All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi
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Official seal of AIIMS Delhi
|Motto||Sanskrit: शरीरमाद्यं खलु धर्मसाधनम्
Sharīramādyam khalu dharmasādhanam
(from the Kumārasambhava of Kālidāsa, [5.33])
Motto in English
|"The body is indeed the primary instrument of dharma."|
|Endowment||₹11.24 billion (US$170 million) per annum|
|President||Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Government of India|
|840 (about 105 posts vacant)|
|Undergraduates||100 (MBBS) +19 (B.optometry) +10 (Hons. in Radiography/Radiodiagnosis)|
|Location||New Delhi, Delhi, India
|Nickname||Heaven of Medical Studies|
|Affiliations||Not required (The degrees approved by Academic Committee of AIIMS are recognised. AIIMS has been given power to recognise its own degrees by the act of Parliament. )|
All India Institute of Medical Sciences Delhi (AIIMS Delhi; IAST: Akhil Bhāratiya Āyurvignan Samsthān Dillī) is a medical college and medical research public university based in New Delhi, India. The Institute was established in 1956 and operates autonomously under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- 1 Location
- 2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act,1956
- 3 History
- 4 Rankings
- 5 Academics
- 6 Medical facilities
- 7 Admissions
- 8 Medical services
- 9 Residential facilities
- 10 Undergraduate student life and academics
- 11 Achievements
- 12 Controversies
- 13 Reservation policy for OBC and related controversies
- 14 Directors of AIIMS Delhi
- 15 Notable faculty and alumni
- 16 Recipients of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for medical research
- 17 See also
- 18 References
- 19 External links
AIIMS is located in Ansari Nagar in Delhi. It is adjacent to the South Extension-II market, and lies on the south-eastern quadrant of Aurbindo Marg and Inner Ring Road crossing. Across AIIMS is Safdarjung Hospital and associated Vardhman Mahavir Medical College (of Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University). Also, adjacently lies the headquarters of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the body that coordinates and funds medical research in India. In vicinity, also lies National Medical Library, run by the Directorate-General of Health Services (DGHS) of the Government of India. It has a vast collection of scientific and medical journals that can be accessed by researchers. Farthest along the stretch is the NAMS house.
The second campus of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS-II), spread over 330 acres (1.335 square kilometres) of land was visualised during period of Prof. Tirath Das Dogra as Director AIIMS Delhi and Anbumani Ramadoss (President, AIIMS), Minister of Health and Family welfare union of India in 2009 at Badhsa village in Haryana's Jhajjar district. AIIMS-II was thought to be developed as the largest medical Education centre for super-specialities in the world. Its beginning was launched on 30 May 2012 It is being built at a cost of ₹10 billion (US$160 million). Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad inaugurated Outreach OPD of AIIMS on 24 November 2012. Government is also planning to open National Cancer Institute within the campus of AIIMS Jhajjar.
All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act,1956
AIIMS Delhi is governed by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Act,1956.
AIIMS was established in New Delhi after former Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru's initial proposal to set up the institute in Calcutta was turned down by the then Chief Minister of West Bengal Bidhan Chandra Roy. It was the vision of Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the first Health Minister of India, to establish an institute of such nature in India.
|University and college rankings|
|General – India|
|Medical - India|
AIIMS Delhi was ranked first among medical colleges in India in 2017 by India Today, Outlook India and Careers360. It was also ranked 8th overall by Careers360's "Top Universities in India 2017".
As per section 23.1 of AIIMS Act, all Medical, Dental, Nursing and other degrees approved by Academic Committee of the Institute are recognised by respective councils and acts. The courses offered by the institute are:
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) (annual intake of 107 students)
- Bachelor of Optometry (B. Optom) (annual intake of 19 students)
- Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in Radiography/Radiodiagnosis (annual intake of 9+1*students)
- MD/MS (annual intake of around 217–220 students in 24 disciplines)
- MD in Hospital Administration
- DM/Magister Chirurgiae|M.Ch. (in 12 and 5 disciplines respectively)
- Master of Dental Surgery M.D.S. in four specialties: Orthodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Master of Health Administration (M.H.A).
- Bachelor of Science in Human Biology#BSc (Honours) Human Biology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (1980–2002)|BSc (Hons.) Human Biology (1980–2002; now discontinued)
- Bachelor of Science (Hons.) in Radiography/Radio-diagnosis (annual intake of 9+1*students)
- BSc (Hons.) in Nursing (annual intake of 77 students in BSc Nursing)
- BSc in Nursing (post-certificate)
- MSc in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Pharmacology and Physiology
- MSc in Urology Technology, Perfusion Technology & Nuclear Medicine
- MSc in Nursing
- Master of Biotechnology
- PhD in 47 disciplines
- Anti Retroviral Treatment (ART) for HIV & AIDS treatment
- Biomedical Engineering
- Cardiology for cardiac and heart related treatments
- Centre for Community Medicine
- College of Nursing
- Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
- Dermatology and Venereology
- Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes
- Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
- Finance Division
- Geriatric Medicine
- Gastroenterology and Human Nutrition
- Gastrointestinal Surgery
- Hospital Administration
- Laboratory Medicine
- Nuclear Medicine
- Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Pediatric Dentistry
- Paediatric Surgery
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
- Prosthodontics and Maxillofacial Prosthetics
- Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders
- Radio Diagnosis
- Reproductive Biology
- Surgical Disciplines
- Transplant Immunology and Immunogenetics
- Transfusion Medicine (Blood Bank)
Until 2016, AIIMS accepted 72 Indian students, of whom 37 belong to general category, 19 belong to Other Backward Classes (OBC), 11 belong to Scheduled Castes (S.C.) and 5 belong to Scheduled Tribes (S.T.) based on the results of an all-India entrance examination for its undergraduate M.B.B.S program. The number of students who take the entrance exam every year varies from 80,000 to 100,000. The acceptance rate for admission to the undergraduate course (medical school) is thus 72/90000 i.e. 0.08%. Five international students (nominated by Government of India from SAARC nations) complete the class size of 77.
From 2017, 107 students would be accepted (seven of whom will be foreign students). AIIMS also specialises in paramedical and basic science training for its undergraduates. AIIMS is one of the few institutions where the faculty-student ratio is much better than the norm.
Bachelor of Optometry
This course is of 4 year (3 year academic and 1-year internship) duration, and is aimed at enabling the students to achieve general understanding of Human Biology and in-depth knowledge of medical science related to basic ophthalmic science, viz., ocular anatomy, ocular physiology, ocular Biochemistry, ocular pathology, ocular microbiology and ocular pharmacology, as well as clinical ophthalmology, viz., physiological optics, orthoptics, investigative ophthalmology, low vision aids, and contact lenses. The objectives of the course are:
- To enable candidates to work in hospitals, clinics and community, in order to help in the execution of integrated approach of promotive, preventive, diagnostic, curative and rehabilitative aspects of ophthalmic care
- To carry out refraction of normal as well as low vision patients and prescribe glasses of appropriate power and other parameters (coatings, tints, refractive index, asphericity, design)
- To assess contact lens patients and fit contact lens in various conditions, such askeratoconus, aphakia, corneal scarring
- To carry out various ophthalmic investigations, such as perimetry, tonometry, biometry, O.C.T.
- To be able to diagnose ocular disorders and management of certain ocular disorder, i.e. catract, glaucoma
- To be able to assess disorders of ocular motility and monocular and binocular visual functions, give orthoptic and pleoptic exercises
The teaching exercises include lectures, seminars, demonstrations and postings in OPDs, operation theatres, mobile eye camps and various investigative labs. Admission to this course is done yearly and about 19 students are admitted.
Admission based on the results of an all-India entrance examination conduct by AIIMS itself for its undergraduate Optometry program. The number of students who take the entrance exam every year varies from 30,000 to 50,000. The acceptance rate for admission to the undergraduate course is thus 19/40000, i.e. 0.04%.
There are about forty-two specialty post-graduate courses conducted at AIIMS. The entry is through a nationwide competitive examination, AIIMS PG held every six months. Each year nearly 50 thousand medical graduates and 25 thousand dental graduates across the country compete for the limited number of positions, approximately <1% of the candidates are admitted through the process, making it one of the most difficult tests. These courses are highly coveted by the medical graduates across the country because of the institution's excellent medical services, exposure to unusual and referred cases and excellent opportunities for research. The Institute announced that the test would be conducted in both online and paper-and-pen modes from May 2013 onwards. The AIIMS PG 2017 was scheduled to be held on 13 Nov 2016.
Integrating clinics and research
AIIMS was originally built as a superspecialty tertiary care (refers to India's three-tier health system with primary clinics, which refer cases to secondary district level hospitals, which in turn refer cases to regional tertiary hospitals) centre with primary emphasis on research and specialised training facilities. MBBS is the basic medical course, the same as medical school. This is followed by specialisation in general surgery, general internal medicine, pediatrics and other fields. Superspecialties are those healthcare fields whose practitioners need specialised certification after completing their postgraduations, examples being cardiothoracic and vascular surgery, rheumatology, neurology, and pediatric neurology. There are at least 45 superspecialties at AIIMS. Having clinical superspecialties in the same campus as its major research facilities makes AIIMS optimally suited for nurturing best quality translational research, which can translate into clinically useful end products in India.
AIIMS publishes The National Medical Journal of India, among India's most prestigious clinical journals. Its impact factor is the highest among Indian journals after the Indian Journal of Medical Research (published by the Indian Council of Medical Research). Apart from this, several journals in medical sciences are edited by AIIMS faculty.
As per the AIIMS Citizen's Charter, doctors and staff at AIIMS strive to provide comprehensive, high quality tertiary care services including specialty and super-specialty services to all without consideration of caste, creed, religion, sex, economic status or disability. However, there may be some deficiencies due to extreme patient load and finite resources. Acquiring newer equipment for investigation, research and patient care is expedited as it is not constrained by funds. From December 2011, the Institute stopped 36 key diagnostic tests due to controversy over the source of funding of these tests.
Specialty centres at AIIMS
There is a separate cardiothoracic and neurosciences centre (CNC) offering superspecialty level patient care, training and research in the respective fields.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences is a 300-bed ophthalmic (eyes) specialty centre designated as the apex eye referral centre for India, and is the WHO collaborating centre for ophthalmic programs.
Dr. BR Ambedkar Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital specialises in treatment of cancer and hosts departments viz. surgical, medical and radiation oncology.
Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre is India's first full-fledged centre to treat victims of trauma. It is located about 1 km west of the main campus.
CDER, the Centre for Dental Education and Research, located adjacent to the Hostels, is AIIMS' newest specialty centre. The centre has been recently designated as WHO COLLABORATING CENTRE for Oral Health Promotion for a term of four years. The Govt of India, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has designated this Centre as National Centre for Excellence for implementation of National Oral Health Programme in the country. This centre provides technical support on Oral Health to the Govt and WHO. Despite having very few faculty members, this centre has been giving best research output per person in the whole country.
AIIMS also runs the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre at Ghaziabad, one of Delhi's suburbs which is a WHO collaborating centre on substance abuse.
The Centre for Community Medicine at AIIMS maintains a teaching and treatment facility at Ballabgarh, which is a periurban area outside Delhi, it also provides comprehensive services to 84000 population. Faculty members from AIIMS are posted there by rotation.
AIIMS is a residential university where the faculty members, staff and students live on either the main campus or one of the several campuses which form a part of the institution. There are six hostels for male undergraduate students (Hostels No.1-6) and a single hostel available for female undergraduate students (Hostel 10). These seven hostels together can accommodate 400 students. For post-graduate students, there are two hostels available for male students and married couples (Hostels No.7-8) and a single hostel for the women students (Hostel No.9). Additional hostels for nursing students and post-graduate students are available at a facility in the Masjid Moth area, situated near the main AIIMS campus. Hostels for MBBS, MD, and nursing students are also located at Ballabgarh, Dayalpur and Chainsa used during Ballabgarh posting.
Undergraduate student life and academics
Life in AIIMS is a unique experience. Attendance was not made compulsory until a few years ago, with students being given full liberty to organize their own study patterns. In comparison to other medical colleges, the students enjoy a greater degree of autonomy academically and in extra-curricular programs, as well as several liberties in their hostels. The student culture at AIIMS places a greater emphasis on participating in research activities, under the professors at AIIMS or elsewhere, from undergraduate years.
The limitation of class size to just 73 (MBBS) +10 (MTR) +19 (OPH) per year ensures a close-knit student community of about 400 people. The student body is predominantly male, with men forming approximately 80% of every batch. This is in contrast to the situation with most other medical colleges, where women are represented in larger numbers. Hostel life centers on the Quadrangle in the gents' hostel, where most students can be seen lounging or playing basketball and soccer.
AIIMS has a cosmopolitan student body, owing to its location in the national capital, as well as its countrywide reputation. Students from Malaysia, Indonesia, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Mauritius and other nations add some of their own flavour. Exchange students from several Indian and international medical schools also mix with the existing crowd. The cosmopolitan crowd enables hearty celebration of a variety of Indian cultural festivities. The students are represented by the AIIMS Students' Union, headed by an executive committee that is elected every year from students of 6th semester.
Students of AIIMS involve themselves in extra-academic movements, including Pulse, the annual inter-college festival hosted by AIIMS. Pulse is easily India's largest medical fest, with daily attendance ranging from 15000 to 45000. The students annually host Infest, a scaled down version of Pulse with only internal participation, a unique chance for the students to organize and themselves participate in the activities otherwise conducted in Pulse. The students' body frequently hosts literary games, dance classes and arranges coaching for sports.
A large, well-equipped students' gym, swimming pool and courts for tennis, basketball, volleyball, squash and soccer provide ample recreational opportunities. The hostel also houses a library.
- AIIMS is the first Indian center to perform a successful cardiac transplant. The surgery was performed by P Venugopal, the ex director of AIIMS in 1994.
- AIIMS is a leader in Stem Cell therapy, especially Cardiac and Neurological.
- AIIMS has India's first and only minimally invasive surgery training centre, under collaboration with Germany.
- It is a pioneer of robotic surgeries in India, particularly the Da Vinci system for urology, and robotic CTVS.
- The first in-vitro fertilisation facility in the public sector set up at the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences in February 2008.
- The Centre for Dental Education and Research at AIIMS has been designated as the only WHO CC in South East Asia region. There are a total 15 such centres in the world. It is also designated as National Centre of Excellence for Implementation of National Oral Health Programme in the country
- First to develop DNA profiling Lab in a Medical College (1990) & Medical Toxicology Lab in a Medical college (1986).
Prior to Supreme court judgment of 25 August 2001 and changes in institutional quota, AIIMS was criticised for the way 33% of Post Graduation Seats were reserved for those who complete their MBBS in AIIMS. This has been rectified and now admissions to the post-graduate courses at AIIMS are much sought after from medical graduates throughout the country. There is now a curtain on the controversy for the present, since the Supreme Court judgment has in effect clearly defined the administrative intricacies and application of rules.[clarification needed]
The honourable Supreme Court of India, stated that reserving 33 per cent seats for institutional candidates was in effect 100 per cent reservation for subjects, which was declared ultra vires the Constitution, and, hence, was struck down.
The quota has been quashed by the Supreme Court as per its Judgment in the year 2001.
Anbumoni Ramadoss was prime supporter of the new reservation policy that mandated 27% of seats to so-called "Other Backward Classes (OBC)" in all central government institutions. He ensured that P. Venugopal, an eminent heart surgeon and head of AIIMS, be removed in favor of T. D. Dogra. The conflict between P. Venugopal and Anbumani Ramadoss started as a personality conflict, later politicised as a conflict on reservation issue. P. Venugopal was reinstated by supreme court for an interim period of one month before his retirement. AIIMS students joined in the nationwide protests in May 2006. During the strike all medical services were suspended, but parallel OPDs were initiated after the strike had been going on for some time. The strike continued till 31 May when the doctors called off their strike after a Supreme Court of India decision.
2006 controversy over AIIMS' autonomy
AIIMS doctors again went on a flash strike in June–July 2006 over the issue of increasing political interference in the institution by the Union Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss. The doctors decided to go on strike following the controversial sacking of P. Venugopal, the former director of AIIMS and appointing Prof. T D Dogra the senior most professor as Director. Venugopal challenged his sacking in the courts, and the strike ended following the Delhi High Court's 7 July 2006 decision staying Venugopal's sacking . However, Ramadoss filed an appeal the same day in the Supreme Court of India against the stay of the removal of the AIIMS Director. On 25 July, the government offered to withdraw its order sacking Venugopal but would bring charges against him before a single-bench court. During this controversy, lack of treatment caused the death of some AIIMS patients.
Directors of AIIMS Delhi
- (Late) Bhalchandra Babaji Dikshit, Padma Bhushan, first and founder Director AIIMS Delhi (1956–64)
- (Late) K. L. Wig (1964–69), first Dean of the Faculty and Padma Vibhushan
- (Late) V. Ramalingaswami Padma Vibhushan (1969-1979), first Director-General of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
- (Late) L. P. Agarwal (1979–80)
- (Late) H. D. Tandon (1980-1984)
- S. Bhargava (1984-1990)
- S. Kakkar (1990-1995)
- L. M. Nath (1995-1996)
- (Late) L. K. Bhutani (1996)
- P. K. Dave (1996-2003)
- P. Venugopal (2003-2007) and interim period of 45 days on court order in summer vacation (May–June 2008), Padma Bhushan. Apart from being one of the longest-serving doctors at the institute, he is also credited with being the first Indian to perform a heart transplant.
- Tirath Das Dogra (2007-2009), a renowned forensic expert of India
- Ramesh C. Deka (2009-2013)
- M. C. Misra (2013-2017)
- Randeep Guleria (2017–present)
Notable faculty and alumni
||This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (March 2015)|
- Abul K Abbas, Distinguished Professor in Pathology and Chair, Department of Pathology at University of California San Francisco.
- Ramesh Bijlani, eminent physiologist and yoga teacher who has received many awards for his contribution towards physiology, yoga and nutrition. His book Our Body: A Wonderful Machine (1986) was the best selling title published by the National Book Trust for the decade 1995–2005.
- Vipin Buckshey (Padma Shri), optometrist and contact lens specialist; Optometrist to Excellency Honorable President of the Republic of India
- Deepak Chopra, popular spiritual guru
- Sanjiv Chopra, Dean of CME, Harvard Medical School
- T D Dogra, renowned forensic pathologist of India
- Randeep Guleria, physician to the ex-Prime Minister of India(Dr Manmohan Singh), noted pulmonologist
- Ashok Kumar Hemal, urologist and Padma Shri recipient
- Alka Kriplani, padmashri
- Atul Kumar, Padmashri, ophthalmologist to the ex-PM (Manmohan Singh), Chief RP Centre, pioneer in vitreo-retinal surgery
- Vinay Kumar, Chairof Pathology Dept., Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago; Editor of Robbins' Pathology, 7th edition
- Autar Singh Paintal, internationally renowned physiologist
- Jitendra Nath Pande, Senior Consultant, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science & Research and former Professor & Head of Dept. of Medicine, AIIMS, New Delhi
- B. N. B. Rao, Professor and Head of the department of Surgery (1964–72), Padma Shri recipient
- K. Srinath Reddy, Padma Bhushan, Head of Public Health Foundation of India, Head of the Prime Minister of India's Medical Team
- Sanduk Ruit, developed a small-incision cataract surgery enabling thousands of cataract patients of Nepal and other countries to regain their sight; awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award 2006 and Thailand's Prince Mahidol Award 2007
- Tej P. Singh, distinguished biotechnology research professor, AIIMS
- A. S. Soin, pioneer of liver transplants in India; has done more than 1000 liver transplants, which is the second highest in the world
- S Srikanta, MD (AIIMS), [PhD], FEDM, FACE; Medical Director and Senior Consultant on Endocrinology Diabetes at the Samatvam Endocrinology Diabetes Center
Recipients of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for medical research
Several present and former faculty members from AIIMS have won the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology. Given by the CSIR, they are among India's most prestigious research awards.
- B. K. Anand, physiologist
- Maharaj Kishan Bhan, pediatrician, worked on diarrhoea
- Turaga Desiraju, neurophysiologist
- Ravinder Goswami, endocrinologist
- Satish K. Gupta, immunologist
- Santosh G. Honavar, ocular oncologist
- T. C. Anand Kumar, reproductive biologist and the creator of the first scientifically documented test tube baby
- Anil Kumar Mandal, ophthalmologist
- Narinder Kumar Mehra, immunologist
- Nuggehalli Raghuveer Moudgal, endocrinologist
- Indira Nath, founder head of Biotechnology Department in AIIMS
- Subrat Kumar Panda, virologist
- V. Ramalingaswami, pathologist
- Pradeep Seth, microbiologist, developed HIV vaccine
- Y. D. Sharma, molecular biologist
- Janak Raj Talwar, cardiovascular surgeon
- Shashi Wadhwa, neuroscientist
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences
- All India Institute of Speech and Hearing
- All India Institute of Ayurveda, Delhi
- PGIMER Chandigarh
- SGPGIMS Lucknow
- CMC Vellore
- List of medical colleges in India
- Harbin Medical University
- University of Alabama School of Medicine
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