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The AS VAL (Special Automatic Rifle)
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Russian Federation|
|Wars||First Chechen War and Second Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia war, War in Donbass, Insurgency in the North Caucasus, Syrian Civil war (used by Russian special forces)|
|Manufacturer||Tula Arms Plant|
|Unit cost||Unknown (estimated to be around 110,822 roubles, in USD $1788)|
|No. built||Unknown, estimated to be relatively low due to its production costs.|
|Variants||VSS "Vintorez", SR-3 "Vikhr", SR-3M, VSSM|
|Weight||2.5 kg (5.51 lb) empty|
|Length||875 mm (34.4 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded|
|Barrel length||200 mm (7.9 in)|
|Cartridge||9x39mm SP5 and SP6 also PAB-9, SPP, BP later variants made in 2004.|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||900 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||295 m/s (968 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||400 m|
|Maximum firing range||~500 m|
20-round detachable box magazine |
(optional 10-round magazine from the VSS or 30-round magazine from the SR-3M)
|Sights||Front post, rear sector sight; day or night-time optics|
The AS «Val» (Avtomat Special'nyj Val, Russian: Автомат Специальный Вал or Special Automatic Rifle, code name: "Shaft", GRAU designation 6P30) is a Soviet-designed assault rifle featuring an integrated suppressor. Development of a special rifle (AS) "Shaft" began in the first half of the 1980s in the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (TSNIITOCHMASH), in the city of Klimovsk, Moscow region. The lead designer of the rifle is Pyotr Serdyukov.
It was developed in 1987 by TsNIITochMash (Central Institute for Precision Machine Building). Since 1987, it was added to the arsenal of the Soviet Army and the KGB and is used by Russian Spetsnaz special forces and the MVD, FSB, OMON, SOBR, GRU, and select units of the Russian Army.
Due to the rifle being both expensive and in limited quantity, it is very rarely deployed according to some Russian Spetsnaz operators. It is deployed in special operations that are either sabotage or reconnaissance units behind enemy lines and is a favorite of Spetsnaz operators.
Its effective range is approximately 300 m, as it uses heavy subsonic 9x39mm SP-6 (high-performance armor-piercing) ammunition, as well as the SP-5 ball round used by the VSS Vintorez suppressed sniper rifle. It can also use the same 10 or 20-round magazines as the VSS. Controls are similar to all AK-type rifles with charging handle on the right side, tangent rear sight, magazine release button behind the magazine well, and safety lever above the trigger guard. The fire selector is, however, located within the trigger guard, behind the trigger. The "Val" has two modes of fire, semi-automatic and fully automatic fire at a rate of 900 RPM. According to its users, the "Val" is reliable, accurate, and well liked.
It has an AK-type side mount for various optical sights, including the 4x PSO-1 scope and night sights such as the 1PN51 calibrated for use with the 9x39mm round. The standard open sights are graduated up to 400 m in 25 m increments.
The "Val" shares 70% of its components with its sister-gun, the VSS Vintorez. Differences are a skeletonized steel stock which folds to the left for storage and transportation (gun can operate with stock folded but it cannot be fitted with a scope while the stock is folded).
The SR-3 Vikhr is a compact assault rifle based on the AS Val, chambered for the same round, featuring a new stock but lacking an integral suppressor.
- ИЗДЕЛИЕ 1ПН51 ТЕХНИЧЕСКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ И ИНСТРУКЦИЯ ПО ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ [PRODUCT 1PN51 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS] (in Russian). January 1992. p. 11.
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