AMS (Advanced Music Systems)
|Industry||Professional audio design & engineering|
|Products||Audio & recording equipment|
AMS was established in 1976 by Mark Crabtree and Stuart Nevison. They were Aerospace engineers who moved into the design of professional studio equipment for the manipulation and control of sound. The first product designed by the company was the DM-20 Tape Phase Simulator. This initial product was used by ELO, 10cc and Paul McCartney, who used it on the Wings' London Town album in 1978.
AMS was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1985. In 1990, Siemens bought AMS, merging it with Neve Electronics in 1992 to form AMS Neve, which continues to manufacture professional recording equipment under the Neve and AMS Neve brands. In 1995, Crabtree acquired AMS Neve.
DMX 15-80 Digital Delay Line
In 1978, AMS introduced the world's first microprocessor controlled, 15-bit digital delay line, the AMS DMX 15-80. One of the early users of the AMS DMX 15-80 was Manchester record producer Martin Hannett who would go on to own quite a few of the devices. By 1979, the DMX 15-80 was augmented with pitch changing capabilities.
The AMS DMX 15-80S - the stereo version of the DMX 15-80, with stereo inputs and outputs - was introduced in 1980. The delay is identical to the DMX 15-80, but with the addition of two input level controls to re-generation controls (one per channel).
In 1981 the DMX was upgraded to include the Loop Editing System, with which loops can be created and they are either run continuously or triggered for special effects and drop-ins. This paved way for the use of digital sampling. The DMX later included pitch changing and up to 32 seconds of delay.
RMX-16 Digital Reverb
In 1981, AMS released the RMX-16 digital reverberator. In addition to a range of reverb types, the RMX-16 had a program ("Non Lin 2") which digitally emulated the drum sound of a compressed and gated room microphone, copying the effect used on the Phil Collins recording In the Air Tonight. (Collins' drum sound was created by a combination of a room microphone compressed by the "Listen Mic" compressor of an early SSL Console, in combination with cutting off the reverb sound with a noise gate.)
In 1984, AMS released the AudioFile, one of the first 16-bit hard disk based recording systems dedicated to post-production. The Audiofile saw considerable use in television post-production and was seen by dubbing mixers as a huge technological breakthrough. After decades of mixing on 16mm magnetic film stock, in which mix decisions were extremely difficult to undo, the ability to undo and make changes instantaneously provided dubbing mixers with new opportunities for experimentation in their work.
Logic 1 (Logic Series) Digital Console
In 1988, AMS released Logic 1, the first dynamically configurable, fully automated digital mixing console for professional applications. This was followed in 1990 by Logic 2, an expanded version of the Logic design in a large format console.
Awards and recognition
The founders of AMS have been recognised with awards for their contributions to the recording and broadcast industry.
In March 2000, Crabtree was the recipient of an Oscar at the Academy Awards for the design and development of the AMS Neve Logic Digital Film Console for motion picture sound mixing. Crabtree was subsequently awarded a second Oscar in 2004 for "significant contributions to the evolution of digital audio editing for motion picture post production".
- AMS - Neve About Us Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on March 16, 2009
- Bounds, Andrew (10 February 2015). "AMS Neve's Mark Crabtree: from an attic to the Oscars". FT.com. Financial Times. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
- AMS - Neve History 70s Archived February 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on March 16, 2009
- Studio Sound September 1979 (page 24)
- "New AMS units" (PDF). Studio Sound. July 1980. p. 39. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
- "New Effects Products: AMS Digital Loop Editing System" (PDF). Studio Sound. September 1981. p. 30.
- AMS - Neve History 80s Archived February 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on March 16, 2009
- "Interview - Dennis Weinreich, Videosonics" (PDF). Audio Media. August 1990. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-28. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
- "The evolution of television sound mixing". www.adapttvhistory.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- "72nd Annual Academy Awards Results and Commentary (2000)". www.digitalhit.com. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- "76th Annual Academy Awards Results and Commentary (2004)". www.digitalhit.com. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- "APRS Sound Fellowships 2015". www2.aprs.co.uk/sfa2015. Archived from the original on 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2010-03-10.