Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament

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Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament edited by James B. Pritchard (1st ed. 1950, 2nd ed.1955, 3rd ed. 1969[1]) is an anthology of important historical, legal, mythological, liturgical, and secular texts from the ancient Near East. William W. Hallo, writing in the Journal of the American Oriental Society in 1970, described it as "a modern classic ever since its first appearance in 1950", because "for the first time it assembled some of the most significant Ancient Near Eastern texts in authoritative, generously annotated English translations based on the accumulated insight of several generations of scholarship scattered".[2] It is conventional to cite the work as ANET.[3] ANEP refers to a companion volume Ancient Near Eastern Pictures Relating to the Old Testament (1st ed. 1954, 2nd ed. 1969), featuring 882 black and white designs and photos.[4] An additional volume of supplementary texts and pictures was published in 1969 as "The Ancient Near East: Supplementary Texts and Pictures Relating to the Old Testament". An abridgement of ANET and ANEP was published in a single volume in 1958 as "The Ancient Near East, Volume I: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures" with a 2nd edition published in 1965. A second anthology of supplementary material was published in 1975 as "Ancient Near East, Volume 2: A New Anthology of Texts and Pictures".[5]


The book was published by Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, in 1950. A second edition, corrected and enlarged, appeared in 1955. A third further enlarged edition appeared in 1969.[6]


I. Myths, Epics and Legends: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Sumerian (S. N. Kramer); Akkadian (E. A. Speiser); Hittite (Albrecht Goetze); Ugaritic (H. L. Ginsberg)

  • Egyptian
      • The Memphite Theology of Creation
      • The Deliverance of Mankind of Destruction
      • The Story of Sinahue
      • The Story of Two Brothers
      • The Journey of Wen-Amon to Phoenicia
      • The Tradition of Seven Lean Years in Egypt
    • Mesopotamian
      • A Sumerian Myth-The Deluge
      • The Akkadian Creation Epic
      • The Akkadian Epic of Gilgamesh
      • An Akkadian Cosmological Incantation: The Worm and the Toothache
      • Adapa (Akkadian)
      • Descent of Ishtar to the Nether World (Akkadian)
      • The Legend of Sargon (Akkadian)
    • Hittite
    • Ugaritic
      • Poem about Baal and Anath
      • The Tale of Aqhat

II. Legal Texts: Mesopotamia and Asia Minor; Egyptian and Hittite Treaties; Hittite Instructions (Albrecht Goetze); Documents from the Practice of Law

III. Historical Texts: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Babylonian and Assyrian (A. Leo Oppenheim); Hittite (Albrecht Goetze); Palestinian Inscriptions (W. F. Albright)

  • Egyptian
    • The Expulsion of the Hyksos
    • Asiatic Campaign of Thut-mose III
    • The Campaign of Seti I in North Palestine
    • The Report of a Frontier Official
    • A Syrian Interregnum
    • The War Against the Peoples of the Sea
    • The Meggido Ivories
    • The Campaign of Sheshonk
  • Assyrian & Babylonian
  • Historiographic


  1. Rituals, Incantations and Descriptions of Festivals: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Akkadian (A. Sachs); Hittite (Albrecht Goetze)
  2. Hymns and Prayers: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Sumerian (S. N. Kramer); Sumero-Akkadian (Ferris J. Stephens); Hittite (Albrecht Goetze)
  3. Didactic and Wisdom Literature: Fables and Didactic Tales; Proverbs and Precepts; Observations on Life and the World Order; Oracles and Prophecies
  4. Lamentations: A Sumerian Lamentation (S. N. Kramer)
  5. Secular Songs and Poems: Egyptian (John A. Wilson)
  6. Letters: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Sumerian (S. N. Kramer); Akkadian (W. F. Albright); Aramaic (H. L. Ginsberg)
  7. Miscellaneous Texts: Egyptian (John A. Wilson); Sumerian Love Song (S. N. Kramer); Hittite Omen (Albrecht Goetze); Canaanite and Aramaic Inscriptions (Franz Rosenthal); South-Arabian Inscriptions (A. Jamme)

Translators and annotators[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ third edition, dated 1969, with ISBN 0-691-03503-2.
  2. ^ William W. Hallo, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Volume 90, Number 4 (October–December 1970, page 525).
  3. ^ As explained by Cyrus H. Gordon in his review of this book in American Journal of Archaeology, Volume 56, Number 1 (January 1952, page 93).
  4. ^ Stanisław Bazyliński A guide to biblical research: introductory notes p61
  5. ^ "The Ancient Near East Volume II, A New Anthology of Texts and Pictures", p. v, Ed. James B. Pritchard, Princeton University Press, 1975, ISBN 0-691-00209-6
  6. ^ Pritchard, James B. (copyright 1958, 6th printing 1973). The Ancient Near East, Volume I. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691035016.  Check date values in: |date= (help)