A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity for Operational Police and Emergency Services
|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (February 2017)|
A Practical Reference to Religious and Spiritual Diversity for Operational Police is a publication of the Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency (ANZPAA).
The National Police Ethnic Advisory Bureau conducted a nationwide survey in Australia and identified questions operational police had regarding religious determined behaviors and their impact on policing (see 1st ed. forward) in 1999. The first edition covered Buddhist, Hindu, Islamic, Jewish and Sikh faiths with participation of representatives of the various religions. Religion Statistics for National totals and by State and Territories from census 1996 were also included. It was sponsored by a collection of multicultural organizations from across Australia. It offered a two-page summary of the religion, issues on death, gender roles, sensitivity issues (gestures or interactions that cause offence), how to allow the taking of an oath, possible conflicts with religious calendars or events, and dealing with proper behavior at temples and members of its staff. The second edition added Christian, Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander religions and Bahá'í to the list of religions and included data from the 2001 census when published in 2002. Fifty thousand copies were printed and distributed. A third edition was planned for publication in 2006-07 but was still in development in 2009. However, in 2005 a publication along the same lines was produced by the Mäori Pacific Ethnic Services, Office of the Commissioner, for New Zealand Police covering Māori religion, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Judiams, and Sikhism. It acknowledged the Australian publication's producers for "…a number of photographs and text on which to base the New Zealand version…". Another edition of the New Zealand document appears to have been published in 2009. The New Zealand edition also had appendices outlining: information from the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Treaty of Waitangi and religious freedom, religious affiliations government statistics in New Zealand, and artworks at the Royal New Zealand Police College. In 2010, ANZPAA updated the Practical Reference to Religious and Spiritual Diversity for Operational Police. The Reference "provides police with a greater understanding of religious and spiritual diversity and to enhance services to the community." This third edition has been enhanced, updated and further informed by the feedback received from police jurisdictions, religious communities, individuals and government agencies. New to the third edition:
- the inclusion of Maori spirituality (nine spiritualities and religions are now included; the previous edition had eight)
- a review of the content so it provides essential information and advice on issues that police should know (i.e. on interviewing, searches, death etc.)
- a quick reference table on the most significant operational information
- a standard set of questions for all religions
- colour-coded tabs to assist with quick reference
- a streamlined question/answer format (the answers are all as short and succinct as possible)
- different publication formats – a handy pocket card and web version.
Edition 1 Author: National Police Ethnic Advisory Bureau. Title: A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity for Operational Police. Years: 2000-2002
Edition 2 Author: Australasian Police Multicultural Advisory Bureau. Title: A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity for Operational Police and Emergency Services. Years: 2002-2010
Edition 3 Author: Australia New Zealand Policing Advisory Agency Title: A Practical Reference to Religious and Spiritual Diversity for Operational Police. Years: 2010-current.
Religious individuals or non-governmental institutions
The publications have been generally received by a variety of religious individuals or non-governmental institutions:
- A Christian minister of St Barnabas Church, East Orange, New South Wales was a police chaplain who offered a sermon highlighting the project for his Easter service in 2006.
- It was listed as a resource for the public in a Cultural Planning Framework and Resource Kit of the Migrant Information Centre (Eastern Melbourne).
- In a report to The Winston Churchill Memorial Trust of Australia a senior Chaplain of the Victoria Police and Churchill Fellow extensively quoted and recommended the 2nd edition of the Australian publication to the Trust.
- The New Zealand edition was noted positively from Hindu commentary.
- New Zealand Commission on Human Rights approved of the work.
- The New Zealand Dominion Post presented an article summarizing the New Zealand publication briefly in context with an example case.
- The Hindu community was noted as reacting positively in the Thaindian News to the release of the revised edition in New Zealand in 2009.
There has been some negative comment as well:
- The American author Robert Spencer has argued that it appeared to excuse wife beating among Muslims.
Widespread uses in government
Several governments or divisions of government have cited it or used the publication in their deliberations:
- The New Zealand publication was noted in the Report of the Parliamentary Delegation to New Zealand: Australia-New Zealand Committee Exchange Program by the "Joint Standing Committee on Migration" of the government of Australia.
- The Australian publication was cited often during the inquiry of the proposed law on oath-taking in a report to the Parliament of Victoria.
- The Office of Multicultural Interests of the Department of Local Government of the Government of Western Australia used it as the sole source to outline the Sikh religion in its series Culture and Religion -Information Sheet.
- It was cited some 16 times and quoted extensive in one section of the publication Equality before the Law Bench Book, section Section 4 — People with a particular religious affiliation by the Judicial Commission of New South Wales and a similar work by the Judicial Commission of Queensland office.
- It was listed as a resource in the Australian Department of Defence publication Defence Guide to Managing Diversity in the Workplace in 2004.
Several professional publications noted the document:
- The Australian Police Journal Online offered an editorial reviewing a newspaper coverage and support for the work.
- The Australian Institute of Criminology published a paper reviewing the publication calling it "excellent example of the commitment that all Australian policing jurisdictions have to police/ethnic relations, the emphasis of all jurisdictions is now largely focused on recruitment from ethnic communities" and "an extremely useful and internationally acclaimed publication…".
- The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Bulletin commented on it as an "effort at acknowledging the spiritual genesis of the profession provides a promising framework for collaborative, multidisciplinary approaches to many of law enforcement’s critical concerns."
- The Journal of Asian Association of Police Studies published a review of issues in the Vietnamese community in Australia. It noted the publication as part of a "the improved approach of the police services to criminal activity in ethnic communities" though problems had not ceased.
- Both the Australian publisher of the Australian publication and the New Zealand publication were mentioned as resources in a professional training education website for dealing with religious diversity in the context of test scenarios.
- Qur'an oath controversy of the 110th United States Congress about a question of oath taking and religion
- ACLU of N.C. & Syidah Matteen v. State of North Carolina for another case of oath taking and religion
- Massachusetts Teachers' Oath
- Oath of Allegiance in Canada
- Islamic scarf controversy in France as another example of religion of a minority interacting with a majority cultural point of view.
- Religious intolerance
- Religious segregation
- "Document Details". Abstract Database. US National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Dunn, Andy (June 2000). "Two-Way Tolerance". Police Journal Online. The Police Association of South Australia. 81 (06). Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Chilana, Rajwant Singh (2005). International bibliography of Sikh studies. Springer. p. 444. ISBN 978-1-4020-3043-7.
- A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity for Operational Police (PDF) (1st ed.). National Police Ethnic Advisory Bureau. 1999. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2003.
- A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity for Operational Police (PDF) (2nd ed.). Australasian Police Multicultural Advisory Bureau. 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 June 2005.
- Spencer, Robert (1 November 2005). "Open Season on Muslim Women". FrontPageMagazine.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- "Audit of Initiatives Related to Police and Muslim Communities". Race Discrimination. Australian Human Rights Commission. Archived from the original on 11 May 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Lumley, Kate, ed. (November 2007) [June 2006]. Equality before the Law Bench Book (PDF). Judicial Commission of New South Wales. pp. 4105–4218 (whole of section 4.2). ISBN 0-7313-5612-8.
- "Religious diversity for police" (PDF). Evoca. The Ethnic Communities Council of Queensland Ltd. 2009 (144): 4. February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- A Practical Reference to Religious Diversity. Māori Pacific Ethnic Services, Office of the Commissioner. June 2005. p. 55.
- Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (26 October 2009). "International Religious Freedom Report 2009: New Zealand". United States State Department. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- "Statement on Religious Diversity". Te Korowai Whakapono; Religious Diversity Network. Human Rights Commission. 2009 (April): Online. 20 April 2009. ISSN 1178-0924. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Heath, Christopher (16 April 2006). "St Barnabas East Orange Easter Day 16/4/2006". archived sermons. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Cultural Planning Framework and Resource Kit (PDF). Migrant Information Centre (Eastern Melbourne) © Melbourne Australia. January 2004. p. 17. ISBN 1-876735-13-9.
- Pilmer, Jim (1 February 2004). "Report" (PDF). Winston Churchill Memorial Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Vass, Beck (6 May 2009). "Police get update on dealing with religious beliefs". nzherald.co.nz. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- "Police launch religious diversity guide" (Press release). New Zealand Human Rights Commission. 26 March 2009.
- Watson, Mike (2 May 2009). "Families rejected road crash autopsies". Dominion Post. Retrieved 28 April 2010.[dead link]
- Wire, Sampurn (28 March 2009). "Hindus laud New Zealand Police for launching guide to major religions". Thaindian News. Thaindian.com Company Limited. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- "Immigration related issues" (PDF). Report of the Parliamentary Delegation to New Zealand: Australia-New Zealand Committee Exchange Program. Commonwealth of Australia. 31 August 2006. p. 28. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Inquiry into Oaths and Affirmations with Reference to the Multicultural Community (PDF). Law Reform Committee of the Parliament of Victoria. October 2002. pp. 84, 168, 267. ISBN 0-7313-5393-5.
- "Culture and Religion - Guidelines for Service Providers". Publications. Office of Multicultural Interests of the Department of Local Government of the Government of Western Australia. October 2009. Archived from the original on 1 April 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Justice Atkinson, Roslyn; Justice McMurdo, Philip, eds. (2005). Equality before the Law Bench Book (PDF). Supreme Court of Queensland Library. pp. 26, 31, 56, 95 (much of section 3.2 and section 5.3). ISBN 0-7313-5612-8.
- "Defence Guide to Managing Diversity in the Workplace" (PDF). Publications. Defence Equity Organisation. 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Craig, Waterhouse (25–26 October 2001). "Jurisdictional Perspective Tasmanian Police Service". Policing Partnerships in a Multicultural Australia: Achievements and Challenges Conference. Brisbane, Australia: Australian Institute of Criminology in conjunction with The National Police Ethnic Advisory Bureau and The Australian Multicultural Foundation under the auspices of The Conference of Commissioners of Police of Australasia and the South-West Pacific Region. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Ivan, Kolarik (25–26 October 2001). "Opening Address". Policing Partnerships in a Multicultural Australia: Achievements and Challenges Conference. Brisbane, Australia: Australian Institute of Criminology in conjunction with The National Police Ethnic Advisory Bureau and The Australian Multicultural Foundation under the auspices of The Conference of Commissioners of Police of Australasia and the South-West Pacific Region. p. 6. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Special Agent Feemster (November 2007). "Conducting Exploratory Research" (PDF). Federal Bureau of Investigation Law Enforcement Bulletin. 76 (11). Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- Dr. Chui, Wing Hong; Peter White (September 2006). "Some Reflections on Reported Crime Rates in the Chinese and Vietnamese Communities in Australia" (PDF). Journal of Asian Association of Police Studies. 04 (01). ISSN 1598-7795. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Hjertum, Eileen (18 July 2007). "Cross-Cultural Considerations". STUDENT ISSUES. Professional International Education Resources. Retrieved 28 April 2010.