This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
AMOLF, also known by its full name as FOM Institute AMOLF is one of the four research institutes which was operated by the Dutch Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter, also known as FOM, until 31 December 2016, when the latter was integrated into the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). The institute is one of the leading research institutes in Europe in the fields of physics and biological physics. It focuses on four main research themes: Designer Matter, Nanophotonics, Nanophotovoltaics, and Living Matter. The institute is located at the Amsterdam Science Park in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
The institute was established in 1946 by the government as the FOM Laboratory for Mass Spectrography. In 1960, it was renamed to Laboratory for Mass Separation, and in 1966 it was reorganized into a research institute and renamed FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics (AMOLF).
The original research goal was to demonstrate the separation of uranium isotopes by electromagnetic separation methods, a topic of great strategic importance after World War II. To reach this goal, a number of novelanalytical instrumentation were developed, starting with the development of mass-spectrometric tools. In 1953 AMOLF was the first European institute to successfully enrich Uranium. Soon after, research on thermal diffusion in gases followed, as did ultracentrifuge concepts, cathode dispersion, excitation of gases by using energetic ions and research on molecular beams. The gas-ultracentrifuge developed at AMOLF (under Jacob Kistemaker) provided a base for the commercial enrichment of Uranium at the today well-known company of URENCO in Almelo.
Structure and organization
Recognized as one of the most prestigious interdisciplinary research institutes in Europe, AMOLF is headed by its director. Huib Bakker has been director since 1 February 2016, when he succeeded Vinod Subramaniam. Each of the four departments is headed by a tenured director/group leader.
Its main topics of research as of 2007 are nanophotonics, femtophysics, and "physics of life processes". It is located at the Science Park Amsterdam and has a total staff of around 175 people; 100 scientists, 50 engineers and 25 support staff.
- Zegers, Gabby (21 December 2016). "NWO-transitie" (in Dutch). FOM. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Research themes at AMOLF". Retrieved 23 July 2017.
- "History of AMOLF". AMOLF. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Huib Bakker appointed as new director of FOM Institute AMOLF". Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research. 29 January 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
- "Prof dr A.M. (Marileen) Dogterom". NWO. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
|This article about an organization or institute connected with physics is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Netherlands-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|