|ATP Rankings (singles), as of 12 September 2016[update]|
|1||Novak Djokovic (SRB)||14,040|
|2||Andy Murray (GBR)||9,485|
|3||Stan Wawrinka (SUI)||6,260|
|4||Rafael Nadal (ESP)||4,940||1|
|5||Kei Nishikori (JPN)||4,875||2|
|6||Milos Raonic (CAN)||4,760|
|7||Roger Federer (SUI)||3,745||3|
|8||Gaël Monfils (FRA)||3,545||4|
|9||Tomáš Berdych (CZE)||3,390||1|
|10||Dominic Thiem (AUT)||3,295|
|11||Marin Čilić (CRO)||2,885||2|
|12||Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (FRA)||2,875||1|
|13||David Ferrer (ESP)||2,660|
|14||David Goffin (BEL)||2,485|
|15||Nick Kyrgios (AUS)||2,140||1|
|16||Roberto Bautista Agut (ESP)||1,950||1|
|17||Richard Gasquet (FRA)||1,880||2|
|18||Lucas Pouille (FRA)||1,831||7|
|19||Pablo Cuevas (URU)||1,745||1|
|20||Ivo Karlović (CRO)||1,705||3|
The ATP Rankings, as defined by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), are the "objective merit-based method used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all tournaments for both (male) singles and doubles, except as modified for the ATP World Tour Finals (singles or doubles)." The rankings period is "the immediate past 52 weeks, except for: Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, singles and doubles, which is dropped on the Monday following the last ATP World Tour event of the following year; Futures Series tournaments that are only entered into the system on the second Monday following the tournament's week. Once entered, all tournaments, except the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, remain in the system for 52 consecutive weeks."
- 1 History
- 2 Overview
- 3 Ranking method
- 4 Current rankings
- 5 Number one ranked players
- 6 Year-end number one players
- 7 Players with highest career rank 2–5
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The ATP began as the men's trade union in 1972 and rose to prominence when 81 of its members boycotted the 1973 Wimbledon Championships. Just two months later, in August, the ATP introduced its ranking system intended to objectify tournament entry criteria, which up to that point was controlled by national federations and tournament directors.
The ATP's new ranking system was quickly adopted by men's tennis. While virtually all ATP members were in favor of objectifying event participation, the system's very first No. 1, Ilie Năstase, lamented that "everyone had a number hanging over them," fostering a more competitive and less collegial atmosphere among the players.
The original ATP ranking criteria, which persisted through the 1980s, was based on averaging each player's results, though the details were revised a number of times. Starting in 1990, in conjunction with the expansion of ATP purview as the new men's tour operator, the ranking criteria was replaced with a 'best of' system modeled after competitive downhill skiing. This 'best of' system originally used 14 events but expanded to 18 in 2000.
A player's ATP Ranking is based on the total points he accrued in the following 19 tournaments (18 if he did not qualify for the ATP World Tour Finals):
- The four Grand Slam tournaments
- The eight mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments,[a]
- The previous ATP World Tour Finals count until the Monday following the final regular-season ATP event of the following year.
- The best six results from all ATP World Tour 500, ATP World Tour 250, ATP Challenger Tour, Futures Series and Davis Cup tournaments played in the calendar year[b]
The requirement to play in four ATP World Tour 500 events does not apply to a player who was outside the top 30 in the previous year-end ranking; however, no more than four of his results from 500 level events may be counted. For a better result within the same tour type to be transposed one has to wait for the expiry of the first worse result from previous year. It only expires at the drop date of that tournament and only if the player reached a worse result or hasn't entered the current year.
The Monte-Carlo Masters 1000 became optional in 2009, but if a player chooses to participate in it, its result are counted and his fourth-best result in an ATP 500 event is ignored (his three best ATP 500 results remain). If a player doesn't play enough ATP 500 events and does not have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup is counted in the 500's table. The World Team Cup was also included before its cancellation in 2012.
For the Davis Cup points, point are only distributed for the World Group countries and instead of having an exact drop date they are gradually updated at each phase of the cup (compared to the results of the player from previous year and arranged his total sum of Davis Cup points to it. E.g. if a player played two matches in a semifinal but plays one the next year only that one missing match will be extracted from his points).
A player who is out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, will not receive any penalty. The ATP World Tour Finals will count as an additional 19th tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end.
For every Grand Slam tournament or mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament for which a player is not in the main draw, and was not (and, in the case of a Grand Slam tournament, would not have been, had he and all other players entered) a main draw direct acceptance on the original acceptance list, and never became a main draw direct acceptance, the number of his results from all other eligible tournaments in the ranking period that count for his ranking is increased by one.
Once a player is accepted in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament or ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament,[c] his result in this tournament counts for his ranking, regardless of whether he participates. A player's withdrawal from an ATP World Tour 500 event, regardless of whether the withdrawal was on time, results in a zero point included as one of his best of four results. Further non-consecutive withdrawals results in a zero point allocation replacing the next best positive result for each additional withdrawal.
Players with multiple consecutive withdrawals who are out of competition for 30 days or longer because of injury are not subject to a ranking penalty as long as verified and approved medical forms are provided; or, a player will not have the ranking penalty imposed if he completes the Promotional Activities requirement as specified under "Repeal of Withdrawal Fines and/or Penalties" or if the on-site withdrawal procedures apply. Players may also appeal withdrawal penalties to a Tribunal who will determine whether the penalties are affirmed or set aside.
Between 2000 and 2012, ranking points were awarded based on results in the Summer Olympics. This was changed before the 2016 Olympics where no ranking points were awarded.
Current points distribution (2016 – present)
Points are awarded as follows:
|ATP World Tour Finals||+500||+400||(200 for each round robin match win)|
|Masters 1000||1000||600||360||180||90||45||10 (25)||(10)||25 (16)|
|500 Series||500||300||180||90||45||(20)||20 (10)|
|250 Series||250||150||90||45||20||(5)||12 (5)|
|ATP Challenger Tour Finals||+50||+30||(15 for each round robin match win)|
|Challenger 125,000 +H||125||75||45||25||10||5|
|Challenger 35,000 +H||80||48||29||15||6||3|
|Futures 15,000 +H||35||20||10||4||1|
|Futures 10,000 +H||27||15||8||3||1|
- (ATP 1000 series) Qualifying points changes to 16 points only if the main draw is larger than 56
- (ATP 500 series) Qualifying points changes to 10 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
- (ATP 250 series) Qualifying points changes to 5 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
In addition qualifiers and main draw entry players will then also receive the points in brackets for the rounds they reached.
|Rubber category||Match win||Match loss||Team bonus||Performance bonus||Total achievable|
|Singles||Play-offs||5 / 101||15|
|Final||75||753||1254||150 / 2253 / 2754|
|Cumulative total||500||500 to 5353||6254||6254|
|Final||95||355||95 / 1305|
ATP Points were distributed from 2009 to 2015
Only World Group and World Group Play-Off matches and only live matches earn points. Dead rubbers earn no points. If a player does not compete in the singles of one or more rounds he will receive points from the previous round when playing singles at the next tie. This last rule also applies for playing in doubles matches.
1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points.
2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation.
3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.
4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded.
5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.
Previous points distribution (until 2008)
|This section does not cite any sources. (April 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Points are awarded as follows:
|Tournament category||Total financial
|Grand Slam||$6,784,000 to $9,943,000||1000||700||450||250||150||75||35||5||15|
|Tennis Masters Cup||$4,450,000||750^
|(100 for each round robin match win,
+200 for a semifinal win, +250 for the final win)
|ATP Masters Series||$2,450,000 to $3,450,000||500||350||225||125||75||35||5 (20)||(5)||15*|
|International Series Gold||$1,000,000||300||210||135||75||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series Gold||$800,000||250||175||110||60||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$1,000,000||250||175||110||60||25||0 (15)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$800,000||225||155||100||55||20||0 (10)||(0)||10*|
|International Series||$600,000||200||140||90||50||15 (20)||0 (10)||(0)||5|
|Challenger||$50,000 or $35,000+H||55||38||24||13||5||0||2|
(€): All prize money and fees for ATP Masters Series, International Series, and Challengers played in Europe must be paid in euros (€). In most cases they are calculated at the 0.85 USD/EUR exchange rate, but it varies and is often rounded throughout the 2008 ATP Official Rulebook.
(^): Tennis Masters Cup: maximum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 3 round-robin wins)
(m): Tennis Masters Cup: minimum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 1 round-robin win)
+H: Any Challenger or Futures providing hospitality shall receive the points of the next higher prize money level in that category. Monies shown for Challengers and Futures are on-site prize amounts.
Points are assigned to the losers of the round indicated. Any player who reaches the second round by drawing a bye and then loses shall be considered to have lost in the first round and shall receive first round loser's points (5 for Grand Slams and all AMS events). Wild cards at Grand Slams and AMS events receive points only from the 2nd round. No points are awarded for a first round loss at International Series Events, Challenger Series, or Futures Series events.
Players qualifying for the Main Draw through the qualifying competition shall receive qualifying points in addition to any points earned, as per the following table, with the exception of Futures.
(*): 5 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series) or 64 (ATP Masters Series)
In addition to the points allocated above, points are allocated to losers at Grand Slam, Tennis Masters Series, and International Series Gold Tournaments qualifying events in the following manner:
- Grand Slams: 8 points for a last round loser, 4 points for a second round loser
- Tennis Masters Series: 8 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser
- International Series Gold: 5 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser,
(**): 3 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series Gold) or 64 (ATP Masters Series).
- The 2015 ATP Official Rulebook. ATP Rankings 5. Point Table (Page 153)
- ITF Tennis - Olympic Tennis Event - Ranking Points[dead link]
- ATPtennis.com - Indesit ATP Ranking Points Breakdown 2007[dead link]
- stevegtennis.com - Entry System Tournament Points 2007
†Change since previous week's rankings
‡Change since previous week's rankings
Number one ranked players
The following is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles since the inception of the rankings in 1973 (active players in green):
|#||Player||Date reached||Total weeks|
|1||Ilie Năstase||August 23, 1973||40|
|2||John Newcombe||June 3, 1974||8|
|3||Jimmy Connors||July 29, 1974||268|
|4||Björn Borg||August 23, 1977||109|
|5||John McEnroe||March 3, 1980||170|
|6||Ivan Lendl||February 28, 1983||270|
|7||Mats Wilander||September 12, 1988||20|
|8||Stefan Edberg||August 13, 1990||72|
|9||Boris Becker||January 28, 1991||12|
|10||Jim Courier||February 10, 1992||58|
|11||Pete Sampras||April 12, 1993||286|
|12||Andre Agassi||April 10, 1995||101|
|13||Thomas Muster||February 12, 1996||6|
|14||Marcelo Ríos||March 30, 1998||6|
|15||Carlos Moyá||March 15, 1999||2|
|16||Yevgeny Kafelnikov||May 3, 1999||6|
|17||Patrick Rafter||July 26, 1999||1|
|18||Marat Safin||November 20, 2000||9|
|19||Gustavo Kuerten||December 4, 2000||43|
|20||Lleyton Hewitt||November 19, 2001||80|
|21||Juan Carlos Ferrero||September 8, 2003||8|
|22||Andy Roddick||November 3, 2003||13|
|23||Roger Federer||February 2, 2004||302|
|24||Rafael Nadal||August 18, 2008||141|
|25||Novak Djokovic||July 4, 2011||218|
Last update: September 26, 2016
Year-end number one players
Players with highest career rank 2–5
The following is a list of players who were ranked world no. 5 or higher but not no. 1 in the period since the 1973 introduction of the ATP computer rankings (active players in green):
- ATP World Tour records
- ATP World Tour Awards
- ATP World Tour Masters 1000
- List of ATP number 1 ranked singles players
- List of ATP number 1 ranked doubles players
- Tennis statistics
- Tennis male players statistics
- WTA Rankings
- In weeks where there are not four Grand Slam tournaments and eight ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments in the ranking period, the number of a player's best results from all eligible tournaments in the ranking period will be adjusted accordingly.
- At least one of these tournaments must follow the US Open.
- "Accepted" means a direct acceptance, a qualifier, a special exempt, or a lucky loser, or having accepted a wild card.
- "2009 ATP World Tour - Rulebook, Chapter IX, ATP Rankings". Retrieved 2012-07-25.
- Tignor, Steve (19 March 2015). "1973: The men boycott Wimbledon and shift power to the players". tennis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Buddell, James (23 August 2013). "The Rankings That Changed Tennis (Part I)". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Buddell, James (23 August 2013). "The Rankings That Changed Tennis (Part II)". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- Tignor, Steve (26 March 2015). "1973: The ATP institutes computer rankings". tennis.com. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Rankings FAQ". Atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
- "Rankings-FAQ". ATP World Tour.
- Rothenberg, Ben (2016-05-29). "Points and Prize Money Mean More to Olympic Tennis Holdouts". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-15.
- Douglas Robson (22 August 2013). "Happy 40th birthday, ATP computer rankings". USA Today.
- Simon Cambers (15 February 2013). "40 years on, how have the ATP World Rankings developed?". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC.
- "Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
- "Tennis - ATP World Tour - Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
- "The 2015 ATP® Official Rulebook" (pdf). 2015-01-18. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Current ATP Rankings (Singles)". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc.
- "Emirates ATP Doubles Rankings". ATP Tour.