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|Developer||ALT Linux Ltd and ALT Linux Team|
|OS family||Linux (Unix-like)|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||March 25, 2001|
|Latest release||9.1 / July 29, 2020|
|Available in||Multilingual (but installation process in Russian by default - can edit the language at boot of livecd by changing ru_RU to en_US)|
|Update method||0.5 years per stabilization|
|Platforms||amd64 and i586|
|Default user interface||bash; KDE Plasma Desktop (in Desktop), Xfce (in Desktop Lite)|
|Official website||English home Russian home|
ALT Linux is a set of Russian RPM-based operating systems built on top of the Linux kernel and Sisyphus packages repository. ALT Linux has been developed collectively by ALT Linux Team developers community and ALT Linux Ltd.
ALT Linux Team arose from the merger of IPLabs Linux Team and the Linux community of the Institute of Logic, Cognitive Science and Development of Personality. The latter cooperated with Mandrake Linux and SUSE teams to improve localization (specifically Cyrillic), producing a Linux-Mandrake Russian Edition (RE).
Mandrake and Mandrake RE became different distributions and thus the decision was made to create a separate project. The name "ALT" was coined, which is a recursive acronym meaning "ALT Linux Team".
The split led to the creation of the Sisyphus package repository, which is an unstable branch of the ALT Linux development. In 2007, the Sisyphus repository won a prestigious CNews award in nomination for Information Security.
This section needs expansion with: descriptions of distribution variants. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)
|Version||Release date||End-of-life date||Kernel version|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1||2001-09-12||?||2.4.9|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.0||2002-04-17||?||2.4.18|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.2||2003-03-04||?||2.4.20|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.3||2004-03-25||?||2.4.22|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 2.4||2004-09-19||?||2.4.26|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 3.0||2005-12-08||?||2.6.12|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0||2007-08-27||?||2.6.18|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 4.1.1||2009-01-14||?||2.6.25|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0.0||2009-10-29||?||2.6.30|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 6.0.0||2011-08-30||?||3.0.3|
|Old version, no longer maintained: 7.0.0||2013-07-01||?||3.8.13|
|Older version, yet still maintained: 8.1||2016-11-24||?||4.4.34|
|Current stable version: 8.2||2017-12-31||?||4.9.72|
Linux-Mandrake 7.0 Russian Edition, released in the beginning of 2000, was the first de facto independent distribution of IPLabs Linux Team. It kept the name Mandrake with permission from Mandrake developers.
Spring 2001 was the second IPLabs Linux team release, released several months later.
ALT Linux 1.0
Since the summer of 2001, ALT Linux Team has been formed and the ALT Linux name has been established.
The first ALT Linux release was ALT Linux Junior 1.0, released in summer of 2001, followed by the updated ALT Linux Junior 1.1 in autumn of 2001.
Junior distributions were 1CD releases.
ALT Linux 2.*
ALT Linux Master 2.0, released in May 2002, was the 4CD all-purpose Linux distribution targeted for software developers and system administrators.
ALT Linux Junior 2.0 was released in summer of 2002, as a 1CD desktop/workstation-oriented release.
ALT Linux 3.0
ALT Linux Compact 3.0 was released during autumn 2005, and consisted of 1CD/1DVD installable versions along with LiveCD (TravelCD 3.0). There were several subsequent OEM updates counting up to 3.0.5.
ALT Linux 4.0
These series changed the official naming somewhat to be «ALT Linux 4.0 $flavour».
- Server was released in June 2007 (1CD+1DVD per platform; i586 and x86_64);
- Office Server quickly followed (1CD; i586 and x86_64);
- Desktop Personal in August 2007 (1DVD, LiveCD, Rescue CD; i586; KDE3);
- Lite in December 2007 (installation CD, live CD and 2CD with addons; i586; Xfce4);
- Terminal in December 2007 (joint release with Media Magic Ltd, 1DVD; i586; KDE3, low client RAM requirements).
There was also a more conservative «school 4.0 branch» maintained for the Russian schools pilot project, and several distributions specifically tailored for schools released using that as a base.
ALT Linux 4.1
- Desktop was released in October 2008 (1CD/1DVD; i586 and x86_64; KDE3);
- Children in December 2008 (LiveCD; i586);
- Skif in December 2008 (1CD; x86_64; HPC);
- School Server in February 2009 (1CD; i586).
ALT Linux 5.x
The 5.0 branch was canceled mainly due to stormy X.org conditions (and subsequently archived); 5.1 community branch was created along with p5 «conservative» branch later in 2009. Somewhat confusingly, distributions based on the p5/branch were numbered as ALT Linux 5.0:
- Ark (client+server suite, 1DVD+1CD per platform; i586 and x86_64);
- School Suite — mostly i586, also including docs, video lessons and free software for Windows (3DVD):
- Server (1DVD; i586 and x86_64);
- Terminal (1DVD; KDE3);
- Master (1DVD/flash; KDE4);
- Junior (1DVD/flash; GNOME2);
- Lite (2CD; Xfce4);
- New Lite (1CD/1DVD/flash; LXDE);
- KDesktop (1DVD; i586 and x86_64; KDE4);
- Simply Linux 5.0 (1CD/flash/LiveCD; i586; Xfce4).
Compact is a series of ALT Linux distributions tailored for beginner users. It is mostly used on workstations, home computers, and notebooks. It includes additional means for easy configuration, many office and multimedia applications, and some games. Compact was also a popular choice for OEM whitelabeling, i.e. creating a specific edition for various hardware vendors to bundle with their hardware.
ALT Linux Server is a hardened server single CD distribution. It is certified by Federal department of technical and expert control of Russia in the following categories:
- by the level of monitoring for non-declared features — level 4
- class of protection from unauthorized access to information — class 5
ALT Linux Terminal is a terminal server distribution based on ALT Linux Desktop and ALTSP5: a friendly/merging fork of LTSP which is usable on older hardware acting as thin/diskless clients (16 MB RAM is enough, while stock LTSP5 usually requires ≥ 64 MB RAM). It was also adapted for Russian School Education National Project free software package.
- "ALT Linux - main".
- "ALT Linux Team - ALT Linux Wiki".
- Releases/History - ALT Linux Wiki (in Russian)
- [mdk-re] I: Linux-Mandrake RE Spring 2001 (in Russian)
- "Новый релиз ОС «Альт 9.1» обеспечил больше возможностей для построения технологически независимой цифровой инфраструктуры".
- "Sisyphus - ALT Linux Wiki".
- "Interview With Alexey Rusakov - Project Manager - Alt Linux". Archived from the original on 2009-04-17. |
- "CNews AWARDS 2007".
- "Releases/History — ALT Linux Wiki".
- "Stable branches - ALT Linux Wiki".
- ALT Linux Lite 4.0 description
- "Система защиты!". Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. |
- "Система защиты!". Archived from the original on 2008-03-31.|
- Last stable release is 4.0.0.
- School software list
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ALT Linux.|
- Community website (in English)
- Sisyphus package repository, on which Alt Linux is based
- "ALT Linux". Freecode.
- ALT Linux at DistroWatch