A Elbereth Gilthoniel

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A Elbereth Gilthoniel is an Elvish hymn to Varda (Elbereth) in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings.

Text[edit]

The long version of "A Elbereth Gilthoniel," also known as "Aerlinn in Edhil o Imladris (Hymn of the Elves of Rivendell)," written in Tengwar script using the mode of Beleriand.

There are three versions of this iambic tetrameter hymn, the first of which being the largest portion of Sindarin found in the novel:

A Elbereth Gilthoniel O Elbereth Starkindler,
silivren penna míriel white-glittering, slanting down sparkling like a jewel,
o menel aglar elenath! the glory of the starry host!
Na-chaered palan-díriel Having gazed far away
o galadhremmin ennorath, from the tree-woven lands of Middle-earth,
Fanuilos, le linnathon to thee, Everwhite, I will sing,
nef aear, sí nef aearon! on this side of the Sea, here on this side of the Ocean![1]
 
A Elbereth Gilthoniel O Elbereth Starkindler,
o menel palan-diriel, from heaven gazing afar,
le nallon sí di'nguruthos! to thee I cry now beneath the shadow of death!
A tiro nin, Fanuilos! O look towards me, Everwhite![2]

Musical settings[edit]

In 1967 Donald Swann published a musical rendition in the musical score of the song cycle The Road Goes Ever On. He and Donald Elvin also recorded this song cycle on an LP record. The LP also included a recording of Tolkien reading this prayer. The Road Goes Ever On was republished in 1978 and 1993, and the recording was released as a CD in 1993. The CD contained only the song cycle (including "A Elbereth Gilthoniël"), but not Tolkien's reading of the prayer.

The BBC's 1981 radio dramatization of the Lord of the Rings included a version composed by Stephen Oliver which was released as the second track of soundtrack album, which itself is included in some commercial versions of the BBC's production.

In Peter Jackson's films The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring and The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, the first few lines of the poem can be heard in the movie soundtrack when Frodo Baggins, or Bilbo Baggins', respectively, enter Rivendell.

In 2006, The Tolkien Ensemble and Christopher Lee released a collection of previously released songs, Complete Songs & Poems, which included four different musical renditions of the poem, one of which marked as number III, is the complete poem sung by Signe Asmussen, a soprano.[3]

A rendition composed by David Long with Plan 9 (David Donaldson, Steve Roche, and Janet Roddick)[4][5] is briefly heard in the Extended Edition of The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, where Sam and Frodo encounter "wood elves" who are singing the hymn while leaving Middle-earth. The complete song ("Passing of the Elves" / "Elvish Lament") is included in The Complete Recordings edition of the soundtrack for the film.

Australian composer Laura Bishop composed her own rendition of this elven hymn. Beginning with a solo by a soprano it then repeats with an SATB choir.

The Norwegian classical composer Martin Romberg has set the lyrics to music in his work "Eldarinwë Liri" for girls' choir, which also includes the four other poems Tolkien wrote in Elven languages. The work premiered in 2011 with the Norwegian Girls Choir and Trio Mediæval.[6]

Influences[edit]

In Tolkien's legendarium, Varda, also known as Elbereth, is one of the Valar and the highest of the "guardians". Peter Kreeft sees her as one of the clearest reflections of Roman Catholic Marian devotion in Tolkien's work.[7] In A Elbereth Gilthoniel, Marjorie Burns sees an echo of the Marian hymn, Hail Queen of Heaven, the Ocean Star.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Fellowship of the Ring, J.R.R. Tolkien, "Many Meetings"
  2. ^ The Two Towers, J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Choices of Master Samwise"
  3. ^ "The Tolkien Ensemble". tolkien-ensemble.net. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  4. ^ "A Magpie's Nest - Passing of the Elves". Amagpiesnest.com. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  5. ^ "The Plan 9 Interview". 
  6. ^ http://www.vestfoldfestspillene.no/program/detaljer/alvesang/113[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Peter Kreeft, The Philosophy of Tolkien: The Worldview Behind The Lord of the Rings (2005), p. 75, citing Letters (ed. 1981) no. 213, p. 288, San Francisco, Ignatius Press, 2005, ISBN 9781586170257
  8. ^ Burns, Marjorie. "Saintly and Distant Mothers", Kerry, Paul E., The Ring and the Cross: Christianity and The Lord of the Rings, p. 251, Rowman & Littlefield, 2011 ISBN 9781611470642

External links[edit]