AKB48 Group

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AKB48 Group
Background information
OriginEast Asia
Japan (6, former: 1)
China (1, former: 1)
Taiwan (1)
South Asia
India (former: 2)
Southeast Asia
Indonesia (1)
Thailand (2)
Philippines (1)
Vietnam (1)
Genres
Years active2008–present
MembersCurrent groups
Past membersFormer groups

AKB48 Group (Japanese: AKB48グループ, Hepburn: AKB48 gurūpu), or AKB48 sister groups, shortened to 48 Group, 48g, refers to the sister groups of the Japanese idol girl group AKB48. Based on the same concept "idols you can meet", it currently consists of 5 sister groups in locations across Japan and 7 sister groups in major Asian cities overseas from Indonesia to India. The Japan-based sister groups not only release their own singles, but also perform on some of the AKB48 singles and events. They also send participants in the AKB48 annual events such as the AKB48 general election. The sister groups outside Japan release local-language versions of the AKB48 singles.[1][2] In their early development, they are often supported by temporary, concurrent members of AKB48, such as Jurina Matsui and Miyuki Watanabe.[3]

History[edit]

AKB48's first sister group, SKE48, was formed in 2008 with its theater in Sakae, Nagoya.[4][5] SDN48 ("Saturday Night"), NMB48[6] ("Namba") and HKT48[7] ("Hakata") were later formed. NGT48 was launched in 2015, and is located in Niigata.[8] STU48, the latest Japanese sister group, was announced during the AKB48 rock-paper-scissors tournament on October 10, 2016. It is based on the seven prefectures adjoining the coast of the Seto Inland Sea and they will have a theater on a ship.[9]

In 2011 AKB48's first sister group outside Japan, JKT48,[10] was announced; the group is based in Jakarta, Indonesia. JKT48 was followed by another overseas AKB48 sister group: SNH48,[11] based in Shanghai, China. On June 6, 2016, AKB48 announced it had suspended its partnership with SNH48 due to contract violations.[12] Following the statement, SNH48 declared that it had been completely independent from AKB48 from the beginning and SNH48 management had never made any form of partnership with AKB48.[13] On October 12, 2016, AKS established AKB48 China, based in Shanghai, and named its group AKB48 Team SH.[14]

The creation of the TPE48 was announced on October 10, 2011 in AKB48's official blog.[15] At that time, AKS cooperated with Yoshimoto Kogyo Taipei Branch and expected to start audition work in 2012. However, the two sides failed to reach a consensus in the preparation work, and thus they were discontinued after the second half of 2012. Three new overseas sister groups were announced in March 2016: BNK48, based in Bangkok, Thailand; MNL48, based in Manila, the Philippines and TPE48, based in Taipei, Taiwan.[16] On July 30, 2018, AKS canceled a joint venture and license agreement with TPE48's management and created AKB48 Team TP.[17] The formation of CGM48, named after and based in Chiang Mai, Thailand, as a domestic sister group of BNK48 was announced in Chiang Mai on 2 June 2019.[18]

On December 27, 2017, Yui Yokoyama, the general manager of AKB48 and former captain of Team A, announced the formation of MUM48, based in Mumbai, India, in 2018, through a Showroom live broadcast.[19] On June 19, 2019, MUB48, based on Mumbai replacing MUM48, and DEL48, based on Delhi, was announced.[20] In October 2020, most of the members have already opened their personal Instagram account leading to rumours about disbandment. Deepak Nandal, DEL48 producer, confirmed YKBK48 has closed DEL48 and will terminate the members’ contract at the end of October due to the Corona Virus.

On June 21, 2018, AKS announced the formation of SGO48, based in Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam.[21]

AKB48 Group also has their "official" rival group : the Sakamichi Series, produced by the same producer. The Sakamichi Series consists of 3 girl groups : Nogizaka46, as the main group and sister groups Sakurazaka46 and Hinatazaka46.

SNH48 Group is also known to be a big rival against AKB48 Group : after SNH48 created their sister groups BEJ48, GNZ48, SHY48, CKG48 and IDOLS Ft, the group got more recognition. Their single "Forest Theorem" was bought 200,000 times in just a few minutes.

Both franchises beat AKB48 Group.

Produce 48 and Iz*One[edit]

On June 15, 2018, the AKB48 groups participated in the Korean reality competition show Produce 48, which acted as the third season for the Mnet series Produce 101. The show brought in 96 girls to compete for a spot in a 12 member girl group that would promote in both Korea and Japan for two and a half years.[22] Of those 96 contestants, 57 were from Korean talent agencies while 39 were from AKB48 groups.[23][24]

On August 31, 2018, the show's final episode aired and the final contestants were chosen to debut in a new group named Iz*One. Among the 12 members chosen to debut were AKB48's Hitomi Honda, HKT48's Nako Yabuki and HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki. The group was an immediate success, as their debut showcase at the Olympic Hall was sold out in minutes.[25][26] Their first extended play COLOR*IZ was released on October 29, 2018 and sold over 34,000 units as reported by Hanteo Chart, setting a new record for the highest number of albums sold on the first day of a Korean girl group's debut release.[27][28][29] The music video for the lead single "La Vie en Rose" achieved more than 4.5 million views within 24 hours of its release on YouTube, making it the most-watched debut music video by a Korean act in 24 hours.[30][31] Since their debut, the group has earned multiple awards, including best rookie group of the year at the Mnet Asian Music Awards.[32]

The group was scheduled to release their first studio album on November 11.[33] However, the release was postponed due to the Mnet vote manipulation investigation.[34][35] Investigations revealed that the Produce 48 producer Ahn Joon-young had selected the twelve members of Iz*One from the top 20 just before the airing of the finale.[36] As a result, Iz*One's showcases, promotions, and several guest appearances were cancelled or put on hold,[37][38][39][40][41] which included the release of their concert film, Eyes on Me: The Movie,[42] and their Japanese promotions.[43][44] On January 6, 2020, the members' agencies and CJ ENM reached an agreement to resume the group's activities.[45][46]

Current groups[edit]

List of AKB48 groups based in Japan
Group name Band color Years active Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
AKB48 Pink 2005–present Team A, Team K, Team B, Team 4, Team 8, Kenkyuusei Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan The main group
SKE48 Orange 2008–present Team S, Team KII, Team E, Kenkyuusei Sakae, Nagoya, Japan First sister group
NMB48 Leopard Pattern 2010–present Promoted members, Kenkyuusei Namba, Osaka, Japan The only non-AKS-managed sister group
HKT48 Black 2011–present Team H, Team KIV, Team TII, Kenkyuusei Hakata, Fukuoka, Japan Has a non-permanent theater
NGT48 White – Red 2015–present 1st Generation, 2nd Generation, 3rd Draft, Kenkyuusei Niigata, Niigata, Japan Team Nlll and G disbanded and went to 1st Generation and 2nd Generation
STU48 Blue – White 2017–present 1st Generation, 3rd Draft, Kenkyuusei Setouchi Region, Japan Group performs on a ship
List of AKB48 groups based outside Japan
Group name Band color Years active Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
JKT48 Red 2011–present JKT48 Jakarta, Indonesia First overseas sister group
Team J, KIII and T Disbanded due to the COVID-19 pandemic
BNK48 Orchid 2017–present Team BIII, Team NV, Trainee Bangkok, Thailand Also has a sister group, CGM48
MNL48 Blue 2018–present Team MII, Team NIV, Team L, Trainee Manila, Philippines The only sister group that debuted with exactly 48 members
AKB48 Team SH Pink White 2018–present Team SH, Trainee Shanghai, China Replaced SNH48 in China
AKB48 Team TP Mango 2018–present Daisy, Bellflower, Sakura, Trainee Taipei, Taiwan Formerly TPE48
SGO48 Lotus 2018–present Trainee Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Vietnam FanDebut on December 22, 2018
CGM48 Mint 2019–present Team C, Trainee Chiang Mai, Thailand First domestic sister group of BNK48

Former groups[edit]

List of former AKB48 groups based in Japan
Group name Years active
with AKB48 Group
Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
SDN48 2009–2012 1st Generation, 2nd Generation (later 2nd+3rd Generation)[a] Akihabara, Tokyo, Japan Shows for fans age 18 and up.[47] Disbanded in 2012
List of former AKB48 groups based outside Japan
Group name Years active
with AKB48 Group
Teams
(if split)
Location Notes
SNH48 2013–2016 (with AKB48 Group) -present Team SII, Team NII, Team HII, Team X, Team LXS, Team XII, Team XII, Team FT, Trainee[b] Shanghai, China Declared independent from AKB48 in 2016, still active
DEL48 2019–2020 Trainee Delhi, India 1st generation members selected. Disbanded due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
MUB48 Pending debut (2019) N/A Mumbai, India Formerly MUM48.[19]

AKB48 Group timeline[edit]

AKB48 Group timeline

Distribution map[edit]

Geographic distribution of sister groups of AKB48 inside Japan
Geographic distribution of sister groups of AKB48 outside Japan

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For SDN48, the 3rd Generation members were combined with the 2nd Generation to form the "2nd+3rd Generation" stage team
  2. ^ For SNH48, the team listing also include teams and sister groups formed after the divestment from AKB48

References[edit]

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