This is a good article. Click here for more information.

A Perfect Circle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A Perfect Circle
A Perfect Circle Lollapalooza Chile 2013.jpg
A Perfect Circle performing at Lollapalooza Chile in 2013
Background information
Origin Los Angeles, California, United States
Years active 1999–2004, 2010–present
Associated acts Tool, Ashes Divide, Nine Inch Nails, Tapeworm
Members Maynard James Keenan
Billy Howerdel
James Iha
Matt McJunkins
Jeff Friedl
Past members Troy Van Leeuwen
Paz Lenchantin
Tim Alexander
Josh Freese
Danny Lohner
Jeordie White

A Perfect Circle is an American rock supergroup formed in 1999 by guitarist Billy Howerdel and Tool vocalist Maynard James Keenan. The original incarnation of the band also included Paz Lenchantin on bass, Troy Van Leeuwen on guitar, and Tim Alexander on drums, with Josh Freese as the primary drummer after the band's initial round of touring prior to their first album. The latest lineup features Puscifer and Ashes Divide bassist Matt McJunkins; former The Smashing Pumpkins guitarist James Iha; and Puscifer and Ashes Divide touring drummer, Jeff Friedl. Despite having a varied cast since inception, the stylistic content of the songs has remained consistent with Howerdel as composer, and Keenan penning the lyrics and melodies.

A Perfect Circle has released three albums: their debut Mer de Noms in 2000, a follow up, Thirteenth Step in 2003, and an album of cover songs titled Emotive in 2004. Shortly after Emotive's release, the band went into hiatus while members focused on other projects, the most notably being Keenan's work with Tool and Puscifer, and Howerdel's putting out a solo album, Keep Telling Myself It's Alright, under the moniker Ashes Divide.

In late 2008, Keenan and Howerdel announced the band would reform, though the band's activity would ultimately be sporadic in the coming years. The band toured in 2011 and played some live shows in 2013 to promote the release of a live album, A Perfect Circle Live: Featuring Stone and Echo, and a greatest hits album, Three Sixty. Work on new material has been alluded to by members since 2008, though progress has been slow due to Keenan's other commitments and uncertainty in the direction of the releases. The only new studio material released since the band's hiatus was the single "By and Down" in 2013. A North America tour has been announced for May and June 2017 as well.


Mer de Noms (1999–2001)[edit]

A Perfect Circle logo

A Perfect Circle was conceived by Billy Howerdel, a former guitar technician for Nine Inch Nails, The Smashing Pumpkins, Fishbone and Tool. Howerdel met singer Maynard James Keenan in 1992, when Tool was opening for Fishbone, and the two became friends. Three years later, Keenan offered Howerdel, who was looking for lodging, a room in his North Hollywood home. This provided Howerdel the opportunity to play demos of his music for Keenan. Pleased with what he heard, Keenan remarked, "I can hear myself singing [those songs]."[1] Although he originally desired a female vocalist, Howerdel agreed that Keenan would be a good fit, and A Perfect Circle was formed a short time later.[2] They were then joined by bassist and violinist Paz Lenchantin, former Failure guitarist Troy Van Leeuwen, and previous Primus drummer Tim Alexander. The band played their first show at LA's Viper Club Reception on August 15, 1999. After playing shows in L.A., the band entered the studio to begin work on their first album.[3] Alexander was soon replaced with session drummer and member of The Vandals, Josh Freese, who previously worked with Howerdel on the Guns N' Roses album Chinese Democracy.[4][5] Alexander's performance can still be heard on the album version of the song "The Hollow".

The band's debut album, Mer de Noms (French for "Sea of Names"), was released on May 23, 2000. The album is distinctive in that it is the highest ever debut for a rock band, selling over 188,000 copies in its first week, and appearing at number four on the Billboard 200.[6] Howerdel had been working on some of the music, including tracks "The Hollow" and "Breña", as far back as 1988.[7] The band began touring soon after recording for the album was finished.[8] Initially, they served as the opening act for Nine Inch Nails on the 2000 Fragility v2.0 tour, but subsequently embarked on a number of headlining tours all over the world, including the Canadian festival Summersault.[9] As Keenan was well known through his other band, he would often wear long wigs on his otherwise bald head when performing, to distinguish himself from his Tool persona.[10] Mer de Noms went certified platinum by the RIAA on October 31, 2000, while the band was on tour.

The album produced three singles: "Judith", "3 Libras", and "The Hollow". "Judith" is named after, and is about, Keenan's mother, who suffered a stroke and was left paralyzed when he was 11.[11][12] The song "Renholdër" is a reference to guitarist and sound engineer Danny Lohner and reads "Re:D.Lohner" backwards. Lohner did not know the song was about him despite his first name being sung—albeit in a distorted fashion—in the song.[13]

In the album review by Rolling Stone, Pat Blashill wrote that Keenan "added an almost operatic angst to Howerdel's songs" and concluded that "A Perfect Circle sound like a desperate dream of what rock used to be. Maybe that's the point."[14] AllMusic's review expressed that "there's little question that the addicting combination of Keenan's aching voice and Howerdel's accomplished songs and production skills made for one of 2000's best splashes in whatever was left of 'modern rock'."[15]

Thirteenth Step and Emotive (2002–2004)[edit]

During the recording, release and tour for Tool's album Lateralus, from 2000 to 2002 the band experienced a considerable amount of downtime. This made the band extremely dynamic in terms of its members. During the recording of Thirteenth Step, A Perfect Circle lost two of its members, Paz Lenchantin and Troy Van Leeuwen. Lenchantin left to join Billy Corgan's new band Zwan in April 2002,[16] while Van Leeuwen left to handle touring duties as the new guitarist for Queens of the Stone Age. Ex-Marilyn Manson bassist Jeordie White, formerly known as Twiggy Ramirez, replaced Lenchantin on bass in January 2003, with Danny Lohner taking the reins on guitar.[17] However, Lohner did not quite fit as a second guitarist, and former The Smashing Pumpkins guitarist James Iha eventually replaced him.[18]

The band released their second album, Thirteenth Step, on September 16, 2003. With the new album came a new sound. While Mer de Noms had a heavier, deeper sound, Thirteenth Step was more melodic and straightforward.[19] After the release of the album, John Lappen from The Hollywood Reporter wrote, "They were never a band who beat the listener over the head with metal brutality, but now they're even more song-oriented than before—a move that illustrates that the band has a knack for writing instrumental hooks that show off a melodic talent that was not as apparent on the first album."[20] This different sound can be heard in the three singles that came off the album: "Weak and Powerless", "The Outsider" and "Blue". Following the release of the album, the band toured throughout the U.S. until the year's end.[21] In January 2004, the group left the country to play shows in Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. They headed home in mid-March and finished touring in mid-June.[22]

The album received mostly positive reviews. AllMusic's review stated the album "is the sound of a musical and lyrical maturity that normally doesn't occur until a band's third or fourth albums".[23] The review by Yahoo! Music expressed that the album "has its share of anthemic moments, but the real passion spills over in the moody overtures where menacing danger feels seconds away".[24] Rolling Stone wrote in an attempt to summarize the album that it "sounds more like the dusky thrum of Disintegration-era Cure than it does any of the members' previous bands", and continued "Thirteenth Step doesn't bludgeon listeners into submission—it lulls them with droning guitars, dub-deep bass and simmering vocals."[25]

A third album, Emotive, was released on November 2, 2004 (election day in the United States), and contains covers of anti-war songs by artists such as John Lennon ("Imagine") and Joni Mitchell ("Fiddle and the Drum"). Emotive was recorded with current and former members of the band, but is mostly the work of Keenan and Howerdel. The single "Passive" was adapted from the defunct band Tapeworm, a project composed mainly of Keenan, Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails, and Danny Lohner. "Passive" first appeared under the title "Vacant" at a show played by A Perfect Circle in Portland, Oregon on January 31, 2001, notably, without the blessing of Reznor to play the song.[26] The song remained unreleased by any artist until it appeared on Emotive as the song "Passive".[27] In addition to being the second single, "Passive" was also used in the 2005 movie Constantine.

The album received mixed reviews. An AllMusic review stated the album "falls flat and fails to raise the bar set so high by the quality of their previous two releases".[28] Rolling Stone praised half the album while criticizing the other,[29] as did The Guardian which stated "cover versions are often hobbled by the artist's inability to step outside the original and find a fresh perspective, but some of these treatments verge on the visionary."[30] Ken Micallef of Yahoo! Music wrote "the band builds on the power of the previous Thirteenth Step, applying hypnotic arrangements, brooding melodies, and droning rhythms to a collection that sounds absurd on its surface, but is woven together by A Perfect Circle's heavy and dark-lidded instrumental approach."[31]

On November 16, 2004, the CD-DVD set entitled Amotion was released. The DVD contains music videos for six singles; previously unreleased videos for other songs, including three contest runner-up videos and the winning video for "Blue"; and three trailers for Bikini Bandits.[32] The CD is composed entirely of remixes of the singles from Mer de Noms and Thirteenth Step. The songs were retooled by Danny Lohner, Joshua Eustis, Massive Attack, and James Iha among others.[33][34]

Hiatus and other projects (2005–2009)[edit]

The future of A Perfect Circle remained uncertain and wobbled between "done for now"[35] and "alive and well."[36] The band became inactive after they played their last show in Denver, Colorado on June 13, 2004. Keenan left to work on Tool's album 10,000 Days while Howerdel began work on a side-project with Josh Freese that flourished into Ashes Divide.[37] In addition to Keenan's work with Tool, his side-project Puscifer released its first album, V is for Vagina on October 30, 2007. The rest of the band also went their separate ways. Freese once again took up the reins as drummer for Nine Inch Nails.[38] White moved on to rejoin Marilyn Manson at guitar under his pseudonym Twiggy Ramirez,[39] and while there was talk of Iha joining Billy Corgan for The Smashing Pumpkins reunion tour in 2007, this idea was rebuffed and he instead began work on a solo record.[40]

Both Howerdel and Keenan discussed the future of the band in various mediums from 2006 through 2008. During a February 2006 interview with Rock Hard, Keenan remarked, "I think [APC] is over. ... We pushed this project as far as it could go, and I see ourselves playing again together only in a few years to make one or two songs, nothing more."[41] Howerdel's thoughts on the reunion of the band were similar to those of Keenan in a May 2006 interview with MTV.[35] In a November 2007 issue of Spin featuring Keenan, when asked "Will there ever be another APC album," he reiterated his comments from 2006 replying, "Um, no. Maybe, someday, a song on a soundtrack. But an album? No."[42] Despite these comments, in an interview with Revolver the following month, Keenan discussed the other members of A Perfect Circle's recent activities and also hinted at the possibility of a reunion. During the interview, Keenan stated:

The real problem with running Tool and A Perfect Circle at the same time was they both operate the same way. They're both live touring bands with a label, still working under the old contract mentality. So I thought it was time to let A Perfect Circle go for now and let Billy explore himself. It's tough for a guy who went from being a guitar tech [for Tool] to being in a band with a pretentious, famous singer and having to live in that shadow. It was important for Billy to go and do his own thing and really explore his own sound and let people hear what he has to say and how he would do it on his own, and then we'll get back and do some A Perfect Circle stuff.

— Maynard James Keenan, Revolver, December 2007[43]

Although the band's official website had offered no insight as to whether or not the group would reunite,[44] news continued to arrive through Keenan about the existence of the band. In Puscifer's May 2008 newsletter, Keenan remarked on the status of A Perfect Circle: "As many of you may have heard, Billy and I are engaged in our own little projects for the moment. His is called Ashes Divide and mine is called Puscifer...Please be advised that A Perfect Circle and Tool are still alive and well. This is simply more."[36]

Return and touring (2010–2012)[edit]

As early as December 2008, Keenan had announced that he and Howerdel had been writing new music for A Perfect Circle,[45] although it wasn't until over year and a half later, mid-2010, when various band members began teasing a return on respective Twitter accounts, that the band actually became active. This led up to a September announcement of tour dates in which they would be playing the entirety of each of their three albums at each concert, with one album being played per night.[46] The new touring lineup was announced Maynard James Keenan, Billy Howerdel, Josh Freese, Matt McJunkins, and James Iha.[47]

There have been conflicting reports as to what degree the band will be releasing new material. Keenan's initial thoughts in 2008 referred to focusing on "one or two songs at a time", which would most likely be released digitally via the internet, rather than a full album release on compact disc. Keenan jokingly mentioned that CDs have become "plastic discs that no one cares about anymore."[45] In June 2010, Keenan stated that he was working on a fourth LP for A Perfect Circle.[48] However, when asked about an album again in August, his response focused on single songs again, stating that he's "...not really into albums anymore. Might be more going back to the singles. The days of the singles market makes a lot more sense at this point." and that "We have no label, so neither Billy nor I are really into kicking down hundreds of thousands of dollars to record a record and put it out."[49] Howerdel, in a September 2010 interview, said that he had been working on demos for the last three to four years, and he presents them to Keenan, who decides which he would like to develop into A Perfect Circle songs, or leave for Howerdel to develop into Ashes Divide songs.[50] No new songs were played at the initial reunion concerts, as no songs were finished yet, and the band was still trying to "remind everybody" who they are at these concerts.[50] The possibility of a live concert DVD was discussed, but ultimately not released.[51]

In addition the initial 2010 concerts, the band also played a few songs on live television programs Jimmy Kimmel Live![52] and Last Call with Carson Daly in October and November 2010 respectively.

The band continued touring into 2011, stopping in 24 cities and performing at events such as Rock on the Range Festival in Columbus, Ohio on May 21 and 22, 2011,[53] Boonstock Music Festival in Edmonton, Alberta on July 2, 2011,[54] Edgefest in Toronto, Canada on July 9, 2011,[55] Bluesfest in Ottawa, Canada on July 10, 2011.[56] Kanrocksas Music Festival in Kansas City, KS on August 6, 2011.[57] and Lollapalooza in Chicago, IL, on August 5–7, 2011.[58] Freese was unavailable for the 2011 touring due to a scheduling conflict with Weezer. Jeff Friedl, drummer for Ashes Divide, filled in for him.[59]

The band continued to allude to working on new music throughout 2011, referring to the process as "Slow but steady."[60] Howerdel also referred to "road testing" new songs during touring, that could ultimately be placed on a future album.[61] On June 29, 2011, The sole new song, "By and Down", was debuted in Portland, Oregon.[62] After this, Howerdel reiterated the band's stance on a new album, stating "Right now the intention is not to put out a (full album) but just to release some songs along the way, and then they might be re-imagined and put together in some collection... If you need to have an album then there will be something more like a photo album where you collect these things and you put them in."[63]

After the 2011 tour, Keenan said that new material still was not ready, and that for the time, he and Howerdel were turning back to their respective side projects, Puscifer and Ashes Divide.[64] During this time, in October 2012, Freese left the band without any intentions of returning.[65]

The band returned to touring in 2013, playing Soundwave Music Festival[66] and Lollapalooza Chile in early 2013.[67] In February 2013, Keenan again stated that a new album was still "currently off the table", due to his continued work with Puscifer, and Howerdel's commitment to working on a second yet-to-be-released Ashes Divide album.[68] He shortly after appended that they are still working on new material, but it is still mostly just "jamming" and working on bits and pieces, not entire songs.[69]

Compilations and future releases (2013–present)[edit]

In September 2013, it was announced that the band would release two separate compilations in November 2013. The first, a greatest hits album entitled Three Sixty, containing one new song, "By and Down", the second, a box set entitled A Perfect Circle Live: Featuring Stone and Echo.[70] The box set contains their three concerts in 2011 where they played one album in its entirety each night, and a performance of the band at Red Rocks.[70]

In regards to future material from the band, Keenan stated "Of course, there's always writing going on constantly. It's just stuff that's not quite sitting right yet, so you don't know about it".[70][71] In November 2013, Howerdel stated that "there are fully developed songs without lyrics and far as the music end goes, I’ve got 75% of the foundation of [the next] A Perfect Circle record ready to go."[72] He did concede that this could change depending on Keenan's stance on music, and that Keenan prefers smaller releases, while Howerdel prefers the form of a full album.[72] While little news has come from the band in 2014 through 2016, Howerdel reiterated he was still 100% invested in the band,[73] and in 2016, Keenan stated that he still hopes to make and release new music as well.[74]

In November 2016, Keenan and Howerdel announced that the band would reform and embark on a North American tour in 2017, including a live show at the Hollywood Bowl in May 2017.[75] They also confirmed that the they were continuing to work on new material for future release as well.[76] Howerdel stated that he was starting off 2017 with writing more material for the band,[77] and that he hopes the 2017 touring will inspire the band to record and release new material.[78] Touring lineup will remain the same as it had in 2011, consisting of Keenan, Howerdel, Iha, McJunkins, and Friedl.[79]

Musical style[edit]

A Perfect Circle's music has been described mainly as alternative rock,[80][81][82][83][84][85] alternative metal,[86][87][88][89] hard rock[90][91][92] and nu metal.[93][94][95] The band is also associated with various music styles, including art rock,[96][97] art metal,[98] progressive rock[99] and progressive metal.[100] Troy J. Augusto of Variety wrote that the band's music combines equal parts of "’80s Goth, contemporary alt metal and progressive art rock."[101]

Band members[edit]




  1. ^ Summers, Jodi (2004). Making and Marketing Music. Allworth Communications, Inc. p. 16. ISBN 1-58115-387-2. 
  2. ^ "ASHES dIVIDE official website I". Island Records. Archived from the original on 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  3. ^ McIver, Joel (2002). Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. p. 27. 
  4. ^ "Building a better Democracy". Grantland. 2013-07-23. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  5. ^ "In Defence Of: Guns N' Roses 'Chinese Democracy'". 28 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "A Perfect Circle Storms Onto Chart with Highest Debuting First Album Ever From a Rock Band". NY Rock. June 2, 2000. Retrieved 2008-09-03. 
  7. ^ Corp, Hal (2002). Guitar World Presents Nu-Metal. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard. pp. 91–94. ISBN 0-634-03287-9. 
  8. ^ Kielty, Tom (June 22, 2000). "New on disc; A Perfect Circle Mer de Noms Virgin". Boston Globe. p. Calendar; 8. 
  9. ^ Zahlaway, Jon (December 8, 2000). "A Perfect Circle lines up winter headlining tour". LiveDaily. Archived from the original on 17 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  10. ^ Moriates, Chris (February 8, 2001). "A Perfect Circle captivates audience at UCI Bren Center". Daily Bruin. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  11. ^ McAlley, John (November 3, 2007). "I, Puscifer". Spin. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  12. ^ Cook, Dave (December 24, 2004). "Amotion; DVD Reviews". The Age. p. 9. 
  13. ^ "Renholder: the Danny Lohner interview". Movement Magazine. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  14. ^ Blashill, Pat (June 8, 2000). Mer de Noms Album Review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  15. ^ Raggett, Ned. Review: Mer de Noms. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  16. ^ Kaufman, Gil (January 22, 2003). "Billy Corgan In Search Of Personal 'Jesus' On Zwan Debut". Archived from the original on 25 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  17. ^ MTV News staff report (February 19, 2003). "For The Record: Quick News On Mariah Carey And Busta Rhymes, DMX, A Perfect Circle, Limp Bizkit, P.O.D. & More". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  18. ^ Kaufman, Gil (August 3, 2003). "Iha Steps into Perfect Circle: A Perfect Circle". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  19. ^ Allen, Ryan. "A Perfect Circle Biography". Musician Guide. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  20. ^ Lappen, John (June 8, 2004). "A Perfect Circle". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  21. ^ Zahlaway, Jon (October 16, 2003). "A Perfect Circle rounds up more tour dates for fall outing". Live Daily. Archived from the original on 5 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  22. ^ "Tour info". Archived from the original on 9 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-09. 
  23. ^ Jurek, Thom. Review: Thirteenth Step . AllMusic. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.[dead link]
  24. ^ O'Connor, Rob (September 22, 2003). Album Review: Thirteenth Step. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  25. ^ Cherry, Robert (October 2, 2003). Thirteenth Step Album Review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  26. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (August 6, 2002). "Nine Inch Nails, Tool Frontmen Recording Together". Archived from the original on 31 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  27. ^ "A Perfect Circle – Emotive". Sputnik Music. July 26, 2005. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  28. ^ Theakston, Rob. Emotive Review. AllMusic. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  29. ^ Fricke, David (November 11, 2004). Album Review: Emotive. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  30. ^ Sweeting, Adam (October 29, 2004). Emotive Review. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  31. ^ Micallef, Ken (November 4, 2004). Album Review: Emotive. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  32. ^ Amotion, back cover.
  33. ^ Theakston, Rob. "aMOTION Overview". Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  34. ^ Conte, Patti (September 23, 2004). "A Perfect Circle Cast Their Ballot With 'eMOTIVe'". Virgin Records. 
  35. ^ a b Harris, Chris (May 16, 2006). "A Perfect Circle Is Done For Now,' Says Billy Howerdel". Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27. 
  36. ^ a b Keenan, Maynard James (May 13, 2008). "Maynard James Keenan Says A Perfect Circle Is Still Alive". Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  37. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon; Dave LeClaire (March 24, 2006). "A Perfect Circle Prepare For Hibernation". Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  38. ^ Zwickel, Jonathan (July 28, 2008). "Nine Inch Nails Bring Darkness and Light to Seattle for Tour Opener". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 31 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  39. ^ Kreps, Daniel (January 11, 2008). "Marilyn Manson Says Led Zeppelin Is Responsible For Reunion With Twiggy". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  40. ^ Goodman, Elizabeth (April 6, 2007). "Exclusive: James Iha Speaks Out Regarding His Involvement in Pumpkins Reunion". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  41. ^ Rivalin, Morgan (February 2006). "TOOL: Jours de tonnerre". Rock Hard. 
  42. ^ McKibbin, Adam (October 29, 2007). "Interview: Puscifer's Maynard James Keenan". Artistdirect. Archived from the original on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  43. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (December 2007). "Gynormous". Revolver. 
  44. ^ Keenan, Maynard James (September 30, 2006). "A Perfect Circle News". Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-26. 
  45. ^ a b (December 9, 2008). "New Music From A PERFECT CIRCLE On The Way? Archived October 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.". Retrieved on 2008-12-12.
  46. ^ Tom Spinelli. "A Perfect Circle Return From Hiatus". 
  47. ^ "Billy Howerdel of A Perfect Circle Interview Exclusive". Blow The Scene. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  48. ^ Doyle, Patrick (June 10, 2010). "Tool Weigh Unleashing New Tracks on Summer Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on November 21, 2010.
  49. ^ "Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  50. ^ a b Cogill, Kevin (September 24, 2010). "Reconnecting with A Perfect Circle". Retrieved on November 21, 2010.
  51. ^ Harris, Chris (September 23, 2010). "A Perfect Circle: The Gun Shy Interview". Retrieved on November 21, 2010.
  52. ^ "A Perfect Circle Performs On 'Jimmy Kimmel Live!' (Video)"., October 18, 2010. Retrieved on November 21, 2010.
  53. ^ "ROTR 2011 :: May 21 and 22 :: Columbus, OH". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  54. ^ "Boonstock Music Festival". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  55. ^ "102.1 the Edge - Edgefest News". Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  56. ^ "A Perfect Circle join Ottawa Bluesfest". Fourtheye. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  57. ^
  58. ^ Friday, Aug. 5Music Unlimited 6:00pm. "A Perfect Circle at Lollapalooza 2011". Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  59. ^ "Interview with Billy Howerdel from A Perfect Circle: Great Beams Of Light | The Aquarian Weekly". 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  60. ^ "A Perfect Circle on Twitter". 
  61. ^ "Billy Howerdel". Metal Insider. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  62. ^ "A Perfect Circle Unveils New Song, 'By & Down,' for Summer Tour". 2009-09-14. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  63. ^ "Radio Industry News, Music Industry Updates, Arbitron Ratings, Music News and more!". FMQB. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  64. ^ "Maynard James Keenan Talks Puscifer, A Perfect Circle and the Latest on Tool". Retrieved 2012-04-22. 
  65. ^ "Drummer Josh Freese Exits A Perfect Circle - – Metal And Hardcore News Plus Reviews And More". 2 October 2012. 
  66. ^ "Soundwave 2013 line-up announced". Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  67. ^ "Humonegro Web Page Article: A Perfect Circle, Tomahawk, QOTSA y Pearl Jam confirmados para Lollapalooza Chile 2013/". 
  68. ^ "Report: Maynard James Keenan Says Tool Will Not Release New Album in 2013". 
  69. ^ "Stream Puscifer's 'Bohemian Rhapsody'-Covering 'Donkey Punch The Night' EP - SPIN". 12 February 2013. 
  70. ^ a b c "Maynard James Keenan Knows a Good Wig". 
  71. ^ "Q&A: Maynard James Keenan Knows Where to Score a Good Wig". 
  72. ^ a b
  73. ^ "UG AMA: A Perfect Circle's Billy Howerdel Answers UG Community's Questions - Music News @ Ultimate-Guitar.Com". 
  74. ^ Buchanan, Brett (16 March 2016). "Maynard James Keenan Says Tool 'Can't Seem To Move Forward' On New Album". 
  75. ^
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^ Goodman, William (21 March 2011). "A Perfect Circle Plot Summer Tour". Spin. Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  81. ^ Hudson, Alex (November 25, 2015). "Puscifer balances its darkness with levity". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  82. ^ Golf, Adam (February 23, 2012). "Maynard James Keenan ponders Puscifer, Shakespeare and beer farts". Nashville Scene. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  83. ^ Day, Tom (February 4, 2004). "A Perfect Circle + Auf Der Maur @ Hammersmith Apollo, London". musicOMH. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  84. ^ Goodman, William (June 22, 2011). "In the Studio: Maynard James Keenan's Puscifer". Spin. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  85. ^ "A Perfect Circle". Contemporary Musicians. 54. 2006. 
  86. ^ McGovern, Kyle (November 20, 2013). "Hear A Perfect Circle's Glorious 15-Minute 'Diary of a Madman/Lovesong' Live Suite". Spin. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  87. ^ MacIntosh, David (October 23, 2003). "Lollapalooza 2003". Paste. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  88. ^ "Picks and Pans Review: A Perfect Circle". People. December 20, 2004. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  89. ^ "A Perfect Circle Mixed With DiGiCo D5 Live". Mix. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 16 December 2015. 
  90. ^ "Tool Leader Keenan Forms A Perfect Circle; Brian Wilson Plans Tour With Orchestras". Billboard. 112 (12): 12. March 18, 2000. 
  91. ^ Buckley, Peter (2003). "Tool". The Rough Guide to Rock (3rd ed.). Rough Guides. pp. 1091–92. ISBN 1-84353-105-4. 
  92. ^ Lewis, Randy (February 8, 2001). "Perfect Circle's Spiritual Yearning Adds Depth to Hard-Rock Sound". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  93. ^ McIver, Joel (2002). Nu Metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7119-9209-2. 
  94. ^ Iannini, Tommaso (2003). "A Perfect Circle". Nu metal (in Italian). Giunti. p. 18. ISBN 88-09-03051-6. 
  95. ^ Udo, Tommy (2002). Brave Nu World. Sanctuary Publishing. p. 139. ISBN 1-86074-415-X. 
  96. ^ Larkin, Colin, ed. (2006). "Perfect Circle, A". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-531373-9. 
  97. ^ Woodbury, Jason P. (January 24, 2013). "Nobody's Tool: Maynard James Keenan Would Rather Talk About His Other Bands". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  98. ^ "Three Sixty - A Perfect Circle - Songs, Reviews, Credits - AllMusic". 
  99. ^ Barkan, Jonathan (January 9, 2014). "Watch A Perfect Circle Perform "By And Down" At Red Rocks Ampitheatre [sic]". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  100. ^ Ziemba, Christine N. (December 4, 2008). "Tool & Wine: Alt-rock Frontman Uncorks New Career". Paste. Retrieved March 6, 2016. 
  101. ^ Augusto, Troy J. "Review: 'A Perfect Circle'". Variety. Retrieved 6 March 2016. 

External links[edit]