ASM-N-5 Gorgon V
|ASM-N-5 Gorgon V|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Used by||United States Navy|
|Manufacturer||Glenn L. Martin Company|
|Mass||2,600 pounds (1,200 kg)|
|Length||28 feet 10 inches (8.79 m)|
|Warhead||Chemical warfare agents|
|Wingspan||10 feet (3.0 m)|
|34 mi (55 km)|
|Flight ceiling||35,000 feet (11,000 m)|
The ASM-N-5 Gorgon V was an unpowered air-to-surface missile, developed by the Glenn L. Martin Company during the early 1950s for use by the United States Navy as a chemical weapon delivery vehicle. Developed from the earlier PTV-N-2 Gorgon IV test vehicle, the program was cancelled without any Gorgon Vs seeing service.
Design and development
The Gorgon V project was begun in 1950 to develop an air-to-surface missile capable of dispersing chemical warfare agents over a combat area. Designing of the missile was contracted to the Glenn L. Martin Company, which used the company's earlier PTV-N-2 Gorgon IV ramjet test missile as a basis for the weapon's design. The Gorgon V was to be a long slender missile, with swept wings and conventional tail. The Gorgon IV's ramjet engine, slung beneath the missile's tail, was replaced in the Gorgon V with a X14A aerosol generator, developed by the Edo Aircraft Corporation.[N 1]
Operational use of the Gorgon V was intended to be based on two missiles being carried by a launching aircraft. These would be released at an altitude of 35,000 feet (11,000 m). The Gorgon V would be piloted by autopilot in a high-subsonic dive.[N 2] Upon reaching an altitude of 500 feet (150 m) or less, as measured by a radar altimeter, the aerosol generator would be activated, dispersing chemical agent over an area of up to 12 mi (20 km) by 5.6 mi (9 km).
Development of the Gorgon V continued throughout the Korean War. In 1953 it was projected that the weapon would be ready for operational service by 1955. Later that year, the Gorgon V was cancelled by the US Navy. It is unknown if any prototypes were constructed before the termination of the project.
- Parsch 2005
- Friedman 1982, p.201.
- Ordway and Wakeford 1960, p.182.
- Fahey 1958, p.32.
- Gunston 1979, p.121.
- Fahey, James Charles (1958). The Ships and Aircraft of the U.S. Fleet (7 ed.). Washington, D.C.: Ships and Aircraft Publishers. ISBN 9780870216466. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
- Friedman, Norman (1982). U.S. Naval Weapons: every gun, missile, mine, and torpedo used by the U.S. Navy from 1883 to the present day. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-735-7.
- Gunston, Bill (1979). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Rockets & Missiles. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 0-517-26870-1.
- Ordway, Frederick Ira; Ronald C. Wakeford (1960). International Missile and Spacecraft Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill. ASIN B000MAEGVC.
- Parsch, Andreas (4 January 2005). "Martin ASM-N-5 Gorgon V (and other NAMU Gorgon variants)". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. Designation-Systems. Retrieved 2011-02-11.