ARA Hércules (B-52)

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Hércules (B52)
ARA Hércules after her conversion
Career (Argentina)
Name: Hércules
Namesake: After a frigate commanded by Admiral Guillermo Brown in 1814
Ordered: 18 May 1970
Builder: Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering
Laid down: 16 June 1971
Launched: 24 October 1972
Acquired: 10 May 1976
Commissioned: 12 July 1976
Reclassified: 1999
Homeport: Puerto Belgrano Naval Base
Identification: B-52
Fate: Active
General characteristics
Class and type: Type 42 destroyer
Displacement: 4,100 tons (4,170 t)
Length: 125 m (410 ft)
Beam: 14.6 m (48 ft)
Draught: 5.2 m (17 ft)
Propulsion: COGAG - 2 × RM-1A gas turbines (8,200 shp (6,100 kW)); 2 × TM-3B gas turbines (54,400 shp (40,600 kW))
2 shafts
Speed: 28 knots (52 km/h)
Complement: 270 as Destroyer
166 (+238 troops) as Multipurpose Transport
Armament:
As Destroyer
  • 1 × 4.5-inch (114 mm) DP gun
  • 1 × 2 Sea Dart
  • 4 × MM38 Exocet
  • 2 × 20mm anti-aircraft (AA) guns
  • 6 × 12.75-inch (324 mm) torpedo tubes

As Multipurpose Transport

  • 1 × 4.5-inch DP gun
  • 2 × 20 mm AA guns;
  • 6 × 12.75-inch torpedo tubes
Aircraft carried:
As Destroyer

As Multipurpose Transport

ARA Hércules is a Type 42 destroyer of the Argentine Navy or Armada de la República Argentina. She was transformed into a multi-purpose transport ship with Pennant Number B-52 and commissioned to the amphibious force in 1999.

History[edit]

The ship was ordered on 18 May 1970 and completed on 10 May 1976 at the Vickers Shipbuilding yard in Barrow-in-Furness, United Kingdom. During construction, an explosion on HMS Sheffield caused damage in the hull.[1] The hull of Hércules replaced a section of the ship, as both were identical in build.[2] She was delivered to Argentina and entered service on 19 September 1977. As built, Hércules was identical to the initial Type 42 units being commissioned by the Royal Navy. The Argentine Navy upgraded the warship by enhancing her offensive capabilities with MM-38 Exocet anti-ship missiles. The original boat decks by the funnel were modified in order to mount the launchers.[3][4]

In 1982, along with her newly built sister ship, Santísima Trinidad, Hércules was part of the escort of the aircraft carrier Veinticinco de Mayo during the Falklands War.[5]

The ship had a major conversion at astilleros ASMAR in Talcahuano, Chile in 2000 to allow the embarkment of a complement of 238 marine infantry troops, the flight deck and hangar were also enlarged to allow her to operate two Sea King helicopters. Each helicopter can also carry two AM-39 Exocet anti-ship missiles.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Commons debate - Royal Navy". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Parliament of the United Kingdom. 4 May 1971. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "A Rip in Time for Sheffield". Navy News. Royal Navy. April 2007. p. 7. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Differing little from their British sisters, they did however mount Exocet." Haws, Duncan:Elders & Fyffes and Geest. TCL Publications, 1997. Item notes: v.32 1997. ISBN 0-946378-31-2
  4. ^ Tecnología militar, Volume 26. Grupo Editorial Mönch, 2004, page 103 (Spanish)
  5. ^ Smith, Gordon (2006). Battle Atlas of the Falklands War 1982 by Land, Sea and Air. Lulu.com. p. 56. ISBN 1-84753-950-5. 
  6. ^ Transporte Multiproposito B52 ARA Hercules official site (Spanish)[dead link]

Coordinates: 53°04′S 56°56′W / 53.067°S 56.933°W / -53.067; -56.933