but the event was postponed for 2021, due to concerns of 'the rapidly evolving nature of current events' regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. This marks the first time an AFI Life Achievement Award event was delayed.
|#||Year||Honoree||image||Age||Date of Ceremony||Network||Award Presenter/Host|
|1||1973||John Ford||79||March 31, 1973||CBS||Danny Kaye (host)|
|2||1974||James Cagney||74||March 31, 1974||CBS||Frank Sinatra (host)|
|3||1975||Orson Welles||59||February 9, 1975||CBS||Frank Sinatra (host)|
|4||1976||William Wyler||73||March 9, 1976||CBS||Gregory Peck (host)|
|5||1977||Bette Davis||68||March 1, 1977||CBS||Jane Fonda (host)|
|6||1978||Henry Fonda||72||March 15, 1978||CBS||N/A|
|7||1979||Alfred Hitchcock||79||March 7, 1979||CBS||Ingrid Bergman (host)|
|8||1980||James Stewart||71||March 16, 1980||CBS||Henry Fonda (host)|
|9||1981||Fred Astaire||81||April 10, 1981||CBS||David Niven (host)|
|10||1982||Frank Capra||84||March 4, 1982||CBS||James Stewart (host)|
|11||1983||John Huston||76||March 3, 1983||CBS||Lauren Bacall (host)|
|12||1984||Lillian Gish||90||March 1, 1984||CBS||Douglas Fairbanks Jr. (host)|
|13||1985||Gene Kelly||72||March 7, 1985||CBS||Shirley MacLaine (host)|
|14||1986||Billy Wilder||79||March 6, 1986||NBC||Jack Lemmon (host)|
|15||1987||Barbara Stanwyck||79||April 9, 1987||ABC||Jane Fonda (host)|
|16||1988||Jack Lemmon||63||March 10, 1988||CBS||Julie Andrews (host)|
|17||1989||Gregory Peck||72||March 9, 1989||NBC||Audrey Hepburn (host)|
|18||1990||David Lean||82||March 8, 1990||ABC||Gregory Peck (host)|
|19||1991||Kirk Douglas||74||March 7, 1991||CBS||Michael Douglas (host)|
|20||1992||Sidney Poitier||65||March 12, 1992||NBC||Harry Belafonte (host)|
|21||1993||Elizabeth Taylor||61||March 11, 1993||ABC||Carol Burnett (host)|
|22||1994||Jack Nicholson||56||March 3, 1994||CBS||Mike Nichols|
|23||1995||Steven Spielberg||48||March 2, 1995||NBC||Sidney Sheinberg|
|24||1996||Clint Eastwood||65||February 29, 1996||ABC||Steven Spielberg|
|25||1997||Martin Scorsese||54||February 20, 1997||CBS||Gregory Peck|
|26||1998||Robert Wise||83||February 19, 1998||NBC||Jack Lemmon|
|27||1999||Dustin Hoffman||61||February 18, 1999||ABC||Jack Nicholson|
|28||2000||Harrison Ford||57||February 17, 2000||CBS||George Lucas & Steven Spielberg|
|29||2001||Barbra Streisand||58||February 22, 2001||Fox||Sidney Poitier|
|30||2002||Tom Hanks||46||June 24, 2002||USA Network||Steven Spielberg|
|31||2003||Robert De Niro||59||June 12, 2003||USA Network||Martin Scorsese|
|32||2004||Meryl Streep||54||June 21, 2004||USA Network||Mike Nichols|
|33||2005||George Lucas||61||June 9, 2005||USA Network||Steven Spielberg|
|34||2006||Sean Connery||75||June 8, 2006||USA Network||Harrison Ford|
|35||2007||Al Pacino||67||June 7, 2007||USA Network||Sean Penn|
|36||2008||Warren Beatty||71||June 12, 2008||USA Network||Al Pacino|
|37||2009||Michael Douglas||64||June 11, 2009||TV Land||Jack Nicholson|
|38||2010||Mike Nichols||78||June 10, 2010||TV Land||Meryl Streep|
|39||2011||Morgan Freeman||74||June 9, 2011||TV Land||Clint Eastwood|
|40||2012||Shirley MacLaine||78||June 7, 2012||TV Land||Meryl Streep|
|41||2013||Mel Brooks||86||June 15, 2013||TNT||Martin Scorsese|
|42||2014||Jane Fonda||76||June 13, 2014||TNT||Michael Douglas|
|43||2015||Steve Martin||69||June 4, 2015||TBS||Mel Brooks|
|44||2016||John Williams||84||June 9, 2016||TNT||Steven Spielberg|
|45||2017||Diane Keaton||71||June 8, 2017||TNT||Woody Allen|
|46||2018||George Clooney||57||June 7, 2018||TNT||Shirley MacLaine|
|47||2019||Denzel Washington||64||June 6, 2019||TNT||Spike Lee|
- "History of AFI". AFI.com. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on April 30, 2011. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- "The AFI Life Achievement Awards". American Film Institute. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- "Julie Andrews to Receive 48th AFI Life Achievement Award | American Film Institute". Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "AFI Tribute to Julie Andrews Postponed". American Film Institute. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- AFI Achievement
- "AFI Postpones Life Achievement Award Gala in Wake of Coronavirus". Variety. Retrieved May 22, 2020.