The Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (Russian: Ассоциация художников революционной России, Assotsiatsia Khudozhnikov Revolutsionnoi Rossii, 1922-1928), later known as Association of Artists of the Revolution (Ассоциация художников революции, Assotsiatsia Khudozhnikov Revolutsii or AKhR, 1928-1932) was a group of artists in the Soviet Union in 1922-1933. Diverse members of the group gained favor as the legitimate bearers of the Communist ideas into the world of art, formulating framework for the Socialist Realism style.
Original founding members included Pavel Radimov (the last chairman of Peredvizhniki movement), Sergey Malyutin, Yevgeny Katzman, Pyotr Shukhmin and other realist painters, who already established themselves in artistic world before the Russian Revolution of 1917. The group formed within the Peredvizhniki movement, that held their last, 47th, public exhibition in 1922, and clearly placed itself in opposition to avant-garde art.
They claimed that their art style was meant to capture "revolutionary impulse of this great moment of history" without "insult[ing] the revolution in the eyes of the international proletariat."
Their first public statement as a new entity was a 1922 exhibition in Moscow; all proceeds were used for the relief of Russian famine of 1921. By 1928, the group sponsored 10 nationwide exhibitions with high publicity. Despite its revolutionary title, it successfully united artists of the "old school" like Abram Arkhipov, Aleksandr Makovsky, Nikolay Kasatkin, Konstantin Yuon and the younger ones like Sergei Gerasimov and Isaak Brodsky. In a decade, it grew up from 80 to over 300 members. Broad membership and dominance of mature artists born in the 1870s and 1880s helped in establishing AKhRR as a reliable institution, far from ultra-revolutionary rhetorics.
Their artwork had influenced capitalist art in England, originally brought by British communists during and after the Spanish Civil War, and eventually, after the Second World War, the fascination with Soviet aesthetics. The work had shifted advertising to portray the working class and the newly emerging middle class in their normal daily activities. With the Cold War, British critics began to be repulsed with the art as a socially inclusive medium, but its core aesthetic remained and spread globally.
Other groups in Soviet art of 1920s:
- Four Arts movement (Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Martiros Saryan etc.)
- OST (Alexander Deyneka)
- RABIS or Sorabis, the Trade Union of Art Workers
- Red cossacks
- "AKhRR Manifesto". Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. 2015-08-30. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
- "Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia". TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
- "Painting a new world: what happened to the radical potential of Soviet art?". www.newstatesman.com. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
- Bowlt, John E. (1988). Russian Art of the Avant-garde: Theory and Criticism 1904-1934. Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500610114.
- Tate. "AkhRR – Art Term". Tate. Retrieved 2019-04-29.
- LindeyTuesday, Christine; April 23; 2019 (2019-04-16). "An ongoing Soviet inspiration". Morning Star. Retrieved 2019-04-29.