A Spiritualistic Photographer
A Spiritualistic Photographer (French: Le Portrait spirite) is a 1903 French short silent film directed by Georges Méliès. It was released by Méliès's Star Film Company and is numbered 477–478 in its catalogues.
The film parodies the faked images of ghosts created by Spiritualist mediums; Méliès, a fervent critic of Spiritualism, here uses it as an opportunity to show off a new special effect, a transformation created with a dissolve on a white background. Stage magic tricks featuring a similarly mocking attitude toward Spiritualism were often performed in the French fairgrounds for which Méliès produced many of his films. The film's concept can be seen as the reverse of those in Méliès's films The Living Playing Cards and The Lilliputian Minuet; in those films, living people come out of portraits, while in this case the portrait comes second.
Méliès appears in the film as the magician. The gilded setting and stools used here reappear in several of his other films. The special effects were created with pyrotechnics, substitution splices, dissolves, and multiple exposures.
- Essai de reconstitution du catalogue français de la Star-Film; suivi d'une analyse catalographique des films de Georges Méliès recensés en France, Bois d'Arcy: Service des archives du film du Centre national de la cinématographie, 1981, pp. 134–35, ISBN 2903053073, OCLC 10506429
- "Le Portrait spirite", Giornate Database, Pordenone Silent Film Festival, 2000, retrieved 17 December 2017
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