AP Human Geography

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Advanced Placement (AP) Human Geography (also known as AP Human Geo, AP Geography, APHG, AP HuGe, AP HuG, AP Human, or HGAP) is an Advanced Placement social studies course in human geography for high school students culminating in an exam administered by the College Board.[1]

The course introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analyses to analyze human social organization and its environmental consequences while also learning about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice.

Exam[edit]

The AP Human Geography Exam consists of two sections. The first section consists of 60 multiple choice questions and the second section consists of 3 free-response questions. The sections are 60 and 75 minutes long, respectively. It is not necessary to answer the free-response questions in essay form; instead, points are awarded on certain keywords, examples, and other vital aspects.

Curriculum and Course Outline[edit]

The curriculum consists of informational book-related homework, which often requires students to strive to learn information independently. The curriculum teaches about diffusion, human traits, religion, and population clusters.

The topics covered by the exam are as follows:[2]

Topic Percent
Thinking Geographically 8-10%
Population and Migration Patterns and Processes 12-17%
Cultural Patterns and Processes 12-17%
Political Patterns and Processes 12-17%
Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes 12-17%
Cities and Urban Land-Use Patterns and Processes 12-17%
Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes 12-17%

Course Outline[edit]

Unit 1 - Thinking Geographically
Topic Number Topic
1.1 Introduction to Maps
1.2 Geographic Data
1.3 The Power of Geographic Data
1.4 Spacial Concepts
1.5 Human-Environmental Interaction
1.6 Scales of Analysis
1.7 Regional Analysis
Unit 2 - Population and Migration Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
2.1 Population Distribution
2.2 Consequences of Population Distribution
2.3 Population Composition
2.4 Population Dynamics
2.5 The Demographic Transition Model
2.6 Malthusian Theory
2.7 Population Policies
2.8 Women and Demographic Change
2.9 Aging Populations
2.10 Causes of Migration
2.11 Forced and Voluntary Migration
2.12 Effects of Migration
Unit 3 - Cultural Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
3.1 Introduction to Culture
3.2 Cultural Landscapes
3.3 Cultural Patterns
3.4 Types of Diffusion
3.5 Historical Causes of Diffusion
3.6 Contemporary Causes of Diffusion
3.7 Diffusion of Religion and Language
3.8 Effects of Diffusion
Unit 4 - Political Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
4.1 Introduction to Political Geography
4.2 Political Processes
4.3 Political Power and Territoriality
4.4 Defining Political Boundaries
4.5 The Function of Political Boundaries
4.6 Internal Boundaries
4.7 Forms of Governance
4.8 Defining Devolutionary Factors
4.9 Challenges to Sovereignty
4.10 Consequences of Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces
Unit 5 - Agriculture and Rural Land Use Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
5.1 Introduction to Agriculture
5.2 Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods
5.3 Agricultural Origins and Diffusions
5.4 The Second Agricultural Revolution
5.5 The Green Revolution
5.6 Agricultural Production Regions
5.7 Spatial Organization of Agriculture
5.8 Von Thünen Model
5.9 The Global System of Agriculture
5.10 Consequences of Agricultural Practices
5.11 Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture
5.12 Women in Agriculture
Unit 6 - Cities and Urban Land Use Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
6.1 The Origin and Influences of Urbanization
6.2 Cities Across the World
6.3 Cities and Globalization
6.4 The Size and Distribution of Cities
6.5 The Internal Structure of Cities
6.6 Density and Land Use
6.7 Infrastructure
6.8 Urban Sustainability
6.9 Urban Data
6.10 Challenges of Urban Changes
6.11 Challenges of Urban Sustainability
Unit 7 - Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes
Topic Number Topic Description
7.1 The Industrial Revolution
7.2 Economic Sectors and Patterns
7.3 Measures of Development
7.4 Women and Economic Development
7.5 Theories of Development
7.6 Trade and the World Economy
7.7 Changes as a Result of the World Economy
7.8 Sustainable Development

Grade distribution[edit]

The exam was first held in 2001. Grade distributions for the Human Geography scores since 2010 were:

Score 2010[3] 2011[4] 2012[5] 2013[6] 2014[7] 2015[8] 2016[9] 2017[10] 2018[11] 2019[12] 2020[13] 2021[14] 2022[15]
5 9.7% 11.7% 12.5% 12.0% 11.0% 12.2% 11.9% 10.6% 12.9% 10.7% 11.8% 15% 14.7%
4 16.5% 18.2% 19.5% 20.3% 20.0% 20.5% 20.0% 17.4% 19.8% 18.3% 22.4% 20% 18.7%
3 20.6% 21.2% 20.4% 20.7% 21.1% 21.1% 19.8% 21.0% 21.6% 20.1% 24.8% 19% 19.7%
2 17.4% 17.5% 17.8% 18.6% 18.4% 16.7% 19.2% 17.2% 17.0% 16.9% 10.9% 16% 15.1%
1 35.7% 31.5% 29.8% 28.3% 29.5% 29.5% 29.1% 33.8% 28.7% 33.9% 30.1% 31% 31.9%
% of Scores 3 or Higher 46.8% 51.1% 52.4% 53.0% 52.1% 53.8% 51.7% 49.0% 54.3% 49.1% 59.0% 54% 53.1%
Mean 2.47 2.61 2.67 2.69 2.65 2.69 2.66 2.54 2.71 2.55 2.75 2.69
Standard Deviation 1.37 1.39 1.40 1.38 1.37 1.39 1.39 1.38 1.40 1.39 1.39 1.46
Number of Students 68,397 93,941 98,679 114,361 136,448 159,609 184,663 199,756 216,783 225,235 218,333 193,660

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stuyvesant High School - AP Human Geography". Archived from the original on 2021-06-05.
  2. ^ AP Human Geography:
  3. ^ 2010 AP Scores Distribution
  4. ^ 2011 AP Scores Distribution
  5. ^ 2012 AP Scores Distribution
  6. ^ 2013 AP Scores Distribution
  7. ^ 2014 Student Score Distributions
  8. ^ https://secure-media.collegeboard.org/digitalServices/pdf/ap/ap15-human-geography-score-dist.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  9. ^ Total Registration. "2016 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  10. ^ Total Registration. "2017 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  11. ^ https://secure-media.collegeboard.org/digitalServices/pdf/research/2018/Student-Score-Distributions-2018.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  13. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  14. ^ "STUDENT SCORE DISTRIBUTIONS" (PDF). Retrieved July 23, 2022.
  15. ^ Total Registration (2022-06-24). "2022 AP Exam Score Distributions". www.totalregistration.net. Retrieved 2022-06-25.