AISA I-115

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I-115
I-115.JPG
Role Basic trainer
National origin Spain
Manufacturer AISA (Aeronáutica Industrial S.A.)
First flight 20 June 1952
Introduction 1956
Retired 1976
Primary user Spanish Air Force
Number built c.200
Developed from AISA I-11

The AISA I-115 is a low-wing single-engined military primary trainer with tandem seating, which went into service with the Spanish Air Force in 1956. After retirement in 1976 many were sold to civil operators.

Development[edit]

The AISA I-115 was a military development of the single-engined civil side-by-side seat I-11 which first flew in 1951. This aircraft was designed by Iberavia but built by AISA; later, Iberavia were taken over by AISA. The I-115 inherited the tail wheel undercarriage of the production version of the I-11, the I-11B, but was a longer machine because the Spanish Air Force wanted tandem seating for its trainers, had a slightly greater span and was considerably heavier. These changes called for more power, so the I-115 used a 112 kW (150 hp) ENMA Tigre inverted in-line engine.[1]

Like the I-11 the I-115[1] had an all wood structure and most surfaces were plywood covered apart from fabric covered ailerons and flaps. The low, tapered, straight edged and square tipped wings had two spars and stressed plywood skin. Wing dihedral was 6°. The ailerons were differentially operated and drooped when the slotted flaps were lowered. The vertical stabiliser was almost rectangular and carried a balanced rudder. The horizontal tail surfaces were more tapered, the elevators balanced and carrying trim tabs. The fuselage was a wooden monocoque. The tandem cockpits were enclosed with a long, glazed cover with independent sliding sections for both instructor and pupil.[1] Dual controls and instrumentation included[2] provision for blind flying. The undercarriage was fixed and unfaired, each mainwheel carried on a single exposed leg. The mainwheels had brakes and the tailwheel was steerable.[1]

The first prototype flew on 20 June 1952.[1]

Operational history[edit]

AISA I-115 EC-DDN painted in Spanish Air Force markings
An AISA I-115 at Cuatro Vientos airport

About 200[3] I-115s were delivered to the Spanish airforce, 150[1] by the Spring of 1956; at that time there was an order for another 150. They were initially known as the type EE.6, EE being Escuela Elemental or Primary Training, but when this category was dropped the I-115 became the E.9 (E for - Entrenamiento or Trainer).[4] The E.9 was in service from 1956 to 1976. Despite the long service, there was criticism of its spinning behaviour and its weight: apparently the unofficial nickname Garrapata or Tick was meant to describe the E.9's reluctance to leave its host, the ground.[3] Most E.9s were powered by the Tigre engine but some late models had the 145 hp de Havilland Gipsy Major engine and others a 190 hp Lycoming O-435-A.[2]

Many I-115s were sold to civilians at the end of their military service and in 2014 seven were still on the Spanish civil register.[5] Three of these were in museums but were active until at least 2009.[6]


Specifications[edit]

Data from Bridgman 1956, p. 211

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.35 m (24 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.54 m (31 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.10 m (6 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 14.0 m2 (150.6 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 612 kg (1,346 lb)
  • Gross weight: 900 kg (1,980 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × ENMA Tigre G-IV-B four-cylinder inverted air-cooled, 112 kW (150 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 240 km/h (149 mph)
  • Cruising speed: 204 km/h (127 mph)
  • Endurance: at 70% power 3 hours  30 min
  • Service ceiling: (service) 4,400 m (14,430 ft)
  • Rate of climb: (initial) 3.75 m/s (686 ft/min)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bridgman, Leonard (1956). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1956-57. London: Jane's All the World's Aircraft Publishing Co. Ltd. 
  • Simpson, Leonard (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-115-3. 
  • Partington, Dave (2014). European registers handbook 2014. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 978-0-85130-465-6. </ref>
  • Ogden, Bob (2009). Aviation Museums and Collections of Mainland Europe. Air Britain (Historians) Ltd. ISBN 978 0 85130 418 2.