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ZiL (Zavod Imeni Likhachova)
|Traded as||MCX: ZILL|
|Fate||Production ended in 2012|
|Founded||Moscow, Russia (1916 )|
|Revenue||$12.1 million (2016)|
|-$19 million (2016)|
|-$21.5 million (2016)|
|Owner||City of Moscow Property Department|
AMO ZiL, known fully as the Moscow Automotive Society – Likhachov Plant (Russian: Автомобильное Московское Общество – Завод имени Лихачёва, translit. Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo – Zavod imeni Likhachova) and more commonly called ZiL (Russian: ЗиЛ), was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer that was based in Moscow, Russia.
The factory originated in 1916 as the Moscow Automotive Society (AMO) (Russian: Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО), translit. Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO). The AMO factory was completed in 1917, just before the Revolution. It was located in a modern building with the latest in American equipment and was designed to employ 6,000 workers. The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 tonne trucks under licence. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15.
In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., and changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS). After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.
ZiL lanes—road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials—were named after the car.
Moscow administration has stopped truck production and the company will be liquidated. ZiL still exists as a legal entity, but produces no vehicles. In 2014 it was announced that the factory site will be turned into a residential development. Most factory buildings were dismantled in 2015.
The factory's equipment and other automotive assets were auctioned off to a new company, "MSTs6 AMO ZIL". It employs 47 staff, mostly former ZiL workers. The company took part in the Moscow International Automobile Salon 2016.
- In June 1942 the VMS was awarded the first Order of Lenin for the excellent organization of the production of ammunition and weapons.
- In October 1944 the plant was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labour.
- In November 1949 a second plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for merits in development of the Soviet autostructure and in connection with the 25th anniversary of the Soviet car.
- In 1971 the plant was awarded the Order of Lenin for the third successful implementation of the Eighth Five-Year Plan.
- In 1975 the plant was awarded the Order of the October Revolution for the successful completion of works on creation of capacities up to 200 thousand cars per year issuance.
- List of ZiL vehicles
- Soviet Artillery Factory No. 92 — also named Zavod imeni Stalina (ZiS).
- GM "old-look" transit bus: Soviet versions — ZiS-154 and ZiS-155 models.
- "Список аффилированных лиц". e-disclosure.ru. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- "99 Years of ZiL: From Car Plant To Potential New Heart of Moscow?". Moscow Times. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
- Sutton, Antony C. (1968). Western technology and Soviet economic development, 1917 to 1930. Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. pp. 244–249.
- ZIL resume exports to Cuba
- "'The Last Limousine' ('Posledniy limusin'): Vladivostok Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Нехлебова, Наталия (31 October 2016). "ЗИЛ после жизни". Журнал "Огонёк". p. 10. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Sorokina, Anna (8 August 2017). "How a Soviet auto giant became a ghost factory". Russia Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
- "Завод индивидуальных лимузинов". Русский Автомобиль (in Russian). Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Стенд ЗИЛ на Московском автосалоне" (in Russian). Livecars.ru. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Zaloga, Steven J., James Grandsen (1984). Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of World War Two, p. 44. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-606-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ZiL.|
ZIS/ZIL car timeline, 1930–1959