Alabama's 2nd congressional district

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Coordinates: 31°38′38.5″N 86°2′41.72″W / 31.644028°N 86.0449222°W / 31.644028; -86.0449222

Alabama's 2nd congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Martha Roby (RMontgomery)
Area 10,608 sq mi (27,470 km2)
Distribution
Population (2015) 686,622[1]
Median income 32,460
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI R+16[2]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district is a United States congressional district in Alabama that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes most of the Montgomery metropolitan area, and stretches into the Wiregrass Region in the southeastern portion of the state. The district encompasses portions of Montgomery County and the entirety of Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Henry, Houston and Pike counties. Other cities in the district include Andalusia, Dothan, Greenville, and Troy.

The district is represented by Republican Martha Roby, a former Montgomery city councilwoman, who defeated Bobby Bright, the Democratic incumbent, in the November 2010 election.

Character[edit]

The population of the district is fairly evenly distributed with a large number of small-to-medium-sized cities spread throughout the district. The presence of Fort Rucker in Dale County and Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base in Montgomery County imbibes the district with a heavy military leaning. The district is home of Troy University, one of the largest providers of education to active military members in the country.

White voters here were among the first in Alabama to shift from the Democratic Party; the old-line Southern Democrats in this area began splitting their tickets as early as the 1950s. Today, the district is one of the most Republican districts in both Alabama and the nation. It has only supported a Democrat for president once since 1956, when Jimmy Carter carried it in 1976. In 2008, the district elected a Democrat to Congress for the first time since 1964, but it reverted to its Republican ways in 2010. At the state and local level, however, conservative Democrats continued to hold most offices as late as 2002.

White voters gave John McCain, the Republican candidate, 63.42% of the vote in 2008; Barack Obama, the Democratic candidate, received 36.05%, attracting voters beyond the substantial (and expected) African-American minority.

The district gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington; only six people have represented it since 1923.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2012 President Romney 63 - 36%
2008 President McCain 63 - 36%
2004 President Bush 67 - 33%
2000 President Bush 61 - 38%

List of representatives[edit]

Congress Representative Party Years Notes
District created March 4, 1823
18th John McKee.jpg John McKee Jacksonian D-R March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825
19th-20th Jacksonian March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
21st R E B Baylor.jpg Robert E. B. Baylor Jacksonian March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831
22nd No image.svg Samuel Wright Mardis Jacksonian March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1833 Redistricted to the 3rd district
23rd John McKinley.jpg John McKinley Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
24th Gov. Joshua L. Martin.jpg Joshua L. Martin Jacksonian March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837
25th Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
26th No image.svg David Hubbard Democratic March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
27th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th No image.svg James Edwin Belser Democratic March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845
29th-31st No image.svg Henry Washington Hilliard Whig March 4, 1845 – March 3, 1851
32nd-33rd No image.svg James Abercrombie Whig March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1855
34th-35th No image.svg Eli Sims Shorter Democratic March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1859
36th James Lawrence Pugh.jpg James L. Pugh Democratic March 4, 1859 – January 21, 1861 Withdrew
37th-39th 1861-1868 Civil War and Reconstruction
40th-42nd Hon. Charles W. Buckley, Ala - NARA - 526839.jpg Charles Waldron Buckley Republican July 21, 1868 – March 3, 1873
43rd James Rapier.jpg James T. Rapier Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
44th JNWilliams.jpg Jeremiah Norman Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877 Redistricted to the 3rd district
45th-52nd Hilary A. Herbert.jpg Hilary A. Herbert Democratic March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1893
53rd-56th No image.svg Jesse F. Stallings Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1901
57th-60th No image.svg Ariosto A. Wiley Democratic March 4, 1901 – June 17, 1908 Died
60th No image.svg Oliver C. Wiley Democratic November 3, 1908 – March 3, 1909
61st-66th No image.svg S. Hubert Dent, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1909 – March 3, 1921
67th-68th No image.svg John R. Tyson Democratic March 4, 1921 – March 27, 1923 Died
68th-75th Listerhill.jpg J. Lister Hill Democratic August 14, 1923- January 11, 1938 appointed to US Senate
75th-87th George M. Grant.jpg George M. Grant Democratic June 14, 1938 – January 3, 1963 Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th-103rd William Louis Dickinson.jpg William Louis Dickinson Republican January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1993
103rd-110th Terry Everett, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Terry Everett Republican January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2009
111th Bobby Bright official photo.JPG Bobby Bright Democratic January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
112th- current Martha roby 113 congressional portrait.jpg Martha Roby Republican January 3, 2011 -
present

Results[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Terry Everett 151,830 68.20%
Democratic Charles Wood 64,958 29.18%
Libertarian Wallace B. McGahan 4,111 1.85%
Independent Others 1,737 0.78%
Majority 86,872 39.02%
Total votes 222,636 100%
Republican hold


2004[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Terry Everett* 177,086 72%
Democratic Charles James 70,562 28%

2006[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Terry Everett* 124,302 70%
Democratic Charles James 54,450 30%
Majority 69,852 39%
Total votes 178,752 100%
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bobby Bright 144,368 50%
Republican Jay Love 142,578 50%
Majority 1,790 0.62%
Total votes 286,946 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Martha Roby 111,332 51%
Democratic Bobby Bright* 106,456 49%
Majority 4,876 2.2%
Total votes 217,788 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Martha Roby* 180,483 64%
Democratic Therese Ford 103,007 36%
Majority 77,476
Total votes 283,490 100%
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Martha Roby* 95,073 66%
Democratic Erick Wright 48,789 34%
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby* 134,886 49%
Democratic Nathan Mathis 112,089 41%
No party Write-ins 29,609 10%
Total votes 276,584 100%
Voter turnout  %
Republican hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 2nd congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was William Louis Dickinson (1965-1993) on March 31, 2008.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Terry Everett 1993–2009 (1937-02-15) February 15, 1937 (age 80)
Bobby Bright 2009–2011 (1952-07-21) July 21, 1952 (age 64)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 

External links[edit]