|Czech Airlines ATR 42–500 landing at Václav Havel Airport Prague|
|First flight||16 August 1984|
|Introduction||3 December 1985|
|Primary users||FedEx Feeder
TRIP Linhas Aéreas
|Number built||436 as December 2014|
42–600: $19.5 million (2012)
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, short-haul regional airliner built in France and Italy by ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional). ATR and some Airbus models have their final assembly in Toulouse, and share resources and technology. The name "42" comes from the aircraft's standard seating, which varies from 40 to 52. The aircraft serves as the basis for the ATR 72.
Design and development
The ATR 42–300 was announced in 1981, making its maiden flight on 16 August 1984; French and Italian certification followed in September 1985 and its first revenue flight was in December with Air Littoral of France. This initial version of the ATR42 was in production until 1996. The next upgrade for the product was the ATR42-320 (also produced until 1996); this variant differed in that it was equipped with the more-powerful PW-121 engines for improved performance. The ATR42-300QC is a quick-change (convertible) freight/passenger version of the standard −300 series.
The current production version is the −500 series. It is a next-generation aircraft with new engines, new propellers, improved hot and high performance, increased weight capacity and an improved passenger cabin. The 50-seat ATR 42–500 was first certificated in July 1995.
As of December 2012 422 ATR 42s had been delivered worldwide.
There are six major variants of the ATR 42.
The ATR 42−400 is an upgraded version of the −320 using six-bladed propellers on otherwise identical PW121 engines. Three ATR 42−400 were delivered to the Government of Italy as the ATR 42 "Surveyor" version. The only two civilian ATR 42-400 produced (msn 487 & 491) were delivered to CSA Czech Airlines in 1995/1996 as an interim upgrade prior to delivery of -500s. In 2006 these two aircraft were sold to Conviasa.
The ATR 42-500 is the current production version. The first delivery was in October 1995. It is a completely new design with many new improvements for performance and passenger comfort. It has new engines, new propellers, a newly designed cabin and increased weight capacity. It has six-bladed propellers turned by PW127E engines rated at 2,400 shp (1,800 kW) for improved hot and high performance and greatly increased cruise speed. The engines are flat rated for +45C. Propellers are electrically controlled and are made from composite. It has an increased maximum takeoff weight, allowing for more cargo and greater range (up to 1,500 nm). Due to the six-bladed propellers and better insulation, it has a much reduced noise level inside the cabin. The newest version have CATII capability and dual Honeywell HT1000 FMS installation.
On 2 October 2007, ATR CEO Stéphane Mayer announced the launch of the new −600 series aircraft at a press conference held in Washington, D.C.
The new ATR 42–600 and ATR 72–600 will feature technological enhancements to the current aircraft to increase its efficiency, dispatch reliability, low fuel burn and operating cost. It will include the new PW127M as standard engine (new engines provide 5% additional thermodynamic power at takeoff, thus improving performance on short runways, in hot weather and on high altitude; the incorporation of the "boost function" enables use of this additional power as needed, only when called for by the takeoff conditions), Glass Cockpit flight deck featuring five wide LCD screens that will replace the current EFIS (Electronic Flight Instrument System). In addition, a Multi-Purpose Computer (MPC) will further enhance flight safety and operational capabilities. The new avionics, to be supplied by Thales, will also provide CAT III and RNP capabilities. It will also include the new lighter and more comfortable seats and larger overhead baggage bins.
According to the ATR42 & 72 EASA Type Certificate Data Sheet TCDS A.084, Iss 3, 17-10-2012 ), "ATR 42-600" is the manufacturer's marketing designation of ATR 42-500 aircraft model with the NAS (New Avionic Suite, or 'Glass Cockpit') modification installed. The "ATR 42-600" marketing designation is not recognised by EASA as any new certified aircraft model or variant, and must not be used on ATR certified/approved documentation, where only "Mod 5948", "ATR 42-500 with Mod 5948", "ATR 42-500 fitted with NAS", or ATR 42-500 "600 version" must be indicated.
- Cargo Variant
Bulk (tube versions) and ULD freighter (large cargo door). An STC exists to convert all ATR-42 variants to all-cargo transport aircraft. FedEx, Aviavilsa, UPS, and DHL are major operators of the type.
- ATR Surveyor
- Air Botswana
- Aer Lingus Regional
- Air Contractors
- Air India Regional
- Air Tahiti
- Azul Linhas Aéreas
- Buddha Air
- Calm Air
- DAT Danish Air Transport
- Empire Airlines
- FedEx Express
- First Air
- LIAT (1974) LTD
- MASwings (Malaysia)
- Mountain Air Cargo
- Pantanal Linhas Aéreas
- Precision Air
- Pakistan International Airlines
- Taimyr Air Company
- Trigana Air Service
- UTair Aviation
- West Wind Aviation
Military and government operators
- Libyan Government (one ATR42 MP)
Accidents and incidents
There have been a total of 23 hull-losses of ATR 42s.
- On 15 October 1987, an Aero Trasporti Italiani (ATI) ATR 42–300 crashed on Conca di Crezzo, Italy during flight from Milan-Linate to Cologne Bonn Airport, Germany. All 37 on board died. Icing conditions existed.
- On 21 August 1994, Royal Air Maroc Flight 630 crashed into the Atlas Mountains, killing all 44 people on board. It was claimed the pilot deliberately disengaged the autopilot and crashed the aircraft.
- On 30 July 1997, Air Littoral Flight 701, an ATR 42–500, overran runway 23 at Peretola Airport in Italy after a flight from Nice Côte d'Azur Airport in France. One of the crew was killed out of the 3 crew and 14 passengers. The aircraft was written off in the accident.
- On 11 October 1999, an Air Botswana captain boarded an ATR 42–320 aircraft at Gaborone Airport and took off. Once in the air, he asked by radio to speak to President Festus Mogae (who was outside the country at the time), Air Botswana's general manager and others. In spite of all attempts to persuade him to land and discuss his grievances, he stated he was going to crash into aircraft parked on the airport apron. After a flying time of about two hours, he performed two loops and then crashed at 200 knots (230 mph) into Air Botswana's two other ATR 42s parked on the apron. The captain was killed, but there were no other casualties. He had been grounded on medical reasons, refused reinstatement, and regrounded until February 2000.
- On 12 November 1999, Si Fly Flight 3275, an ATR 42-312 registration F-OHFV, was on a flight from Rome Ciampino Airport in Italy to Pristina International Airport Adem Jashari in Kosovo, operating on behalf of the UN. The aircraft crashed into a hill near Mitrovica in Serbia (now in Kosovo) as it was making a turn to the left. The accident killed all 24 passengers and crew on board.
- On 11 October 2000, an ACES Colombia ATR 42-500 registered as VP-BOF was destroyed when it collided with a Boeing 727 of the same airline while taxiing at El Dorado International Airport in Bogotá, Colombia. There were no fatalities.
- On September 14, 2002, a Total Linhas Aéreas ATR 42-312 registration PT-MTS on a cargo flight between São Paulo-Guarulhos and Londrina crashed while en route near Paranapanema. The crew of two died.
- On 21 February 2008, Santa Barbara Airlines Flight 518 crashed in the Andes near Mérida, Venezuela, during a flight from Mérida to Simon Bolivar International Airport in Caracas. The aircraft was carrying 43 passengers and 3 crew. All died.
- May 8, 2008 – N904FX and N905FX, two parked ATR 42-320s, were written off after they suffered substantial damage at Piedmont Triad International Airport when the airport was hit by an EF2 tornado.
- On 27 January 2009, an Empire Airlines ATR 42 freighter under contract to FedEx Express crashed on landing at Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport at 04:37 CT. The aircraft, which had been traveling from Fort Worth Alliance Airport, landed short of the touchdown zone and skidded off the runway amid light freezing rain. There was a small fire and two crew members were taken to the hospital with minor injuries.
- On 11 February 2010, Trigana Air Service Flight 168 made a forced landing in a paddy field at Bone, Indonesia. Two people were seriously injured.
- On 13 September 2010, Conviasa Flight 2350 crashed 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of Manuel Carlos Piar Guayana Airport, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela, on a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Del Caribe "Santiago Mariño" International Airport, Porlamar, Isla Margarita. Of 51 passengers and crew on board, 34 survived the accident while 17 died.
- On 9 June 2012, ATR 42 OK-KFM named "Benešov", operated by Czech Airlines, burned in a hangar at Prague Ruzyně Airport following an explosion. The machine was a total hull loss.
- On 19 October 2013, ATR 42-300 P2-PXY of Air Niugini suffered an engine fire on take-off from Madang Airport, Papua New Guinea. The take-off was rejected but the aircraft overran the runway and ended up in a creek. All three crew were injured and the aircraft was substantially damaged by the fire, which spread to the starboard wing.
|ATR 42-200||ATR 42-300||ATR 42-320||ATR 42-500||ATR 42-600|
|Flight deck crew||2|
|Length||74 ft 5 in (22.67 m)|
|Wingspan||80 ft 7 in (24.57 m)|
|Height||24 ft 11 in (7.59 m)|
|Wing area||587 sq ft (54.5 m2)|
|Wing aspect ratio||11.1:1|
|Wheelbase||28.8 ft (8.78 m)|
|Cabin length||45.4 ft (13.85 m)|
|Empty weight||23,148 lb
|Maximum takeoff weight
|Cruise speed||267 knots (494 km/h) at cruise altitude||299 knots (554 km/h) at cruise altitude||300 knots (556 km/h) at cruise altitude|
|Range, loaded||480 nmi (885 km)||840 nmi (1,555 km)||842 nmi (1,560 km)|
|Maximum fuel capacity||1,486 US gal (5,625 L)|
|Service ceiling||25,000 ft (7,600 m)|
|Engines (×2)||Pratt & Whitney Canada PW120||Pratt & Whitney Canada PW121||Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127E||Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127M|
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Antonov An-140
- Bombardier Dash 8
- Dornier 328
- Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia
- Fokker 50
- Ilyushin Il-114
- Saab 340 and 2000
- Sukhoi Su-80
- Xian MA600
- "ATR: record year in terms of sales, deliveries, turnover and backlog". ATR Aircraft. 21 January 2015.
- "Aircraft Profile: ATR 42-500". Airfinance Journal. 15 November 2012.
- Detailed Milestones
- "ATR ATR-42 - Airliners.net". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- ATR 42-300/320
- "Avions de Transport Regional's ATR 42". aerospace-technology.com. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's - IHS". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Photos: ATR ATR-42-600 Aircraft Pictures - Airliners.net". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "First ATR 42-600 delivered to Precision Air Services". ATR. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "ATR 42/72-600." pg. 4, easa.europa.eu Retrieved: 2 April 2013.
- ATR cargo solutions
- ATR 42 Surveyor
- ATR VIP
- ATR In-flight
- Alenia Aeronautica delivers second ATR 42 MP to the Nigerian Air Force aviationnews.eu
- Harro Ranter. "Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Aircraft type index > Arospatiale/Aeritalia ATR-42". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Harro Ranter (15 October 1987). "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-42-312 I-ATRH Conca di Crezzo". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- Harro Ranter (30 July 1997). "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-42-512 F-GPYE Florence-Peretola Airport (FLR)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Harro Ranter (11 October 1999). "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-42-320 A2-ABB Gaborone-Sir Seretse Khama International Airport (GBE)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Harro Ranter (12 November 1999). "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-42-312 F-OHFV Mitrovica". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Accident description PT-MTS". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- Harro Ranter (21 February 2008). "ASN Aircraft accident ATR-42-300 YV1449 Mrida-A Carnevalli Airport (MRD)". Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "ASN Aircraft accident ATR 42-320 N904FX Greensboro/High Point-Piedmont Triad International Airport, NC (GSO)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
- "ASN Aircraft accident ATR 42-320 N905FX Greensboro/High Point-Piedmont Triad International Airport, NC (GSO)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2013-04-15.
- CNN: FedEx plane crashes in Texas 27 January 2009
- "Plane crashes in eastern Venezuela". BBC News Online. 14 September 2010. Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
- Hradecky, Simon (19 October 2013). "Accident: Niugini AT42 at Madang on Oct 19th 2013, overran runway on rejected takeoff". The Aviation herald. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "ATR 42–500". ATR. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- "ATR 42-600" (PDF). ATR. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
- Jackson 2003, pp. 224–225.
- Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London: Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ATR 42.|