A Love Supreme
|A Love Supreme|
|Studio album by John Coltrane|
|Recorded||December 9, 1964|
|Studio||Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, United States|
|Genre||Avant-garde jazz, modal jazz, post-bop|
|Language||English ("Acknowledgement"), instrumental|
|John Coltrane chronology|
A Love Supreme is a studio album recorded by John Coltrane's quartet in December 1964 and released by Impulse! Records in February 1965. It is generally considered to be Coltrane's greatest work, as it melded the hard bop sensibilities of his early career with the modal jazz and free jazz styles he adopted later.
The quartet recorded the album in one session on December 9, 1964, at the Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Coltrane's home in Dix Hills, Long Island, has been suggested as the site of inspiration for A Love Supreme. Coltrane's exposure to Ahmadiyya Islam has also been suggested as a source of influence.
The album is a four-part suite, broken up into tracks: "Acknowledgement" (which contains the mantra that gave the suite its name), "Resolution", "Pursuance", and "Psalm." It is intended to be a spiritual album, broadly representative of a personal struggle for purity, and expresses the artist's deep gratitude as he admits to his talent and instrument as being owned not by him but by a spiritual higher power. Coltrane plays exclusively tenor on all parts.
The album begins with the bang of a gong (tam-tam), followed by cymbal washes. Jimmy Garrison follows on bass with the four-note motif which structures the entire movement. Coltrane's solo follows. Besides soloing upon variations of the motif, at one point Coltrane repeats the four notes over and over in different transpositions. After many repetitions, the motif becomes the vocal chant "A Love Supreme", sung by Coltrane (accompanying himself via overdubs).
In the final movement, Coltrane performs what he calls a "musical narration" (Lewis Porter describes it as a "wordless 'recitation'") of a devotional poem he included in the liner notes. That is, Coltrane "plays" the words of the poem on saxophone, but does not actually speak them. Some scholars have suggested that this performance is a homage to the sermons of African-American preachers. The poem (and, in his own way, Coltrane's solo) ends with the cry "Elation. Elegance. Exaltation. All from God. Thank you God. Amen."
Reception and influence
|All About Jazz||favorable|
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
|The Sydney Morning Herald||favorable|
|The Village Voice||favorable|
|The Complete Masters|
A Love Supreme is often listed amongst the greatest jazz albums of all time. It was also quite popular for a jazz album, selling about 500,000 copies by 1970, a number far exceeding Coltrane's typical Impulse! sales of around 30,000. As further testimony to the recording's historic significance, the manuscript for the album is one of the National Museum of American History's "Treasures of American History," part of the collection of the Smithsonian Institution.
In 1994, A Love Supreme was ranked number three in Colin Larkin's Top 100 Jazz Albums. Larkin described it as "one of the most profoundly moving records in all of jazz". In 2003, the album was ranked number 47 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The publication called it a "legendary album-long hymn of praise" and stated: "the indelible four-note theme of the first movement, 'Acknowledgement,' is the humble foundation of the suite. But Coltrane's majestic, often violent blowing (famously described as 'sheets of sound') is never self-aggrandizing. Aloft with his classic quartet..., Coltrane soars with nothing but gratitude and joy. You can't help but go with him."
The Penguin Guide to Jazz selected this album as part of its suggested "Core Collection" and awarded it a "crown" stating that "it is without precedent and parallel, and though it must also be one of the best loved jazz records of all time it somehow remains remote from critical pigeonholing" calling it "immensely concentrated and rich."
The album's influence has been extensive and diverse. Musicians ranging from tenor Joshua Redman to the rock band U2, (which mentions the album in their song "Angel of Harlem",) have singled out the influence of the album on their own work. Guitarists John McLaughlin and Carlos Santana have each credited the album as one of their greatest early influences, and recorded Love Devotion Surrender in 1973 as a tribute. "Every so often this ceases to be a jazz record and is more avant-garde contemporary classical," remarked Neil Hannon, frontman of The Divine Comedy. "I love the combination of abstract piano that's all sort of 'clang', and weird chords with wailing saxophone over the top."
An alternative version of "Acknowledgement" was recorded the next day on December 10. This version, which included tenor saxophonist Archie Shepp and bassist Art Davis, did not feature Coltrane chanting "a love supreme", one reason he chose to issue the quartet version.
The only live performance of the "Love Supreme" suite, from a July 26, 1965, performance at the Festival Mondial du Jazz Antibes, Juan-les-Pins, France, was also remastered and released in a 2002 two-CD set by Impulse! Records with the original album and additional studio outtakes.
Doug and Jean Carn recorded "Acknowledgement" with female vocals for their 1972 album Infant Eyes. John McLaughlin and Carlos Santana recorded a guitar version of "Acknowledgement," which they titled "A Love Supreme" on their 1973 collaboration Love Devotion Surrender. At the time, both were devotees of guru Sri Chinmoy.
Will Downing released an R&B cover version of the main theme, with the co-operation of John's widow Alice Coltrane, which reached number fourteen in the UK singles chart in 1988. Gumball recorded an alternative rock version of A Love Supreme as a bonus track on the 1994 Japanese release of Revolution On Ice. The suite has also been recorded several times by Branford Marsalis. It forms a track on the bonus CD for the 1994 compilation album Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool, four tracks on the 2002 Branford Marsalis Quartet album titled Footsteps of Our Fathers, and on the DVD "A Love Supreme Live in Amsterdam." Branford's brother Wynton recorded the suite in 2003 with the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra.
Sections of the suite have been performed by the David Murray Octet, the Ballistic Brothers, and the Bob Mintzer Big Band. Turtle Island String Quartet released their album A Love Supreme in 2007, and the album features a cover version of the suite, along with other covers of various Coltrane charts.
All tracks composed by John Coltrane and published by Jowcol Music (BMI)
- Side one
|1.||December 9, 1964||90243||Part 1: "Acknowledgement"||7:47|
|2.||December 9, 1964||90244‒7||Part 2: "Resolution"||7:22|
- Side two
|3.||December 9, 1964||90245‒1||Part 3: "Pursuance"/Part 4: "Psalm"||17:53|
- Disc one
|1.||December 9, 1964||90243||Part 1: "Acknowledgement"||7:43|
|2.||December 9, 1964||90244‒7||Part 2: "Resolution"||7:20|
|3.||December 9, 1964||90245‒1||Part 3: "Pursuance"||10:42|
|4.||December 9, 1964||90245‒1||Part 4: "Psalm"||7:05|
- Disc two
|1.||July 26, 1965||n/a||Introduction by Andre Francis||1:13|
|2.||July 26, 1965||n/a||"Acknowledgement" (Live)||6:11|
|3.||July 26, 1965||n/a||"Resolution" (Live)||11:36|
|4.||July 26, 1965||n/a||"Pursuance" (Live)||21:30|
|5.||July 26, 1965||n/a||"Psalm" (Live)||8:49|
|6.||December 9, 1964||90244‒4||"Resolution" (Alternate take)||7:25|
|7.||December 9, 1964||90244‒6||"Resolution" (Breakdown)||2:13|
|8.||December 10, 1964||90246‒1||"Acknowledgement" (Alternate take)||9:09|
|9.||December 10, 1964||90246‒2||"Acknowledgement" (Alternate take)||9:22|
The Complete Masters
- Disc one
- "Acknowledgement" – 7:42
- "Resolution" – 7:20
- "Pursuance" – 10:42
- "Psalm" – 7:07
- "Pursuance" (Original Mono Reference Master) – 10:40
- "Psalm" (Original Mono Reference Master) – 7:02
- Disc two
- "Acknowledgement" (Vocal Overdub 2) – 1:59
- "Acknowledgement" (Vocal Overdub 3) – 2:06
- "Resolution" (Take 4/Alternate) – 7:25
- "Resolution" (Take 6/Breakdown) – 2:15
- "Psalm" (Undubbed Version) – 7:01
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 1/Alternate) – 9:23
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 2/Alternate) – 9:47
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 3/Breakdown with Studio Dialogue) – 1:26
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 4/Alternate) – 9:04
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 5/False Start) – 0:34
- "Acknowledgement" (Take 6/Alternate) – 12:33
- Disc 3 – Live in Juan-les-Pins, France/1965
- Introduction by Andre Francis and John Coltrane – 1:14
- "Acknowledgement" – 6:10
- "Resolution" – 11:36
- "Pursuance" – 21:30
- "Psalm" – 8:47
- The John Coltrane Quartet
- John Coltrane – bandleader, liner notes, vocals, tenor saxophone
- Jimmy Garrison – double bass
- Elvin Jones – drums, gong, timpani
- McCoy Tyner – piano
- Additional musicians
- Art Davis – double bass on alternate takes of "Acknowledgement"
- Archie Shepp – tenor saxophone on alternate takes of "Acknowledgement"
- George Gray/Viceroy – cover design
- Victor Kalin – illustration
- Joe Lebow – liner design
- Bob Thiele – production and cover photo
- Rudy Van Gelder – engineering and mastering
- Compact Disc reissue
- Joe Alper – photography
- Jason Claiborne – graphics
- Hollis King – art direction
- Erick Labson – digital remastering
- Lee Tanner – photography
- Deluxe edition
- Michael Cuscuna – liner notes, production, and remastering
- Ken Druker – production
- Esmond Edwards – photography
- Ashley Kahn – liner notes and production
- Peter Keepnews – notes editing
- Hollis King – art direction
- Bryan Koniarz – production
- Edward O'Dowd – design
- Mark Smith – production assistance
- Sherniece Smith – art coordination and production
- Chuck Stewart – photography
- Bill Levenson – reissue supervisor
- Cameron Mizell – production coordination
- Kevin Reeves – mastering
- Ron Warwell – design
- Isabelle Wong – package design
- 1965 in jazz
- "Angel of Harlem" – a 1989 U2 song referencing the album
- Concept album
- Love of God
- Suite (music)
- "Album Reviews". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media): 30. February 27, 1965.
- A Love Supreme from Verve Music Group
- Kahn 2002
- Juliane Hammer, Omid Safi. The Cambridge Companion to American Islam. p. 285. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- Porter, 231–249. (citation for entire paragraph)
- Porter, 244. (citation for both Coltrane and Porter's quotes)
- Porter, 246–247.
- Porter, 248.
- Jack LV Isles. "A Love Supreme Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Robert Spencer (June 1, 1997). "A Love Supreme". All About Jazz. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- Janowiak, John (1965-04-08). "A Love Supreme". Down Beat.
- "A Love Supreme". Q. October 1995. p. 136.
- D.W. (November 2, 2004). "Review: A Love Supreme". Rolling Stone Album Guide: 182–185.
- Swenson, J. (Editor) (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 47. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Alex Henderson. "A Love Supreme 2002 Deluxe Edition Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- "A Love Supreme". Mojo. January 2003. p. 106.
- Tom Moon (October 22, 2002). "John Coltrane: A Love Supreme (Deluxe Edition)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 5, 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- "John Coltrane, A Love Supreme". Sydney Morning Herald. May 10, 2003. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
- "A Love Supreme". Uncut. February 2003. p. 91.
- Frances Davis (May 30, 2006). "The John Coltrane Guide". The Village Voice. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "A Love Supreme". The Wire. December 2002. pp. 51–53.
- Richardson, Mark (November 25, 2015). "John Coltrane: A Love Supreme: The Complete Masters". Pitchfork Media.
- Channel4 - 100 Greatest Albums
- Top Albums of All-time list
- Q magazine (4/99, p.129) - Included in Q's list of "The Best Jazz Albums of All Time."
- Vibe magazine (12/99, p.160) - Included in Vibe's 100 Essential Albums of the 20th Century.
- NME magazine (10/2/93, p.29) - Ranked #36 in NME's list of the `Greatest Albums Of All Time.'
- Porter, 232.
- "A Love Supreme". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- Larkin, Colin (1994). Guinness Book of Top 1000 Albums (1 ed.). Gullane Children's Books. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-85112-786-6.
- Staff. RS 500: 47) A Love Supreme. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2010-10-05.
- Cook, Richard; Brian Morton (2006) . "John Coltrane". The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings. The Penguin Guide to Jazz (8th. ed.). New York: Penguin. pp. 273–4. ISBN 0-14-102327-9.
- Jazz/Jerry Jazz Musician/Saxophonist Joshua Redman discusses John Coltrane's "A Love Supreme" on Jerry Jazz Musician
- Robert Palmer for the New York Times. September 25, 1987 http://www.nytimes.com/1987/09/25/arts/pop-jazz-guide-a-tribute-to-john-coltrane-s-spirit.html A Tribute to John Coltrane's Spirit]
- Kahn, xxii.
- Stump, Paul (2000). Go Ahead John: The Music of John McLaughlin. SAF. p. 65. ISBN 9780946719242.
- Thornton, Anthony: 'Neil Hannon's Record Collection', Q #146, November 1998, p67
- Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
- Porter, 249.
- A Love Supreme - Wynton Marsalis official web site
- allmusic ((( Octet Plays Trane > Overview )))
- allmusic ((( Rude System > Overview )))
- allmusic ((( Big Band Trane > Overview )))
- Jarenwattananon, Patrick (March 28, 2014). "A Love Supreme Comes Alive in Unearthed Photos". NPR.
- Kahn, Ashley (2003). A Love Supreme: The Story of John Coltrane's Signature Album. Elvin Jones. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-200352-2.
- Porter, Lewis (1999). John Coltrane: His Life and Music. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08643-X.
- Porter, Lewis (1985). "John Coltrane's A Love Supreme: Jazz Improvisation as Composition". Journal of the American Musicological Society (University of California Press) 38 (3): 593–621. doi:10.1525/jams.1985.38.3.03a00060.
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