ATF3

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ATF3
Identifiers
AliasesATF3, activating transcription factor 3
External IDsOMIM: 603148 MGI: 109384 HomoloGene: 1265 GeneCards: ATF3
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 1 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 1 (human)[1]
Chromosome 1 (human)
Genomic location for ATF3
Genomic location for ATF3
Band1q32.3Start212,565,334 bp[1]
End212,620,777 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE ATF3 202672 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_007498

RefSeq (protein)

NP_031524

Location (UCSC)Chr 1: 212.57 – 212.62 MbChr 1: 191.17 – 191.22 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-3 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the ATF3 gene.[5]

Function[edit]

Activating transcription factor 3 is a member of the mammalian activation transcription factor/cAMP responsive element-binding (CREB) protein family of transcription factors. Multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms have been found for this gene. The longer isoform represses rather than activates transcription from promoters with ATF binding elements. The shorter isoform (deltaZip2) lacks the leucine zipper protein-dimerization motif and does not bind to DNA, and it stimulates transcription, it is presumed, by sequestering inhibitory co-factors away from the promoter. It is possible that alternative splicing of the ATF3 gene may be physiologically important in the regulation of target genes.[6]

Clinical significance[edit]

ATF-3 is induced upon physiological stress in various tissues.[7] It is also a marker of regeneration following injury of dorsal root ganglion neurons, as injured regenerating neurons activate this transcription factor. [8] Functional validation studies have shown that ATF3 can promote regeneration of peripheral neurons, but is not capable of promoting regeneration of central nervous system neurons. [9]

See also[edit]

Interactions[edit]

ATF3 has been shown to interact with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000162772 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000026628 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Chen BP, Liang G, Whelan J, Hai T (June 1994). "ATF3 and ATF3 delta Zip. Transcriptional repression versus activation by alternatively spliced isoforms". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 269 (22): 15819–26. PMID 7515060.
  6. ^ "Entrez Gene: ATF3 activating transcription factor 3".
  7. ^ Chen BP, Wolfgang CD, Hai T (March 1996). "Analysis of ATF3, a transcription factor induced by physiological stresses and modulated by gadd153/Chop10". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 16 (3): 1157–68. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.3.1157. PMC 231098. PMID 8622660.
  8. ^ Lindå H, Sköld MK, Ochsmann T (2011). "Activating transcription factor 3, a useful marker for regenerative response after nerve root injury". Frontiers in Neurology. 2: 30. doi:10.3389/fneur.2011.00030. PMC 3099310. PMID 21629765.
  9. ^ Mahar M, Cavalli V (June 2018). "Intrinsic mechanisms of neuronal axon regeneration". Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 19 (6): 323–337. doi:10.1038/s41583-018-0001-8. PMC 5987780. PMID 29666508.
  10. ^ Pearson AG, Gray CW, Pearson JF, Greenwood JM, During MJ, Dragunow M (December 2003). "ATF3 enhances c-Jun-mediated neurite sprouting". Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research. 120 (1): 38–45. doi:10.1016/j.molbrainres.2003.09.014. PMID 14667575.
  11. ^ a b Chen BP, Wolfgang CD, Hai T (March 1996). "Analysis of ATF3, a transcription factor induced by physiological stresses and modulated by gadd153/Chop10". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 16 (3): 1157–68. doi:10.1128/MCB.16.3.1157. PMC 231098. PMID 8622660.
  12. ^ Hai T, Curran T (May 1991). "Cross-family dimerization of transcription factors Fos/Jun and ATF/CREB alters DNA binding specificity". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 88 (9): 3720–4. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.9.3720. PMC 51524. PMID 1827203.
  13. ^ Chu HM, Tan Y, Kobierski LA, Balsam LB, Comb MJ (January 1994). "Activating transcription factor-3 stimulates 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent gene expression". Molecular Endocrinology. 8 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1210/mend.8.1.8152431. PMID 8152431.
  14. ^ Stelzl U, Worm U, Lalowski M, Haenig C, Brembeck FH, Goehler H, Stroedicke M, Zenkner M, Schoenherr A, Koeppen S, Timm J, Mintzlaff S, Abraham C, Bock N, Kietzmann S, Goedde A, Toksöz E, Droege A, Krobitsch S, Korn B, Birchmeier W, Lehrach H, Wanker EE (September 2005). "A human protein-protein interaction network: a resource for annotating the proteome". Cell. 122 (6): 957–68. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2005.08.029. hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8592-0. PMID 16169070.
  15. ^ Yan C, Wang H, Boyd DD (March 2002). "ATF3 represses 72-kDa type IV collagenase (MMP-2) expression by antagonizing p53-dependent trans-activation of the collagenase promoter". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (13): 10804–12. doi:10.1074/jbc.M112069200. PMID 11792711.
  16. ^ Kang Y, Chen CR, Massagué J (April 2003). "A self-enabling TGFbeta response coupled to stress signaling: Smad engages stress response factor ATF3 for Id1 repression in epithelial cells". Molecular Cell. 11 (4): 915–26. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00109-6. PMID 12718878.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.


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