A Little History of the World
This article relies excessively on references to primary sources. (December 2009)
A Little History of the World (originally in German, Eine kurze Weltgeschichte für junge Leser) is a history book by Ernst Gombrich. It was written in 1935 in Vienna, Austria, when Gombrich was 26 years old. He was rewriting it for English readers when he died in 2001, at 92, in London. Gombrich insisted that only he translate the book into English. After his death, the translation was completed, according to his wishes, by Caroline Mustill, an assistant to Gombrich from 1995 until his death, and his granddaughter Leonie Gombrich. It was published in 2005 by Yale University Press.
The short history chronicles human development from the inventions of cavemen to the results of the First World War. Additionally, the book describes the beliefs of many major world religions, including Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, and incorporates these ideas into its narrative presentation of historical people and events.
Leonie Gombrich explains in the introduction to the English-language edition that Gombrich, writing the last phases of his doctoral thesis, had corresponded with the young daughter of some friends, who wanted to know what he was spending all of his time on at work. It was a great pleasure for Gombrich to explain his doctoral work to the girl, using only words and concepts that children could understand. Convinced that an intelligent child could understand even seemingly complicated ideas in history, if they were put into intelligible terms, Gombrich composed a sample chapter on the "Ritterzeit" (Time of the Knights), and sent it to the publisher Walter Neurath. Excited about the text, but somewhat pressed for time, Neurath asked Gombrich to produce a complete script in six weeks, so that the book could be printed. Unsure of his ability to satisfy such a demand, Gombrich, after some convincing, promised to try. He set himself to the task of writing a chapter a day (with the exception of Sundays, when he would read his work to Ilse Heller, later his wife). He spent his mornings and afternoons reading in his home and at the library and reserved his evenings for composition. He chose his themes based on what seemed to him to be the most influential events in history from a modern perspective, and based upon what remains best remembered. Somewhat miraculously, he delivered the text on time, and the book appeared to the public in 1936.
Later, the book was banned during the National Socialist (Nazi) regime for being too pacifistic.
Gombrich's goal in the book is summarized in his following words, which appear in the foreword to the book's Turkish edition:
"I would like to emphasize that this book isn't thought of and wasn't ever thought of as a replacement for history books used in schools, which serve an entirely different purpose. I would like for my readers to relax and to follow history without having to take notes of names and dates. I promise too, that I won't ask you for them."
Anthony Grafton, in The Wall Street Journal, reviewed Gombrich's book: "Lucky children will have this book read to them. Intelligent adults will read it for themselves and regain contact with the spirit of European humanism at its best."
- Once Upon a Time
- The Greatest Inventors of All Time
- The Land by the Nile
- Sunday, Monday
- The One and Only God
- I C-A-N R-E-A-D
- Heroes and Their Weapons
- An Unequal Struggle
- Two Small Cities in One Small Land
- The Enlightened One and His Land
- A Great Teacher of a Great People
- The Greatest Adventure of All
- New Wars and New Warriors
- An Enemy of History
- Rulers of the Western World
- The Good News
- Life in the Empire and at its Frontiers
- The Storm
- The Starry Night Begins
- There is No God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Prophet
- A Conqueror who Knows how to Rule
- A Struggle to Become Lord of Christendom
- Chivalrous Knights
- Emperors in the Age of Chivalry
- Cities and Citizens
- A New Age
- A New World
- A New Faith
- The Church at War
- Terrible Times
- An Unlucky King and a Lucky King
- Meanwhile, Looking Eastwards...
- A Truly New Age
- A Very Violent Revolution
- The Last Conqueror
- Men and Machines
- Across the Seas
- Two New States in Europe
- Dividing Up the World
- The Small Part of the History of the World Which I Have Lived Through Myself: Looking Back
- Gombrich, Ernst H. Eine Kurze Weltgeschichte für junge Leser. Dumont. Germany, 2005.
- Gombrich, Ernst H. A Little History of the World. Yale. UK and USA, 2005. ISBN 978-0300108835
- with Clifford Harper (illustrator). Paperback, 2008. ISBN 030014332X
- ^ a b c Hohenadel, Kristin (September 25, 2005). "This Story Sadly Appropriate for Children". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- ^ A Little History of the World, English Edition, Preface.
- ^ The above information is contained in the foreword, by Leonie Gombrich.