A Horse with No Name

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"A Horse with No Name"
Single by America
from the album America
B-side
  • "Everyone I Meet Is from California"
  • "Sandman"
Released
  • November 12, 1971 (UK)
  • January 12, 1972 (US)
Recorded1971
StudioMorgan Studios, London
Genre
Length4:08
LabelWarner Bros.
Songwriter(s)Dewey Bunnell
Producer(s)Ian Samwell
America singles chronology
"A Horse with No Name"
(1971)
"I Need You"
(1972)
Audio sample
Licensed audio
"A Horse with No Name" on YouTube

"A Horse with No Name" is a song by American folk rock trio America. Written by Dewey Bunnell, it was released on the Warner Bros. label, in late 1971 in Europe and early 1972 in the United States. The song was met with commercial success and topped charts in Canada, Finland, and the United States.[5] It was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on March 24, 1972.[6] The song was quickly added to a rerelease of the bands' debut studio album, America (original release January 1972). The song is a staple of the group's discography and one of their most popular.

Development[edit]

America's self-titled debut album was released initially in Europe, without "A Horse with No Name", and achieved only moderate success. Originally called "Desert Song", "Horse" was written while the band was staying at the home of musician Arthur Brown, near Puddletown, Dorset, England.[7] The first two demos were recorded there by Jeff Dexter and Dennis Elliott, which were intended to capture the sensation of the hot, dry desert that had been depicted in a Salvador Dalí painting, and in a picture by M. C. Escher which featured a horse. Writer Dewey Bunnell also says he remembered his childhood travels through the Arizona and New Mexico desert when his family lived at Vandenberg Air Force Base.[8] Bunnell has explained that "A Horse with No Name" was "a metaphor for a vehicle to get away from life's confusion into a quiet, peaceful place".

Trying to find a song that would be popular in both the United States and Europe, Warner Bros. was reluctant to release the ballad "I Need You" as the first single from America. The label asked the band if it had any other material, then arranged for America to record four more songs at Morgan Studios, in Willesden, London.[9] "A Horse with No Name" was released as the featured song on a three-track single in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Italy and the Netherlands in late 1971. On the release, "A Horse with No Name" shared the A-side with "Everyone I Meet Is from California", while "Sandman" featured on the B-side. However, its early-1972 two-track United States release did not include "Sandman", with "Everyone I Meet Is from California" appearing on the B-side.

Composition[edit]

"A Horse with No Name" was recorded in E Dorian (giving it a key signature with two sharps, F# and C#, although the defining Dorian note C# does not appear in the melody)[10] with acoustic guitars, bass guitar, drum kit, and bongo drums. The only other chord is a D, fretted on the low E and G strings, second fret. A 12-string guitar plays an added F♯ (second fret, high E string) on the back beat of the Em. A noted feature of the song is the driving bass line with a hammer-hook in each chorus. A "waterfall"-type solo completes the arrangement.[11] Produced by Ian Samwell on the day of final recording at Morgan Studios, when at first the group thought it was too corny and took some convincing to actually play it. Gerry Beckley has explained in Acoustic Guitar magazine (March 2007) that the correct tuning for the guitar is D E D G B D, low to high. The chord pattern that repeats throughout the entire song is: 202002 (Em), then 020202 and 000202.[12] The tuning is unique to this song; they did not use it on any other America song.

Reception[edit]

Despite the song being banned by some US radio stations, most notably WHB in Kansas City, because of supposed drug references to heroin use ("horse" is a common slang term for heroin),[13] the song ascended to number one on the US Billboard Hot 100, and the album quickly reached platinum status. The song charted earlier in Ireland (reaching number 4), the Netherlands (reaching number 11) and the UK (reaching number 3, the band's only Top 40 hit in the country[14]) than it did in the United States.

The song's resemblance to some of Neil Young's work aroused some controversy. For example, in its review of "A Horse with No Name" Cash Box described America as "CSN&Y soundalikes."[15] "I know that virtually everyone, on first hearing, assumed it was Neil", Bunnell said. "I never fully shied away from the fact that I was inspired by him. I think it's in the structure of the song as much as in the tone of his voice. It did hurt a little, because we got some pretty bad backlash. I've always attributed it more to people protecting their own heroes more than attacking me." By coincidence, it was "A Horse with No Name" that replaced Young's "Heart of Gold" at the number 1 spot on the US pop chart.[16]

The single achieved sales of over 50,000 copies in Australia, being eligible for the award of a gold disc.[17]

The song has received criticism for its lyrics, including "The heat was hot"; "There were plants, and birds, and rocks, and things"; and "'Cause there ain't no one for to give you no pain."[18] According to an anecdote from Robert Christgau, Randy Newman dismissed "A Horse with No Name" as a "song about a kid who thinks he's taken acid".[19][20]

Penn Jillette asked the band about their lyrics, "there were plants, and birds, and rocks, and things" after a show in Atlantic City, where America opened for Penn & Teller. According to Jillette, their explanation for the lyrics was that they were intoxicated with cannabis while writing it.[21] In a 2012 interview, Beckley disputed Jillette's story, saying, "I don't think Dew was stoned."[22]

Personnel[edit]

Credits adapted per back cover of a 1972 vinyl issue of America.

America[edit]

Additional personnel[edit]

Cover version[edit]

In the season 4 episode of BoJack Horseman "The Old Sugarman Place", the title character drives through the desert to Patrick Carney and Michelle Branch's interpretation of the song. This version also appears on the soundtrack album of the series.[23]

Musical references[edit]

Michael Jackson's song "A Place with No Name" was released posthumously by TMZ as a 25-second snippet on July 16, 2009. The snippet closely resembles "A Horse with No Name". Jim Morey, both Jackson's and America's former band manager, has stated that "America was honored that Michael chose to do their song and they hope it becomes available for all Michael's fans to hear."[24] The song was remastered and released in its entirety along with the original Michael Jackson recording on Jackson's 2014 album, Xscape.

The song was sampled by Milo in his song "Geometry and Theology" from his album Cavalcade, in which every song samples a song by America.[25]

The song is name-checked in the 1991 Tin Machine song 'Stateside' on the Tin Machine II album.[26]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Italy (FIMI)[41] Gold 25,000
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[42] Gold 30,000
United Kingdom (BPI)[43] Platinum 600,000
United States (RIAA)[44] Gold 1,000,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Micchelli, Thomas (March 9, 2019). "Painting Paradoxes of Family, Race, and Prison". Hyperallergic. Retrieved June 16, 2019. (both apparent references to the 1972 folk-rock song, 'A Horse with No Name,' by a band called, tellingly, America) beckon toward freedom.
  2. ^ a b Goldsmith, Melissa Ursula Dawn (2019). Listen to Classic Rock! Exploring a Musical Genre. ABC-CLIO. p. 88. ISBN 978-1440865787.
  3. ^ "200 Greatest Soft Rock Songs". Entertainment.expertscolumn.com. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  4. ^ "VH1's 40 Most Softsational Soft-Rock Songs". Stereogum. SpinMedia. May 31, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  5. ^ "A Horse with No Name" USA chart history, Billboard.com. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  6. ^ RIAA. "RIAA Gold & Platinum Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
  7. ^ Nick Churchill. "Decadence and depravity…with added cheese - Dorset Life - The Dorset Magazine". Dorsetlife.co.uk. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  8. ^ "Highway Highlight (from the box set booklet)". Archived from the original on June 2, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  9. ^ Rosen, Craig (September 30, 1996). The Billboard book of number one albums: the inside story behind pop music's blockbuster records. Billboard Books.
  10. ^ "A Horse With No Name by America Chords and Melody". Hooktheory. Retrieved April 27, 2023.
  11. ^ Hodge, David (January 13, 2012). "A Horse With No Name by America - Adding Some Personal Touches". Guitarnoise.com. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  12. ^ "Horse With No Name Guitar Lesson | Strumming Pattern & Chords". Guitarcoachmag.com. September 16, 2013. Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  13. ^ "Liner notes, Highway Highlight". Archived from the original on June 15, 2006. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
  14. ^ "America singles charts history". Official Charts. The Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  15. ^ "CashBox Record Reviews" (PDF). Cash Box. February 5, 1971. p. 22. Retrieved 2021-12-11.
  16. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 - Week of March 25, 1972". Billboard.com.
  17. ^ Book, Chart (6 April 2018). The Go Set Chart Book, Australia's First National Charts. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-387-71246-5.
  18. ^ John Mendelsohn (1972). "Rolling Stone Review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 2, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2006.
  19. ^ Christau, Robert (April 16, 1972). "America's Imitation Worse Than Young's". Newsday – via RobertChristgau.com.
  20. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. p. 29. ISBN 0-89919-026-X – via the Internet Archive.
  21. ^ Jillette, Penn. (2012). Gilbert Gottfried Again! (Episode 14, 2012/05/21). Penn's Sunday School. Ace Broadcasting Network.
  22. ^ "Q&A With America Singer Gerry Beckley". Patch.com. December 19, 2012.
  23. ^ "Hear Patrick Carney, Michelle Branch's New Song for 'BoJack Horseman'". Rolling Stone. 28 August 2017.
  24. ^ "Place with No Name sounds like Horse with No Name". news.com.au. July 17, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  25. ^ Breihan, Tom (February 22, 2019). "The Number Ones: America's "A Horse With No Name"". Stereogum. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  26. ^ Pegg, Nicholas (2016). The Complete David Bowie. p. 265.
  27. ^ "America – A Horse With No Name" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  28. ^ "RPM100 Singles" (PDF). RPM. 6 May 1972. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  29. ^ "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. 1972-05-06. Retrieved 2022-02-20.
  30. ^ "America – A Horse With No Name" (in French). Les classement single.
  31. ^ "none". Billboard. October 7, 1972. p. 53.
  32. ^ "The Irish Charts - All there is to know". Irishcharts.ie.
  33. ^ "America – A Horse With No Name" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  34. ^ "Flavour of New Zealand, 27 March 1972". Archived from the original on 20 August 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  35. ^ "America – A Horse With No Name" Canciones Top 50.
  36. ^ "America: Artist Chart History". Official Charts Company.
  37. ^ "America Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
  38. ^ "America Chart History (Easy Listening)". Billboard.
  39. ^ a b Whitburn, Joel (2015). The Comparison Book Billboard/Cash Box/Record World 1954-1982. Sheridan Books. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-89820-213-7.
  40. ^ Musicoutfitters.com
  41. ^ "Italian single certifications – America – A Horse with No Name" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  42. ^ "Spanish single certifications – America – A Horse with No Name". El portal de Música. Productores de Música de España. Retrieved February 22, 2024.
  43. ^ "British single certifications – America – A Horse with No Name". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  44. ^ "American single certifications – America – A Horse with No Name". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved January 21, 2020.

External links[edit]