A Knight's Tale
|A Knight's Tale|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Brian Helgeland|
|Written by||Brian Helgeland|
|Based on||The Knight's Tale
by Geoffrey Chaucer
|Music by||Carter Burwell|
|Distributed by||Columbia Pictures|
138 minutes (Extended cut)
|Box office||$117.5 million|
A Knight's Tale is a 2001 medieval adventure comedy-drama film written, produced, and directed by Brian Helgeland. The film stars Heath Ledger, Shannyn Sossamon, Mark Addy, Alan Tudyk, Rufus Sewell, Paul Bettany as Geoffrey Chaucer, and James Purefoy as Sir Thomas Colville/Edward, the Black Prince.
Told in an anachronistic style with many modern references, the film follows a peasant who is pretending to be a knight, along with his companions, in the world of medieval jousting. William poses as a knight and competes in tournaments, winning accolades and acquiring friendships with such historical figures as Edward, the Black Prince of Wales and Geoffrey Chaucer.
The film takes its title from Chaucer's "The Knight's Tale" in his Canterbury Tales, though the plot is not especially similar. Garnering $117,487,473 with a budget of $65 million, it was a modest success at the worldwide box office.
At a jousting tournament in 14th-century Europe, squires William Thatcher, Roland, and Wat discover that their master, Sir Ector, has died. If he had completed one final pass he would have won the tournament. Destitute, William wears Ector's armour to impersonate him, winning the tournament and taking the prize.
Although only nobles are allowed in tournaments, William is now inspired to compete and win more prizes. Roland and Wat would rather take their share of coins and leave, but William convinces them to stay and train him to joust. Along the way to his first tournament in Rouen, the trio encounters Geoffrey Chaucer, who is also destitute and agrees to forge the patent of nobility that will allow William to enter under the assumed name of "Sir Ulrich von Liechtenstein" from Gelderland. At the tournament, William is brought before Simon the Summoner and Peter the Pardoner: Chaucer has a gambling problem and is in their debt. William demands Chaucer be released and promises payment.
In the course of competition, William's armour is damaged. He goads Kate, a female blacksmith, to repair it without payment and goes on to win the sword event at the tournament. In the joust, he faces a Sir Thomas Colville, who withdraws from the tournament after being injured by William, though they exchange a ceremonial pass so that Colville can retain the honour of never having failed to complete a match. The proceedings are observed by Jocelyn, a noblewoman with whom William has become infatuated, and Count Adhemar, a rival both in the joust and for Jocelyn's heart. In the final joust of the tournament, Adhemar defeats William.
Kate joins William's party and forges new lightweight armour allowing him greater mobility. In the following tournament, Adhemar and William are both assigned to tilt against Sir Thomas Colville, but they learn that he is actually Edward, the Black Prince. Adhemar withdraws, but William continues the match and then addresses the prince by name, further earning Edward's respect.
Adhemar is called away to the battlefield, and William achieves several victories in his absence. William proves his love for Jocelyn by complying when she first asks him to deliberately lose (in contrast to the countless knights who promise to win in her name), and then, just before he would be eliminated, to win the tournament in her name after all.
The group travels to London for the World Championship. William recalls leaving his father to squire for Sir Ector and learn to become a knight hoping to "change his stars". Adhemar has also arrived in London and announces that he is in negotiations with Jocelyn's father for her hand in marriage. William dominates at the tournament and he returns to visit his father, now blind and living alone in Cheapside, but is discovered by Adhemar, who alerts the authorities to William's false identity.
William is placed in the pillory, but is defended from the hostile crowd by his friends. Just as the mob reaches its frenzy, Prince Edward emerges from the crowd, noting that his friends' dedication to him reflects an ability to inspire others that is in the best traditions of knighthood. In acknowledgement of William's honour, Edward announces that, William is in fact, "beyond contestation", descended from a noble lineage, and knights him "Sir William".
William returns to the tournament to face Adhemar in the final match, but Adhemar cheats with an illegal sharpened lance, piercing William's shoulder and seriously injuring him. Entering the final pass, William is losing by two lances and must unhorse Adhemar to win. He demands to be stripped of his armour while Chaucer buys time by performing the introduction of William that he omitted earlier. Finally he tilts against Adhemar, with his father and Jocelyn in attendance. Bellowing his true name as he tilts, he knocks Adhemar to the ground with a crushing blow. In the ensuing celebration, as Jocelyn and William embrace, Chaucer remarks that he should write this whole story down.
- Heath Ledger as William Thatcher, a squire who aspires to become a knight and jousting champion.
- Rufus Sewell as Count Adhemar, William's rival who values victory above all else.
- Mark Addy as Roland, a chubby squire and solid friend of Thatcher.
- Alan Tudyk as Wat, a red-haired squire and loyal friend of Thatcher, with a fiery temper.
- Shannyn Sossamon as Jocelyn, a noble lady who wishes to be treated as an equal.
- Paul Bettany as Geoffrey Chaucer, a quick-witted writer who serves as William's herald.
- Bérénice Bejo as Christiana, Jocelyn's lady-in-waiting.
- Laura Fraser as Kate, a female blacksmith who bristles at being discriminated against.
- James Purefoy as Sir Thomas Colville (Edward, the Black Prince).
- Leagh Conwell as Young William Thatcher.
- Christopher Cazenove as John Thatcher.
- Nick Brimble as Sir Ector, the knight who had William, Roland and Wat as squires.
- Roger Ashton-Griffiths as Old Bishop.
- Steven O'Donnell as Simon the Summoner.
- Jonathan Slinger as Peter the Pardoner.
- Alice Connor as Lone Girl in Cheapeside.
- Berwick Kaler as Man in Stocks.
Many intentional anachronisms are used in the film. Jocelyn's appearance combines medieval and modern styles, and the armor Kate makes for William is engraved with a symbol resembling the Nike logo. Also, full plate armor had not been developed until late in the 14th century (after the setting of this film), and the morion helmet seen on common soldiers in multiple scenes was not in use until the late 16th century. In the first jousting scene, "We Will Rock You" is playing and the crowd provides the rhythmic thump-thump-clap that a modern-day crowd that recognizes the song would; the audience also performs the wave, and a teenage girl is shown in the stands performing a distinctly modern-day dance. At a banquet, Count Adhemar tries to trip up the unsophisticated "Sir Ulrich" by urging him to show the other guests a dance from his own country; William, who's only spent a couple of hours learning to dance that day before the banquet, improvises with Jocelyn and comes up with something suited to a rock video (and the featured song is "Golden Years" by David Bowie).
Language is also borrowed from the present day. An extended metaphor involving hunting during William's first conversation with Jocelyn leads to his calling her a "foxy lady." The first time Chaucer introduces William at a competition, he ends with a comedy-club "Thank you, I'll be here all week" in response to the crowd's wild cheers. When Jocelyn defends herself during an argument with William by saying, "Better a silly girl with a flower than a silly boy with a horse and a stick," an offended Wat calls after her, "It's called a lance... helloooo?"
In the film's DVD commentary, director Brian Helgeland jokes that he chose 1970s music and hairstyles for the movie because it was set in the 1370s and "the '70s are always the same". More seriously, he justifies his use of music by speculating that even during the 1370s, persons in the main characters' age group would've enjoyed newer, more contemporary music than something that had been around since their great-grandparents were young, and opted to use music that would affect the audience the same way late 14th century music would've affected the youth of the 1370s. Thus, Helgeland attempted to stylize the movie in such a way as to bring the Middle Ages to the audience, rather than force the audience into the Middle Ages.
The film includes a great deal of jousting footage. The initial scene of the two knights jousting is actually footage of Heath Ledger's stunt double in an accident. During filming of a later scene in the film, the lance of the stunt double's opponent moved off target and hit him in the head. The double fell to the ground unconscious. In another incident, Ledger knocked out one of director Helgeland's front teeth with a broomstick when the two were demonstrating a jousting move. It took several months for Helgeland's mouth to heal enough to repair the damage.
Plenty of effort was expended creating lances that would convincingly explode upon impact without injuring the stunt riders. The body of each lance was scored so it would break easily, and the tips were made of balsa wood. Each was also hollowed out, with the holes filled with balsa splinters and uncooked linguine. Jousting armour was made by Rod Vass and his company Armordillo Ltd. using a unique sprayed polyurethane system that they invented for the film Gladiator. Onscreen, it is almost impossible to distinguish between the polyurethane stunt armour and steel armour, much of which was also made by Armordillo. Heath Ledger's armour was originally made in steel along with three polyurethane stunt replicas.
In the DVD commentary, director Helgeland, co-commentating with Bettany, states that the film was intended to have occurred sometime in the 1370s during a six-month period in which Chaucer had apparently gone missing and show what he might have done during this time, which Helgeland says later on in the commentary inspired Chaucer to write his Canterbury Tales. (The first Canterbury tale is The Knight's Tale. Chaucer also threatens two men he meets in the film with undying humiliation through fiction; these characters seem to have inspired the vitriolic descriptions of the Tales' Pardoner and Summoner.)
The scene in which the lady Jocelyn asks William to lose a joust to prove his love and then reverses her proposal for him to suddenly win, is also a direct reference to the classic tale of Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart, in which Queen Guinevere asks Lancelot to the same during a tournament.
The script is notable for its use of epigrams.
- "Love should end with hope" (Kate)
- "If he believes enough, a man can do anything!" (William's father)
- "Your men love you. If I knew nothing else about you, that would be enough" (Prince Edward)
- "Better a silly girl with a flower than a silly boy with a horse and a stick" (Jocelyn)
- "I was naked for a day; you will be naked for eternity" (Chaucer)
The film, which notionally took place during the Middle Ages, is notable for its deliberate use of classic rock songs in its soundtrack. The ten that were credited in the film are listed in order of appearance:
- "We Will Rock You" – Queen
- "Low Rider" – War
- "Takin' Care of Business" – Bachman–Turner Overdrive
- "Golden Years" – David Bowie
- "Further on Up the Road" – Eric Clapton
- "Get Ready" – Rare Earth
- "I Want to Take You Higher" – Sly and the Family Stone
- "The Boys Are Back in Town" – Thin Lizzy
- "You Shook Me All Night Long" – AC/DC
- "We Are the Champions" – Robbie Williams & Queen
Initially, critical reception was mixed, with complaints about the anachronisms (the classic rock in a film that takes place during the Middle Ages), the many jousting scenes, and the thin plot. Roger Ebert gave the film 3 stars out of 4 and commented that "Some will say the movie breaks tradition by telling a medieval story with a soundtrack of classic rock. They might as well argue it breaks the rules by setting a 1970s rock opera in the Middle Ages. To them I advise: Who cares?" and that in this film the director "pointed out that an orchestral score would be equally anachronistic, since orchestras hadn't been invented in the 1400s."
Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 58% based on reviews from 146 critics. The site's consensus is "Once you get past the anachronism, A Knight's Tale becomes a predictable, if spirited, Rocky on horseback." On Metacritic, the film holds a score of 54 out of 100, sampled from 32 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Newsweek revealed in June 2001 that print ads for at least four films released by Columbia Pictures, including A Knight's Tale and The Animal (2001), contained glowing comments from a film reviewer who did not exist. The fake critic, David Manning, was created by a Columbia employee who worked in the advertising department. "Manning" was misrepresented as a reviewer for The Ridgefield Press, a small Connecticut weekly.
The film earned $56,569,702 at the North American domestic box office, and an additional $60,917,771 internationally for a worldwide total of $117,487,473.
- "A KNIGHT'S TALE (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. 2001-04-27. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
- "A KNIGHT'S TALE (PG)". British Board of Film Classification. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- "A Knight's Tale (2001) - Box Office Mojo". boxofficemojo.com.
- "A Knight's Tale". Sony Movie Channel. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- "Interview with Brian Helgeland". moviehabit.com.
- Ebert, Roger. "A Knight's Tale". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Reel McCoy".
- A Knight's Tale at Rotten Tomatoes
- "A Knight's Tale". Metacritic. Retrieved November 19, 2015.
- Horn, John (2 June 2001). "The Reviewer Who Wasn't There". MSNBC. Newsweek. Archived from the original on 9 June 2001. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
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- A Knight's Tale at the Internet Movie Database
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- A Knight's Tale at Box Office Mojo
- A Knight's Tale at Rotten Tomatoes
- A Knight's Tale at Metacritic