APCOA Parking

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APCOA Parking
IndustryCar parks
Founded1949 (1949) in Cleveland, Ohio USA
FoundersHoward Metzenbaum and Ted Bonda
Area served
13 Countries worldwide

APCOA Parking AG is Europe's longest-established full service parking management company.[1] It manages over 1,400,000 parking spaces across 13 countries, and employs approximately 4,500 people.[2] It is headquartered at Stuttgart Airport in Germany.[3]


In 1949, Howard Metzenbaum and Ted Bonda founded APCOA as the Airport Parking Company of America, Inc. in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1966, the company was acquired by the ITT Corporation and was made into a division of ITT.[4][5] In 1970, APCOA Autoparking GmbH was founded in Stuttgart,[6] under the German wing of ITT, called SEL. The company then expanded across Europe, entering[4] Vienna, capital of Austria, in 1970; Sunbury on Thames, England, in 1981;[note 1] Mantua, Italy in 1985; and Rotterdam, Netherlands, in 1989. By the mid-1980s, most of the European in-country subsidiaries had been divested from ITT, and slowly over the next ten years the management of APCOA Autoparking GmbH began to re-integrate the group under common ownership.[1] The US operations of APCOA were purchased from ITT Corporation through a management buyout in 1975 and eventually merged with Standard Parking in 1998.[citation needed]

In 1991, venture capital company CWB Capital Partners of London financed a management buyout. The company changed its name to APCOA Holding AG in 1994, and again to APCOA Parking AG in 1995. It trades on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, with 75% of shares held by UK registered investors.[4] In April 1999, Salamander AG of Kornwestheim acquired 27.1% of APCOA Parking AG shares, and took complete control in October of that year. The company continued to expand through acquisition, including the parking subsidiary of UK based FirstGroup. In 2002 EnBW-AG of Karlsruhe purchased 98.7% of Salamander AG, to virtually control APCOA Parking AG.[4] After consolidating various partnerships to 100% ownership,[clarification needed] the company continued its expansion into Eastern Europe, entering Rijeka, Croatia in 2003. The company was delisted from the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in 2003.[4]

Current operations[edit]

On June 30, 2004, Investcorp acquired 98.3% of APCOA Parking AG shares from EnBW AG through its vehicle Parking Holdings GmbH for €265 million including debt.[6] In 2005 the company entered Switzerland, and changed the name of Parking Holdings GmbH to APCOA Parking Holdings GmbH (APHG). After a bidding battle with National Car Parks owned by 3i, and Australia's Macquarie Bank;[6] on 19 February 2007 French based investment company Eurazeo announced the proposed purchase of APCOA Parking AG for €885 million from Investcorp.[8] APCOA is presently the market leading provider of car parking (by number of spaces managed) in Germany (225,000 spaces), Norway (96,900), Denmark (61,900), Austria (48,100), Italy (42,400), and Poland (12,600).[8]

2012 restructuring process[edit]

APCOA tried to restructure its significant amount of debt derived from the 2007 leveraged buyout by Eurazeo from 2012 onwards.[9] In a first step management tried to find equity investors as well as refinancing partners in order to decrease the debt pressure on the companies performance. This process was stopped a year later as the necessary partners could not be found. Already then APCOA's debt was traded actively with Centerbridge becoming the major creditor with more than 50% of debt value.[10] Due to the failure of the first process, management decided to restructure itself using a court supervised UK-Scheme of arrangement. With this procedure APCOA was able to overrule dissenting creditor minorities previously hindering the restructuring process. On October 30, 2014 the High Court of Justice in London sanctioned the scheme reducing the companies debt by €440 million through a debt equity swap and introduced additional financing of €80 million.[11] The group is now majority-owned by US and UK-based private investment firm Centerbridge, which has taken control through the debt-equity swap.[12]


  1. ^ Latterly[clarification needed] won the first open local authority tender for on-street enforcement services in the City of Westminster, and provide the UK's first "whole of borough" parking solution to Southwark Council from car park to local street.[7]


  1. ^ a b APCOA at Sovereign Publications Archived November 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Parking, APCOA. "Car parking – parking management by - APCOA PARKING". www.apcoa.com.
  3. ^ Parking, APCOA. "Office locations - APCOA PARKING". www.apcoa.com.
  4. ^ a b c d e APCOA Company History Archived July 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "History of Holberg Industries, Inc. – FundingUniverse". fundinguniverse.com.
  6. ^ a b c Eurazeo buys into European car parks The Times - February 19, 2007
  7. ^ APCOA" British Parking Awards winner - 2006 Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b Eurazeo to purchase APCOA Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Apcoa: Knifflige Finanzierungsverhandlungen".
  10. ^ Ruckin, Claire (5 November 2013). "Centerbridge buys up Apcoa's debt before restructuring". Reuters.
  11. ^ Parking, APCOA. "Read Article - APCOA PARKING restructuring Scheme of Arrangement Sanctioned - APCOA PARKING". www.apcoa.com. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  12. ^ Kingston, Charles (18 February 2015). "Parking operator APCOA restructures, lowers debt by €440m".

External links[edit]

Media related to APCOA Parking at Wikimedia Commons