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|Predecessor||Transportation Data Coordinating Committee|
|Purpose||Business-to-business electronic data interchange standards|
The Accredited Standards Committee X12 (also known as ASC X12) is a standards organization. Chartered by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in 1979, it develops and maintains the X12 Electronic data interchange (EDI) and Context Inspired Component Architecture (CICA) standards along with XML schemas which drive business processes globally. The membership of ASC X12 includes technologists and business process experts, encompassing health care, insurance, transportation, finance, government, supply chain and other industries.
The name "X12" is a sequential designator assigned by ANSI at the time of accreditation. ASC X12 has sponsored more than 315 X12-based EDI standards and a growing collection of X12 XML schemas for health care, insurance, government, transportation, finance, and many other industries. ASC X12's membership includes 3,000 standards experts representing over 600 companies from multiple business domains.
ASC X12 is led by two groups. The ASC X12 Board of Directors (Board) and the ASC X12 Steering Committee (Steering) collaborate to ensure the best interests of ASC X12 are served. Each group has specific responsibilities and the groups cooperatively handle items or issues that span the responsibilities of both groups. 
ASC X12 is organized into subcommittees that develop and maintain standards for a particular set of business functions.
- X12C Communications & Controls
- Responsible for EDI control structures, security, and architecture as well as the X12 XML Reference Model.
- X12F Finance
- ASC X12F is responsible for the development and maintenance of components of the ASC X12 Standards related to the financial services industry's business activities. ASC X12F also develops and maintains interpretations, technical reports and guidelines related to its areas of responsibility.
- X12I Transportation
- ASC X12I is responsible for the development and maintenance of components of the ASC X12 Standards related to the transportation industry's business activities, including air, marine, rail, and motor freight transportation and Customs, logistics and multi-modal activities. ASC X12I also develops and maintains interpretations, technical reports and guidelines related to its areas of responsibility.
- X12J Technical Assessment
- Maintains the directory, dictionary and design rules for all the X12 standards. Also manages the process for requests for standards changes.
- X12M Supply Chain
- ASC X12M is responsible for the development and maintenance of components of the ASC X12 Standards related to the supply chain industry's business activities, excluding transportation and finance, from sourcing to delivery. Supply Chain activities include Distribution Management, Inventory Management, Marketing Data Management, Materials Management, Procurement Management, Product Management, Production Planning Management, Sales,
- X12N Insurance
- ASC X12N is responsible for the development and maintenance of components of the ASC X12 Standards related to the insurance industry's business activities, including those related to property insurance, casualty insurance, health care insurance, life insurance, annuity insurance, reinsurance, and pensions. Health insurance activities include those undertaken by commercial and government health care organizations
There are informal industry groups created to identify issues and activities in specific areas. In 2014, there were four caucuses.
- Created in October 2012 to support and improve EDI peer-to-peer connectivity, with a focus on health information exchanges.
- Created in January 2010 to support and improve EDI peer-to-peer connectivity, with a focus on value-added networks and clearinghouses.
- Focuses on X12 healthcare standards in relation to dentistry and the dental industry.
- Focuses on interests and concerns of healthcare providers regarding X12 healthcare standards.
Context Inspired Component Architecture
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Context Inspired Component Architecture (CICA) is a new[when?] approach to message design aimed at resolving the costly proliferation of differing (and often incompatible) XML messages used for business-to-business data exchange. CICA gives developers access to reusable components that can be used to construct interface standards to satisfy common business requirements as well as industry-specific needs.
CICA is a syntax-neutral architecture that supports both business content and implementation information. CICA messages ("documents") can currently be expressed as XML schemata.
CICA's reusable syntax-neutral message components are maintained in a central data store that supports a variety of functions including: data entry and maintenance, data retrieval (from full message structure to individual components), flexible reporting capabilities for development support, and end-user documents including XML schemas and user-friendly reference guides.
Complementing the CICA data store is the X12 CICA Metadata Interchange Format (CICA-MIF). The CICA-MIF is a structured guideline for the bi-directional exchange between X12 development tools, the central data store and other technology providers' software that supports the interchange format. This XML schema will enable X12 developers to use world-class commercial off-the-shelf tools to develop message standards for submission into the CICA database.
- Electronic Data Interchange
- X12 EDIFACT Mapping
- List of X12 EDI transaction sets
- Freight payment service
- "The Creation of ASC X12". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "About". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "ASC X12 Contact Information". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "X12 Steering Committee". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Organizational Structure". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Subcommittee X12C - Communications & Controls". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Subcommittee X12J - Technical Assessment". ASC X12: The Accredited Standards Committee. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "Industry Groups & Caucuses". ASC X12. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2014.