A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody
"A Pretty Girl Is Like A Melody" is a popular song written by Irving Berlin in 1919 which became the theme song of the Ziegfeld Follies. The first verse and refrain are considered part of the Great American Songbook and are often covered as a jazz standard.
The portion of the song composed entirely by Berlin and published as sheet music comprised the first verse and refrain of the original stage number. The refrain begins, "A pretty girl is like a melody / That haunts you night and day", a summary of the song's extended simile. The refrain is better known than the introductory verse, which Rubins calls "mercifully little-known".
The later verses from the original 1919 stage show were patter lyrics by Berlin to the air of classical tunes; this was a common Tin Pan Alley trick. These verses were comical vignettes of the singer's past trysts, successful or otherwise. Their lyrics were long believed lost, but survived in the show's unpublished script, and were also recalled by cast member Doris Eaton Travis (1904–2010). The source music was:
|Antonín Dvořák||Humoresque op.101 no.7|
|Felix Mendelssohn||"Spring Song" op.62, no.6|
|Jules Massenet||"Elegy" from Les Érinnyes|
|Jacques Offenbach||Barcarolle from The Tales of Hoffmann|
|Franz Schubert||"Serenade" from Schwanengesang|
|Robert Schumann||"Träumerie" from Kinderszenen|
Magee concludes, from Travis' lack of memory of the Träumerie, that it was dropped from the number during rehearsals.
Berlin had agreed with Florenz Ziegfeld to write one act of the 1919 follies, including a "Ziegfeld Girl number" to showcase the showgirls. He first conceived of the classical portion, to match costumes the girls would be wearing. He needed a framing device for the entire sequence, and so subsequently wrote the initial verse and refrain which would become famous.
In the 1919 Follies, the song was sung by the tenor John Steel. He sang the first verse and chorus alone on stage; then each of the remaining five verses while a showgirl sashayed by in costume appropriate to the quoted air. The final refrain saw Steel surrounded by all five beauties. This format was the template for similar numbers in many musical revues of subsequent decades.
In the 1936 film The Great Ziegfeld, the song was the centerpiece musical number performed on a huge set comprising a spiral staircase, which has been compared to a wedding cake or "giant meringue". The scene reworked the original stage number on a far grander scale, with many dancers in various period costumes and a wide array of classical music references. The scene became famous and was included in the 1974 anthology film That's Entertainment!
Later versions and recordings
"An Experiment in Modern Music", the 1924 concert where George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue was premiered, also featured a "Semi-Symphonic Arrangement of Popular Melodies", combining three Berlin tunes: "Alexander's Ragtime Band", "A Pretty Girl Is Like A Melody", and "Orange Blossoms in California".
The song was used frequently in the annual Miss America pageant prior to 1955, when "There She Is, Miss America" by Bernie Wayne became its theme song. In 1963, Tom Prideaux wrote in Life magazine that the song "has been played ever since  for God knows how many beauty contests, debutante cotillions and strip-tease acts." It was also often used in catwalk fashion shows.
Among the singers who have recorded the song are Pat Boone, Bobby Vinton, Bing Crosby, Vic Damone, Ethel Merman, Rudy Vallée, Bobby Gordon, Frank Sinatra, and Judy Garland. Jazz versions have been recorded by musicians including Paul Whiteman, Louis Armstrong, Toots Thielemans, Eddie Heywood, Artie Shaw, George Shearing, Django Reinhardt, Mose Allison, Earl Hines, Coleman Hawkins, and Don Byas. A clarinet version performed by Woody Allen with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band is on the soundtrack of his 2000 movie Small Time Crooks.
Reception and critiques
In 1947, Berlin called the song one of his five most important songs structurally, saying he used the "same rhythmic pattern" in other songs. Later he called it "the best individual song written for a musical".
Josh Rubins wrote in 1988 that "'A Pretty Girl Is Like A Melody'—one of Berlin-the-composer's best things—has been seriously damaged by overexposure and insensitive handling". He states that by the 1960s "the song's first four chords devolved into a vaudeville gag: musical shorthand for any reference to overt female sexuality (or transvestism)."
Magee in 2012 argues for a reappraisal in the light of the rediscovered classical verses, writing that "a scene usually understood as an earnest hymn to feminine pulchritude had an unmistakably comic element".
In the 1960s Mad magazine published a collection of parody lyrics of well-known songs, including "Louella Schwartz Describes Her Malady"; in Irving Berlin et al. v. E.C. Publications, Inc. the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled that this did not violate Berlin's copyright.
The album 69 Love Songs includes a song "A Pretty Girl is...", whose final verse begins "A melody is like a pretty girl". The first verse begins "A pretty girl is like a minstrel show". The 1919 Follies' had also featured a song called "I'd Rather See a Minstrel Show".
- Bergreen, Laurence (1996-03-22). As Thousands Cheer: The Life Of Irving Berlin. Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306806759. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Magee, Jeffrey (2012-04-06). Irving Berlin's American Musical Theater. Oxford University Press. pp. 86–100 et al. ISBN 9780195398267. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Rubins, Josh (June 16, 1988). "Genius Without Tears". New York Review of Books.
- Magee 2012, p.92
- Magee 2012, p.95
- Sears, Benjamin (2012-04-06). "Isaac Goldberg: Excerpt from Words and Music from Irving Berlin". The Irving Berlin Reader. Oxford University Press. pp. 193–194. ISBN 9780195383744. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Travis, Doris Eaton; Eaton, Charles; Eaton, Joseph; J. R. Morris (2003-08-01). The Days We Danced: The Story of My Theatrical Family from Florenz Ziegfeld to Arthur Murray and Beyond. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 65, 78. ISBN 9780806199504. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Magee 2012, p.97
- Charyn, Jerome (2004-12-21). Gangsters and Gold Diggers: Old New York, the Jazz Age, and the Birth of Broadway. Da Capo Press. p. 52. ISBN 9781560256434. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Shaw, Arnold (1989-11-30). The Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920's. Oxford University Press. p. 234. ISBN 9780195060829. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2008-06-02). "The Great Ziegfeld". The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television. Oxford University Press. p. 304. ISBN 9780195335330. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Mizejewski, Linda (1999-03-15). Ziegfeld Girl: Image and Icon in Culture and Cinema. Duke University Press. p. 167. ISBN 9780822323235. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Olster, Stacey Michele (2003-06-16). The Trash Phenomenon: Contemporary Literature, Popular Culture, and the Making of the American Century. University of Georgia Press. p. 107. ISBN 9780820325217. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Bergreen 1996, p.118
- Magill, Frank Northen; Hanson, Stephen L.; Hanson, Patricia King (1983). Magill's American film guide. Salem Press. p. 1339. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Wade, Robert (Associated Press) (Jun 21, 1982). ""There She Is" dropped from Miss America show". Gettysburg Times.
- Prideaux, Tom (3 May 1963). "Blue Skies to You, Irving Berlin". Life (Time Inc.): 12. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- "Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra". The Red Hot Jazz Archive. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "The War Years (1942 - 1946)". The Louis Armstrong Discography. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
- "The John L. Clark Collection of Jazz Recordings" (PDF). Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries.
- Harvey, Adam; Hyman, Dick (2007-03-06). The Soundtracks of Woody Allen: A Complete Guide to the Songs and Music in Every Film, 1969-2005. McFarland. p. 129. ISBN 9780786429684. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Bergreen 1996, p.170
- Magee 2012, p.150
- Bergreen 1996, p.185
- Irving Berlin et al. v. E.C. Publications, Inc. 329 F. 2d 541 (2d Cir. 1964)
- "The Brady Brides: Season 1, Episode 6: A Pretty Boy is Like a Melody (17 Apr. 1981)". IMDB.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A Pretty Girl Is Like a Melody.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|