ARM7

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from ARM7TDMI)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about ARM7 processor cores. For the ARMv7-A and ARMv7-R instruction set architecture, see ARM architecture.
ARM7
Designed by ARM Holdings
Instruction set ARM (32-bit)
Microarchitecture ARMv3
ARM7T
Instruction set ARM (32-bit),
Thumb (16-bit)
Microarchitecture ARMv4T
ARM7EJ-S
Instruction set ARM (32-bit),
Thumb (16-bit),
Jazelle (8-bit)
Microarchitecture ARMv5TEJ

ARM7 is a group of older 32-bit RISC ARM processor cores licensed by ARM Holdings for microcontroller use.[1] The cores were released from 1993 to 2001 and consisted of ARM700, ARM710, ARM7DI, ARM710a, ARM720T, ARM740T,ARM710T, ARM7TDMI, ARM7TDMI-S, ARM7EJ-S. The ARM7TDMI and ARM7TDMI-S were the most popular cores of the ARM7 family.

ARM7 cores are no longer recommended for new designs, instead ARM Cortex-M or ARM Cortex-R cores should be considered.[1]

Overview[edit]

ARM7 block diagram

This generation introduced the Thumb 16-bit instruction set providing improved code density compared to previous designs. The most widely used ARM7 designs implement the ARMv4T architecture, but some implement ARMv3 or ARMv5TEJ. ARM7TDMI has 37 registers(31 GPR and 6 SPR). All these designs use a Von Neumann architecture,[citation needed] thus the few versions comprising a cache do not separate data and instruction caches.

Some ARM7 cores are obsolete. One historically significant model, the ARM7DI[2] is notable for having introduced JTAG based on-chip debugging; the preceding ARM6 cores did not support it. The "D" represented a JTAG TAP for debugging; the "I" denoted an ICEBreaker debug module supporting hardware breakpoints and watchpoints, and letting the system be stalled for debugging. Subsequent cores included and enhanced this support.

It is a versatile processor designed for mobile devices and other low power electronics. This processor architecture is capable of up to 130 MIPS on a typical 0.13 µm process. The ARM7TDMI processor core implements ARM architecture v4T. The processor supports both 32-bit and 16-bit instructions via the ARM and Thumb instruction sets.

ARM licenses the processor to various semiconductor companies, which design full chips based on the ARM processor architecture.

ARM license[edit]

ARM Holdings neither manufactures nor sells CPU devices based on its own designs, but rather licenses the processor architecture to interested parties. ARM offers a variety of licensing terms, varying in cost and deliverables. To all licensees, ARM provides an integratable hardware description of the ARM core, as well as complete software development toolset and the right to sell manufactured silicon containing the ARM CPU.

Silicon customization[edit]

Integrated device manufacturers (IDM) receive the ARM Processor IP as synthesizable RTL (written in Verilog). In this form, they have the ability to perform architectural level optimizations and extensions. This allows the manufacturer to achieve custom design goals, such as higher clock speed, very low power consumption, instruction set extensions, optimizations for size, debug support, etc. To determine which components have been included in a particular ARM CPU chip, consult the manufacturer datasheet and related documentation.

Cores[edit]

Year ARM7 Cores
1993 ARM700
1994 ARM710
1994 ARM7DI
1995 ARM710a
1997 ARM720T
1997 ARM740T
1998 ARM710T
1998 ARM7TDMI
2001 ARM7TDMI-S
2001 ARM7EJ-S

The original ARM7 was based on the earlier ARM6 design and used the same ARMv3 instruction set. The ARM710 variant was used in a CPU module for the Acorn Risc PC, and the first ARM based System on a Chip designs ARM7100 and ARM7500 used this core.

ARM7TDMI[edit]

The ARM7TDMI (ARM7 + 16 bit Thumb + JTAG Debug + fast Multiplier + enhanced ICE) processor implements the ARMv4 instruction set. It was licensed for manufacture by an array of semiconductor companies. In 2009 it was one of the most widely used ARM cores, and is found in numerous deeply embedded system designs. Texas Instruments licensed the ARM7TDMI, which was designed into the Nokia 6110.[3] The ARM7TDMI-S variant is the synthesizable core.

ARM7EJ-S[edit]

The ARM7EJ-S (ARM7 + Enhanced + Jazelle - Synthesizable) is a version of the ARM7 implementing the ARMv5TE instruction set originally introduced with the more powerful ARM9E core.

Chips[edit]

Yamaha AICA sound processor in Dreamcast game console[4][5][6]
ARM7TDMI or ARM7TDMI-S core
Unreferenced ARM7 core
The Make Controller Kit with an Atmel AT91SAM7X256 (ARM) microcontroller
  • ADMtek ADM8628
  • Atmel AT91CAP7
  • Cirrus Logic CL-PS7110
  • Mediatek MT2502 (ARM7 EJ-STM)
  • NetSilicon NS7520
  • Nuvoton NUC500, NUC700
  • NXP LPC2100, LPC2200, LPC2300, LPC2400, LH7
  • PortalPlayer 5002, 5003, 5020, 5021-TDF, 5022, 5024 SOCs (dual ARM7TDI cores)
  • Samsung S3C46Q0X01-EE8X, S3C44B0X
  • Yamaha AICA (ARM7DI) - sound processor with DSP[6]

Notable uses[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ARM7 Family Webpage; ARM Holdings.
  2. ^ "ARM7DI Data Sheet"; Document Number ARM DDI 0027D; Issued: December 1994.
  3. ^ Sakr, Sharif. "ARM co-founder John Biggs". Engadget. Retrieved 23 December 2011. [...] the ARM7-TDMI was licensed by Texas Instruments and designed into the Nokia 6110, which was the first ARM-powered GSM phone. 
  4. ^ "Remembering the Sega Dreamcast". 29 September 2009. 
  5. ^ Shiro Hagiwara; Ian Oliver (1999). "Sega Dreamcast: Creating a Unified Entertainment World". IEEE Micro. 19 (6): 29–35. doi:10.1109/40.809375. 
  6. ^ a b "Dreamcast/ Dev.Box System Architecture" (PDF). September 2, 1999. 
  7. ^ a b c Atmel Legacy ARM-Based Solutions; Atmel.
  8. ^ SAM7S/SE ARM7 Microcontrollers; Atmel.
  9. ^ SAM7X/XC ARM7 Microcontrollers; Atmel.
  10. ^ STR7 ARM7 Microcontrollers; STMicroelectronics.

External links[edit]

ARM7 official documents
Quick Reference Cards
  • Instructions: Thumb (1), ARM and Thumb-2 (2), Vector Floating Point (3)
  • Opcodes: Thumb (1, 2), ARM (3, 4), GNU Assembler Directives 5
Migrating
Other