|Relative key||C major|
|Parallel key||A major|
|Dominant key||E minor|
|A, B, C, D, E, F, G|
A minor (abbreviated Am) is a minor scale based on A, with the pitches A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. Its key signature has no flats and no sharps (see below: Scales and keys). However the harmonic minor scale raises the G to G♯.
Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary.
Johann Joachim Quantz considered A minor, along with C minor, much more suitable for expressing "the sad effect" than other minor keys (Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen[full citation needed]).
Whereas traditionally key signatures were cancelled with naturals whenever the new key signature had fewer sharps or flats than the old key signature, or had flats instead of sharps or vice versa (so, for example, D major changing to D minor would be notated with a key signature of F♮, C♮, and B♭ at the change), in modern popular and commercial music, cancellation is only done when C major or A minor replaces another key.
Well-known compositions in A minor
- Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV1041 – Johann Sebastian Bach
- Violin Sonata No. 4, Op. 23 – Ludwig van Beethoven
- String Quartet No. 15, Op. 132 – Ludwig van Beethoven
- Bagatelle in A minor "Für Elise" – Ludwig van Beethoven
- Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 – Johannes Brahms
- Étude Op. 25, No. 11 "Winter Wind" – Frederic Chopin
- Prelude No. 2 in A minor, Op. 28/2 – Frederic Chopin
- Waltz in A minor Op.34, B.150 – Frederic Chopin
- Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16 – Edvard Grieg
- Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 85 – Johann Nepomuk Hummel
- Symphony No. 6 in A minor – Gustav Mahler
- Symphony No. 3 – Felix Mendelssohn
- Piano Sonata No. 8 in A minor, K. 310 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Piano Sonata No. 4 in A minor, D. 537 – Franz Schubert
- Piano Sonata No. 14 in A minor, D. 784 – Franz Schubert
- Piano Sonata No. 16 in A minor, D. 845 – Franz Schubert
- String Quartet Op. 41/1 – Robert Schumann
- Violin Sonata No. 1, Op. 105 – Robert Schumann
- Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 – Robert Schumann
- Caprice No. 24 (Paganini) – Niccolò Paganini
- Symphony No. 4 – Jean Sibelius
- Oboe Concerto in A minor – Ralph Vaughan Williams
- Violin Concerto No. 1, Op. 99 – Dmitri Shostakovich
Notable songs written in A minor include:
- Matthew Nicholl & Richard Grudzinski, Music Notation: Preparing Scores and Parts, ed. Jonathan Feist. Boston: Berklee Press (2007): 56. "In popular and commercial music, the old key signature is cancelled only if the new key is C major or A minor."
- Media related to A minor at Wikimedia Commons
|The table indicates the number of sharps or flats in each scale. Minor scales are written in lower case.|