A Gun for Dinosaur
|"A Gun for Dinosaur"|
Ed Emshwiller's illustration of the
story in Galaxy Science Fiction
|Author||L. Sprague de Camp|
|Published in||Galaxy Science Fiction|
|Media type||Print (Magazine)|
|Publication date||March, 1956|
|Followed by||"The Cayuse"|
"A Gun for Dinosaur" is a time travel science fiction story by American writer L. Sprague de Camp as part of his Rivers of Time series. It tells the story of four men who travel into the past to hunt dinosaurs.
It was first published in the magazine Galaxy Science Fiction for March, 1956, and first appeared in book form in the anthology The World That Couldn't Be and 8 Other SF Novelets (Doubleday, 1959). It has since been reprinted in numerous other anthologies, including The Time Curve (1968), 3000 Years of Fantasy and Science Fiction (1972), Dawn of Time (1979), Science Fiction A to Z (1982), Grand Masters' Choice (1989), Dinosaurs! (1990), Dinosaurs (1996), Timescapes: Stories of Time Travel (1997), The SFWA Grand Masters, Volume 1 (1999), The World Turned Upside Down (2005), and The Best Time Travel Stories of the 20th Century (2005), as well as such collections of de Camp's work as A Gun for Dinosaur and Other Imaginative Tales (1963), The Best of L. Sprague de Camp (1978), Rivers of Time (1993), and Years in the Making: the Time-Travel Stories of L. Sprague de Camp (2005). It has been translated into French, German, Italian, Czech, Dutch, and Spanish, and adapted into radio and comic book form.
The story takes the form of a first-person narrative by the protagonist, time-traveling hunter Reginald Rivers, told to Mr. Seligman, a prospective client of his time safari business; Seligman's contributions to the conversation are omitted, and must be inferred from those of Rivers. Rivers informs the client he is not big enough to hunt the dinosaurs of the Cretaceous period, illustrating his point with an extended anecdote from a previous expedition, which forms the main portion of the tale.
On the occasion in question, Rivers and his partner Chandra Aiyar conduct two other clients to the past. One of them, Courtney James (based on Jack Parsons), is a vain, arrogant and spoiled playboy; the other, August Holtzinger, is a small, timid man recently come into wealth (time safaris are not cheap). Before the journey, they test-fire some guns on the firing range to settle on weapons for each of them. Holtzinger's small size makes him incapable of effectively handling a heavy-caliber weapon (the recoil knocks him over) and, against his better judgment, Rivers lets Holtzinger travel on the safari with a lighter-caliber weapon.
James proves unmanageable, shooting at every creature in sight and spoiling Holtzinger's shots. Ultimately James' foolishness gets him in real trouble, when he inadvertently empties his rifle over a slumbering Tyrannosaur, which consequently wakes and goes for him and Aiyar. James panics and tries to flee, but runs into Aiyar, knocking them both down. Holtzinger tries to save them by shooting the dinosaur, but his gun is not powerful enough to kill it, and his act only attracts it toward the shooter. Despite the best efforts of Rivers and Aiyar to save Holtzinger, the Tyrannosaur snaps him up and makes off with his body. After a fruitless track for the Tyrannosaur so that Holtzinger's body could be recovered, a furious quarrel with James ensues, he and the guides each blaming the other for their companion's death, leading to a fist-fight between James and Rivers in which James is defeated. James tries to shoot Rivers, but is knocked out by Aiyar; afterwards he swears revenge.
Later, after the expedition has returned to the present, James convinces Professor Prochaska, the inventor of the time chamber, to send him back to the Cretaceous again—but at a point just prior to the emergence of the safari's earlier visit. His plan is to shoot Rivers and Aiyar the moment they originally came out of the time machine. Since that obviously had not happened, however, the space-time continuum avoids the paradox by spontaneously snapping James back to the present, the forces involved instantly killing him.
Concluding his tale, Rivers makes his point with Seligman by emphasizing Holtzinger's fate.
Revision and continuations
De Camp revised the story slightly for its inclusion in Rivers of Time to update obsolete paleontological terms and dated references. In one instance the result was unfortunate; in the original version of the story, Rivers estimates Seligman's weight in both pounds and stone; in the revised version both measures are rendered as kilograms, resulting in Rivers appearing to make the same calculation twice.
Many years after writing the story, de Camp penned eight more tales of its protagonist, time-traveling hunter Reginald Rivers; all nine stories were then collected as Rivers of Time (1993). A tenth tale of Rivers, "Gun, Not for Dinosaur", authored by Chris Bunch, later appeared in Harry Turtledove's 2005 tribute anthology honoring L. Sprague de Camp, The Enchanter Completed.
The story was a nominee for the 1956 Hugo Award for Best Novelette.
S. E. Cotts calls it "one of my favorites," noting that "[i]ts subject, about a safari into the past, has been successfully tackled by other writers, but this version has solid merit."
Sam Moskowitz, who felt de Camp's ... plots less incisive" during this period, cited this story as an "outstanding exception" discussing "with an air of quiet authority the problem of what type of gun and what methodology were best suited to shooting dinosaurs."
Harry Turtledove deems the piece a "classic, ... at the same time a fine character study, a meditation on time-travel paradoxes (here treated as something the continuum seeks to avoid rather than a likely result of voyaging into the past), and a splendid re-creation of a vanished world. De Camp makes the reader feel the heat and humidity of the world to which Reginald Rivers and his band of hunters are transported--and feel the bites from insects with mouthparts evolved to pierce dinosaur hide. He does a masterful job of discussing the difficulties inherent in hunting extinct behemoths with weapons small enough for one man to handle. When troubles arise, they do so as a natural consequence of the characters' personalities, and are more moving and convincing because of that." He feels the story "has also aged very well, despite the vast increase in paleontological knowledge in the past half-century."
Influence and literary responses
- Mark B. Goodwin claims de Camp's story "popularized the idea that pachycephalosaurs used their domed skulls as a kind of battering ram," a notion first suggested as "a wild idea" by vertebrate paleontologist Edwin H. Colbert in 1955. (The pachycephalosaur episode appears on pages 14–15 of the story as published in Rivers of Time.)
- David Drake in his 1981 story "Time Safari", uses a very similar set of characters and events. In "Time Safari", the guide character dismisses as a misconception a significant point (to both stories) about the need for a sufficiently large gun to kill a dinosaur, thus contradicting the earlier story.
- Author Leonard Richardson mentions his disappointment that this story "is not about a dinosaur who buys a gun" as one of his influences in writing his own 2009 short story, "Let Us Now Praise Awesome Dinosaurs."
- Miller, P. Schuyler. "The Reference Library", in Analog Science Fact - Science Fiction, v. 71, no. 5, July 1963, p. 87.
- D'Ammassa, Don. "de CAMP, L. Sprague", in Twentieth-Century Science-Fiction Writers (3rd ed.), Chicago : St. James Press, c1991, p. 192.
- Turtledove, Harry. "Introduction," in Years in the Making: The Time-Travel Stories of L. Sprague de Camp, Framingham, MA : NESFA Press, 2005, p. 12-13.
- Laughlin, Charlotte; Daniel J. H. Levack (1983). De Camp: An L. Sprague de Camp Bibliography. San Francisco: Underwood/Miller. pp. 173–174.
- A Gun for Dinosaur title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Reginald Rivers series listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Willis, Jesse. "X Minus One: A Gun For Dinosaur based on the short story by L. Sprague de Camp," August 30, 2011.
- De Camp, L. Sprague (1993). Rivers of Time. New York: Baen. p. 258.
- De Camp, L. Sprague. "A Gun for Dinosaur," in Galaxy Science Fiction, v. 11, no. 5, March 1956, p. 7: "How much d'you weigh? A hundred and thirty? Let's see, that's under ten stone, which is my lower limit."
- De Camp, L. Sprague. "A Gun for Dinosaur," in Rivers of Time (New York : Baen, 1993, p. 1: "How much d'you weigh? Fifty-four kilos? Let's see—that's under sixty kilos, which is my lower limit."
- Rivers of Time title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- The Enchanter Completed: A Tribute Anthology for L. Sprague de Camp title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Cotts, S. E. "The Spectroscope" in Amazing Stories, v. 37, no. 9, September 1963, p. 125.
- Moskowitz, Sam. "L. Sprague de Camp" in Seekers of Tomorrow, 1967, p. 168.
- Goodwin, Mark B. "Take a Closer Look." In Dig v. 12, no. 6, July/Aug. 2010, pp. 8-12.
- De Camp, L. Sprague (1993). Rivers of Time. New York: Baen. pp. 14–15.
- Leonard Richardson. "On The Origin Of Awesome Dinosaurs." News You Can Bruise, weblog post dated Tue Jul 14 2009 16:48. Retrieved 20:10, 25 July 2009 (UTC)
- Leonard Richardson. "Let Us Now Praise Awesome Dinosaurs." Archived 2009-07-17 at the Wayback Machine. Strange Horizons weekly, 13 July 2009. Retrieved 20:16, 25 July 2009 (UTC)
- A Gun for Dinosaur title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- A Gun for Dinosaur at the Internet Archive
| Reginald Rivers series
"A Gun for Dinosaur"