AMX-VCI

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AMX-13 VCI
AMX-VCI-latrun-2.jpg
AMX-13 VTT
Type armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin  France
Specifications
Weight 15.0 tonnes
Length 5.7 m
Width 2.67 m
Height 2.41m
Crew 3 + 10 passengers

Armor 10-40mm
Main
armament
turret mounted 20mm cannon
Secondary
armament
12.7 mm machine gun or 7.5 mm machine gun small turrent
Engine SOFAM Model 8Gxb 8-cyl. water-cooled petrol
Power/weight 16.7/tonne
Suspension Torsion-bar
Operational
range
350 km
Speed 60 km/h

The AMX-VCI (French: Véhicule de Combat d'Infanterie) is one of the many variants of the French AMX-13 light tank. It was the front line APC of the French Army until replaced by the AMX-10P. It is still used by some countries, for example Mexico, where it goes under the name of DNC-1 and is armed with a 20mm cannon.

History[edit]

Beginning in 1957, some 3,000 vehicles were produced. It was initially produced as the AMX-13 VTT (véhicule de transport de troupe), which carryed ten infantrymen and was armed with either an AA-52 7.5 mm machine gun or a 12.7 mm M2 Browning machine gun in an open mounting. The final versions had a turret equipped with a 20mm light autocannon, producing a vehicle that can be seen as an early example of the infantry fighting vehicle.

Variants[edit]

The AMX-13 VCI itself was the basis for a number of variants:

  • AMX-VTP: Original APC variant armed with an open-mount light machine-gun
  • AMX-VTT (AMX-VCI): APC fitted with a turret mounted light machine-gun
  • AMX-LT: VTT based artillery fire control vehicle
  • AMX-PC: VTT based Command Post
  • AMX-VCA: VTT based 155 mm Support Vehicle designed to accompany the Mk F3 SPH
  • AMX-VCG: Combat engineer version
  • AMX-VCI 12.7: Version with a 50 calibre (12.7 mm) HMG used by France and the Netherlands
  • AMX-VCI M-56: Fitted with a 20mm cannon
  • AMX-VCPM de 81: VTT-based 81 mm Mortar Carrier
  • AMX-VCPM de 120: VTT-based 120 mm Mortar Carrier
  • AMX-VCTB (Vehicule Chenillé Transport Blessés): VTT-based Ambulance
Rear view of an AMX-13 VTT
  • AMX-VTT avec tourelle NA2: Fitted with ATGM launcher
  • AMX-VTT ROLAND: Roland SPAAML
  • AMX-VTT Version 1987: Modernised version with all the tank automotive improvements
  • AMX-VTT with Minotaur Mine System: Minotaur scatterable mine-laying system fitted on the rear
  • AMX-13 RATAC: VTT-based RATAC ground surveillance radar vehicle
  • AMX DOZER: bulldozer blade equipped version
  • AMX-13 VCPC: Argentinian Army version of the AMX-13 VCI
  • AMX-13 mod.56 VCI: Belgian Army version with a .30 Browning mounted in a CALF38 turret
  • AMX-13 mod.56 [81 mm mortar carrier]: Belgian Army version
  • AMX-13 mod.56 [command post]: Belgian Army version
  • AMX-13 mod.56 [ENTAC atgm]: Belgian Army version with a rear-mounted ENTAC missile launcher
  • AMX-13 mod.56 [cargo]: Belgian Army version
  • AMX-VTT TOW: Dutch Army version with a TOW launcher on a cupola
  • AMX-GWT (GeWonden Transport): Dutch army version of the VCTB
  • DNC-1:Mexican Army local designation, slightly modernized version with a diesel engine and a 20 mm. cannon, upgraded by SEDENA

Combat history[edit]

A total of 30 AMX-VCI were reportedly delivered to the Lebanese Army in May 1983,[1] with a number of them being seized by the pro-Israeli South Lebanon Army (SLA) militia in February 1984 on the defeat of the Lebanese government forces by Shia Muslim and Druze militias. The captured vehicles were quickly pressed into service by the SLA, who used them until the collapse of the militia in the wake of the Israeli withdrawal of April 2000. VCIs up-armed with US M-46 106mm recoilless rifles were later employed by Lebanese Army General Michel Aoun’s loyalist troops in the battles against his Christian rivals of the Lebanese Forces (LF) at East Beirut in February 1990.[2]

Operators[edit]

Map with AMX-VCI operators in blue and former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Zaloga, Tank battles of the Mid-East Wars (2003), p. 54.
  2. ^ Zaloga, Tank battles of the Mid-East Wars (2003), pp. 56 and 60.
  3. ^ Milpedia, AMX-13 VTT, De Belgische AMX-13 Model 56

References[edit]

  • Christopher F. Foss, Jane's Tank and Combat Vehicle Recognition Guide, HarperCollins Publishers, London 2002. ISBN 0-00-712759-6
  • Steven J. Zaloga, Tank battles of the Mid-East Wars (2): The wars of 1973 to the present, Concord Publications, Hong Kong 2003. ISBN 962-361-613-9

External links[edit]