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Real and Special Assault Rifle
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Russian Federation|
|Wars||First Chechen War and Second Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia war War in Donbass (used by Russian special forces)|
|Manufacturer||Tula Arms Plant|
|Variants||VSS "Vintorez", SR-3 "Vikhr"|
|Weight||2.5 kg (5.51 lb) empty|
|Length||875 mm (34.4 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded|
|Barrel length||200 mm (7.9 in)|
|Cartridge||9x39mm SP5 and SP6|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||900 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||295 m/s (968 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||300 m|
|Maximum firing range||400 m|
|Feed system||20-round detachable box magazine
(optional 10-round magazine from the VSS or 30-round magazine from the SR-3M)
|Sights||Front post, rear sector sight; day or night-time optics|
The AS "Val" (Avtomat Special'nyj Val, Russian: Автомат Специальный Вал or Special Automatic Rifle, code name: "Shaft", GRAU designation 6P30) is a Soviet-designed assault rifle featuring an integrated suppressor. Development of a special rifle (AS) "Shaft" began in the first half of the 1980s in the Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering (TSNIITOCHMASH), in the city of Klimovsk, Moscow region. The lead designer of the rifle is Pyotr Serdyukov
It was developed in 1987 by TsNIITochMash (Central Institute for Precision Machine Building). Since 1987, it was added to the arsenal of the Soviet Army and the KGB and is used by Russian Spetsnaz special forces and the MVD, FSB, OMON, SOBR, GRU, and select units of the Russian Army.
Its effective range is approximately 300 m, as it uses heavy subsonic 9x39mm SP-6 (high-performance armor-piercing) ammunition, as well as the SP-5 ball round used by the VSS Vintorez suppressed sniper rifle. It can also use the same 10 or 20-round magazines as the VSS. Controls are similar to all AK-type rifles with charging handle on the right side, tangent rear sight, magazine release button behind the magazine well, and safety lever above the trigger guard. The fire selector is, however, located within the trigger guard, behind the trigger. The "Val" has two modes of fire, semi-automatic and fully automatic fire at a rate of 900 RPM. According to its users, the "Val" is reliable, accurate, and well liked.
Another variant of the AS Val is SR-3 Vihkr a compact assault rifle, based on the AS Val. It lacks suppressor and has a new stock. It is intended for concealed carrying. In many respects it is similar to submachine guns. Commonly used by FSB
The AS Val is used by various reconnaissance and special elements of the Russian armed forces. It has also been adopted by various law enforcement and internal security units. In various recent internal conflicts the Val proved to be very suitable for urban combat.
It has an AK-type side mount for various optical sights, including the 4x PSO-1 scope and night sights such as the 1PN51 calibrated for use with the 9x39mm round. The standard open sights are graduated up to 400 m in 25 m increments.
The "Val" shares 70% of its components with its sister-gun, the VSS Vintorez. Differences are furniture made of high impact polymer and a skeletonized steel stock which folds to the left for storage and transportation (gun can operate with stock folded).
Due to the rifle being both expensive and in limited quantity, it is very rarely deployed according to some Russian Spetsnaz operators. It is deployed in special operations that are either sabotage or reconnaissance units behind enemy lines and is a favored by Spetsnaz operators.
The weapon was designed to engage targets protected by Ballistic body armor, as well as soft-skinned vehicles at distances up to 400 meters.
Ammunition for the rifle and machine provides 100% penetration of body armor at ranges of up to 400 meters, while maintaining adequate slaughtering action after breaking through barriers.
Low level shot of sound provided nadulnymi silencers and optimum ballistic characteristics of ammunition.
The reliability of the rifle is equivalent to an AKM, including the functioning in difficult conditions such as dust, dirt, sand, rain, at a temperature range from -50 °C to +50 °C
Automatic AS Val (index 6P30) is a personal weapon nestled offense and defense and is designed to engage targets in the criteria required to keep silent, flameless protected by enemy troops, also unarmored or lightly armored materiel.
Automatic AC consisted of: barrel to the receiver; pistol grip and butt; muffler with iron sights; bolt with a gas piston; shutter; revertible mechanism; impactor; the trigger; forearm; gas tube; receiver cover and store.
Automatic machine AS Val worked on the principle of removal of powder gases from the bore. Locking is also produced by turning the bolt 6 lugs. The trigger mechanism striker type was designed for conducting single and automatic fire. Translator type of fire is mounted at the rear of the trigger guard. Flag fuse exclusive shot at accidentally pressed the trigger and the barrel unlocked, displayed on the right side of the receiver above the pistol grip fire control. Handle reloading placed on the right side of the receiver. The sighting device consists of an open sight, calculated on the firing range up to 420 meters and flies in namushnike.
Stock is made from plastic box stores dual inline with a capacity of 20 rounds. To expedite equipment store complete machine available clips for 10 rounds. Unlike the AK 74, an adapter for attachment clips to the store was made complete with a holder. To reduce the sound level was used a special device to silent-flameless.
The design of the machine by 70% AS was standardized with a sniper rifle VSS, including types and applicable scopes. But unlike automatic rifle received a new 20-round magazine (fully interchangeable with 10-round magazine from VSS) and iron frame butt, folding to the left side of the receiver, making it more compact and maneuverable. Automatic AC comfortable for fighting in confined spaces: buildings, subways, trenches, etc.; when moving in the bush, bush, and landing in. AS from the machine can conduct aimed fire with butt folded. As rifle, equipped with automatic day and night sights.
- Self-proclaimed Lugansk People's Republic  (used by Russian soldiers that are believed to be Spetsnaz GRU operators)
- ИЗДЕЛИЕ 1ПН51 ТЕХНИЧЕСКОЕ ОПИСАНИЕ И ИНСТРУКЦИЯ ПО ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИИ [PRODUCT 1PN51 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS] (in Russian). January 1992. p. 11.
- "Russian special forces in Luhansk: so called insurgents armed with AS "Val" assault rifles - the weapon used by the Russian Federation Army only. VIDEO". Censor.net. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
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