The AK-103 assault rifle
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||See Users|
|Weight||3.4 kg (7.5 lb) empty
3.6 kg (7.9 lb) with empty magazine
|Length||943 mm (37.1 in) stock extended / 705 mm (27.8 in) stock folded|
|Barrel length||415 mm (16.3 in)|
|Action||Gas operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||600 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||500–600 m (550–660 yd)|
|Feed system||30-round detachable box magazine|
|Sights||Iron sights, with a dove tail side rail for mounting optical and night sights|
The AK-103 assault rifle is a derivative of the AK-74M chambered for the 7.62×39mm M43 round, similar to the older AKM. The AK-103 can be fitted with a variety of sights, including night vision and telescopic sights, plus a knife-bayonet or a grenade launcher. It uses plastic components where possible instead of wood or metal.
Protective coatings ensure excellent corrosion resistance of metal parts. Forearm, magazine, butt stock and pistol grip are made of high strength plastic.
The current issue steel-reinforced matte true black nonreflective surface finished 7.62×39mm 30-round magazines, fabricated from ABS plastic weigh 0.25 kg (0.55 lb) empty. Early steel AK-47 magazines are 9.75 in (248 mm) long, and the later ribbed steel AKM and newer plastic 7.62×39mm magazines are about 1 in (25 mm) shorter.
The transition from steel to mainly plastic magazines yielded a significant weight reduction and allow a soldier to carry more rounds for the same weight.
|Rifle||Cartridge||Cartridge weight||Weight of empty magazine||Weight of loaded magazine||Max. 10.12 kg (22.3 lb) ammunition load*|
|AK-47 (1949)||7.62×39mm||16.3 g (252 gr)||Slab-sided steel
430 g (0.95 lb)
916 g (2.019 lb)
|11 magazines for 330 rounds
10.08 kg (22.2 lb)
|AKM (1959)||7.62×39mm||16.3 g (252 gr)||Ribbed stamped-steel
330 g (0.73 lb)
819 g (1.806 lb)
|12 magazines for 360 rounds
9.83 kg (21.7 lb)
|AK-103 (1994)||7.62×39mm||16.3 g (252 gr)||Steel-reinforced plastic
250 g (0.55 lb)
739 g (1.629 lb)
|13 magazines for 390 rounds
9.61 kg (21.2 lb)
Note: All, 7.62×39mm AK magazines are backwards compatible with older AK variants.
Note *: 10.12 kg (22.3 lb) is the maximum amount of ammo that the average soldier can comfortably carry. It also allows for best comparison of the three most common 7.62×39mm AK platform magazines.
Standard automatic version for the military market
This is a semiautomatic version for the police and civilian market
This version has a three-round burst feature (3) added in between full automatic (АВ) and the fully engaged semi automatic settings (ОД) and is version for police and civilian market
Has a mount for the 1PN58 night scope
Has a mount for the 1PN51 night scope
Carbine version of the AK-103.
- Ethiopia: The Gafat Armament Engineering Complex produces the AK-103 rifle in Ethiopia. Supplements the AKM and AK-47 in the Ethiopian Armed Forces. It's reported in 2014 that the deal didn't go through at all.
- India: Used by Naval Special Forces or MARCOS. The Russian arms company Izhmash is negotiating issuing a license to an Indian private arms manufacturer to produce the AK-103.
- Iran: Certain units of the Iranian Armed Forces are going to be equipped with the new weapons. The sale of an undisclosed number of AK-103s for use by sections of the Iranian special forces is being negotiated.
- Libya: Seen in the hands of anti-Gaddafi forces and loyalists in numerous photos. The rifles in use are the AK-103-2 version .
- Namibia: Used by Namibian Marine Corps
- Pakistan: Pakistan Armed Forces are planning to purchase large numbers of the AK-103 assault rifle.
- Russia: Used by various special police groups, special operations forces and civilians .
- Venezuela: Standard issue weapon of the Venezuelan Army . Made under license by CAVIM with initial licensing fee payments made in 2006 and the transfer of Russian-made AK-103s to Venezuela in 2008. CAVIM's AK-103 factories opened officially in 2012. CAVIM-made AK-103s were delivered to the Venezuelan Army in 2013.
- Saudi Arabia: Used by Airborne Units and Special Security Forces in the Royal Saudi Land Forces.
- "Presentation of the unique Kalashnikov small arms collection in the Moscow Kremlin Museum". Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 2015-04-11.
AK-103 – Kalashnikov assault rifle, caliber 7.62 mm. It is designed for the 7.62-mm cartridge of the 1943 model. This model was included in the inventory in 2001
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- Rifle Evaluation Study, United States Army, Combat Development Command, ADA046961, 20 Dec 1962
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- Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. p. 102. ISBN 0-425-21750-7.
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- Pradeep Thakur (2008-02-18). "Latest Kalashnikovs to be made in India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
- http://www.bbc.com/persian/iran/2016/08/160806_l12_iran_kalashnikov_rifle. Missing or empty
- 1149841 (2016-08-06). "Exclusive: Iran Imports AK-103 Rifles from Russia". Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- Bryan Chan; Luis Sinco (2011-03-04). "On the revolutionary road in Libya, Photo #4". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
- "Update II: AK-103 Exports to Libya". Security Scholar. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Defence Web. "Namibia receives Russian small arms". defenceweb.co.za. defenceweb. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Modern Firearms". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Russia to build 2 Kalashnikov factories in Venezuela by 2010 / Sputnik international". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- John Pike. "Defense Industry". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- Christopher Looft. "Venezuela Set to Mass Produce Kalashnikovs, Sniper Rifles". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "Cavim inicia entrega de fusiles de asalto Kalashnikov AK-103 a la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela". Infodefensa.com. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
- "How an AK-103 Works". allinallnews. November 3, 2015.
- "Saudi special forces operator in Yemen and armed with Russian AK 103". mighty_earth.
- Thomas Martienssen. "A rifle's journey from Belgium to Gaza". BBC. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
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